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Englisch Abitur 2022

Englisch Abitur 2022

shorter form of a text
has all the important information from the original
introductory sentence :
Chronological order

Englisch Abitur 2022

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summary, analyse, mediation, comment, advices, cartoon analyse, AIDA, characterization, poem analysis




= + RULES - ↑ shorter form of a text has all the important information from the original NO ● introductory sentence : Chronological order simple present own words no finishing sentence examples direct speech quotes numbers Summary of two textes one introduction Summary on title, author, source, date of publication, main topic the one hand on the other hand summarize seperately BUT in one text ● " statistics personal comments details (unknown) author/authoress excerpt of 11 WIRKUNG depending on task L analyse referring to task हर no introductory sentence no finishing sentence quotes ! literal meaning figurative meaning simile (as/like) She is like a rose. find an explanation /effect LINGUISTIC MEANS / STYLISTIC DEVICES metaphor comparison for two unlike things He is monster. (p. ex.: With in line the author employed...) numbers/statistics satire paradox/contras bittersweet oxymoron comic effects technical terms irony heading Aufzählung enumaration if unsure: the author/authoress employed imagery. Right from the beginning.... anaphora imagery choice of words wit Witz humour repetition others Analysis (p.ex.: analyse how the author employed authenticity) climax Same, similar sentence structure parallelism symbol demotes smth abstract dove -> peace personification inanimate things get human behaviour The wind whispers. black humour Redewendung Ausruf. idiom exclamation parody a.. a... a... euphemism Beschönigung alliteration sarcasm Irony in a hurting way, worse than black humou rhetorical question 4 - linguistic means statistic devices ALT first person elliptical sentences narrator person who tells the story hyperbole/ exaggeration <-> untderstatement linguistic tone (mood) playful, serious third person mean - quote → effect register (choice of words) formal, in formal, neutral meaning!! point of view perspective from which the story is told limited find and explain two different linguistic means in the text ( analyse ) unlimited (omnicient) INTRODUCTION → whole paragraph MAIN PART → CONCLUSION - pros and cons reference to the text + quotes own experience TYPICAL PHRASES final statement Datum Anrede I think, I believe, I personally feel, To my with Aufbau Editor Letter Anfang: SIR-/SIR informal, personal, colloquial language Ende: Titel, Thema, Quelle des Artikels hint to the topic of the text interesting...

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! agree you In opinion, I (don't) my Moreover, Furthermore, Besides, But, at first, Finally I want to comment on the statement / discuss I want to underline that I like I want to point out ... Meinung präsentieren (with own opinion) Argumente Appell/Lösung/ Ausblick Comment Name, Datum, Ort und Bundesland Beispiel mind, better than... I think politicians should [...]. Issues like that could be solved by [...]. 6th October, 2016 Dear Sir or Madame, I am writing to you in response to the article "title" about [main topic] which was published in the "name of newspaper/magazine" on the 3rd October. I controvert the author's opinion on [the building of wind turbines] because I do not think that the author includes arguments of people [who live in these regions]. The first argument against/for [...] is [...]. In my point of view [...]. In my opinion [...]. I am certain that [...]. I argue that [...] The (main) issue is [...]. MERKE Blog Hi everybody! Title short introduction See you soon!/Comments below /... Article Title ! -by name ● Datum • Anrede (Dear Sir or Madam, ...) • Bezug zum Artikel herstellen (Titel, Hauptthema, Quelle) • Standpunkt in einem Satz zusammenfassen • Argumente, die Standpunkt unterstützen, überzeugend und strukturiert darstellen • Schlusssatz, der Meinung zusammenfasst (Appell, Ausblick in die Zukunft, Lösung) Deutsch 1/3 des Textes nur wichtigsten Informationen je nach Aufgabenstellung auf Adressaten achten! Mail From: Englisch To: Subject: Hey Sincerely ... their address Mediation Letter you work. If you hesitate to ask me. my Hey, I hope that you are doing fine and that are making progress with your have any questions don't address date Blog Hi everybody! ↳short introduction soon!/Comments below /... See you soon! sentence beginnings Despite (trotz) Sometimes Then Not that But At last (zum Schluss) Meanwhile (in zwischen) However (Dennoch, jedoch) As Besides = Furthermore = Moreover Also, ! After all, In the meantime, That's why That means that Above all, Of course, I am in two minds I totally agree with you speakin about/ referring to Advices useful language: statistics The table/ bar chart/ pie chart/ line graph/ triangle is about... It gives us information about... the percentage of/ the number of ... who/ what/ how many/ what percentage of... The chart table shows that... most/more/ fewer a high percentage of/ 25 per cent of... twice as many/ three times as many If you compare... the percentage of/ the number of you can see... pictures In the picture/photograph I can see... The picture/photograph shows... The focus is on In the foreground/background one can see/ there are The picture is blurred/ colourful/ black and white/ deterring (abschreckend) It arouses my interest because of its message. topic sentence (the picture is about) describe at first what you see, then what the people are doing the picture and me emphasis It does matter to try to do something against climate change. It is the ordinary people who have to do something. I absolutely agree with you. I myself have to rebel. Giving examples: For example For instance Such as Adding information: And In addition As well as Also Too Furthermore Moreover Apart from In addition to Besides Summarizing: In short In brief In summary To summarize/to sum up In a nutshell/to put it in a nutshell To conclude In conclusion All in all On the whole Sequencing ideas: The former, the latter Firstly, secondly, finally The first point is Lastly The following Last but not least Giving a reason: Due to / due to the fact that Owing to / owing to the fact that Because Because of Since As Giving a result: Therefore So Consequently This means that As a result/the result is This/That is why Hence Thus Contrasting ideas: But However Although / even though Despite / despite the fact that In spite of/ in spite of the fact that Nevertheless Nonetheless While Unlike In theory... in practice... On the one hand... on the other hand... In contrast On the contrary Comparing ideas: Similarly Equally Likewise In the same way Relating information: With regard to With respect to Referring to Regarding According to When it comes to Emphasizing facts: In fact Obviously Undoubtedly For this reason Again Fortunately/unfortunately Indeed Reformulating: In other words To put it in another way Giving opinions: In my/his/her opinion My opinion is I think I believe In my view From my point of view To my mind Cartoon Analysis 1. Description - structured, detailed, systematically - important elements - people, what they are doing, facial expressions - background - speech bubbles simple present progressive: he is wearing !!! 2. Analysis, Interpretation - examine the elements and their message - function of characters and objects (wealthy people, objects as symbols) - size and colour of elements - irony, humour!!! 3. Evaluation - effect of cartoon - effective? - own view, opinion AIDA Attention: - headline catches readers' attention - big target group - headline reavers or conceals an interest - must be exciting Interest: Desire: Action: - benefits · must enhance the lives of costumers - make your offer irresistible - free bonuses, sale, ... - build urgency, people must buy it - ask costumer to buy - create an undeniable desire through free bonuses, guarantee, - easy to buy - must feel left out if they don't buy it Characterization 1. implicit (indirekt) or explicit (direkt) description? 2. outward appearance, character - stylistic devices!!! - good adjectives - evidence!! - explanation 3. Conclusion - kurze Zusammenfassung - mixture of explicit and implicit description!! Advices: - Another important fact is (that) ... - Another significant aspect is... - From this one can conclude that ... - However, even if x is... he, she is ... - It is quite apparent that ... Not only does x ..... - Proof of this can be found in II. he,she also ... . when x.... - Since x is portrayed as a x can be called a ... - This behavior clearly indicates that x ... - This is also the reason why (x can be summed up in)... - This is an example of ... - This reveals that x ... - This shows that x is.... - This very feature becomes apparent in II.... when x ... - To sum up... / Finally ... - Without any doubt ... - x also appears (to be) ... - x is but a(n)... - x is described as... - x is portrayed as - x likes to be... - x represents (the) ... - x seems to be... Also: use linking words like "since, when, moreover, besides, despite, thus..., all in all...” - use lots of different adjectives to describe a person - know the difference between a flat and a round character/main and minor character - know "How to write a characterization" e.g. Present tense, quote (!), three parts etc. poem analysis 1. Introduction (thesis statement): - title - author - topic - thesis statement (Deutungshypothese): let the reader know what the poem is about in the mainpart you have to prove this statement 2. mainpart/analysis: 1) Form and rythm: What makes a poem a poem and not a piece of prose? - Form: - refers to the type of poem - Ryhtm: - stressed and unstressed syllables - end-stopped lines: lines end by a comma or a full stop -> creates a pause or slowing down - enjambements: continuing a sentence or an idea into the next line -> the reader cannot comfortably pause at the end of this line How many lines and stanzas does the poem has? - the way the poem sounds 2) Language - speaker: lyrical subject/me - Choice of words: - determines the authors Style - Sound: - Grammar and Syntax: - rhyme: - - is it formal/informal, simple/complex or straightforward/ ambiguous - connotations of a word are the associations it evokes - Imagery appeals to the reader's senses; refers to the use of comparison (simile, metaphors, personification) - Are there any questions, commands or exclamations? - Is the normal word order changed in order to emphasize certain words? Are certain structures repeated (parallelism)? - Is the poem written in the first person (I, me)? - What feelings and attitudes does the narrator convey? - Don't forget to name the effects! a musical effect can get created it makes the poem easier to read can give a poem momentum and eveness of tone (poems without a regular rhyme scheme are called free verse) - Alliterations, Anophoras, ... - Assonance: rhyming of vowel (Vokal) sounds within two or more words 3. Conclusion: sum up the results/most important aspects of the analysis - What is the readers intentions?