Englisch /

Abiturvorbereitung

Abiturvorbereitung

user profile picture

Aslı

422 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Abiturvorbereitung

 Final English Exam
summary of all topics
The American Dream....
Nigeria...
Utopia / Dystopia.........
William Shakespeare / Romeo and Julie

Kommentare (4)

Teilen

Speichern

512

Alles, was du im Fach Englisch für das Abitur wissen musst.

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Final English Exam summary of all topics The American Dream.... Nigeria... Utopia / Dystopia......... William Shakespeare / Romeo and Juliet......... British Empire / Multicultural Great Britain..... Globilization........ M wwwwwwww JANGAN LUPUI":0,2 .4 .5 .6 ..8 .10 2 The American Dream term was first used by the historian James Truslow Adams in his book "The Epic of America" published in 1931 and was quickly assimilated into the American mindset there is no universal definition of what the American Dream actually is, it varies for each American the basic idea: anyone can achieve anything if they work hard and passionately, anybody can go "from rags to riches" inspiration and motivation for Americans to improve themselves and get on in life Definition ● set of beliefs and ideals which (in theory) allows every American to prosper and advance socially, as well as financially - → often unrealistic expectations are created Historical background America is built on immigration 1620: Pilgrim Fathers, members of the English Separatist Church (a radical faction of Puritanism that represented the protestant reformed principles) fled from Great Britain to escape persecution at home they sailed across the Atlantic on the Mayflower and found the first permanent colony, the Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts many others were also sent there for criminal offences and others were given land there many Native Americans lived in America before the pilgrims arrived → instead of assimilating...

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

App herunterladen

Alternativer Bildtext:

the Native's culture, they stole their land and started to kill thousands of them → the Pilgrim Fathers formed a society based on bloody fights they had permission as God's chosen ones: Americans have the right to guide the whole world and to overspread it completely “e pluribus unum": people from many colonies, states or ancestries came to America, lived there together and became a unity the idea of the American meritocracy, based on the divine blessing of the people, became the national mindset Declaration of Independence the basic democratic idea and the American dream were summarized in the Declaration of Independence (4th of July 1776) "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these, are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Beliefs and Values freedom: Americans regard their society as the freest and best in the world, everyone can participate, individual freedom, no oppression equality: no class distinctions, equality in court individualism: idealization of the self-reliant, self-sufficient, independent individual mobility / flexibility / optimism: social mobility (upward and downward) on the "ladder of success" hard work: heritage is not important if you work hard, key to prosperity education and self-improvement: education is the key to individuals realizing their full economic, social and personal potential progress: desire to progress personally by making use of opportunities patriotism: patriotic symbols e.g. national holidays like (like Thanksgiving), a lot of flags Interpretation ● personal dream: reach and preserve personal aims such as family, property, freedom, happiness, health, but also materialistic wishes for self-fulfillment The American Dream today economic dream: prosperity and success, newness, desire to get continually better social dream: equality and opportunity, classless society, belief in the melting pot (multicultural society) political dream: democracy and justice, basic human rights ● nowadays: very critical and negative view of the American Dream critics see the American Dream as a clever political and economic marketing strategy many values are not reflected "hard work will pay off / social standard is changeable": huge gap between rich and poor, different social classes, no welfare system "heritage is irrelevant": racism directed against the black population ("Black Lives Matter") "education is the key to success": costs of higher education leave many no choice but to stay where they are the American Dream is projected mainly on material prosperity → main idea has changed, mindset is consistent When the American Dream was endangered - 9/11 11th of September in 2001 inspired by the American Dream, many people migrated to the United States in the hope of leading a better life through hard work the World Trade Center employed many people who were living the American Dream on the morning of the respective day, four airplanes were hijacked by terrorists: two flew into the Twin Towers, one into the Pentagon, and the fourth crashed somewhere else the terrorists were supporters of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda, founded by Osama Bin Laden, who wanted to continue the so called "Holy War" around 3000 people died, the whole country was in shock and it is an unrecoverable event in the history of America When the American Dream endangered other nations - The Vietnam War started in 1965 →→ America started interfering on 8th of March after the second world war, North and South Vietnam were devided into a communist state in the north and a democratic state in the south established by the western world -a in the north the communist-influenced "Vietcong" was founded which destabilised the south civil war in the south began and so the United States interpreted this as a danger for their interests American Dream: spreading their idea of democracy all over the world as god's chosen ones America's military problem: the Vietcong had much more experience in the jungle soldiers' psychological problems: didn't know anymore who is evil or good and didn't know what they are fighting for protests in America and the world followed America lost the war in 1975 the American Dream had failed, society was let down and many soldiers were left disabled → the losers of the war (surviving soldiers) were excluded from the community and suffer from the circumstances of the war to this day 3 4 Geographical subdivision BENIN NORTH SOUTH- WEST Lagos NIGER DELTA REGION Benin City Languages Abuja Kano NIGERIA *Jos Benue SOUTHEAST Maiduguri Port Harcourt CAMEROON Resources and attractions Lake Chad Dangers and challenges Vingersion capital: after declaring independent Lagos, but since 1991 Abuja parted into three major regions by mountains as well as two rivers called Niger and Benue → effectively form a boundary between the areas the north is populated by the Hausa Fulani, the southwest by the Yoruba and the southeast by the Igbo mainly English, followed by Hausa Nigerian Pidgin (Naijá) as the Nigerian lingua franca: mixture of English and a local language, spoken by Nigerians of every age, social class and regional origin, has no standard rules for spelling, grammar or an official dictionary, oscillating tones and playful imagery many different resources spread across the country Niger Delta region: used to be land of the Ijaws' but is under heavy criticism for careless handling → important source of income for Nigeria's future north: natural gas, dairy products south: natural gas (mostly to be found in the Niger Delta region), rubber, oil palms artistically committed youth blooming film industry ("Nollywood") socially active women who stand up for diversity Lagos being one of the most populated and touristy places in Nigeria poverty (many missing accesses to supplies and facilities)and overcrowded cities flooding on the streets during rainfall, lack of infrastructure, pollution human trafficking, terrorism inefficient financial system → money made from oil is not managed in a clever way cannot deal with the projected growth in population (will grow from 200 to 390 million by 2050) threat from the terrorist organization "Boko Haram” (= “western education forbidden”) → kidnaps girls to prevent them from going to school / refusal of education bad education system Educational system high illiteracy level → low financial investment of the government in the education system day- 13.2 million out-of-school children, most of them live in urban slums or are effected by "Boko Haram" Makoko in Lagos: majority of the people live in wooden houses that are built on stilts or float to-day activities take place on the water's surface so it would be dangerous for many children to go to school on land (e.g. because of traffic) The Makoko Dream School: school on water where the children learn basic English Language, Arithmetics and Communication in both their native and a foreign language The Makoko Dream School Bus: because many families own only one canoe due to poverty and cannot afford a taxi canoe, the Makoko Dream School Bus picks up the children free of charge Definition Utopia and Dystopia Utopia (Greek: "no-place" / "good place”): imagined place (community / society) where everything is perfect, especially concerning social, political and moral aspects Dystopia: imagined place in which the condition of life is extremely bad / considerably worse than in our contemporary society, often criticizes present-day society by exposing trends and tendencies towards totalitarian control Features of utopian fiction ● peaceful government, safe environment equality for citizens, individuality and freedom egalitarian distributions of goods → often total abolition of money Features of dystopian fiction controlling/totalitarian government, regime suppression, total surveillance, no democracy, propaganda no individualism, conformity among citizens eerie & depressing atmosphere; conditioning gap between rich and poor modern technology used to keep humanity enslaved; meant as criticism on current trends in own society protagonist often an outsider who realizes that something goes wrong ● access to education, employment healthcare, absence of death, no illness or suffering Language in utopian fiction positively connoted vocabulary - → conveys a happy and lighthearted atmosphere long, complex sentence structure → richness of detail and variability stylistic devices: metaphors, similes, neologisms figurative language represents figurative environment figurative language / detailed descriptions (such as colors, or shapes) - → narrator has imagination and freedom of thought point of view: first person narrator → individuality is expressed Language in dystopian fiction negatively connoted vocabulary - → conveys a depressing and hopeless atmosphere short and simple sentence structure → sounds bored without joy / enthusiasm, just like how the dystopian world seems to be descriptions straightforward and just facts → monotony, no imagination stylistic devices: enumerations, repetition, contrasts → transmits the hopeless situation little figurative language → does not fit intended atmosphere/ tone; difficult to have an individual imagination because of the lack of freedom/ individualism point of view: third person narrator → no emotions arise 5

Englisch /

Abiturvorbereitung

Abiturvorbereitung

user profile picture

Aslı

422 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Abiturvorbereitung

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Final English Exam
summary of all topics
The American Dream....
Nigeria...
Utopia / Dystopia.........
William Shakespeare / Romeo and Julie

App öffnen

Teilen

Speichern

512

Kommentare (4)

L

So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

Alles, was du im Fach Englisch für das Abitur wissen musst.

Ähnliche Knows

2

Manifest Destiny

Know Manifest Destiny thumbnail

180

 

12

American Dream vs. American Nightmare

Know American Dream vs. American Nightmare thumbnail

10068

 

11/12/10

4

The American Dream - from rags to riches

Know The American Dream - from rags to riches thumbnail

2886

 

11/12/10

American Dream

Know American Dream  thumbnail

29721

 

11/12/13

Mehr

Final English Exam summary of all topics The American Dream.... Nigeria... Utopia / Dystopia......... William Shakespeare / Romeo and Juliet......... British Empire / Multicultural Great Britain..... Globilization........ M wwwwwwww JANGAN LUPUI":0,2 .4 .5 .6 ..8 .10 2 The American Dream term was first used by the historian James Truslow Adams in his book "The Epic of America" published in 1931 and was quickly assimilated into the American mindset there is no universal definition of what the American Dream actually is, it varies for each American the basic idea: anyone can achieve anything if they work hard and passionately, anybody can go "from rags to riches" inspiration and motivation for Americans to improve themselves and get on in life Definition ● set of beliefs and ideals which (in theory) allows every American to prosper and advance socially, as well as financially - → often unrealistic expectations are created Historical background America is built on immigration 1620: Pilgrim Fathers, members of the English Separatist Church (a radical faction of Puritanism that represented the protestant reformed principles) fled from Great Britain to escape persecution at home they sailed across the Atlantic on the Mayflower and found the first permanent colony, the Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts many others were also sent there for criminal offences and others were given land there many Native Americans lived in America before the pilgrims arrived → instead of assimilating...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

App herunterladen

Knowunity

Schule. Endlich Einfach.

App öffnen

Alternativer Bildtext:

the Native's culture, they stole their land and started to kill thousands of them → the Pilgrim Fathers formed a society based on bloody fights they had permission as God's chosen ones: Americans have the right to guide the whole world and to overspread it completely “e pluribus unum": people from many colonies, states or ancestries came to America, lived there together and became a unity the idea of the American meritocracy, based on the divine blessing of the people, became the national mindset Declaration of Independence the basic democratic idea and the American dream were summarized in the Declaration of Independence (4th of July 1776) "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these, are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Beliefs and Values freedom: Americans regard their society as the freest and best in the world, everyone can participate, individual freedom, no oppression equality: no class distinctions, equality in court individualism: idealization of the self-reliant, self-sufficient, independent individual mobility / flexibility / optimism: social mobility (upward and downward) on the "ladder of success" hard work: heritage is not important if you work hard, key to prosperity education and self-improvement: education is the key to individuals realizing their full economic, social and personal potential progress: desire to progress personally by making use of opportunities patriotism: patriotic symbols e.g. national holidays like (like Thanksgiving), a lot of flags Interpretation ● personal dream: reach and preserve personal aims such as family, property, freedom, happiness, health, but also materialistic wishes for self-fulfillment The American Dream today economic dream: prosperity and success, newness, desire to get continually better social dream: equality and opportunity, classless society, belief in the melting pot (multicultural society) political dream: democracy and justice, basic human rights ● nowadays: very critical and negative view of the American Dream critics see the American Dream as a clever political and economic marketing strategy many values are not reflected "hard work will pay off / social standard is changeable": huge gap between rich and poor, different social classes, no welfare system "heritage is irrelevant": racism directed against the black population ("Black Lives Matter") "education is the key to success": costs of higher education leave many no choice but to stay where they are the American Dream is projected mainly on material prosperity → main idea has changed, mindset is consistent When the American Dream was endangered - 9/11 11th of September in 2001 inspired by the American Dream, many people migrated to the United States in the hope of leading a better life through hard work the World Trade Center employed many people who were living the American Dream on the morning of the respective day, four airplanes were hijacked by terrorists: two flew into the Twin Towers, one into the Pentagon, and the fourth crashed somewhere else the terrorists were supporters of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda, founded by Osama Bin Laden, who wanted to continue the so called "Holy War" around 3000 people died, the whole country was in shock and it is an unrecoverable event in the history of America When the American Dream endangered other nations - The Vietnam War started in 1965 →→ America started interfering on 8th of March after the second world war, North and South Vietnam were devided into a communist state in the north and a democratic state in the south established by the western world -a in the north the communist-influenced "Vietcong" was founded which destabilised the south civil war in the south began and so the United States interpreted this as a danger for their interests American Dream: spreading their idea of democracy all over the world as god's chosen ones America's military problem: the Vietcong had much more experience in the jungle soldiers' psychological problems: didn't know anymore who is evil or good and didn't know what they are fighting for protests in America and the world followed America lost the war in 1975 the American Dream had failed, society was let down and many soldiers were left disabled → the losers of the war (surviving soldiers) were excluded from the community and suffer from the circumstances of the war to this day 3 4 Geographical subdivision BENIN NORTH SOUTH- WEST Lagos NIGER DELTA REGION Benin City Languages Abuja Kano NIGERIA *Jos Benue SOUTHEAST Maiduguri Port Harcourt CAMEROON Resources and attractions Lake Chad Dangers and challenges Vingersion capital: after declaring independent Lagos, but since 1991 Abuja parted into three major regions by mountains as well as two rivers called Niger and Benue → effectively form a boundary between the areas the north is populated by the Hausa Fulani, the southwest by the Yoruba and the southeast by the Igbo mainly English, followed by Hausa Nigerian Pidgin (Naijá) as the Nigerian lingua franca: mixture of English and a local language, spoken by Nigerians of every age, social class and regional origin, has no standard rules for spelling, grammar or an official dictionary, oscillating tones and playful imagery many different resources spread across the country Niger Delta region: used to be land of the Ijaws' but is under heavy criticism for careless handling → important source of income for Nigeria's future north: natural gas, dairy products south: natural gas (mostly to be found in the Niger Delta region), rubber, oil palms artistically committed youth blooming film industry ("Nollywood") socially active women who stand up for diversity Lagos being one of the most populated and touristy places in Nigeria poverty (many missing accesses to supplies and facilities)and overcrowded cities flooding on the streets during rainfall, lack of infrastructure, pollution human trafficking, terrorism inefficient financial system → money made from oil is not managed in a clever way cannot deal with the projected growth in population (will grow from 200 to 390 million by 2050) threat from the terrorist organization "Boko Haram” (= “western education forbidden”) → kidnaps girls to prevent them from going to school / refusal of education bad education system Educational system high illiteracy level → low financial investment of the government in the education system day- 13.2 million out-of-school children, most of them live in urban slums or are effected by "Boko Haram" Makoko in Lagos: majority of the people live in wooden houses that are built on stilts or float to-day activities take place on the water's surface so it would be dangerous for many children to go to school on land (e.g. because of traffic) The Makoko Dream School: school on water where the children learn basic English Language, Arithmetics and Communication in both their native and a foreign language The Makoko Dream School Bus: because many families own only one canoe due to poverty and cannot afford a taxi canoe, the Makoko Dream School Bus picks up the children free of charge Definition Utopia and Dystopia Utopia (Greek: "no-place" / "good place”): imagined place (community / society) where everything is perfect, especially concerning social, political and moral aspects Dystopia: imagined place in which the condition of life is extremely bad / considerably worse than in our contemporary society, often criticizes present-day society by exposing trends and tendencies towards totalitarian control Features of utopian fiction ● peaceful government, safe environment equality for citizens, individuality and freedom egalitarian distributions of goods → often total abolition of money Features of dystopian fiction controlling/totalitarian government, regime suppression, total surveillance, no democracy, propaganda no individualism, conformity among citizens eerie & depressing atmosphere; conditioning gap between rich and poor modern technology used to keep humanity enslaved; meant as criticism on current trends in own society protagonist often an outsider who realizes that something goes wrong ● access to education, employment healthcare, absence of death, no illness or suffering Language in utopian fiction positively connoted vocabulary - → conveys a happy and lighthearted atmosphere long, complex sentence structure → richness of detail and variability stylistic devices: metaphors, similes, neologisms figurative language represents figurative environment figurative language / detailed descriptions (such as colors, or shapes) - → narrator has imagination and freedom of thought point of view: first person narrator → individuality is expressed Language in dystopian fiction negatively connoted vocabulary - → conveys a depressing and hopeless atmosphere short and simple sentence structure → sounds bored without joy / enthusiasm, just like how the dystopian world seems to be descriptions straightforward and just facts → monotony, no imagination stylistic devices: enumerations, repetition, contrasts → transmits the hopeless situation little figurative language → does not fit intended atmosphere/ tone; difficult to have an individual imagination because of the lack of freedom/ individualism point of view: third person narrator → no emotions arise 5