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Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

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Verbs with inflected endings: "hath", "doth", "goeth"
Pronouns like "thou", "thee", "thy", "thine" and "ye" were always used with
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Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

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11/12/13

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Meine Abiturzusammenfassung zum Thema Shakespeare und Romeo und Julia.

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. Verbs with inflected endings: "hath", "doth", "goeth" Pronouns like "thou", "thee", "thy", "thine" and "ye" were always used with different meanings For references to the second person: choice between "you" (for speaking to social superior) and "thou" (for speaking to a social inferior/loved one Meaning of certain words relied on tone, semantic drive, narrative context and body language; appearance of rather unfamiliar terms in Shakespeares plays Origin in old Germanic languages, Latin and Norman Common use The Elizabethan Age Early Modern English Original meaning reign of Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 to 1603 the queen was supportive of the arts (poetry, music and theatre) Pro Henry VII: Supreme Head of a new Protestant instituition -> break with the Catholic Church caused religious conflict in the country -> England remained Protestant under Edward I Queen Mary I became queen in 1553: declared England Catholic again Elizabeth became the Queen of a wracked Kingdom -> restoration of the Anglican Church After Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed in 1557 for conspiracy, her ally, King Philip II of Spain turned his armada against England -> the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1558, leaving England as an important naval power Elizabeth's status as the ,,Virgin Queen" left many uncertain abou the future if she didn't conceive an heir Impact on (younger) people in today's time Topics are still important: timeless, universal (experiences in life,...

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like love, hate etc.) Irony and comic elements: entertainment A lot of images and a beautiful language Reflection of culture and history -> historic and general knowledge Importance for today's English Contra Very difficult language from today's point of view Antiquated Some of his plays contain old-fashioned and unrealistic events (i.e. marriage of two teenagers who kill themselves after knowing each other for a very short time Modern English No usage of verbs with inflected endings; instead: "has", "does", "goes" Forms are not used anymore, instead: "you" or "yours" For all references to the second person, usage of "you" Mostly words with a clear meaning though they can be used under different conditions; old words seem rather unfamiliar and strange Origin in old Germanic languages, Norman and Latin (technical/scientific terms); influenced by the Early Modern English Early Modern English dropped fr from common use Shifted meaning of words from Early Modern English over the intervening centuries like "proper" (handsome) or "silly" (innocent) Shakespeare Historic Background of Shakespeare Early Life: born: approximately April 23rd 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon attended a local grammar school -> left school at the age of 14 or 15 three children with his wife Anne Hathaway: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith started working in London Shakespeare's Lost Years: 1585-1592 no documentary evidence of Shakespeare's occupation between the baptism of his twins and his first appearance on stage in London (in 1592) Why did Shakespeare leave Stratford? Possible conflict with the wealthy Sir Thomas Lucy, who was involved in anti-Catholic activities. Shakespeare may have left Stratford trying to conceal his catholic loyalties. How did he find his way into the London theatre scene? He may have joined a traveling theatre troupe that led him to London. The Queen's Men: the court players of Queen Elizabeth . Shakespeare's Language Early Modern English. complex sentence structures and use of obsolete words -> broad vocabulary: 17.500 Use of stylistic devices such as metaphors Theatricality of a play -> using the Language well and beautifully, telling a good story earlier pieces: a more traditional style -> rather undeveloped and conflicting writing style Late 16th century: he takes on a more self-expressive style -> Use of metaphors and tropes to need of the melodrama itself Soliloquy and monologue -> reveals thoughts / secrets of the characters realistic display of the characters (human and flawed) Characters from all kinds of backgrounds Theatrical Career: Mid 1580s marks the beginning of his theatrical career in London 1592: important playwright -> criticism by Robert Greene for being an upstart and not an academic 1594: Part-owner of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who are the only ones to act his plays 1597: Buys "New Place" in Stratford-upon-Avon 1598: Appears in a list of top actors by Ben Johnson 1599: The Globe Theatre is built, Shakespeare moves to Southwark 1603: Death of Queen Elizabeth, James I. Makes the group the King's Men 1608: the company takes over Blackfairs theatre Shakespeare as a poet: Poems: not very profitable, provided credibility to his talent as a writer, enhanced his social standing mainly wrote them for himself, close friends and loved ones (very private) 154 sonnets attributed to Shakespeare -> most famous ones: Sonnet 29, 71, 55 passage of time, jealousy, love, mortality and beauty two series of sonnets -> Description of his consuming lust for married women of dark complexion (Dark Lady) -> Description of his confused love feelings for men (Fair Youth) Style: usually lines of unrhymed iambic pentameter (blank verse) Death on April 23rd of 1616 Romeo Montague . son to the head of the house of Montague in the beginning of the novel, he proclaims his love for Rosaline (despair over her indifference toward him) reader of love poetry (seems to relate it to his own (love) life) his desire for Rosaline is replaced by the one for Juliet at first sight of her -> she is the daughter of the head of the house Capulet, who is a sworn enemy of Romeo's father takes on great risks as he begins to meet up with Juliet in secret extreme behavior: i.e. his suicide after hearing of Juliet's apparent death -> if he were more considerate of the situation, the outcome could have been very different straightforward loyal to his friends and Juliet head of the house of Montague Romeo's father Shows concern over Romeo's melancholy (Rosaline) Friar Lawrence Franciscan trusted by Romeo religious: confidant of Romeo Lady Montague Montague's wife, Romeo's mother dies of grief after Romeo is being exiled Benvolio -> gives him advice on all kinds of things in his life (marriage and family feud of Romeo and Juliet) still stays neutral in many matters of his life: i.e. agrees to marry them, though he gives him the advice to avoid hasty decisions focuses only on the positive effects of a marriage between Romeo and Juliet -> overlooks the negative ones his plans are mostly thought through and of a good intention carries a lot of responsibility for the events the story Montague's nephew and Romeo's cousin wants to be of help to Romeo with his struggles with love tries to defuse any outbreaks of violence in order to protect those who are closest to him Mercutio . Capulet . often jokes and teases provocative dies while cursing all Montagues and Capulets Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet Juliet • Paris daughter to the head of the house of capulet Obedient and sheltered by her family in the beginning was supposed to marry Paris: wants to try to love him to make her head of the Capulet family Juliet's father parents happy very close relationship with the nurse (kind of resembles a mother- daughter-relationship) becomes more confident and independent as she continues to spend time with Romeo thoughtful and responsible kills herself at the end out of love for Romeo -> stabs herself through the heart; requires a lot of strength believes that a marriage between Juliet and Paris will give a happy future Nurse Lady Capulet wife to Capulet Juliet's mother kinsman of the Prince Juliet's suitor leaves all the caretaking of her daughter to the nurse; she does believe though that she knows best about what is good for Juliet and wants her to marry Paris secondary mother figure for Juliet (closer with one another than Juliet is with her actual mother) -> has been taking car of her since her birth had a daughter herself who unfortunately dies at a young age: Juliet sort of a substitute, though she does hold a deep affection for her aside from this side of their relationship knew of Juliet's relationship with Romeo and enables them to meet up and keep their meetings a secret very talkative -> takes his role very serious and already begins to immerse himself into the role as a husband Tybalt Members of the house of capulet Juliet's Cousin very aggressive and violent; great pride Plot overview The tragic love story of Romeo and Juliet takes place in Verona in Italy. Because of the ongoing conflict between their families - the Montagues and the Capulets - Romeo and Juliet are supposed to be sworn enemies. Nevertheless, they fall in love with each other instantly, forgetting all their loyalties, values and other emotions. Since the beginning the young couple is marked as “star-crossed” lovers, meaning that it is fate that their love has no chance. Juliet despite being very young is promised to another man. Romeo is banished from the city, after he killed one of the Capulets kinsman in a brawl. In the end, they are not able to run away together. After Romeo sees Juliet supposedly dead in her tomb, he kills himself. Juliet after waking from the potion that made her appear dead, finds her husband and kills herself too. Laying together in death, the couple is found by their families. Their sacrifice leads their families to restore peace. The play was published in 1597 by William Shakespeare and deals with themes such as love, fate, youth and violence. Act one Romeo and Juliet - Summary of the Acts • after a brawl between men of both rival families (Montagues and Capulets) in a public place of Verona, the prince declares that he will put a death penalty upon anyone who disturbs the civil peace again • Romeo is shown in melancholy after his love Rosaline rejected him - his friend Benvolio tries to cheer him up and resolves to forget about his love • the Old Capulet and Paris discuss Paris' desire to marry Juliet - invites him to a traditional masquerade feast to win Juliets heart - Romeo and Benvolio are also invited to the feast (by mistake) and take it as a chance to make Romeo forget about his heartache • Juliet is asked about the idea of getting married by her mother since Paris took interest in her - Juliet dutifully promises to see if she might fall in love with Paris Romeo, Benvolio and Mercution arrive at the feast, wearing masks - Romeo is recognized by Tybalt who swears to harm him • Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love and kiss instantly without knowing they are from rival families - both are devastated after they find out the truth about their identity but they don't seem able to forget their kiss Act two • after leaving the feast, Romeo finds Juliet standing at a window above him and talking to herself - she says, that if one of them refuses his family name or declares the love for the other, she would be ready to give herself to him - yet she has doubts that his love is truthful, so she will send someone the next day to see if his love is honorable • the next day Romeo looks for Friar Lawrence who despite being skeptical of Romeos sudden love for Juliet agrees to marry them, hoping it will end the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets • after that Romeo meets the Nurse and tells her to come with Juliet to Friar Lawrences cell where they are married in the afternoon in secret Act three • in the streets of Verona Mercutio and Benvolio encounter Tybalt along with other Capulet men - when Romeo enters, Tybalt attacks him verbally and commands him to fight him - when Romeo refuses this demand, Mercutio and Tybalt begin to fight instead - Mercutio is stabbed by Tybalt as Romeo steps in between them to make peace (since Tybalt is his kinsman after the marriage with Juliet and he wishes not to fight him) enraged by Mercutios murder, Romeo kills Tybalt and flees - the Prince enters afterwards and exiles Romeo as punishment for his actions • Juliet learns that Romeo has slain Tybalt -> she claims that his banishment is worse than Tybalts murder • Friar Lawrence comes up with a plan where the lovers will be able to see each other for a last time before Romeo leaves to Mantua to wait until it is safe to come back • Juliets father promises Paris that the wedding between his daughter and him should be held on Thursday, confident that his daughter will agree to the proposal after the consumation of their marriage, the lovers part • Juliet is informed that she will be wed to Paris in three days which she refuses to do - her father threatens to disown her if she does not obey - the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris since he is a better match which Juliet - Juliet runs to Friar Lawrence to ask for his help; ready to kill herself if he is not able to Act four • Friar Lawrence comes up with a plan which makes it possible for Romeo and Juliet to run away to Mantua - after her marriage to Paris she will drink a sleep potion that will make her appear dead; Romeo will the retrieve her from the tomb of Capulets • Juliet tells her parents cheerfully that she will marry Paris -> her father moves the wedding one day forward • in the night Juliet drinks the contents of the vial • next morning the Nurse finds Juliet "dead" - the preparation for the wedding are revicted and instead they begin to make ready for her funeral Act five Romeo and Juliet - Summary of the Acts • Romeo finds out that Juliet has been found "dead" before an explaining letter of the Friar reaches him - devestated that he lost her, he departs and swears to lie next to Juliet in her grave (he buys poison) • it is explained that the letter where the Friar informed Romeo about Juliets false death has not reached Romeo in time - he declares to rescue Juliet himself • when Romeo arrives at the Capulets tomb he finds Paris, they duel and Paris falls • in the tomb Romeo finds Juliets lifeless body, drinks the poison and dies next to her • when Friar Lawrence enters the tomb, he finds a bloody scene • Juliet awakes and kills herself with Romeo's dagger after she finds out that both men are dead before the watch can reach them • the families of the lovers arrive at the scene - Friar Lawrence tells both families the story of Romeo and Juliet - the Prince scolds the Capulets and Montagues that their feud led to the young lovers death - both families make peace Structure of a drama complication/rising action exposition climax /turning point falling action catastrophe resolution Shakespearean tragedy follows the Freytag pyramid of Dramatic structure play consists typically of five acts with five scenes (in Romeo and Juliet the fifth act has only three scenes) • same structure is found in other plays of the Elizabethan time (until the 20th century) ● the pyramid does not reflect the excitement of the play (climax is not necessarily the most exciting point) Characteristics ● ● ● 1.) First quatrain (line 1-4) ● 2.) Second quatrain (line 4-8) ● Fourteen lines: can be broken down into three quatrains and one couplet a strict rhyme scheme iambic meter (ten syllables) The Shakespearean Sonnet ● establishing the subject of the sonnet rhyme scheme: ABAB 3.) Third quatrain (line 9-12) ● developing the sonnet's theme rhyme scheme: CDCD 4.) Couplet (line 13-14) to round off the sonnet's theme rhyme theme: EFEF Conclusion to the sonnet Rhyme theme: GG Reoccurring themes love jealousy beauty infidelity the passage of time death The first 126 sonnets are addresses to a young man. The last 28 are addressed to a woman. • by the third couplet (line 6), the sonnets usually take a turn: epiphany (sudden and illuminating revelations) teaching the reader a lesson of some sort

Englisch /

Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

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Study.for.good.marks

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Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Shakespeare, Romeo und Julia ABITURZUSAMMENFASSUNG

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 .
Verbs with inflected endings: "hath", "doth", "goeth"
Pronouns like "thou", "thee", "thy", "thine" and "ye" were always used with
differe

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So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

Meine Abiturzusammenfassung zum Thema Shakespeare und Romeo und Julia.

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. Verbs with inflected endings: "hath", "doth", "goeth" Pronouns like "thou", "thee", "thy", "thine" and "ye" were always used with different meanings For references to the second person: choice between "you" (for speaking to social superior) and "thou" (for speaking to a social inferior/loved one Meaning of certain words relied on tone, semantic drive, narrative context and body language; appearance of rather unfamiliar terms in Shakespeares plays Origin in old Germanic languages, Latin and Norman Common use The Elizabethan Age Early Modern English Original meaning reign of Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 to 1603 the queen was supportive of the arts (poetry, music and theatre) Pro Henry VII: Supreme Head of a new Protestant instituition -> break with the Catholic Church caused religious conflict in the country -> England remained Protestant under Edward I Queen Mary I became queen in 1553: declared England Catholic again Elizabeth became the Queen of a wracked Kingdom -> restoration of the Anglican Church After Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed in 1557 for conspiracy, her ally, King Philip II of Spain turned his armada against England -> the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1558, leaving England as an important naval power Elizabeth's status as the ,,Virgin Queen" left many uncertain abou the future if she didn't conceive an heir Impact on (younger) people in today's time Topics are still important: timeless, universal (experiences in life,...

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like love, hate etc.) Irony and comic elements: entertainment A lot of images and a beautiful language Reflection of culture and history -> historic and general knowledge Importance for today's English Contra Very difficult language from today's point of view Antiquated Some of his plays contain old-fashioned and unrealistic events (i.e. marriage of two teenagers who kill themselves after knowing each other for a very short time Modern English No usage of verbs with inflected endings; instead: "has", "does", "goes" Forms are not used anymore, instead: "you" or "yours" For all references to the second person, usage of "you" Mostly words with a clear meaning though they can be used under different conditions; old words seem rather unfamiliar and strange Origin in old Germanic languages, Norman and Latin (technical/scientific terms); influenced by the Early Modern English Early Modern English dropped fr from common use Shifted meaning of words from Early Modern English over the intervening centuries like "proper" (handsome) or "silly" (innocent) Shakespeare Historic Background of Shakespeare Early Life: born: approximately April 23rd 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon attended a local grammar school -> left school at the age of 14 or 15 three children with his wife Anne Hathaway: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith started working in London Shakespeare's Lost Years: 1585-1592 no documentary evidence of Shakespeare's occupation between the baptism of his twins and his first appearance on stage in London (in 1592) Why did Shakespeare leave Stratford? Possible conflict with the wealthy Sir Thomas Lucy, who was involved in anti-Catholic activities. Shakespeare may have left Stratford trying to conceal his catholic loyalties. How did he find his way into the London theatre scene? He may have joined a traveling theatre troupe that led him to London. The Queen's Men: the court players of Queen Elizabeth . Shakespeare's Language Early Modern English. complex sentence structures and use of obsolete words -> broad vocabulary: 17.500 Use of stylistic devices such as metaphors Theatricality of a play -> using the Language well and beautifully, telling a good story earlier pieces: a more traditional style -> rather undeveloped and conflicting writing style Late 16th century: he takes on a more self-expressive style -> Use of metaphors and tropes to need of the melodrama itself Soliloquy and monologue -> reveals thoughts / secrets of the characters realistic display of the characters (human and flawed) Characters from all kinds of backgrounds Theatrical Career: Mid 1580s marks the beginning of his theatrical career in London 1592: important playwright -> criticism by Robert Greene for being an upstart and not an academic 1594: Part-owner of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who are the only ones to act his plays 1597: Buys "New Place" in Stratford-upon-Avon 1598: Appears in a list of top actors by Ben Johnson 1599: The Globe Theatre is built, Shakespeare moves to Southwark 1603: Death of Queen Elizabeth, James I. Makes the group the King's Men 1608: the company takes over Blackfairs theatre Shakespeare as a poet: Poems: not very profitable, provided credibility to his talent as a writer, enhanced his social standing mainly wrote them for himself, close friends and loved ones (very private) 154 sonnets attributed to Shakespeare -> most famous ones: Sonnet 29, 71, 55 passage of time, jealousy, love, mortality and beauty two series of sonnets -> Description of his consuming lust for married women of dark complexion (Dark Lady) -> Description of his confused love feelings for men (Fair Youth) Style: usually lines of unrhymed iambic pentameter (blank verse) Death on April 23rd of 1616 Romeo Montague . son to the head of the house of Montague in the beginning of the novel, he proclaims his love for Rosaline (despair over her indifference toward him) reader of love poetry (seems to relate it to his own (love) life) his desire for Rosaline is replaced by the one for Juliet at first sight of her -> she is the daughter of the head of the house Capulet, who is a sworn enemy of Romeo's father takes on great risks as he begins to meet up with Juliet in secret extreme behavior: i.e. his suicide after hearing of Juliet's apparent death -> if he were more considerate of the situation, the outcome could have been very different straightforward loyal to his friends and Juliet head of the house of Montague Romeo's father Shows concern over Romeo's melancholy (Rosaline) Friar Lawrence Franciscan trusted by Romeo religious: confidant of Romeo Lady Montague Montague's wife, Romeo's mother dies of grief after Romeo is being exiled Benvolio -> gives him advice on all kinds of things in his life (marriage and family feud of Romeo and Juliet) still stays neutral in many matters of his life: i.e. agrees to marry them, though he gives him the advice to avoid hasty decisions focuses only on the positive effects of a marriage between Romeo and Juliet -> overlooks the negative ones his plans are mostly thought through and of a good intention carries a lot of responsibility for the events the story Montague's nephew and Romeo's cousin wants to be of help to Romeo with his struggles with love tries to defuse any outbreaks of violence in order to protect those who are closest to him Mercutio . Capulet . often jokes and teases provocative dies while cursing all Montagues and Capulets Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet Juliet • Paris daughter to the head of the house of capulet Obedient and sheltered by her family in the beginning was supposed to marry Paris: wants to try to love him to make her head of the Capulet family Juliet's father parents happy very close relationship with the nurse (kind of resembles a mother- daughter-relationship) becomes more confident and independent as she continues to spend time with Romeo thoughtful and responsible kills herself at the end out of love for Romeo -> stabs herself through the heart; requires a lot of strength believes that a marriage between Juliet and Paris will give a happy future Nurse Lady Capulet wife to Capulet Juliet's mother kinsman of the Prince Juliet's suitor leaves all the caretaking of her daughter to the nurse; she does believe though that she knows best about what is good for Juliet and wants her to marry Paris secondary mother figure for Juliet (closer with one another than Juliet is with her actual mother) -> has been taking car of her since her birth had a daughter herself who unfortunately dies at a young age: Juliet sort of a substitute, though she does hold a deep affection for her aside from this side of their relationship knew of Juliet's relationship with Romeo and enables them to meet up and keep their meetings a secret very talkative -> takes his role very serious and already begins to immerse himself into the role as a husband Tybalt Members of the house of capulet Juliet's Cousin very aggressive and violent; great pride Plot overview The tragic love story of Romeo and Juliet takes place in Verona in Italy. Because of the ongoing conflict between their families - the Montagues and the Capulets - Romeo and Juliet are supposed to be sworn enemies. Nevertheless, they fall in love with each other instantly, forgetting all their loyalties, values and other emotions. Since the beginning the young couple is marked as “star-crossed” lovers, meaning that it is fate that their love has no chance. Juliet despite being very young is promised to another man. Romeo is banished from the city, after he killed one of the Capulets kinsman in a brawl. In the end, they are not able to run away together. After Romeo sees Juliet supposedly dead in her tomb, he kills himself. Juliet after waking from the potion that made her appear dead, finds her husband and kills herself too. Laying together in death, the couple is found by their families. Their sacrifice leads their families to restore peace. The play was published in 1597 by William Shakespeare and deals with themes such as love, fate, youth and violence. Act one Romeo and Juliet - Summary of the Acts • after a brawl between men of both rival families (Montagues and Capulets) in a public place of Verona, the prince declares that he will put a death penalty upon anyone who disturbs the civil peace again • Romeo is shown in melancholy after his love Rosaline rejected him - his friend Benvolio tries to cheer him up and resolves to forget about his love • the Old Capulet and Paris discuss Paris' desire to marry Juliet - invites him to a traditional masquerade feast to win Juliets heart - Romeo and Benvolio are also invited to the feast (by mistake) and take it as a chance to make Romeo forget about his heartache • Juliet is asked about the idea of getting married by her mother since Paris took interest in her - Juliet dutifully promises to see if she might fall in love with Paris Romeo, Benvolio and Mercution arrive at the feast, wearing masks - Romeo is recognized by Tybalt who swears to harm him • Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love and kiss instantly without knowing they are from rival families - both are devastated after they find out the truth about their identity but they don't seem able to forget their kiss Act two • after leaving the feast, Romeo finds Juliet standing at a window above him and talking to herself - she says, that if one of them refuses his family name or declares the love for the other, she would be ready to give herself to him - yet she has doubts that his love is truthful, so she will send someone the next day to see if his love is honorable • the next day Romeo looks for Friar Lawrence who despite being skeptical of Romeos sudden love for Juliet agrees to marry them, hoping it will end the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets • after that Romeo meets the Nurse and tells her to come with Juliet to Friar Lawrences cell where they are married in the afternoon in secret Act three • in the streets of Verona Mercutio and Benvolio encounter Tybalt along with other Capulet men - when Romeo enters, Tybalt attacks him verbally and commands him to fight him - when Romeo refuses this demand, Mercutio and Tybalt begin to fight instead - Mercutio is stabbed by Tybalt as Romeo steps in between them to make peace (since Tybalt is his kinsman after the marriage with Juliet and he wishes not to fight him) enraged by Mercutios murder, Romeo kills Tybalt and flees - the Prince enters afterwards and exiles Romeo as punishment for his actions • Juliet learns that Romeo has slain Tybalt -> she claims that his banishment is worse than Tybalts murder • Friar Lawrence comes up with a plan where the lovers will be able to see each other for a last time before Romeo leaves to Mantua to wait until it is safe to come back • Juliets father promises Paris that the wedding between his daughter and him should be held on Thursday, confident that his daughter will agree to the proposal after the consumation of their marriage, the lovers part • Juliet is informed that she will be wed to Paris in three days which she refuses to do - her father threatens to disown her if she does not obey - the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris since he is a better match which Juliet - Juliet runs to Friar Lawrence to ask for his help; ready to kill herself if he is not able to Act four • Friar Lawrence comes up with a plan which makes it possible for Romeo and Juliet to run away to Mantua - after her marriage to Paris she will drink a sleep potion that will make her appear dead; Romeo will the retrieve her from the tomb of Capulets • Juliet tells her parents cheerfully that she will marry Paris -> her father moves the wedding one day forward • in the night Juliet drinks the contents of the vial • next morning the Nurse finds Juliet "dead" - the preparation for the wedding are revicted and instead they begin to make ready for her funeral Act five Romeo and Juliet - Summary of the Acts • Romeo finds out that Juliet has been found "dead" before an explaining letter of the Friar reaches him - devestated that he lost her, he departs and swears to lie next to Juliet in her grave (he buys poison) • it is explained that the letter where the Friar informed Romeo about Juliets false death has not reached Romeo in time - he declares to rescue Juliet himself • when Romeo arrives at the Capulets tomb he finds Paris, they duel and Paris falls • in the tomb Romeo finds Juliets lifeless body, drinks the poison and dies next to her • when Friar Lawrence enters the tomb, he finds a bloody scene • Juliet awakes and kills herself with Romeo's dagger after she finds out that both men are dead before the watch can reach them • the families of the lovers arrive at the scene - Friar Lawrence tells both families the story of Romeo and Juliet - the Prince scolds the Capulets and Montagues that their feud led to the young lovers death - both families make peace Structure of a drama complication/rising action exposition climax /turning point falling action catastrophe resolution Shakespearean tragedy follows the Freytag pyramid of Dramatic structure play consists typically of five acts with five scenes (in Romeo and Juliet the fifth act has only three scenes) • same structure is found in other plays of the Elizabethan time (until the 20th century) ● the pyramid does not reflect the excitement of the play (climax is not necessarily the most exciting point) Characteristics ● ● ● 1.) First quatrain (line 1-4) ● 2.) Second quatrain (line 4-8) ● Fourteen lines: can be broken down into three quatrains and one couplet a strict rhyme scheme iambic meter (ten syllables) The Shakespearean Sonnet ● establishing the subject of the sonnet rhyme scheme: ABAB 3.) Third quatrain (line 9-12) ● developing the sonnet's theme rhyme scheme: CDCD 4.) Couplet (line 13-14) to round off the sonnet's theme rhyme theme: EFEF Conclusion to the sonnet Rhyme theme: GG Reoccurring themes love jealousy beauty infidelity the passage of time death The first 126 sonnets are addresses to a young man. The last 28 are addressed to a woman. • by the third couplet (line 6), the sonnets usually take a turn: epiphany (sudden and illuminating revelations) teaching the reader a lesson of some sort