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Characterization

Characterization

 Q1 Eng (DEG/REI)
Characterization of a Figure in Literature
Fictional characters can be presented in a number of ways. In general, a charac

Characterization

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Q1 Eng (DEG/REI) Characterization of a Figure in Literature Fictional characters can be presented in a number of ways. In general, a character in a fictional text is devel- oped through action, description, language and ways of speaking. Types of characters relevance within the text and characteristics protagonist (the main character around whom most of the work revolves) antagonist (the person who the protagonist is against; often the villain) the modern hero (the average man/woman) the anti-hero (often dishonest, graceless or inept per- son who struggles in life; the loser) the tragic hero (e. g. Macbeth; person who ends tragi- cally as a result of personal flaws) romantic hero (a character with a strong will and per- sonality who goes against established norms; often this figure experiences melancholy, isolation and unfulfilled and unhappy love) Rufus the Hemingway hero (a character who has been at war, drinks too much, the loner, "cowboy") • major characters (main characters who dominate the story) minor characters (less important persons who support the main character (s) by letting them interact or reveal their personalities, etc.) • dynamic character (changing and developing, with dif- ferent traits) • static characters (unchanging, often stereotypical) round character (three-dimensional, with different and changing facets to the personality) flat character (one-dimensional, viewed only from one side, often stereotypical) Types of characterization in literature In a direct characterization of a character the narrator or one of...

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the other characters tells the readers/audi- ence what the character's personality is like. . In an indirect characterization the writer shows/presents the character talking and acting, which reveals the character's personality. Indirect characterization can be achieved through: a) Speech (What does the character say, how does he/she communicate and interact with others?) b) Thoughts (What is revealed through the person's private thoughts, e.g. in a monologue, soliloquy, a diary entry, etc.?) c) Effect on others/on the character (How does the person react/respond to others? Does he/she have any relationships? How do others react to the person?) d) Actions (What does the person do, how does he/she behave?) e) Looks (appearance, body language, gestures, facial expression, etc.) How to write a literary characterization Step 1: Collect the facts and clues given in the text and move from the outward features and characteristics to the inward nature of the character: ● outward appearance (body, face, clothes, etc.) behaviour (toward other characters, actions) • personal data (name, age, sex, nationality) • attitudes/views (thoughts, dreams, emotions) relationships (social background, family, friends) Step 2: Draw your conclusions about the person's character and relate your findings to the text by referring to specific lines. Use the simple present for your characterization. Step 3: Follow the "introduction - main part- conclusion" pattern in your characterization. Write an introduc- tory sentence that answers the w-questions. → Focus on Language, Literary Terms, pp. 538 ff. date: 509 POPULPE Focus on Skills Bukho, Ellen et al. (2009): Greenline Oberstufe. Skills and Exam Trainer, Hessen. Stuttgart, Ernst Klettverlag 10 15 Q1 Eng (DEG/REI) Billy is 10.2 Characters and relationships - Die Figuren und ihre Beziehungen the protagonist. the main character. a hero. an anti-hero. the antagonist. Sheila is the heroine. The relationship between the two characters is The protagonist finds himself in a conflict between love and fear. tense. John behaves badly towards his wife. does not take her seriously. 10.3 Characterization - Charakterisierung Positive character traits: Pete is The protagonist is The girl is described as None of the characters are altruistic. brave. charming. cheerful. good-natured. open-minded. reliable. self-assured. self-confident. sensible. thrifty. Rufus Language support CC harmonious. disturbed A flat round Hauptperson Hauptperson The author portrays the hero as Held Antiheld Gegenspieler Heldin befindet sich in einem Konflikt angespannt harmonisch nortärt character is zuverlassig selbstsicher selbstbewusst vernünftig sparsam ever on self-, but always on the word that follows. selfish. insecure. jealous of his brother. narrow-minded. self-conscious. a show-off. date: spiteful. superficial. unforgiving. unreliable. unscrupulous. überheblich, eingebildet gerissen betrügerisch hinterhältig Egoist egoistisch ein Wichtigtuer geizig / gemein stellt dar selbstsüchtig, eigennützig unsicher eifersüchtig auf engstirnig gehemmt Angeber boshaft, gehässig oberflächlich nachtragend unzuverlässig skrupellos presented without individualizing detail. flach, eindimensional highly individualized. komplex, vielseitig

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Characterization

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 Q1 Eng (DEG/REI)
Characterization of a Figure in Literature
Fictional characters can be presented in a number of ways. In general, a charac

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Q1 Eng (DEG/REI) Characterization of a Figure in Literature Fictional characters can be presented in a number of ways. In general, a character in a fictional text is devel- oped through action, description, language and ways of speaking. Types of characters relevance within the text and characteristics protagonist (the main character around whom most of the work revolves) antagonist (the person who the protagonist is against; often the villain) the modern hero (the average man/woman) the anti-hero (often dishonest, graceless or inept per- son who struggles in life; the loser) the tragic hero (e. g. Macbeth; person who ends tragi- cally as a result of personal flaws) romantic hero (a character with a strong will and per- sonality who goes against established norms; often this figure experiences melancholy, isolation and unfulfilled and unhappy love) Rufus the Hemingway hero (a character who has been at war, drinks too much, the loner, "cowboy") • major characters (main characters who dominate the story) minor characters (less important persons who support the main character (s) by letting them interact or reveal their personalities, etc.) • dynamic character (changing and developing, with dif- ferent traits) • static characters (unchanging, often stereotypical) round character (three-dimensional, with different and changing facets to the personality) flat character (one-dimensional, viewed only from one side, often stereotypical) Types of characterization in literature In a direct characterization of a character the narrator or one of...

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the other characters tells the readers/audi- ence what the character's personality is like. . In an indirect characterization the writer shows/presents the character talking and acting, which reveals the character's personality. Indirect characterization can be achieved through: a) Speech (What does the character say, how does he/she communicate and interact with others?) b) Thoughts (What is revealed through the person's private thoughts, e.g. in a monologue, soliloquy, a diary entry, etc.?) c) Effect on others/on the character (How does the person react/respond to others? Does he/she have any relationships? How do others react to the person?) d) Actions (What does the person do, how does he/she behave?) e) Looks (appearance, body language, gestures, facial expression, etc.) How to write a literary characterization Step 1: Collect the facts and clues given in the text and move from the outward features and characteristics to the inward nature of the character: ● outward appearance (body, face, clothes, etc.) behaviour (toward other characters, actions) • personal data (name, age, sex, nationality) • attitudes/views (thoughts, dreams, emotions) relationships (social background, family, friends) Step 2: Draw your conclusions about the person's character and relate your findings to the text by referring to specific lines. Use the simple present for your characterization. Step 3: Follow the "introduction - main part- conclusion" pattern in your characterization. Write an introduc- tory sentence that answers the w-questions. → Focus on Language, Literary Terms, pp. 538 ff. date: 509 POPULPE Focus on Skills Bukho, Ellen et al. (2009): Greenline Oberstufe. Skills and Exam Trainer, Hessen. Stuttgart, Ernst Klettverlag 10 15 Q1 Eng (DEG/REI) Billy is 10.2 Characters and relationships - Die Figuren und ihre Beziehungen the protagonist. the main character. a hero. an anti-hero. the antagonist. Sheila is the heroine. The relationship between the two characters is The protagonist finds himself in a conflict between love and fear. tense. John behaves badly towards his wife. does not take her seriously. 10.3 Characterization - Charakterisierung Positive character traits: Pete is The protagonist is The girl is described as None of the characters are altruistic. brave. charming. cheerful. good-natured. open-minded. reliable. self-assured. self-confident. sensible. thrifty. Rufus Language support CC harmonious. disturbed A flat round Hauptperson Hauptperson The author portrays the hero as Held Antiheld Gegenspieler Heldin befindet sich in einem Konflikt angespannt harmonisch nortärt character is zuverlassig selbstsicher selbstbewusst vernünftig sparsam ever on self-, but always on the word that follows. selfish. insecure. jealous of his brother. narrow-minded. self-conscious. a show-off. date: spiteful. superficial. unforgiving. unreliable. unscrupulous. überheblich, eingebildet gerissen betrügerisch hinterhältig Egoist egoistisch ein Wichtigtuer geizig / gemein stellt dar selbstsüchtig, eigennützig unsicher eifersüchtig auf engstirnig gehemmt Angeber boshaft, gehässig oberflächlich nachtragend unzuverlässig skrupellos presented without individualizing detail. flach, eindimensional highly individualized. komplex, vielseitig