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Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

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Selma⚜️

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11/12/13

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Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

 Englisch Abi
I. Globalisation
process by which the world is becoming unified (worldwide exchange on an economic,
technological & cultural l

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Englisch Abi I. Globalisation process by which the world is becoming unified (worldwide exchange on an economic, technological & cultural level) connection through a global network of political ideas, communication, transport & trade • to increase people's mobility (business travelers, immigrants) • Often seen as an unstoppable process affecting people all around the globe • Steady flow of money and goods between international markets and production sites • global spread of ideas and values rapid distribution of information through the media ● Economic globalisation: activities of the multinational companies (= global players) → produce wherever labour & overhead costs are cheapest & sell throughout the global market (constant pressure to cut costs → priorities: efficiency, speed, flexibility, profits) → employees welfare & job security = unimportant for them Technological globalisation: rapid advances in technology → allows people to communicate more easily & efficiently by computer or mobile phone ● • global distribution of multicultural influences (e.g food, art, fashion) Cultural globalisation: • spread of local or national cultural phenomena (e.g food, art, fashion) → multicultural society Aspects of globalisation: Global Village: exemplifies that the world is getting smaller the world as a single community in which people are connected by modern telecommunication ● Progress → fast & international transportation of goods made possible (ships, trains, planes) • Collaboration between business partners & people made easier (Internet, cellphones) Global challenges: International...

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peace keeping (terrorism, war..) › environmental problems economic challenges (work, health, support) sustainable development and climate change clean water population and resources • democratization status of woman ● 1 The three eras of globalisation (by T. Friedman) Globalisation 1.0 (1492-1800) • large → medium • globalisation of countries • mainly between countries • trade between the Old World and the New World is opened Globalisation 2.0 (1800-2000) medium small • globalisation of companies multinational companies are struggling for profit • telephone, internet, PC, satellites Globalisation 3.0 (2000-today) • small → tiny globalisation: people from all over the world are taking part) more opportunities ● Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) Number of organizations deal with global issues Life-saving activities → emergency response plus rehabilitation and recovery No attention to borders Regions where they can provide help get smaller Problem: host governments not being cooperative Professional, qualified, experienced and technical educated staff Most well-known NGOs: Oxfam, Greenpeace, Doctors without borders ● ● ● Chances and Challenges of globalisation Chances move and travel freely learning about other people cultural awareness → reduces cause of conflict Challenges westernisation (endangers cultural diversity) intervention of developed countries using power to intervene in other countries' affairs → dangerous fill important labour gaps research, protests, activism more effective → global rapid economic growth of large emerging markets civil society China, (adopting the West's unsustainable lifestyle) limited resources disappearing (capacity to decide) availability of water might be crucial in the future increased migration →illegal migration, people- smuggling, bad treatment of immigrant minorities share knowledge, bring help to where it is needed more information is available (on a situation that already occurred, p.e) cultural identity can be shared, explained, continued toxic waste, pollution gaining access (products, medicines) unfair distribution of wealth and power 2 Chances global market area potentially secures jobs, economic stability →lowering costs, raising profit global trade of goods supporting poor communities fair trade campaigns →fair share of profits mobile and internet technology communication, education, work (even in rural areas) Challenges rise of global players (large international corporations) dominating→no small businesses Outsourcing, offshoring, global competition for cheap materials and labour →low standards of living and income, horrendous working conditions, child labour tax evasion, stagnating wages (developing countries) personal data less secure (might be used for control) global flood of information (difficult to asses quality) spread of diseases Demands/Possible solutions: → Raise wages, improving health & safety standards in 3rd world & better working conditions 3 II. The American Dream Definition of the American Dream is varies for each and every American Term by the historian James Adam Truslow 1931 ● Concept: • freedom to prosper and advance socially and financially through hard work America as a form of paradise (= Utopia) ● • hope for a better life, higher standard of living start a new life ● ● Explain what had attracted millions of people of all nations to settle in America: "The American Dream is the dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man with opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement." ● to Europe's poor and disowned: America = "land of milk and honey" all people have the right to pursue their goals with a minimum of state control individualism, self-fulfillment • social dream of equality and opportunity, a classless society political dream of democracy and justice • personal dream of freedom and self-realisation ● economics dream: everybody can realize his highest ambitions by means of their own endeavors • "From rags to riches": In the Declaration of Independence inalienable rights such as life, liberty, equality & the pursuit of happiness are promised central to the American Dream. → hard work →→ realization of your dreams Keywords Multicultural society: a society where various ethnic groups & their cultural heritage are accepted in their own right. → Cultural diversity: Because of many immigrants America has become an ethnically & culturally diverse country, the cultural identities should be maintained & valued! • Salad Bowl: the various ethnicities living in the USA adding their own traditions, cultural values, etc. to the American people; the various heritages do not merge into one, but stay distinct ("unity of diversity") → Multiculturalism, different cultures; they keep their own distinct qualities But risk that every culture lives in his own society, society separated into small groups Melting pot: the various ethnic groups do not retain their cultural heritage but conflate into one new nation. → Assimilation as a result, means complete integration of immigrants, but they also give up their own tradition & culture; create a new identity of both cultures "melted" together. 4 Pro Contra Based on civil rights No social integration Equality of all people No national unity Benefit though cultural exchange No assimilation Learn&respect other cultures Creation of cultural ghettos • Manifest destiny: attitude that the USA has a godly mission to expand and explore new borders (justify any territorial expansions) based on the belief that the Americans are God's chosen people, & America his chosen country → America = a country that is superior to all other countries → Their mission/duty: USA must spread the idea of freedom, democracy, moral rules & values all over the world Justification for extinction of the Indians (seen as "wild" people without any rights) The new Canaan (promised land): America as a form of paradise ● ● ● → Everyone can start a new life & live in peace & harmony with God & the Nature ‘Frontier’: Belief that the Americans had the God-given right to expand their territory pushing the frontier from east to the unsettled west Ellis Island: 1892-1954 gateway for immigrants (20 million immigrants came) Uncle Sam: Common national personification the US/American government Rosa Parks: Refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white person (Dec 1st, 1955) Martin Luther King: organised the Montgomery bus boycott (1955)-'l have a dream' American Nightmare For some people the American Dream is only an illusion American Dream can turn into a Nightmare ● ● ● ● ● Life in America isn't even better than before No classless society In reality, workers have no chance of rising up in their social mobility From riches to riches Millions of jobs are gone → Unemployment rate rises No job, no money, no home → Increasing crime Because of people origin, they don't have the chance to realize the American Dream → Creation of marginalized groups More inequality Big gap between rich and poor People don't get access to health care or good education Pessimism Examples of American nightmares are the Vietnam War, September 11, 2001 & the financial crisis starting in 2008 5

Englisch /

Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

user profile picture

Selma⚜️

19291 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Globalisation, American Dream, William Shakespeare

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 Englisch Abi
I. Globalisation
process by which the world is becoming unified (worldwide exchange on an economic,
technological & cultural l

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So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

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Englisch Abi I. Globalisation process by which the world is becoming unified (worldwide exchange on an economic, technological & cultural level) connection through a global network of political ideas, communication, transport & trade • to increase people's mobility (business travelers, immigrants) • Often seen as an unstoppable process affecting people all around the globe • Steady flow of money and goods between international markets and production sites • global spread of ideas and values rapid distribution of information through the media ● Economic globalisation: activities of the multinational companies (= global players) → produce wherever labour & overhead costs are cheapest & sell throughout the global market (constant pressure to cut costs → priorities: efficiency, speed, flexibility, profits) → employees welfare & job security = unimportant for them Technological globalisation: rapid advances in technology → allows people to communicate more easily & efficiently by computer or mobile phone ● • global distribution of multicultural influences (e.g food, art, fashion) Cultural globalisation: • spread of local or national cultural phenomena (e.g food, art, fashion) → multicultural society Aspects of globalisation: Global Village: exemplifies that the world is getting smaller the world as a single community in which people are connected by modern telecommunication ● Progress → fast & international transportation of goods made possible (ships, trains, planes) • Collaboration between business partners & people made easier (Internet, cellphones) Global challenges: International...

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peace keeping (terrorism, war..) › environmental problems economic challenges (work, health, support) sustainable development and climate change clean water population and resources • democratization status of woman ● 1 The three eras of globalisation (by T. Friedman) Globalisation 1.0 (1492-1800) • large → medium • globalisation of countries • mainly between countries • trade between the Old World and the New World is opened Globalisation 2.0 (1800-2000) medium small • globalisation of companies multinational companies are struggling for profit • telephone, internet, PC, satellites Globalisation 3.0 (2000-today) • small → tiny globalisation: people from all over the world are taking part) more opportunities ● Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) Number of organizations deal with global issues Life-saving activities → emergency response plus rehabilitation and recovery No attention to borders Regions where they can provide help get smaller Problem: host governments not being cooperative Professional, qualified, experienced and technical educated staff Most well-known NGOs: Oxfam, Greenpeace, Doctors without borders ● ● ● Chances and Challenges of globalisation Chances move and travel freely learning about other people cultural awareness → reduces cause of conflict Challenges westernisation (endangers cultural diversity) intervention of developed countries using power to intervene in other countries' affairs → dangerous fill important labour gaps research, protests, activism more effective → global rapid economic growth of large emerging markets civil society China, (adopting the West's unsustainable lifestyle) limited resources disappearing (capacity to decide) availability of water might be crucial in the future increased migration →illegal migration, people- smuggling, bad treatment of immigrant minorities share knowledge, bring help to where it is needed more information is available (on a situation that already occurred, p.e) cultural identity can be shared, explained, continued toxic waste, pollution gaining access (products, medicines) unfair distribution of wealth and power 2 Chances global market area potentially secures jobs, economic stability →lowering costs, raising profit global trade of goods supporting poor communities fair trade campaigns →fair share of profits mobile and internet technology communication, education, work (even in rural areas) Challenges rise of global players (large international corporations) dominating→no small businesses Outsourcing, offshoring, global competition for cheap materials and labour →low standards of living and income, horrendous working conditions, child labour tax evasion, stagnating wages (developing countries) personal data less secure (might be used for control) global flood of information (difficult to asses quality) spread of diseases Demands/Possible solutions: → Raise wages, improving health & safety standards in 3rd world & better working conditions 3 II. The American Dream Definition of the American Dream is varies for each and every American Term by the historian James Adam Truslow 1931 ● Concept: • freedom to prosper and advance socially and financially through hard work America as a form of paradise (= Utopia) ● • hope for a better life, higher standard of living start a new life ● ● Explain what had attracted millions of people of all nations to settle in America: "The American Dream is the dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man with opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement." ● to Europe's poor and disowned: America = "land of milk and honey" all people have the right to pursue their goals with a minimum of state control individualism, self-fulfillment • social dream of equality and opportunity, a classless society political dream of democracy and justice • personal dream of freedom and self-realisation ● economics dream: everybody can realize his highest ambitions by means of their own endeavors • "From rags to riches": In the Declaration of Independence inalienable rights such as life, liberty, equality & the pursuit of happiness are promised central to the American Dream. → hard work →→ realization of your dreams Keywords Multicultural society: a society where various ethnic groups & their cultural heritage are accepted in their own right. → Cultural diversity: Because of many immigrants America has become an ethnically & culturally diverse country, the cultural identities should be maintained & valued! • Salad Bowl: the various ethnicities living in the USA adding their own traditions, cultural values, etc. to the American people; the various heritages do not merge into one, but stay distinct ("unity of diversity") → Multiculturalism, different cultures; they keep their own distinct qualities But risk that every culture lives in his own society, society separated into small groups Melting pot: the various ethnic groups do not retain their cultural heritage but conflate into one new nation. → Assimilation as a result, means complete integration of immigrants, but they also give up their own tradition & culture; create a new identity of both cultures "melted" together. 4 Pro Contra Based on civil rights No social integration Equality of all people No national unity Benefit though cultural exchange No assimilation Learn&respect other cultures Creation of cultural ghettos • Manifest destiny: attitude that the USA has a godly mission to expand and explore new borders (justify any territorial expansions) based on the belief that the Americans are God's chosen people, & America his chosen country → America = a country that is superior to all other countries → Their mission/duty: USA must spread the idea of freedom, democracy, moral rules & values all over the world Justification for extinction of the Indians (seen as "wild" people without any rights) The new Canaan (promised land): America as a form of paradise ● ● ● → Everyone can start a new life & live in peace & harmony with God & the Nature ‘Frontier’: Belief that the Americans had the God-given right to expand their territory pushing the frontier from east to the unsettled west Ellis Island: 1892-1954 gateway for immigrants (20 million immigrants came) Uncle Sam: Common national personification the US/American government Rosa Parks: Refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white person (Dec 1st, 1955) Martin Luther King: organised the Montgomery bus boycott (1955)-'l have a dream' American Nightmare For some people the American Dream is only an illusion American Dream can turn into a Nightmare ● ● ● ● ● Life in America isn't even better than before No classless society In reality, workers have no chance of rising up in their social mobility From riches to riches Millions of jobs are gone → Unemployment rate rises No job, no money, no home → Increasing crime Because of people origin, they don't have the chance to realize the American Dream → Creation of marginalized groups More inequality Big gap between rich and poor People don't get access to health care or good education Pessimism Examples of American nightmares are the Vietnam War, September 11, 2001 & the financial crisis starting in 2008 5