THE AMERICAN THE AMERICAN DREAM VS. THE AMERICAN NIGHTMARE • American Dream: DREAM →Promised land" → endless opportunities → pursuit of happiness many immigrants (legal or illegal) came to the USA to have a better life/future → war of independence: independence from Britain. → equality → freedom of speech) → co-existence of many different cultures Assimilation → melting pot ( different cultures are assimilated, they adopt the culture (language), get rid of their culture; pluralism → diversity, cultures keep their cultural identity (language) → from rags to riches": becoming successful from nothing, everybody can achieve everything -> self-made millionaires → hard work to success → personal liberty → individual rights → checks and balances 3 independent branches → Decleration of Independence Founding fathers → myth: The American Dream is a fantasy for many Americans, because it has not come true. → religion: American Dream portrayed America as a form of paradise, where harmony with God is spread : → New World: Equality, moral society, freedom, democracy are spread throughout the entire world → land of milk & honey: America promised abundant natural resources, free land to build on and no oppressive masters of taxes → self-fullfillment: all people should have the right to pursue their goals without the perma- nent control of the government imaginary America: It is not real, it is an idealized picture where not only success but also...
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failure is measured. Many Americans feel betrayed because the promises of a dream became a nightmare. American nightmare: → native Americans were forced to give up their land (by europeans /England) → have to live in reservations → pursuit of material wealth /richness → deportation of immigrants (they have to go back to their old land) → border fence control → many migrants are seperated from their families and are punished or arrested → much gang violence → Slavery segregation/discrimination of minority → Police brutality against African-Americans → Gap between rich and poor gets bigger → for poor people it's almost impossible to live the dream, because you have to add money → it is more a dream for people who life in upper society → most of people will never reach dream → you can quickly lose everything you have → become homeless over night 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 CENTRAL BELIEFS OF THE AMERICAN DREAM . everybody can achieve everything; becoming successful from nothing → be free and equal in all matters → better oneself economically and have a secure future → escape poverty. → fullfill one's personal potential Personal dream → Freedom and equality, happiness, safety → self - fullfillment, individualism → gain a certain standard of Living → personal aims: family, happiness, freedom, health SYMBOLS → Statue of Liberty, American Flag, sunshine state. Political dream →→self-governance democracy, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness Social dream → more equalitarion society, Covered old mistakes → dassless society. → material success → counterpart to old- world Economic dream → success & prosperity, rising from FROM AMERICAN DREAM TO NIGHTMARE " poverty to fame → if you work hard, you can work your way to the top " ·solidarity, equality, Liberty, happiness : • melting pot people from different countries/cultures, from every race come together, form a unit, work together • civil rights movement: for blacks to gain equal rights under the law in United States Constitution, that promised liberty /justice, union that could be and should be perfect over time democracy (Bill of rights) better future → investing in health, education · Declaration of Independence → all men are created equal; America used to be a British colony; Americans were dissatisfied with having to pay high taxes without being represented in British parliament ; democracy and independence from Britain was established by bederation; 1865 → Abolition of Slaves. . Nightmare: Florida People had to move out and leave everything behind them (real estate prices grew) first prices low → people bought houses for less → prices grew → people could not pay them anymore → owe banks money (credits) → can not pay them → sell houses → move out Long-term- unemployement. political system is uncapable ↳ people fell threatened, exhaustet, disappointed, Stopped being optimistic → No more believe in American Dream