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The UK

The UK

A

Anna Sunderdiek

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Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

The UK

 The United Kingdom
1)The British empire
A. The rise of the Empire
reasons for colonization:
• 17th century: acquired possesions in North Am

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1) The British Empire 2) The royal Family and the Monarchy 3) The Political system of the Uk 4) The Commonwealth 5) Brexit

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The United Kingdom 1)The British empire A. The rise of the Empire reasons for colonization: • 17th century: acquired possesions in North America Ls to Curb French influence, exploit natural resources ·lost American colonies in the 18th century (wo I) -> focused on other parts of the world bc. of -scientific curiosity spread of their religion security · ! money! devices they used: ·creation of trade links •pitting different rulers against each other military superiority to run indie .educate and teaching Indians English • British advisers as manipulator and underminer of Power C. The decline of the Empire ·mood changed -> post 2 world wars C> Britain exhausted and bankrupt ·colonies - turned out to be a burden · Britons: basic needs more important • Independence movements began Ls Step by step BE -> dismantled slave trade -> big part of BE -> espec. cash crops Cs sugar! tobacco etc. →Queen Victoria (1837-1901) Ls before Elizabeth II -> longest reign 18th and early 20th Century <> Britain enlargened Empre ·boogled economy • Policies made to benefit BE 4, known for her harsh reign • Commonwealth as a replacement () of BE Cs never the colonies •By 1920s: Australia, NZ, Burma, large parts of Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean and parts of China Lo all part of the British Empire India: "jewel in the Crown" The British East India Company British- boabled their independence Ls while denying independence to others • claim to promote good government Ls while...

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rejecting self-determination established trades silk, tea and opium -1858-> India rebelled vs. British L. crown officially took over · Queen Victoria : proclaimed "Empress of India (1876) Key facts Key Dates TRIANGULAR TRADE 6 trouse among three ports or regions & countries ->best known, transatlantic (19th _ early 19th century) La West Africa, the Caribbean and American colonies + European colonial powers 1600- Formation: East India Company 1607-Jamestown is founded 1620- The Mayflower 1651- The Great Navigation Act 1956-1963-7 years' war B. Moral iustification D. The legacy within and outside Britain within: · Colonies - they still have around the world not the Empire is behind but the ppl. that live in Britain is still convinced by themselves •partly-racial prejudice (in their way of thinking) justification of imperialism: thought -> racially superior G finest race"-cecile Rhodes ·beneficial for human race sif they posses more land • they rule more => so they have to be superior ·goal: civilize others Legical contradictions: ·by inhabiting more is consequently more interbreeding between Britains and Non-Britans weaken their clean" race The sun never gets on the British emple" -be. So many colonies "while mon 3 burden" Topics: L> would •blinded and convinced of their superiority The British Empire 1769-The Great Famine of Bengal 1775-1783- American Revolution The Royal Family & the monarchy The political system of the UK 4 The commonwealth 1899-1902- The South African War 1921-The BE at its peak 1897 a) Britishness/sentity (humor/sarcoam) wrelated to history and BE Brexit Hong Kong is returned to China Ls moral obligation (Britain thought they had) to pass on Europeen culture and gover poor entries outside: •Union Jack) •buildings. internat. trade • Law diplomacy, science, travel just a few 2) The Royal Family and the Monarchy A. The Royal Family Camilla Princess Diana a) (2006) Catherine The role of the royal family ·support the Queen in her state and national duties • important work -> in public and charitable service ·proud → symbol for UK · Idols /examples ・interested in the scandals" · Help → strengthen national unity and · representative role 8 Klas B Prince William → . charitable service tax wasle Queen Elizabeth 11. Should the monarchy be -Prince Charles I. Anne drama jealousy outdated and undemocratic institution abolished? Prince • most expensive sovereign in Europe. cat 40m. per year. -> Sweden: 11.6 m Spain: 6.16m democratic control •ppl. should be able to exercise of the head of state (in a democracy) Loe.g. eleting it, impearning him/her or, cheen" them Ls 5. hereditary monoren ·not modern queen - not representing democracy polit. power -> appoint and dremies PM • hereditary monarchy L: suitability isn't considered fold La perpetuates class system and undermines power Ls Gender inequality: sons ->put before daughters Es in line of succession Harry 8 2 kids Harry The Scandals of the Royal Family involved in a lot of scandal -> « Habíª costume, weed, stripping naked + Meghan Mexit" ("the on •crease of Harry & Magnan) Charles & Diana → both had affairs etc. Meghan impact on their personal life ·no privacy · jugded very horshly by ppl. and the media expected to be ·media playe big rol, hunts fashioned Andrew Prince Phillip "perfect" bc. they are prove figures - are put on a pedestal brem down Morale in Edword • Stands above party politics is can act as a representative of the country (anytime) ·clear focus: national pride and unity • reminds of great history / consists of Living historical traditions (e.g. state opening of parliament) • In times of crisis (e.g. Covid-19): provide consolation moral support and •positive image of 8. monceny (scround •Monarch: seen as non- political figure Losymbolizing: Britishness and nat. ralves change to a • presidents wouldn't necessarily result in a cheaper h.o.s. Ly e.g. most expensive head of state: French w/ £ 103.5m have big influence on ppl. Co admire queen (s role model Queen has no Most important members: Queen Elizabeth 11. 2₂ longest reigning monarch since 1925 husband Prince Phillip; Duke of Edinburgh It 03.04.21) children: Prince Charles (1 out of 4) in Line ->next Prince charles I. 1st wife: Princess Diana L died na car crash 2nd wife (2005): Camilla Sons, Prince William Prince Harry world helps to secure trade deals the real power or running country is not really important to abolish monarchy responsibility 3)The political system of the UK i parliamentary democracy under Government (represents: the will of the majority) Prime Minister -> leader of the Government →leader of the winning party is that got the majority of vores in a general election (first-past the post system) is form the government Cabinet →> team of 20 (most senior ministers) ->appoints: Cabinet members (s include: Foreign- and Home Secretary and chancellor of the Exchequer → chosen by the PM -> lead on specific policy areas: Health, Transport, Foreign Affails or Defence House of Commons .651 members of Parliament (MPS) Ls elected by the UK public represent their interests L, MPs consider and propose new laws C> each member represents one of the 651 constituencies (into which Uk is divided) -> maximum term: 5 years at which a general election must be held • important persons front- benches ·less important -> back-benches -> main function of the Commons to define and pass laws regulations governing the UK (sexamine all activities of government closely represents: the will of the people ↑ people elect the a geneal vote a constitutional monarchy and the end members Executive of King/Queen • head of State ·appoint Life peers representative role representsi UK, Lradition Judicative Parliament /legislative the UK constitution Privy Council Cadvises monarch Lords temporal heriditary peers Life Peers isappointed by the queen Prime Minister Supreme Court is judiciary power Censures that the executive administers low correctly represents: the rule of law (s may not vero but delay a law represents: the House of Commons Parliament Cabinet Executive Judicative Legislative decides/appoints People (all men and women over 18) unwritten Constitution King / Queen * People House of Lords C second chamber of UK Parliament is crucial role in: examining bills, questioning government action and Investigating public policy Supreme Court Life Peers Lords Temporal Lords Spiritual House of Lords *Due to constitutional convention, the monarch will only act on the advice of the Prime Minister. approve a Bill -> before it becomes an Act of Parliament main function of the lords ↳ to examine and discuss the Bills introduced in the House of Commons • delay Bills (for a year) -s but can't stop those Bills completly Lords Spiritual Cs archbishops and bishops 4)The Commonwealth General Information · Voluntary association of independent and equal countries . 54 member states -> mostly former colonies and dependencies . Decisions of councils -> non-binding "chair-in-Office": Boris Johnson The History Cs founded during the decolonization of the BE & created 1926 • Britain and Dominios - agreed to be equal members ·modernised: 1949 - republics and other sit they accept the British monarch as decision-making forum The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting Main takes place every 2 years Heads of governments • Several days · discuss matters of mutual interest 6> "chair-in-office": hosts the CHOGM Strenghts ·criterias for membership: world peace, Liberty, human rights, quality, free trade • membership is voluntary countries are accepted. •countries not following rules got suspended La consequent • Support for developing countries the leader of the CMW • members work together + are united by the values decent scholarship programme • Strengthens multiculturalism ↳s facing + fighting racism Head of the Commonwealth: Queen Elizabeth 11 (since 1952) L Prince Charles as her designated successor combined population of 2.4 billion (337.) Total area : 32.000.000 km² (21%) ·aroids wars/conflicts/riots among the member states cheap -> £16m ($26m) a year land Commonwealth of Nations As of March 7, 2018 Member state Former member Neither The Commonwealth Foundation cs agency for civil society Cs handels non-governmental relations Commonwealth Secretariat <> intergovernmental organisation Gensures cooperation between members Gplans meetings like CHOGM Weaknesses difficult to en force values L>many failures · reprises against journalists, politicians etc. • forcing values upon others coups and killings • bureaucracy should be reformed -> not a strength is not → left unsanctioned distance to its members -> many cannot name the head of the CMW direction -> should come from powerful members www.polgeonow.com the poorer countries / members 5)Brexit 1975- held first referendum whether Cs European Economic community cs majority (67-).) voted to stay 2018 David cameron (PM + leader of the -> promised 40 hold a referendum 2016- Brexit referendum (₂ 23.6.2016 vole Leave campaign won by: 52% rote turnout: 71.8% (>30 million) Elderly-> back the Leave younger -> Remain Aspects economy 31. January, 2020- official day the UK lett. the EU immigration Britain should leave : to stay or Sovereignty health not stay Conservative Party) on EU-membership if he won re-election Pro-Brexit - not bound by EV -laws -traiff-free trading follow lead Norway or concida -new jobs could be created - UK ->save membership fee L> 8.5 bn pounds in 2016 ->secured Boris Johnson (PM) Pro-Brexit -new law -> decrease of immigration - control of immigration - visa needed again EU takes country's power (>replace power Positions on the Brexit: Political Parties ·Conservative Leaving Eu Labour remain in EU Media: •Social media played a big role for campaigns and information different positions displayed => majority: con-Brexit Statistics don't correspond wiresults of the actual election Key issues: -> Immigration -> jobs -> security -> the economy -> the trade -resources spent on EU could be spent on a better health system -remain multicultural -> companies move headquarters back into Eu - carmoruer stop production in the UK? - more than 50% of UK's export -> goes to Eu-countries international trading -> difficult · UK-> benefitted from EU (W/O adapting - lost cooperations between international companies -immigrants - Loss of - will cost abt. 60bn & and a lot of jobs (workers' right unsure) inflation and currency may lose in travelling will get more expensive drop in tax revenue - Hard/Soft Brexit: Hard: a Brexit in which the uk stops being a member of: Buropeon single morvet Soft Brexit: -harder to raise funds -Loss • Less influence -> w/o EU - bound to ( UK's relationship to EU as clase as possible - compared to what it was pre division in full control of its own low-making and immigration -> have to pay housing and well-educated immigrants other agreements Con-Brexit of supportive valve Brexit membership service provision Britain (Scotland, NI VS. old ppl funds (e.g also in sience)

Englisch /

The UK

The UK

A

Anna Sunderdiek

29 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

The UK

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 The United Kingdom
1)The British empire
A. The rise of the Empire
reasons for colonization:
• 17th century: acquired possesions in North Am

App öffnen

Teilen

Speichern

125

Kommentare (1)

T

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

1) The British Empire 2) The royal Family and the Monarchy 3) The Political system of the Uk 4) The Commonwealth 5) Brexit

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The United Kingdom 1)The British empire A. The rise of the Empire reasons for colonization: • 17th century: acquired possesions in North America Ls to Curb French influence, exploit natural resources ·lost American colonies in the 18th century (wo I) -> focused on other parts of the world bc. of -scientific curiosity spread of their religion security · ! money! devices they used: ·creation of trade links •pitting different rulers against each other military superiority to run indie .educate and teaching Indians English • British advisers as manipulator and underminer of Power C. The decline of the Empire ·mood changed -> post 2 world wars C> Britain exhausted and bankrupt ·colonies - turned out to be a burden · Britons: basic needs more important • Independence movements began Ls Step by step BE -> dismantled slave trade -> big part of BE -> espec. cash crops Cs sugar! tobacco etc. →Queen Victoria (1837-1901) Ls before Elizabeth II -> longest reign 18th and early 20th Century <> Britain enlargened Empre ·boogled economy • Policies made to benefit BE 4, known for her harsh reign • Commonwealth as a replacement () of BE Cs never the colonies •By 1920s: Australia, NZ, Burma, large parts of Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean and parts of China Lo all part of the British Empire India: "jewel in the Crown" The British East India Company British- boabled their independence Ls while denying independence to others • claim to promote good government Ls while...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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rejecting self-determination established trades silk, tea and opium -1858-> India rebelled vs. British L. crown officially took over · Queen Victoria : proclaimed "Empress of India (1876) Key facts Key Dates TRIANGULAR TRADE 6 trouse among three ports or regions & countries ->best known, transatlantic (19th _ early 19th century) La West Africa, the Caribbean and American colonies + European colonial powers 1600- Formation: East India Company 1607-Jamestown is founded 1620- The Mayflower 1651- The Great Navigation Act 1956-1963-7 years' war B. Moral iustification D. The legacy within and outside Britain within: · Colonies - they still have around the world not the Empire is behind but the ppl. that live in Britain is still convinced by themselves •partly-racial prejudice (in their way of thinking) justification of imperialism: thought -> racially superior G finest race"-cecile Rhodes ·beneficial for human race sif they posses more land • they rule more => so they have to be superior ·goal: civilize others Legical contradictions: ·by inhabiting more is consequently more interbreeding between Britains and Non-Britans weaken their clean" race The sun never gets on the British emple" -be. So many colonies "while mon 3 burden" Topics: L> would •blinded and convinced of their superiority The British Empire 1769-The Great Famine of Bengal 1775-1783- American Revolution The Royal Family & the monarchy The political system of the UK 4 The commonwealth 1899-1902- The South African War 1921-The BE at its peak 1897 a) Britishness/sentity (humor/sarcoam) wrelated to history and BE Brexit Hong Kong is returned to China Ls moral obligation (Britain thought they had) to pass on Europeen culture and gover poor entries outside: •Union Jack) •buildings. internat. trade • Law diplomacy, science, travel just a few 2) The Royal Family and the Monarchy A. The Royal Family Camilla Princess Diana a) (2006) Catherine The role of the royal family ·support the Queen in her state and national duties • important work -> in public and charitable service ·proud → symbol for UK · Idols /examples ・interested in the scandals" · Help → strengthen national unity and · representative role 8 Klas B Prince William → . charitable service tax wasle Queen Elizabeth 11. Should the monarchy be -Prince Charles I. Anne drama jealousy outdated and undemocratic institution abolished? Prince • most expensive sovereign in Europe. cat 40m. per year. -> Sweden: 11.6 m Spain: 6.16m democratic control •ppl. should be able to exercise of the head of state (in a democracy) Loe.g. eleting it, impearning him/her or, cheen" them Ls 5. hereditary monoren ·not modern queen - not representing democracy polit. power -> appoint and dremies PM • hereditary monarchy L: suitability isn't considered fold La perpetuates class system and undermines power Ls Gender inequality: sons ->put before daughters Es in line of succession Harry 8 2 kids Harry The Scandals of the Royal Family involved in a lot of scandal -> « Habíª costume, weed, stripping naked + Meghan Mexit" ("the on •crease of Harry & Magnan) Charles & Diana → both had affairs etc. Meghan impact on their personal life ·no privacy · jugded very horshly by ppl. and the media expected to be ·media playe big rol, hunts fashioned Andrew Prince Phillip "perfect" bc. they are prove figures - are put on a pedestal brem down Morale in Edword • Stands above party politics is can act as a representative of the country (anytime) ·clear focus: national pride and unity • reminds of great history / consists of Living historical traditions (e.g. state opening of parliament) • In times of crisis (e.g. Covid-19): provide consolation moral support and •positive image of 8. monceny (scround •Monarch: seen as non- political figure Losymbolizing: Britishness and nat. ralves change to a • presidents wouldn't necessarily result in a cheaper h.o.s. Ly e.g. most expensive head of state: French w/ £ 103.5m have big influence on ppl. Co admire queen (s role model Queen has no Most important members: Queen Elizabeth 11. 2₂ longest reigning monarch since 1925 husband Prince Phillip; Duke of Edinburgh It 03.04.21) children: Prince Charles (1 out of 4) in Line ->next Prince charles I. 1st wife: Princess Diana L died na car crash 2nd wife (2005): Camilla Sons, Prince William Prince Harry world helps to secure trade deals the real power or running country is not really important to abolish monarchy responsibility 3)The political system of the UK i parliamentary democracy under Government (represents: the will of the majority) Prime Minister -> leader of the Government →leader of the winning party is that got the majority of vores in a general election (first-past the post system) is form the government Cabinet →> team of 20 (most senior ministers) ->appoints: Cabinet members (s include: Foreign- and Home Secretary and chancellor of the Exchequer → chosen by the PM -> lead on specific policy areas: Health, Transport, Foreign Affails or Defence House of Commons .651 members of Parliament (MPS) Ls elected by the UK public represent their interests L, MPs consider and propose new laws C> each member represents one of the 651 constituencies (into which Uk is divided) -> maximum term: 5 years at which a general election must be held • important persons front- benches ·less important -> back-benches -> main function of the Commons to define and pass laws regulations governing the UK (sexamine all activities of government closely represents: the will of the people ↑ people elect the a geneal vote a constitutional monarchy and the end members Executive of King/Queen • head of State ·appoint Life peers representative role representsi UK, Lradition Judicative Parliament /legislative the UK constitution Privy Council Cadvises monarch Lords temporal heriditary peers Life Peers isappointed by the queen Prime Minister Supreme Court is judiciary power Censures that the executive administers low correctly represents: the rule of law (s may not vero but delay a law represents: the House of Commons Parliament Cabinet Executive Judicative Legislative decides/appoints People (all men and women over 18) unwritten Constitution King / Queen * People House of Lords C second chamber of UK Parliament is crucial role in: examining bills, questioning government action and Investigating public policy Supreme Court Life Peers Lords Temporal Lords Spiritual House of Lords *Due to constitutional convention, the monarch will only act on the advice of the Prime Minister. approve a Bill -> before it becomes an Act of Parliament main function of the lords ↳ to examine and discuss the Bills introduced in the House of Commons • delay Bills (for a year) -s but can't stop those Bills completly Lords Spiritual Cs archbishops and bishops 4)The Commonwealth General Information · Voluntary association of independent and equal countries . 54 member states -> mostly former colonies and dependencies . Decisions of councils -> non-binding "chair-in-Office": Boris Johnson The History Cs founded during the decolonization of the BE & created 1926 • Britain and Dominios - agreed to be equal members ·modernised: 1949 - republics and other sit they accept the British monarch as decision-making forum The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting Main takes place every 2 years Heads of governments • Several days · discuss matters of mutual interest 6> "chair-in-office": hosts the CHOGM Strenghts ·criterias for membership: world peace, Liberty, human rights, quality, free trade • membership is voluntary countries are accepted. •countries not following rules got suspended La consequent • Support for developing countries the leader of the CMW • members work together + are united by the values decent scholarship programme • Strengthens multiculturalism ↳s facing + fighting racism Head of the Commonwealth: Queen Elizabeth 11 (since 1952) L Prince Charles as her designated successor combined population of 2.4 billion (337.) Total area : 32.000.000 km² (21%) ·aroids wars/conflicts/riots among the member states cheap -> £16m ($26m) a year land Commonwealth of Nations As of March 7, 2018 Member state Former member Neither The Commonwealth Foundation cs agency for civil society Cs handels non-governmental relations Commonwealth Secretariat <> intergovernmental organisation Gensures cooperation between members Gplans meetings like CHOGM Weaknesses difficult to en force values L>many failures · reprises against journalists, politicians etc. • forcing values upon others coups and killings • bureaucracy should be reformed -> not a strength is not → left unsanctioned distance to its members -> many cannot name the head of the CMW direction -> should come from powerful members www.polgeonow.com the poorer countries / members 5)Brexit 1975- held first referendum whether Cs European Economic community cs majority (67-).) voted to stay 2018 David cameron (PM + leader of the -> promised 40 hold a referendum 2016- Brexit referendum (₂ 23.6.2016 vole Leave campaign won by: 52% rote turnout: 71.8% (>30 million) Elderly-> back the Leave younger -> Remain Aspects economy 31. January, 2020- official day the UK lett. the EU immigration Britain should leave : to stay or Sovereignty health not stay Conservative Party) on EU-membership if he won re-election Pro-Brexit - not bound by EV -laws -traiff-free trading follow lead Norway or concida -new jobs could be created - UK ->save membership fee L> 8.5 bn pounds in 2016 ->secured Boris Johnson (PM) Pro-Brexit -new law -> decrease of immigration - control of immigration - visa needed again EU takes country's power (>replace power Positions on the Brexit: Political Parties ·Conservative Leaving Eu Labour remain in EU Media: •Social media played a big role for campaigns and information different positions displayed => majority: con-Brexit Statistics don't correspond wiresults of the actual election Key issues: -> Immigration -> jobs -> security -> the economy -> the trade -resources spent on EU could be spent on a better health system -remain multicultural -> companies move headquarters back into Eu - carmoruer stop production in the UK? - more than 50% of UK's export -> goes to Eu-countries international trading -> difficult · UK-> benefitted from EU (W/O adapting - lost cooperations between international companies -immigrants - Loss of - will cost abt. 60bn & and a lot of jobs (workers' right unsure) inflation and currency may lose in travelling will get more expensive drop in tax revenue - Hard/Soft Brexit: Hard: a Brexit in which the uk stops being a member of: Buropeon single morvet Soft Brexit: -harder to raise funds -Loss • Less influence -> w/o EU - bound to ( UK's relationship to EU as clase as possible - compared to what it was pre division in full control of its own low-making and immigration -> have to pay housing and well-educated immigrants other agreements Con-Brexit of supportive valve Brexit membership service provision Britain (Scotland, NI VS. old ppl funds (e.g also in sience)