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Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

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Lilli

86 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

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Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

 Dealing with non-fictional texts
Text type and purpose
broadsheet newspaper article
(quality paper) neutrally
informing the public
tabloid

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How to analyse a non-fictional text , How to analyse a short story (fictional) - Übersicht !

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Dealing with non-fictional texts Text type and purpose broadsheet newspaper article (quality paper) neutrally informing the public tabloid newspaper article (popular paper) informing the public in an exaggerated manner ● Analysing non-fictional texts Structure ● headline: main information lead: most important point - body: starts with the most important information (wh- questions), then further details ● headline: sensationalised, as short and snappy as possible lead: most exciting point - body: short, simple, superficial Useful Phrases Step 1- Preparation Skim the text to identify the topic and the main arguments Find out about the intention/ purpose of the text, using your knowledge of the typical features. Considering background information (historical Language and Style objective style, e.g. avoiding strong adjectives clear, to the point, no repetitions context, source, author, target group) can be helpful Secure your comprehension of the text by looking for keywords and making notes Step 2- Writing Briefly sum up the main points/ the author's intention • Examine the raltionship between style and content. Look at each section of the text and describe effects created by the structure of the text, its language, register, style and tone Sum up your findings. If asked, give your personal impression of the text. uses dates, examples, quotes from experts etc. To illustrate or prove facts Giving information on the text The article was written by ... and published in (source) on (date) It shows/deals with/ provides insight into... narrative style: vivid description of events; can centre on a person presented as a...

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hero, victim or criminal often mixes fact and opinion emotive/exaggerated language: e.g. adjectives, colloquial language Talking about language and style The author strictly separates between/ often mixes fact and opinion. The repetition of.../ The use of words such as... emphasises/ underlines... The quotation/ The detailed description of... evokes.../ makes the reader feel... Talking about the structure In the first paragraph the author/writer presents... In the next section the reader's attention is drawn to... The next paragraph provide more details on/ examples of... Thus, the author illustrates... The author supports his/her views with strong/ valid arguments. The author's line of argument starts off with... and culminates in... Analysing a short story (fictional text) Structure: Plot -> exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, ending Direct beginning, little or no introduction ● ● Setting: Place and time where the action is set -> especially important for atmosphere ● Atmosphere: Created by -> setting, objects, colours, light/darkness, but also by reference to a character's mood or use of language ● Example: Colour Black, dirty, yellow Summing up/ Conclusion All in all, the author gives an unbiased/ rather biased account of the situation/ the events. The text presents all facts in a clear and objective/ in a very subjective way. The author convincingly shows/proves... This enables the reader to draw their own conclusions. ● Light/darkness Shadow of oaks ● atmosphere -> gloomy, somber, sinister, threatening, eerie Language and Style: choice of words—> positive, negative, connotation(Assoziation) register -> formal, informal, neutral, vulgar, colloquial • tone —> ironic, sarcastic, as, humorous, serious, playful, angry, aggressive ... ● Language -> connnotations of death, darkness, mystery Stylistic devices: • anaphora: repetition of words/ phrase, easy to follow, stays in readers mind alliteration: shows the importance of several words/ draws attention to key words antithesis: emphasise how different two aspects are, more vividly climax/enumeration: creates intensity and structure personification: vivid description repetition: easier to follow/ understand rhetorical question: emphasises a point metaphor: catches the reader on an instinctive and emotional level Narrative techniques: back story -> gives the history of characters flashbacks -> narrative is taken back time to a scene hat is relevant to the plot flashforward -> future evens are revealed foreshadowing -> there are clues early in the story that hint at a future development ●

Englisch /

Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

user profile picture

Lilli

86 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Ausarbeitung

Analysing non- fictional and fictional texts

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 Dealing with non-fictional texts
Text type and purpose
broadsheet newspaper article
(quality paper) neutrally
informing the public
tabloid

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Teilen

Speichern

217

Kommentare (5)

G

Cool, mit dem Lernzettel konnte ich mich richtig gut auf meine Klassenarbeit vorbereiten. Danke 👍👍

How to analyse a non-fictional text , How to analyse a short story (fictional) - Übersicht !

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Dealing with non-fictional texts Text type and purpose broadsheet newspaper article (quality paper) neutrally informing the public tabloid newspaper article (popular paper) informing the public in an exaggerated manner ● Analysing non-fictional texts Structure ● headline: main information lead: most important point - body: starts with the most important information (wh- questions), then further details ● headline: sensationalised, as short and snappy as possible lead: most exciting point - body: short, simple, superficial Useful Phrases Step 1- Preparation Skim the text to identify the topic and the main arguments Find out about the intention/ purpose of the text, using your knowledge of the typical features. Considering background information (historical Language and Style objective style, e.g. avoiding strong adjectives clear, to the point, no repetitions context, source, author, target group) can be helpful Secure your comprehension of the text by looking for keywords and making notes Step 2- Writing Briefly sum up the main points/ the author's intention • Examine the raltionship between style and content. Look at each section of the text and describe effects created by the structure of the text, its language, register, style and tone Sum up your findings. If asked, give your personal impression of the text. uses dates, examples, quotes from experts etc. To illustrate or prove facts Giving information on the text The article was written by ... and published in (source) on (date) It shows/deals with/ provides insight into... narrative style: vivid description of events; can centre on a person presented as a...

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Alternativer Bildtext:

hero, victim or criminal often mixes fact and opinion emotive/exaggerated language: e.g. adjectives, colloquial language Talking about language and style The author strictly separates between/ often mixes fact and opinion. The repetition of.../ The use of words such as... emphasises/ underlines... The quotation/ The detailed description of... evokes.../ makes the reader feel... Talking about the structure In the first paragraph the author/writer presents... In the next section the reader's attention is drawn to... The next paragraph provide more details on/ examples of... Thus, the author illustrates... The author supports his/her views with strong/ valid arguments. The author's line of argument starts off with... and culminates in... Analysing a short story (fictional text) Structure: Plot -> exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, ending Direct beginning, little or no introduction ● ● Setting: Place and time where the action is set -> especially important for atmosphere ● Atmosphere: Created by -> setting, objects, colours, light/darkness, but also by reference to a character's mood or use of language ● Example: Colour Black, dirty, yellow Summing up/ Conclusion All in all, the author gives an unbiased/ rather biased account of the situation/ the events. The text presents all facts in a clear and objective/ in a very subjective way. The author convincingly shows/proves... This enables the reader to draw their own conclusions. ● Light/darkness Shadow of oaks ● atmosphere -> gloomy, somber, sinister, threatening, eerie Language and Style: choice of words—> positive, negative, connotation(Assoziation) register -> formal, informal, neutral, vulgar, colloquial • tone —> ironic, sarcastic, as, humorous, serious, playful, angry, aggressive ... ● Language -> connnotations of death, darkness, mystery Stylistic devices: • anaphora: repetition of words/ phrase, easy to follow, stays in readers mind alliteration: shows the importance of several words/ draws attention to key words antithesis: emphasise how different two aspects are, more vividly climax/enumeration: creates intensity and structure personification: vivid description repetition: easier to follow/ understand rhetorical question: emphasises a point metaphor: catches the reader on an instinctive and emotional level Narrative techniques: back story -> gives the history of characters flashbacks -> narrative is taken back time to a scene hat is relevant to the plot flashforward -> future evens are revealed foreshadowing -> there are clues early in the story that hint at a future development ●