GAMERICAN DREAM Definition from rags to riches" work hard and you will achieve ·everything. regardless your background. the term was first used by the historian James Truslow Adams in 1931 and was quickly assimilated into the American mindset. • the early settlers in America hoped for a better life than the one they had left behind in. Europe ↳main reasons for learing: religious persecution, political oppression and poverty Interpretations of the American Dream, personal dreams free dom, self-fulfilment, dignity, happiness. fresh.start, family, health. economic dreams prosperity, success, no poverty, progress. •Social dreams equality, classless. society, belief in the melting pot. religious dreams religious freedom in a "promised lound" in which. they were god's chosen people political dreams: democracy and justice, basic human rights. national identify individualism, mobility, hard work, flexibility ?). Declaration of Independence •the basic democratic idea and the American Dream were summarized in the Declaration of Independence in 1776. • "We hold these thruts to be self-evident, that all. men are Created equal, that they are endowed by their creator, with certain unalienable rights; that among these, are life, liberty. and the pursuit of happiness." Beliefs and Values a nation with unlimited opportunities. freedom Americans regard their society as the freest and best in the world, everyone con participate, individual freedom, no oppression. equality: no class distinctions, equality in court. individualism.idealization of the self-reliant, self-sufficient, independent. individual. mobility/flexibility/optimism: social mobility...
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upward and downward on the "Ladder of success" hard work heritage is not important if you work hard, key to prosperity. progress: desire to progress personally by making use of apportunities education and self-improvement education is the key to individuals realizing their full. economic, social and. personal potential. patriotism patriotic symbols.eg.national holidays like Thanksgiving, American flags. Timeline of USA history. 1776. the Declaration of Independence was signed in Philadelphia 1789 the constitutions establishes the principles of democratic government. 1791 the Bill of Rights restricts the powers of the central government. and gives the freedom and equality of all. American citizens. 1790-1890: after the Revolutionary War (1776-1783). Americans start to, more westward. 1865 end of the Civil War, slavery ends, in the south 1919 women are given the right to rote: 1964 As a result of Martin Luther King's Civil Rights Movement and his dream of a colour, blind society are banned. (egal. discrimination is abolished.. no difference between black and white 1960s/1970s, the younger generation of Americans, follow their own dream of individual freedom, and the pursuit of pleasure. 2016: #BlacklinesMatter Movement. America is built on. immigration (Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania,. Latin America, Northern America) → melting pot immigrants gave up their way of life → became part of a unified, monocultural American nation Assimilation. /replaced by: Salad bowl different cultures are mixed, but remain different. Multiculturalism. Manifest Destiny. • stands for the belief that America has been chosen by. God. to.: -moving from east to west. - the settlers are guided and protected. .by Columbia →→she is bringing the light as witnessed STARTSOFERN - also modern technology America = A country that is superior to all other countries as. it being, the "promised. land" ↳strong national pride because they see themselves as the chosen people. J statue of Liberty • given to the USA as a gift from France in. 1886, to celebrate the first 100 years of American independence. from Britain •a powerful and welcoming woman holding a torch, and a tablet in her hands, showing the date of the Declaration of Independence. •symbol for Liberty, freedom and independence. also named: Mother of Exiles cares about the people like a mother and waiting for the tired, and poor. people > immigrants The American Dream today, •while for many us citizens. the dream is still alive, for many other's it. is. an illusion. or. has turned. into. a nightmare. critics see the American Dream as a clever political. and economic, marketing strategy. • many valies are not reflected: • huge gap between rich and poor, different social classes. •the American Dream is projected mainly on material ・prosperity & main idea. has changed., mindset is consistent the vision of a melting pot" has never become reality. •the concept of the salad bowl" was. suggested as. more. .accurate, accepting. America as diverse and multi-cultural. ⇒ very critical and negative new of the American Dream PRO CONTRA people can still achieve their aims if they work hard success stories: - Barack Obama as first black president consider them as a living proof of the motto •free education for everyone those people who made their dream come true, make. headlines the thousands who don't Succeed go unnoticed. • not only work matters, but also luck, and destiny. • high quality schools/unis are expensive ↳ the rich becomes, richer, the poor stays poor not enough well-paid-jobs it's about equality of opportunities of is not mean that everybody. :many ethnic minorities taure less. will well. A coisin in the sun - how is the American Dream r. presented? L presents a sad, old, forgotten dream -tension between the realities of the black. community -equality ensured by law, not in real life systemic racism, racial injustice. - even if it seems like the dream is healing, It is not really like it seems -no equal chance 。 9 ● Mama: growth of her plant represents her happiness, build a bigger house for the family. Walter wants to grab his chance with the liquor store. Beneatha: wants to be independent. Ruth wants to build a happy family. @ •