analysing a non-fictional text 1. introduction + "Summary" 2. analysis 3. CONCLUSION 1. introduction + "summary" text type (article), title, author, publisher, release date The article was written by and published in in Zusammenfassen, was in Aufgabe 1 gefordert wird. Muss nicht unbedingt eine Summary sein! Überleitung In the article at hand (the author) uses structure and language to underline his attitude towards ... 2. analysis type of text + intention - e.g using truthful arguments in favor of/ or against ... to inform the readership about ... - use of a clear structure and line-of-argument easy to follow structure - division into paragraphs and deals with ... - expert opinions, statistics (statistical data) ↳to back up authors opinion or to disprove previous arguments use of language - tone - register - negatively and positively connotations words + examples - to strengthen the authors opinion and to evoke feelings like anger direct address makes the readership sympathize with the author and to feel personally addressed reader likelier to adopt the author's view - rhetorical devices 3. Conclusion - summary of analysis - authors intention ist es dem Autor gelungen? non-fictional texts Text type and examples Expository texts feature story, news story, summary, etc. Descriptive texts travel book, "biography, etc. informative Argumentative texts editorial, letter to the editor, review, "speech, etc. The article can be divided into ... section/paragraphs in which the author is using (quotes, examples and arguments) to have a higher credibility and to make the text...
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more interesting to read. - Persuasive texts "speech, advertisement, etc. line-of-argument Text in Sinnabschnitte einteilen + Stichwortartige Notizen (Überschrift) + was nutzt der Autor + Wirkung - arguments, examples, experiences, definition All in all it can be said that the author convinces the readers of his/her opinion by mainly using arguments in favor of/ against .... By using a ... tone he/she shows the importance and seriousness of ... and wants to draw the reader's attention to the dangers of ... Instructive texts manual, recipe, etc. Contents and purpose comprehensive and detailed information no personal opinion description of actual places, objects, events or people contains the writer's observations and impressions discussion of problems and controversial ideas opinions, the pros and cons of an issue clear line of argument use of "stylistic devices to persuade or convince the reader instructions to the reader use of imperatives and the passive voice register Formal Style difficult vocabulary (Latin origin), complex sentence structure - creates a high credibility Neutral style - for educated or interested people, fairly simple vocabulary and author keeps it rather distant to the subjects matter - creates credibility Informal style easy vocabulary, short sentences, short forms, between friends >believable - reader feels connected to author repetition, alliteration, anaphora - to stress a certain aspect tone - serious, subjective (eigene Meinung), formal - careful use of words Stylistic devices metaphor - create a graphic vivid picture in the reader's mind irony, sarcasm - to create humor and to emphasize a certain message rhetorical question - to push reader to a certain conclusion and to include him into the argument