Hannah Höch and Dadaism Dadaism was an artistic and literary movement that emerged in 1916 in Zurich, Switzerland, in response to the First World War. The movement aimed to symbolize the simplicity of its art, which was meant to be a new beginning. The name "Dada" is believed to have come from the French word for "hobbyhorse" or from a popular hair-washing product at the time. The movement was characterized by its irony and nonsense culture, and it rejected the conventional values and ideals of society that had led to the war. Hannah Höch was one of the most important representatives of the Dadaist movement. She used a method of combining various photographic elements from different sources to create art. This strategy of combining formerly unrelated images to create sometimes surprising, sometimes revealing connections was adopted by many Dadaist and Surrealist artists of her time. Höch also helped expand the definition of art by incorporating elements of popular culture into "high" art. She was one of the first to describe the goals and effects of this approach. As a political artist, Höch actively criticized society in her work. Her interest in questioning the status of women in the social world of her time motivated a series of works that promoted the idea of the "New Woman." One of her first works, "Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany," created in 1919, is a cardboard collage combined with newspaper images. It depicts many themes, including military and politics, science, industry, and revolution, without any logical connection. Höch's medium was chaos, and she expressed her criticism of German society through her art, using images such as severed heads and limbs to create new beings. Famous people depicted in her work include Einstein, Friedrich Ebert, Wilhelm (Crown Prince of Prussia), Wolfgang Kapp, Gustav Noske, and Karl Marx. Höch's art was not afraid to be provocative, and she used her collages to express her views on society.
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