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basiswissen country of reference ireland

basiswissen country of reference ireland

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basiswissen country of reference ireland

 ireland
historical and political developments
Ireland is separated from Great Britian by the Irish Sea
•Island of Ireland is divided into f

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allgemeines zu irland und dem nordirland konflikt

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ireland historical and political developments Ireland is separated from Great Britian by the Irish Sea •Island of Ireland is divided into four large provinces : Leinster, Munster, Connacht, ulster . → first three provinces are the Irish Republic with its capital Dublin the northern province uister is also known as Northern Ireland with its capital Belfast •Northern Ireland is part of the united Kingdom. •two million people live in NI → similar number of Roman Catholics and protestants fire million reside in the Republic of Ireland →.78%: Catholics. invasions of ireland NORTHERN (UK) IRELAND (REPUBLIC OF) IRELAND Anglo-Irish-Treaty • Irish Civil War (1922/23) between a faction who supported treaty (IRA involvea) and a group opposing it no formal end •1949 Ireland left commonwealth - fully independent Republic of Ireland BELFAST ·most of the Irish people are descended from people who invaded Ireland and settled. there in the course of more than 7000 years these were celts, Vikings, Danes, Normans and British. -600 BC Celés arrived from central europe in Britian and Ireland, Spreading their culture across the entire Island • Vikings began to raid various places in Ireland and Britian •In 1169 the Anglo Normans invaded the country and made Dublin the centre of their conquest •1171 Henry I invated Ireland •Henry VII (1457-1509) was the first monarch to send English settlers to the...

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Island to secure control of the conquered territory →Plantations of Ireland economy. •As a result of the Industrial Revolution, in the 19th century Ireland's population began to grow rapidly better living condition, population increased demographic shift brought by a catastrophe in the mia 1840's the entire potatoe crop failed - Great Famine -many people died of starvation population - 50% people fled across the Atlantic DUBUN •Ireland was quite easy to conquer for the settlers and geostrategical important to the British -The Irish, in their majority of Catholics, saw these protestant newcomers as invaders and occupiers colonisation marks the beginning of the uister Conflict struggle for independence • Irish Rebellion (1641) → against English administration in Ireland •During Glorious Revolution (1688/89), Irish (atholics supported James I, while Ulster Protestants backed william of grange. ·After James' defeat at the Battle of the Boyne (1690), the English-controlled Irish Parliament passed a series of laws against the Catholics • Act of union : created united Kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland → independent legislation ended • 1829 : Roman Catholic Relief Act secured Irish representation in the British Parliament in Westminster •1916: The Easter Rising → Irish rebels seize the Post Office building in the centre of Dublin but are eventually ousted by British soldiers fifteen of the rebellions' leaders are executed • 1919–192)→ long and bitter guerilla campaign against the British Army Ireland is separated into Northern Ireland (predominantly Protestant areas) and the Irish Free State (predominantly Catholic) - Northern Ireland remained pact of UK, Irish Free State became a dominion within the commonwealth →Catholic minority in Northern Ireland is being oppressed economically and politically • British ruling class prevented the gouvernment in London from helping the Irish in their desperate situation and supplying food political elite and the middle classes were still deeply prejudiced against the Catholic kish → population of Ireland was deeply traumatized hatred towards British •Hany Irish emigrated to Britian, where they found work •Conditions in Ireland stayed bad, Slums, extreme hunger turning point → economic policy of protectionism was replaced with a liberal, wide-open economy urban, touristic centred country •Irish emigration stopped, people came home •new job opportunities Boom years are called the Celtic Tiger rapid economic transformation → companies invested in Ireland (low taxes) - ➜ • high tech workers / good education •hardly hit by financial crisis in 2008 •today much tourism →hit by COVID-19 • experienced great discrimination • religious couted conflict in Ireland →were identified with the catholic Churcn emigration from ireland Irish emmigrated to America with hopes for a better life and because of the famine • welcomed as "wretched refuse" conflict in northern ireland 1937 After the Civil War the Republic of Ireland was declared • 1972 Bloody Sunday - ·better life conditions • crime rate decreases national moral is extre- mely high · Constant revolts in all Ireland against the often brutal British rule → ignited in the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin → caused a chain of events that led to Ireland's independence from Britian in 1921 • Protestants in uister did not want to be a part of the catholic dominated Ireland →Country was divided • south- The free Republic of Ireland (Nationalists, Republicans) • north- union with Great Britian (unionists, loyalists. •1912 Ulster Volunteers founded (Protestant paramilitary force) to resist Home Rule 1913 Irish Volunteers advantage/disadvantage challenges in ireland today generation is still separated • peace walls (needed -guarantee peace) → separates people ·more hatred (anonymous behind the wall) difficult to arrange mixed religious groups single identity (them &us) British Soldiers shot in to a crowd of unarmed, civil-rights protesters in Northern Ireland, killing 13 people not only police send parashooters British intention was to set a sign •years of violence followed Good Friday Agreement 1998 -IRA promised to hand in their weapons - promised participation of catholics - give up idea of uniting the country - peace marches •Bloody Sunday march every year • dependency on America. and foreign firms. • welfare system might collapse quickly the ira Irish Republican Army • wanted to gain Ireland's Independence

Englisch /

basiswissen country of reference ireland

basiswissen country of reference ireland

A

Antonia Maeusel

16 Followers
 

Englisch

 

12

Lernzettel

basiswissen country of reference ireland

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 ireland
historical and political developments
Ireland is separated from Great Britian by the Irish Sea
•Island of Ireland is divided into f

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104

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W

So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

allgemeines zu irland und dem nordirland konflikt

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ireland historical and political developments Ireland is separated from Great Britian by the Irish Sea •Island of Ireland is divided into four large provinces : Leinster, Munster, Connacht, ulster . → first three provinces are the Irish Republic with its capital Dublin the northern province uister is also known as Northern Ireland with its capital Belfast •Northern Ireland is part of the united Kingdom. •two million people live in NI → similar number of Roman Catholics and protestants fire million reside in the Republic of Ireland →.78%: Catholics. invasions of ireland NORTHERN (UK) IRELAND (REPUBLIC OF) IRELAND Anglo-Irish-Treaty • Irish Civil War (1922/23) between a faction who supported treaty (IRA involvea) and a group opposing it no formal end •1949 Ireland left commonwealth - fully independent Republic of Ireland BELFAST ·most of the Irish people are descended from people who invaded Ireland and settled. there in the course of more than 7000 years these were celts, Vikings, Danes, Normans and British. -600 BC Celés arrived from central europe in Britian and Ireland, Spreading their culture across the entire Island • Vikings began to raid various places in Ireland and Britian •In 1169 the Anglo Normans invaded the country and made Dublin the centre of their conquest •1171 Henry I invated Ireland •Henry VII (1457-1509) was the first monarch to send English settlers to the...

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Island to secure control of the conquered territory →Plantations of Ireland economy. •As a result of the Industrial Revolution, in the 19th century Ireland's population began to grow rapidly better living condition, population increased demographic shift brought by a catastrophe in the mia 1840's the entire potatoe crop failed - Great Famine -many people died of starvation population - 50% people fled across the Atlantic DUBUN •Ireland was quite easy to conquer for the settlers and geostrategical important to the British -The Irish, in their majority of Catholics, saw these protestant newcomers as invaders and occupiers colonisation marks the beginning of the uister Conflict struggle for independence • Irish Rebellion (1641) → against English administration in Ireland •During Glorious Revolution (1688/89), Irish (atholics supported James I, while Ulster Protestants backed william of grange. ·After James' defeat at the Battle of the Boyne (1690), the English-controlled Irish Parliament passed a series of laws against the Catholics • Act of union : created united Kingdom of Great Britian and Ireland → independent legislation ended • 1829 : Roman Catholic Relief Act secured Irish representation in the British Parliament in Westminster •1916: The Easter Rising → Irish rebels seize the Post Office building in the centre of Dublin but are eventually ousted by British soldiers fifteen of the rebellions' leaders are executed • 1919–192)→ long and bitter guerilla campaign against the British Army Ireland is separated into Northern Ireland (predominantly Protestant areas) and the Irish Free State (predominantly Catholic) - Northern Ireland remained pact of UK, Irish Free State became a dominion within the commonwealth →Catholic minority in Northern Ireland is being oppressed economically and politically • British ruling class prevented the gouvernment in London from helping the Irish in their desperate situation and supplying food political elite and the middle classes were still deeply prejudiced against the Catholic kish → population of Ireland was deeply traumatized hatred towards British •Hany Irish emigrated to Britian, where they found work •Conditions in Ireland stayed bad, Slums, extreme hunger turning point → economic policy of protectionism was replaced with a liberal, wide-open economy urban, touristic centred country •Irish emigration stopped, people came home •new job opportunities Boom years are called the Celtic Tiger rapid economic transformation → companies invested in Ireland (low taxes) - ➜ • high tech workers / good education •hardly hit by financial crisis in 2008 •today much tourism →hit by COVID-19 • experienced great discrimination • religious couted conflict in Ireland →were identified with the catholic Churcn emigration from ireland Irish emmigrated to America with hopes for a better life and because of the famine • welcomed as "wretched refuse" conflict in northern ireland 1937 After the Civil War the Republic of Ireland was declared • 1972 Bloody Sunday - ·better life conditions • crime rate decreases national moral is extre- mely high · Constant revolts in all Ireland against the often brutal British rule → ignited in the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin → caused a chain of events that led to Ireland's independence from Britian in 1921 • Protestants in uister did not want to be a part of the catholic dominated Ireland →Country was divided • south- The free Republic of Ireland (Nationalists, Republicans) • north- union with Great Britian (unionists, loyalists. •1912 Ulster Volunteers founded (Protestant paramilitary force) to resist Home Rule 1913 Irish Volunteers advantage/disadvantage challenges in ireland today generation is still separated • peace walls (needed -guarantee peace) → separates people ·more hatred (anonymous behind the wall) difficult to arrange mixed religious groups single identity (them &us) British Soldiers shot in to a crowd of unarmed, civil-rights protesters in Northern Ireland, killing 13 people not only police send parashooters British intention was to set a sign •years of violence followed Good Friday Agreement 1998 -IRA promised to hand in their weapons - promised participation of catholics - give up idea of uniting the country - peace marches •Bloody Sunday march every year • dependency on America. and foreign firms. • welfare system might collapse quickly the ira Irish Republican Army • wanted to gain Ireland's Independence