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Utopia and dystopia

Utopia and dystopia

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Selma⚜️

19277 Followers
 

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11/12/13

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Utopia and dystopia

 UTOPIA/DYSTOPIA
+ genetic engineering
Definition
Utopia: An imagined place or state of things in
which everything is perfect.
Dystopia: An

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UTOPIA/DYSTOPIA + genetic engineering Definition Utopia: An imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect. Dystopia: An imagined state or society in which there is great suffering or injustice. Utopia: every man has a right to everything every man has enough money no less care token of those who were once engaged in labour, but grow afterwards unable to follow society is perfect and better than our world society that is created citizens are free does not exist yet individuality is Wanted Dystopia: antithesis of the Utopian Society describes a world that is worse than Ours control of the society citizens conform to uniform expectations Englisch ABI not afraid no individuality is allowed Pessimistic about future Society dystopian features : pressure, manipulation, control, fear of getting caught, being tortured, losing all social contacts and being humiliated, working as inescapable power machines, worlds governments are dehumanized Brave New World futuristic society, called the World State, that revolves around science and efficiency In this society, emotions and individuality are conditioned out of children at a young age, and there are no lasting relationships "everyone belongs to everyone else" children are created outside the womb and cloned in order to increase the population. citizens are sorted as embryos to be of a certain class, so the embryos are provided with differing amounts of chemicals and hormones in order to condition them into predetermined classes. these classes...

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are Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon Bernard Marx, an Alpha, is one of the main characters of the story He and his love interest, Lenina Crowne, travel to a "savage reservation," where Marx's boss supposedly lost a female companion some years ago when the two arrive, they see people living there engaging in unfamiliar rituals stumble upon a woman, Linda and her son, John Marx decides to bring the two home with him John is kept in the "brave new world," and Linda is sent to a hospital because of her addiction to "soma," → She eventually dies because of it John runs away to a lighthouse to live in isolation, but reporters find him and watch him whipping himself the next morning, appalled at his complicity in the system, he hangs himself. Fahrenheit 451: In the not-too-distance future, a society lives on the principle of hedonistic happiness. Since books as a medium deal with problems and conflicts, they are considered unfortunate and are forbidden by law. The fire brigade's job is to track down and burn books in order to ensure social happiness. The protagonist of the story is the fireman Guy Montag. Monday is married to Linda. On the way home, Montag meets Clarisse, a teacher who is passionate about reading books Out of curiosity, Monday begins to read books secretly and begins to question his work and the hedonistic life. When Clarisse comes into the fire department's sights, she has to go underground. She announces that she will escape to the "book people" who live in the forests outside of society and learn a favorite book by heart so that it is not forgotten. Monday's last operation leads to his own house, where he is forced to burn his books. He manages to track down the book people 1984: In the dictatorial and totalitarian state, the Internal Party suppresses the remaining party members and the broad mass of the people The main character Winston Smith works in the Ministry of Truth in London and is busy constantly adapting old newspaper reports and thus the past picture of history to the current party line. Although he is a member of the Outer Party, Smith rejects the totalitarian system and secretly keeps a diary of his forbidden feelings. Julia, also a member of the party, becomes his lover and associate. Smith tries to make contact with the underground movement persecuted by the party. In O'Brien, who seems to be like-minded, he believes he has found a helper and fellow fighter, but he later turns out to be a particularly intelligent and fanatical member of the Inner Party, who eventually arrests Winston. Under torture at the Ministry of Love, Smith collapses psychologically: He betrays Julia, loses his newly gained individuality and, after a brainwashing, finally believes that his newly discovered love for Big Brother is finally free. Dangers of eating too much too sweet too fat ↓ → → + not getting enough exercise → "junk"/ fast food convenience food processed food clogging veins, cardio vascular system, diabetes, high blood pressure order of processed food vs. natural food 1. fruit and vegetables 2. roasted nuts, cereals, smoothie 3. cheese, meat (Wurst) 4. TV dinner (food you just put in the microwave) Genetic engineering → Direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology Cloning Reproductive -type of cloning which is performed for the purpose of creating a duplicate copy of another organism -cell nuclear transfer -ethical issues: clones have shorter lifespans, risk of losing genetic diversity, health of the clone is in danger, unnatural, religious beliefs → Example: dolly the sheep Therapeutic -medical purposes -manipulate genetic material -rescue lifes with genetic material is comfortable for the human with the disease Saviour siblings -a brother or a sister who has been specifically created for the purpose of curing a sick sibling -embryos are checked to make sure that the sibling has not the same disease and would be a perfect tissue match -ethical issues: child is just born to rescue the other sibling (parents do not love/ wanted it), emotional harm to the child later, procedures are painful for a little baby, alternatives, against human rights of the baby, "designer baby" Pro Parents with no eggs and sperm can create children that are genetically related Same sex couples can have children without the use of donor sperm or donor eggs. The men would only require a surrogate to carry the clone until birth Parents that have lost a child can have that child returned to them with a clone. Endangered animals can be cloned to save the species can be used to replace failing organs Cloning could prove helpful in the research of genetics With the use of cloning, organisms can be customized to suit the needs of whatever research purposes being done Healing and recovery times could be lowered because of cloning Contra Cloning children could foster an understanding that children can be designed and replicated to the parents' wishes There would be a lack of uniqueness and violate convictions regarding human individuality and freedom. Clones could be seen as less than human compared with non-clones Children created by cloning would live in the shadow of the genetic donor, always having to live up to the expectations of a person they were created from 95% of animal cloning has ended in failure due to genetic defects, and cloning is considered unsafe because of it Many believe that cloning is playing God and create people that are unable to feel and empathize, some also believe clones are created without a soul PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis) -reproductive technology -embryos are checked by doctors to find out if the baby would have genetical diseases -ethical issues: "designer babies" (perfect babies created of what parents want their baby to be like), parents choose their perfect child Pro a possibility that the age of the donor could be imprinted on the growing embryo. This would cause premature aging issues and potentially lead to premature death What laws would there be to defend your rights as the true non-clone compared to the clone? Would there be any defense against people collecting cells and cloning random people? Lack of Diversity it could cause a lot of malpractice -pro: diseases could be eradicated, no more suffering of genetic diseases, less people suffer stem cells -cells that can turn into other types of cells to substitute them and thus repair damage Bacteria have been modified to produce insulin for medical use gene is transferred into the planned to be protected plans are checked to make sure they are developing normally and are safe plant cells can take up the new gene improve a specific characteristic allowed people to grow crops on less land where it was too dry or salty crops are grown for new uses Genetically modified food A genetically modified food is a food that consists of, contains or has been produced from genetically modified plants, animals or microorganisms. Contra foreign genes in genetic codes characteristics of plants and animals are artificial, not natural guns used to burn the planet and natural process props and made to get more money health and environmental risks, social and economic risks they are not enough tested

Englisch /

Utopia and dystopia

Utopia and dystopia

user profile picture

Selma⚜️

19277 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Utopia and dystopia

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 UTOPIA/DYSTOPIA
+ genetic engineering
Definition
Utopia: An imagined place or state of things in
which everything is perfect.
Dystopia: An

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Teilen

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191

Kommentare (1)

W

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

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UTOPIA/DYSTOPIA + genetic engineering Definition Utopia: An imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect. Dystopia: An imagined state or society in which there is great suffering or injustice. Utopia: every man has a right to everything every man has enough money no less care token of those who were once engaged in labour, but grow afterwards unable to follow society is perfect and better than our world society that is created citizens are free does not exist yet individuality is Wanted Dystopia: antithesis of the Utopian Society describes a world that is worse than Ours control of the society citizens conform to uniform expectations Englisch ABI not afraid no individuality is allowed Pessimistic about future Society dystopian features : pressure, manipulation, control, fear of getting caught, being tortured, losing all social contacts and being humiliated, working as inescapable power machines, worlds governments are dehumanized Brave New World futuristic society, called the World State, that revolves around science and efficiency In this society, emotions and individuality are conditioned out of children at a young age, and there are no lasting relationships "everyone belongs to everyone else" children are created outside the womb and cloned in order to increase the population. citizens are sorted as embryos to be of a certain class, so the embryos are provided with differing amounts of chemicals and hormones in order to condition them into predetermined classes. these classes...

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Schule. Endlich Einfach.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

are Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon Bernard Marx, an Alpha, is one of the main characters of the story He and his love interest, Lenina Crowne, travel to a "savage reservation," where Marx's boss supposedly lost a female companion some years ago when the two arrive, they see people living there engaging in unfamiliar rituals stumble upon a woman, Linda and her son, John Marx decides to bring the two home with him John is kept in the "brave new world," and Linda is sent to a hospital because of her addiction to "soma," → She eventually dies because of it John runs away to a lighthouse to live in isolation, but reporters find him and watch him whipping himself the next morning, appalled at his complicity in the system, he hangs himself. Fahrenheit 451: In the not-too-distance future, a society lives on the principle of hedonistic happiness. Since books as a medium deal with problems and conflicts, they are considered unfortunate and are forbidden by law. The fire brigade's job is to track down and burn books in order to ensure social happiness. The protagonist of the story is the fireman Guy Montag. Monday is married to Linda. On the way home, Montag meets Clarisse, a teacher who is passionate about reading books Out of curiosity, Monday begins to read books secretly and begins to question his work and the hedonistic life. When Clarisse comes into the fire department's sights, she has to go underground. She announces that she will escape to the "book people" who live in the forests outside of society and learn a favorite book by heart so that it is not forgotten. Monday's last operation leads to his own house, where he is forced to burn his books. He manages to track down the book people 1984: In the dictatorial and totalitarian state, the Internal Party suppresses the remaining party members and the broad mass of the people The main character Winston Smith works in the Ministry of Truth in London and is busy constantly adapting old newspaper reports and thus the past picture of history to the current party line. Although he is a member of the Outer Party, Smith rejects the totalitarian system and secretly keeps a diary of his forbidden feelings. Julia, also a member of the party, becomes his lover and associate. Smith tries to make contact with the underground movement persecuted by the party. In O'Brien, who seems to be like-minded, he believes he has found a helper and fellow fighter, but he later turns out to be a particularly intelligent and fanatical member of the Inner Party, who eventually arrests Winston. Under torture at the Ministry of Love, Smith collapses psychologically: He betrays Julia, loses his newly gained individuality and, after a brainwashing, finally believes that his newly discovered love for Big Brother is finally free. Dangers of eating too much too sweet too fat ↓ → → + not getting enough exercise → "junk"/ fast food convenience food processed food clogging veins, cardio vascular system, diabetes, high blood pressure order of processed food vs. natural food 1. fruit and vegetables 2. roasted nuts, cereals, smoothie 3. cheese, meat (Wurst) 4. TV dinner (food you just put in the microwave) Genetic engineering → Direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology Cloning Reproductive -type of cloning which is performed for the purpose of creating a duplicate copy of another organism -cell nuclear transfer -ethical issues: clones have shorter lifespans, risk of losing genetic diversity, health of the clone is in danger, unnatural, religious beliefs → Example: dolly the sheep Therapeutic -medical purposes -manipulate genetic material -rescue lifes with genetic material is comfortable for the human with the disease Saviour siblings -a brother or a sister who has been specifically created for the purpose of curing a sick sibling -embryos are checked to make sure that the sibling has not the same disease and would be a perfect tissue match -ethical issues: child is just born to rescue the other sibling (parents do not love/ wanted it), emotional harm to the child later, procedures are painful for a little baby, alternatives, against human rights of the baby, "designer baby" Pro Parents with no eggs and sperm can create children that are genetically related Same sex couples can have children without the use of donor sperm or donor eggs. The men would only require a surrogate to carry the clone until birth Parents that have lost a child can have that child returned to them with a clone. Endangered animals can be cloned to save the species can be used to replace failing organs Cloning could prove helpful in the research of genetics With the use of cloning, organisms can be customized to suit the needs of whatever research purposes being done Healing and recovery times could be lowered because of cloning Contra Cloning children could foster an understanding that children can be designed and replicated to the parents' wishes There would be a lack of uniqueness and violate convictions regarding human individuality and freedom. Clones could be seen as less than human compared with non-clones Children created by cloning would live in the shadow of the genetic donor, always having to live up to the expectations of a person they were created from 95% of animal cloning has ended in failure due to genetic defects, and cloning is considered unsafe because of it Many believe that cloning is playing God and create people that are unable to feel and empathize, some also believe clones are created without a soul PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis) -reproductive technology -embryos are checked by doctors to find out if the baby would have genetical diseases -ethical issues: "designer babies" (perfect babies created of what parents want their baby to be like), parents choose their perfect child Pro a possibility that the age of the donor could be imprinted on the growing embryo. This would cause premature aging issues and potentially lead to premature death What laws would there be to defend your rights as the true non-clone compared to the clone? Would there be any defense against people collecting cells and cloning random people? Lack of Diversity it could cause a lot of malpractice -pro: diseases could be eradicated, no more suffering of genetic diseases, less people suffer stem cells -cells that can turn into other types of cells to substitute them and thus repair damage Bacteria have been modified to produce insulin for medical use gene is transferred into the planned to be protected plans are checked to make sure they are developing normally and are safe plant cells can take up the new gene improve a specific characteristic allowed people to grow crops on less land where it was too dry or salty crops are grown for new uses Genetically modified food A genetically modified food is a food that consists of, contains or has been produced from genetically modified plants, animals or microorganisms. Contra foreign genes in genetic codes characteristics of plants and animals are artificial, not natural guns used to burn the planet and natural process props and made to get more money health and environmental risks, social and economic risks they are not enough tested