English - atmosphere analysis What is the atmosphere? Every novel contains a noticeable atmosphere which gives the reader a perceptible mood. It is your task to analyse the novel in order to uncover this atmosphere and explain the mood which the author intends to create. How to structure an analysis of the atmosphere? 1. introduction In the introduction you should outline following aspects: title of the novel author connection to the representative task Example for a possible structure of the introduction sentence: In the given extract from the novel "[title]", written by [author] the atmosphere contributes to a distinctive feeling of the reader. In order to depict this mood, the atmosphere will be analysed as follows: 2. main part In the main body you start to analyse the atmosphere in great detail. Consider your task at hand and employ different elements which showcase the atmosphere as well as the emotions it creates. Additionally, it might be helpful to structure your analysis in paragraphs and organise them according to the P-E-A-structure: P = Point out your claim. E = Find evidence for your claim and make appropriate quotations. A = Analyse the character and explain your claim in great detail. Usually, focusing on five elements to depict the atmosphere in a comprehensive way is fitting for a promising analysis, however, it depends on the representative...
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task. 3. conclusion In the conclusion you summarise your most significant aspects without giving quotes again. Pinpoint precisely which atmosphere is used to create a certain mood for the reader. English - atmosphere analysis What elements can be analysed to depict the atmosphere? element example useful vocabulary negative/ positive connoted choice of words How does the register portray the atmosphere? stylistic devices How do stylistic devices add to the atmosphere? tone In which way is the atmosphere presented? setting What do the circumstances reveal about the atmosphere? characters Is the atmosphere underlined by the behaviour and feelings of the character? developments Does the atmosphere develop in the course of the novel/ extract? contrast, imagery, enumeration, repetition ironic, sarcastic, humourful, anger, serious, sentimental surrounding, place, time, weather, objects → see list of stylistic devices behaviour, emotions, appearance, mood positive lively, vibrant, futuristic, peaceful, charming, calm, untouched, stunning, intriguing, sunny, warm, modern, pleasant, idyllic, harmonious, vivacious negative desolate, crowded, bustling, deserted, uninhabitable, rundown, polluted, isolated, cold, ancient, foggy, cloudy, bleak, windy, torrential, haunting, hostile neutral daytime, nighttime → see characterisation analysis Developments regarding the setting, character or language can influence the atmosphere. English - atmosphere analysis Are there useful phrases to showcase the atmosphere? part purpose useful phrase - Following the comprehension, the excerpt will now be analysed regarding [REFERENCE TO TASK]. introduction main Point part - The narrator [aims/ intends] to arouse extreme emotions by introducing an atmosphere of... - By creating a (...) atmosphere, the narrator [influences/ manipulates] the reader to feel... - The narrator [delivers/ creates] an atmosphere of... - The usage of words like (…..) are meant to [create/ stress/ evoke] an atmosphere of... - To associate a (...) atmosphere with [positive/ negative] words such as... - The narrator's frequent use of (…..), such as….., gives the reader a feeling of... - The reader is positioned to feel... - The narrator appeals to the reader's emotions... - to [stress/ emphasis/ highlight/ underscore/ amplify]... - The text [abounds in/ contains/ includes] stylistic devices... - Having outlined….., the narrator continues his representation of the setting as follows: - The narrator [depicts/ points out/ illustrates]... - The passage is set in... - The setting of this excerpt [contains/includes]... - During the course of the novel the atmosphere undergoes a development as one can see in... - Having a look at... - Another significant aspect is... - Pointing out "(...)" contributes to... Evidence - "(...)" is an indicator, revealing that... - "(...)" is done to obtain the effect... - This is indicated when the narrator states "(…)" - This can be proven with the part "(…..)" - A proof for that can be found... - As an example... - As evidence, the narrator points out that “(...)” English - atmosphere analysis Analysis conclusion Tips? - The effect of this is to... - This is done to obtain the effect... - Analysing this depiction of the scene, it is clearly to be seen... - The author has chosen to write this passage that way because….. - What this technique does... - The impact of this is set to... - The stylistic devices affirm/ support a (...) atmosphere - Analysing this fact it is clearly to be seen... examples - With this aspect in mind, there is no doubt... - This is done in order to stress/ lay on emphasis... - By mentioning... - This [reveals/shows/ depicts/ portrays] that... - Therefore, one must suppose... - All in all,.. - Having taken all aspects into consideration, it is beyond all doubt that the narrator evokes an atmosphere of (…..) in order to stress a feeling of... simple present structure every element of your characterisation in a separate paragraph P-E-A structure in the main body quote correctly: direct quotation indirect quotation symbols …“(quote)” (p.(page), l.(line))... ...(explanation)...(cf. p.(page), I.(line))... page: p. multiple pages: pp. line: I. multiple lines: II. line following: II.(line)f. "(quote)" (p.7, II.8f.) (explanation) (cf. p.9, 11.6-9) English - atmosphere analysis Example? Analysis of the atmosphere (Hunger Games (pp.24-27)) In the given extract from the novel "The Hunger Games", written by Suzanne Collins the atmosphere contributes to a distinctive feeling of the reader. In order to depict this mood, the atmosphere will be analysed as follows: First of all, the passage contains a simile to deliver an unsettling and tense atmosphere. This is indicated when the narrator states "The camera crews, perched like buzzards on the rooftops, only add to the effect" (p.24, II.10f.). Analysing this depiction of the scene, it is clearly to be seen that the narrator aims to symbolise the government of Panem as an observing and oppressive predator - a buzzard - which is hunting the District's people like mice. The effect of this is to make the reader feel uncomfortable about the setting and vulnerable because Katniss is watched by the Capitol. Moreover, the narrator intends to arouse extreme emotions when he adds metaphor to the excerpt which discredits the possible tributes. "Twelve-through eighteen-year-olds are herded into roped areas marked off by ages" (p.24, 1.14) is an indicator, revealing that the teenagers are treated like animals and not regarded as human beings. Therefore, one must suppose that the unwelcoming and tumultuous atmosphere creates discomfort for the reader. Additionally, it might be added that the narrator draws a symmetry to cattle which are killed in a slaughterhouse and the tributes which are slaughtered at the Hunger Games arena. This adds to an unpleasant, almost torturing atmosphere because the teenagers cannot flee the situation. Lastly, the usage of words like "Dark Days" (p.25, 1.24) in contrast to "shining Capitol" (p.25, II.22f.) is meant to evoke an atmosphere of oppression and desperation. The narrator draws a contrast between a positive world field for the Capitol and a negative word field for District 12 which gives an impression that it is mandatory to praise the Capitol for its actions, however, praising a government which hosts death matches for teenagers seems alarming and eerie. All in all, having taken all aspects into consideration, it is beyond all doubt that the narrator evokes an unsettling and tense atmosphere in order to stress a feeling of discomfort and hostility.