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Multiculturalism - Multicultural Britain

Multiculturalism - Multicultural Britain

 MULTICULTURALISM MULTICULTURAL BRITAIN
The presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups
within a

Multiculturalism - Multicultural Britain

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Handout zu „Multiculturalism“ / Zusammenfassung Abitur

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MULTICULTURALISM MULTICULTURAL BRITAIN The presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society. Multicultural society -it's a society, where people with different religions, nationalities, languages and ethnicities are living together -it's a society with freedom with regards of freedom, religions, nationalities -the people there are living and working together -it's a society, where people are learning about the other cultures Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl • The "Salad Bowl" theory basically calls for us to celebrate our diversity along with our oneness. • The Melting Pot theory requires that immigrants assimilate in order to become one common culture-"American" AMERICAN ussian Chinese Irish sian Issues connected to multiculturalism in the UK Education Concentrations of minorities in inner-city areas have led to some schools being dominated by one ethnic group. If the pupils are children of relatively recent arrivals the communication with the parents is difficult. Other schools have children from a huge range of ethnic backgrounds Britain is known for its multiculturalism, but there are lots of discussions if the multiculturalism really works or whether it failed Healthcare In the past there has been a lack of resistance to childhood diseases among the children of newly arrived immigrants, and fears about immunisation. Tuberculosis, disease that had been virtually wiped out in the UK has made a come-back amongst certain immigrant groups Language It can be difficult for new migrants to integrate if they...

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don't speak English. Compared to the second-generation migrant childrens, they are more likely to integrate religion & economy Migrants from the Indian subcontinent and other parts of Asia, are likely to belong to a different religion than that of the host population. There can also be tensions between different migrant groups e.g. between the Hindus from India and the Muslims from Pakistan. Migrants are often welcomed during times of economic growth but not welcome during recessions, when they are often accused of taking 'our' jobs. This is not unique to the UK. Government studies have shown that migrant workers tend to make a greater contribution to our GDP than they cost chances and challenges of multiculturalism chances -diversification, multicultural society -variety of food, stories, different people -high-skilled workers for economic growth -creating an open-minded identity due to more tolerance and respect -variety of foreign culture for acceptance of other people's thoughts/beliefs/religion/values -international companies settle in Britain because of variety of languages -> prosperity challenges -some people have a hard time to integrate into society -language barriers -racism, hate against minorities -conflicts between cultures ans ethnicities -> clash of cultures -segregation of society/no national unity -prejudices, stereotypes -generation gap Reasons for multiculturalism -Romans, Vikings and Normans occupied United Kingdom -> they brought their cultures and languages with them-> (many English words have French, German or Scandinavian origins) -UK has long history of trade with other European countries -> has meant the free movement of people, including marriages, resulted -British royal family is very multicultural -> many former kings and queens come from European royal families -Great Britain was even ruled by European monarchs -> (William I was Norman, and William III was Dutch) -Colonial past of the UK also explains multiculturalism -> during the British Empire, many Britons went to live and work in colonies around the world, and many colonial citizens came to Britain -Former territories and colonies are closely linked to Britain and people continue to immigrate -Big cities like London and Manchester are extremely multicultural -> smaller cities and villages are far less so -> reason: immigrants have always moved to the bigger cities in search of work -Different cities in the United Kingdom also have different proportions of different ethnic groups, depending on their individual histories -> example: Liverpool has an old black community, as Liverpool was once associated with the transatlantic slave trade Statistic of multiculturalism in the UK Ethnicity in the United Kingdom as of 2011 Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9% Mixed Asian/Asian British Indian Black Other White ON 2% 2.3% 3% 3.7% 10% 30% 40% 50% 60% Share of the total population 70% BON 87,2% 10% -2011: 87.2% of the total population of the United Kingdom was white British ->positive net migration in recent years, combined with the resulting international ties following the former British Empire, has contributed to an increasingly diverse population -Black British citizens, with African and/or African-Caribbean ancestry, are the largest ethnic minority population, at 3% of the total population -Indian Britons are one of the largest overseas communities of the Indian diaspora (=group of people who are currently living outside India and those who can trace their origin to India) and make up 2.3% of the total UK population -Pakistani British citizens, who make up almost 2% of the UK population, have one of the highest levels of home ownership in Britain Multiculturalism in literature My Son the fanatic by Hanif Kureishi Hanif Kureishi is the son of Pakistani man and English woman who wrote the short story and published it on the 28th March in 1994. Thus might be why the topic of multiculturalism is emotionally linked with him which lead him to write about multiculturalismin Britain. Kureishi's fatwa: Fatwa: A religious advice/piece of paper where religious topics (often problems) are discussed. Therefore the author positions himself related to his religious knowledge. ➤ Rushdie's fatwa : The British author Salman Rushdie was sentenced to death because of his offending novel ,,The satanic verses" where the Quran has been criticized. General plot & themes -Limited third person narrator -To emphasize Parvez's perspective, emotions and intentions -Problems of a multicultural society are tackled by showing topics e.g. clashing beliefs, generation gap -It's unique that 1st and 2nd generation are swapped. Son is more conservative and the father is more liberal and open-minded. Furthermore multiculturalism leads to conflicts that can emerge (conflict between Parvez and his son Ali). 1931 Foundation of the British Commonwealth 1948 1949 The London declaration all Commonwealt members got free and equal Labour shortage Immigration rose and racial conflicts began Free entry for workers in Britain The history of multicultural Britain 1965 Numbers of immigrants increased especially in eastern Europe 1972 Race relations act: racial discrimination got forbidden Immigrants brought their culture & values with them New restrictions for immigrants Could settle with a permission to Britain 2004 British S dishes Addition of EU-members Today Multicultural Britain/ London alone has international citizens. of 9 countries Connections to other topics when thinking of multiculturalism: More ways to enter Great Britain Nigeria → former colony of the British empire, variation of different ethnic groups, cultural diversity Working and studying abroad→ explore the culture of a country, meet people with different ethnic background, culture Great Britain Britain, especially London is known for its diversity of culture and ideologies due to colonialization by the British empire Globalisation → It led to connecting different countries → access to various countries and their culture, people, history etc.

Englisch /

Multiculturalism - Multicultural Britain

Multiculturalism - Multicultural Britain

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maike :)

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12

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 MULTICULTURALISM MULTICULTURAL BRITAIN
The presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups
within a

App öffnen

Handout zu „Multiculturalism“ / Zusammenfassung Abitur

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MULTICULTURALISM MULTICULTURAL BRITAIN The presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society. Multicultural society -it's a society, where people with different religions, nationalities, languages and ethnicities are living together -it's a society with freedom with regards of freedom, religions, nationalities -the people there are living and working together -it's a society, where people are learning about the other cultures Melting Pot vs. Salad Bowl • The "Salad Bowl" theory basically calls for us to celebrate our diversity along with our oneness. • The Melting Pot theory requires that immigrants assimilate in order to become one common culture-"American" AMERICAN ussian Chinese Irish sian Issues connected to multiculturalism in the UK Education Concentrations of minorities in inner-city areas have led to some schools being dominated by one ethnic group. If the pupils are children of relatively recent arrivals the communication with the parents is difficult. Other schools have children from a huge range of ethnic backgrounds Britain is known for its multiculturalism, but there are lots of discussions if the multiculturalism really works or whether it failed Healthcare In the past there has been a lack of resistance to childhood diseases among the children of newly arrived immigrants, and fears about immunisation. Tuberculosis, disease that had been virtually wiped out in the UK has made a come-back amongst certain immigrant groups Language It can be difficult for new migrants to integrate if they...

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don't speak English. Compared to the second-generation migrant childrens, they are more likely to integrate religion & economy Migrants from the Indian subcontinent and other parts of Asia, are likely to belong to a different religion than that of the host population. There can also be tensions between different migrant groups e.g. between the Hindus from India and the Muslims from Pakistan. Migrants are often welcomed during times of economic growth but not welcome during recessions, when they are often accused of taking 'our' jobs. This is not unique to the UK. Government studies have shown that migrant workers tend to make a greater contribution to our GDP than they cost chances and challenges of multiculturalism chances -diversification, multicultural society -variety of food, stories, different people -high-skilled workers for economic growth -creating an open-minded identity due to more tolerance and respect -variety of foreign culture for acceptance of other people's thoughts/beliefs/religion/values -international companies settle in Britain because of variety of languages -> prosperity challenges -some people have a hard time to integrate into society -language barriers -racism, hate against minorities -conflicts between cultures ans ethnicities -> clash of cultures -segregation of society/no national unity -prejudices, stereotypes -generation gap Reasons for multiculturalism -Romans, Vikings and Normans occupied United Kingdom -> they brought their cultures and languages with them-> (many English words have French, German or Scandinavian origins) -UK has long history of trade with other European countries -> has meant the free movement of people, including marriages, resulted -British royal family is very multicultural -> many former kings and queens come from European royal families -Great Britain was even ruled by European monarchs -> (William I was Norman, and William III was Dutch) -Colonial past of the UK also explains multiculturalism -> during the British Empire, many Britons went to live and work in colonies around the world, and many colonial citizens came to Britain -Former territories and colonies are closely linked to Britain and people continue to immigrate -Big cities like London and Manchester are extremely multicultural -> smaller cities and villages are far less so -> reason: immigrants have always moved to the bigger cities in search of work -Different cities in the United Kingdom also have different proportions of different ethnic groups, depending on their individual histories -> example: Liverpool has an old black community, as Liverpool was once associated with the transatlantic slave trade Statistic of multiculturalism in the UK Ethnicity in the United Kingdom as of 2011 Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9% Mixed Asian/Asian British Indian Black Other White ON 2% 2.3% 3% 3.7% 10% 30% 40% 50% 60% Share of the total population 70% BON 87,2% 10% -2011: 87.2% of the total population of the United Kingdom was white British ->positive net migration in recent years, combined with the resulting international ties following the former British Empire, has contributed to an increasingly diverse population -Black British citizens, with African and/or African-Caribbean ancestry, are the largest ethnic minority population, at 3% of the total population -Indian Britons are one of the largest overseas communities of the Indian diaspora (=group of people who are currently living outside India and those who can trace their origin to India) and make up 2.3% of the total UK population -Pakistani British citizens, who make up almost 2% of the UK population, have one of the highest levels of home ownership in Britain Multiculturalism in literature My Son the fanatic by Hanif Kureishi Hanif Kureishi is the son of Pakistani man and English woman who wrote the short story and published it on the 28th March in 1994. Thus might be why the topic of multiculturalism is emotionally linked with him which lead him to write about multiculturalismin Britain. Kureishi's fatwa: Fatwa: A religious advice/piece of paper where religious topics (often problems) are discussed. Therefore the author positions himself related to his religious knowledge. ➤ Rushdie's fatwa : The British author Salman Rushdie was sentenced to death because of his offending novel ,,The satanic verses" where the Quran has been criticized. General plot & themes -Limited third person narrator -To emphasize Parvez's perspective, emotions and intentions -Problems of a multicultural society are tackled by showing topics e.g. clashing beliefs, generation gap -It's unique that 1st and 2nd generation are swapped. Son is more conservative and the father is more liberal and open-minded. Furthermore multiculturalism leads to conflicts that can emerge (conflict between Parvez and his son Ali). 1931 Foundation of the British Commonwealth 1948 1949 The London declaration all Commonwealt members got free and equal Labour shortage Immigration rose and racial conflicts began Free entry for workers in Britain The history of multicultural Britain 1965 Numbers of immigrants increased especially in eastern Europe 1972 Race relations act: racial discrimination got forbidden Immigrants brought their culture & values with them New restrictions for immigrants Could settle with a permission to Britain 2004 British S dishes Addition of EU-members Today Multicultural Britain/ London alone has international citizens. of 9 countries Connections to other topics when thinking of multiculturalism: More ways to enter Great Britain Nigeria → former colony of the British empire, variation of different ethnic groups, cultural diversity Working and studying abroad→ explore the culture of a country, meet people with different ethnic background, culture Great Britain Britain, especially London is known for its diversity of culture and ideologies due to colonialization by the British empire Globalisation → It led to connecting different countries → access to various countries and their culture, people, history etc.