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Englisch Abitur 2021

Englisch Abitur 2021

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Hannah

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Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Englisch Abitur 2021

 Abitur 2021
Englisch Themenübersicht
Identity and language
1.1. Identity
1.2.
1.3.
Great Britain
2.1.
Britishness
2.2.
Political system
2.3

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Identity, Great Britain, USA, Globalization, Crooked Letter Crooked Letter, Gran Torino

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Abitur 2021 Englisch Themenübersicht Identity and language 1.1. Identity 1.2. 1.3. Great Britain 2.1. Britishness 2.2. Political system 2.3. Multicultural Britain 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ambiguity of Belonging English as a world language United States of America US politics 3.1. 3.2. American Dream 3.3. Frontier 3.4. Security 3.5. Immigration 3.6. The South 3.7. The global role of the USA Globalization 4.1. Economy 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. Environment 4.5. Technology and media Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Aspects of Belonging Gran Torino 6.1. 6.2. Politics: international cooperation Culture Introduction Aspects of Belonging 6.3. Background information Comparison of CL, CL and Gran Torino 7. 8. Analysis 9. Composition 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 6 6 7 7 8 10 12 14 15 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 21 21 222 1. Identity and language Identity it is understood to be someone's sense of self ● the sum of a person's character, beliefs, personality and physical appearance → identity crisis not feeling "whole", insecure about one's true nature or being what makes a person unique ● = Ambiguity of Belonging • ambiguity = if something is ambiguous, it is unclear, not certain or hard to explain and understand, especially because it is usually has more than one (often contradicting) aspects or meaning belonging if you have a sense of belonging, you feel like you are in the right situation and/or place, therefore you feel happy and comfortable English as a world language around 400 million people speak English as their mother tongue ● around 350 million to one billion people speak English as a second language → reasons: the countries where English is the official language are former British colonies 2. Great Britain ● Great Britain = England + Scotland + Wales United Kingdom =...

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Great Britain + Northern Ireland British Isles = UK + Republic of Ireland ● Britishness the state or quality of being British or showing typically British characteristics politeness, formal, posh, tend not to show emotions, helpful, fairness distinctive/characteristic sense of humour: dry humour → → they drink tea, typical red busses in London → striving for independence → loyalty and respect for monarchy and royal family ● culture: literature (Shakespeare), old university, pop music, festivals ● religion: multireligious (e.g. Muslims, Hindu, Buddhist, Anglican-Christian) business and industry: banking and engineering ● controversy and criticism: → the term is exploited to create a feeling of unity and belonging to the British nation, generating insiders and outsider in the process (discrimination of minorities) 1 Humour rules Political system UK's constitution is uncodified, there is not one single point of reference → the constitutional rights rest on statute law, common law, parliamentary conventions and historical law ● ● a lot of irony, dry humour make fun of minorities and self-deprecation belongs to every conversation = very important for Britains The parliamentary democracy the executive branch of government derives its power from the legislatie the leader of the executive = the country's prime minister (Boris Johnson) → is a member of parliament and usually the head of the majority party → the Conservative and the Labour Party are the dominating players in UK politics the British parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords ● the uncodified British constitution is also called the Bill of Rights (passed 1689) → certain civil rights are defined, the monarch's power is limited in favour of Parliament the Magna Carta (1215) is a part of Britain's uncodified constitution → it was one of the first documents to limit the king's absolute power and emphasize the rule of law instead → the members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters (legislature) → the members of the House of Lords are appointed or inherit their seats (they can influence politics in delaying laws by vetoing them) The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 and emerged from the former Tory Party → the Conservatives are still referred to as "Tories" ● • traditionally, the party stood for little state interference and free-market capitalism → that was especially poignant during Margaret Thatcher's terms in power (1979-1990) → during it's time as opposition (1997-2010) the party underwent a change, becoming slightly more oriented towards social programmes and state regulation ● David Cameron and Theresa May were also PM's of the Conservative Party The Labour Party ● was founded in 1900 ● its explicit aim was to support the working class → the resulting government after WWII is remembered for the nationalization of many industries and for introducing extensive welfare measures (National Health Service) under Tony Blair's "New Labour" approach the party changed →he modernised the country by reforming the House of Lords → devolution: separate local governmental units for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and London since 2010 the party has been in the opposition 2 The constitutional monarchy ● the UK is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy → Britain is a hereditary monarchy → current monarch: Queen Elizabeth II (ascended the throne in 1952) the monarch is head of state but his or her power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the monarch dissolves and opens Parliament, has to give his or her royal assent to all laws passed in the UK, appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other governmental ministers, weekly consultations with the prime minister Commander in Chief of the armed forces, Head of the Church of England and Fount of Justice Brexit ● British exit from the European Union → national referendum in June 2016 (instigated by then Prime Minister David Cameron) → Theresa May became PM and should have led the challenging task of executing Brexit, but Brexit occurred under PM Boris Johnson ● members of Royal Family are just representatives → official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties → their power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative → they do charitable work and are good ambassadors for the country abroad → are important for tourism = more money monarchy and royal family is an important part of the national identity was planned for March 2019, took place in January 2020 → since 1st January 2021 the UK is no longer part of the EU single market and customs union (after a transitional period since January 2020) political reasons ● national sovereignty, immigration control want to abolish the EU laws more freedom in trading identity reasons striving for independence new self-determination potential problems Solutions ● the "backstop" solution → Northern Ireland would stay in the UK customs union → the "hard" border would run between the Irish island and Great Britain economic problems "hard border" between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland the "soft" Brexit solution → the whole UK could remain part of the EU single market the "hard" Brexit solution → would make free movement of people, goods and services between the two custom unions impossible 3

Englisch /

Englisch Abitur 2021

Englisch Abitur 2021

H

Hannah

628 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Englisch Abitur 2021

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Abitur 2021
Englisch Themenübersicht
Identity and language
1.1. Identity
1.2.
1.3.
Great Britain
2.1.
Britishness
2.2.
Political system
2.3

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2336

Kommentare (18)

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So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

Identity, Great Britain, USA, Globalization, Crooked Letter Crooked Letter, Gran Torino

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Abitur 2021 Englisch Themenübersicht Identity and language 1.1. Identity 1.2. 1.3. Great Britain 2.1. Britishness 2.2. Political system 2.3. Multicultural Britain 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ambiguity of Belonging English as a world language United States of America US politics 3.1. 3.2. American Dream 3.3. Frontier 3.4. Security 3.5. Immigration 3.6. The South 3.7. The global role of the USA Globalization 4.1. Economy 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. Environment 4.5. Technology and media Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Aspects of Belonging Gran Torino 6.1. 6.2. Politics: international cooperation Culture Introduction Aspects of Belonging 6.3. Background information Comparison of CL, CL and Gran Torino 7. 8. Analysis 9. Composition 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 6 6 7 7 8 10 12 14 15 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 21 21 222 1. Identity and language Identity it is understood to be someone's sense of self ● the sum of a person's character, beliefs, personality and physical appearance → identity crisis not feeling "whole", insecure about one's true nature or being what makes a person unique ● = Ambiguity of Belonging • ambiguity = if something is ambiguous, it is unclear, not certain or hard to explain and understand, especially because it is usually has more than one (often contradicting) aspects or meaning belonging if you have a sense of belonging, you feel like you are in the right situation and/or place, therefore you feel happy and comfortable English as a world language around 400 million people speak English as their mother tongue ● around 350 million to one billion people speak English as a second language → reasons: the countries where English is the official language are former British colonies 2. Great Britain ● Great Britain = England + Scotland + Wales United Kingdom =...

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Sicher und geprüft

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Alternativer Bildtext:

Great Britain + Northern Ireland British Isles = UK + Republic of Ireland ● Britishness the state or quality of being British or showing typically British characteristics politeness, formal, posh, tend not to show emotions, helpful, fairness distinctive/characteristic sense of humour: dry humour → → they drink tea, typical red busses in London → striving for independence → loyalty and respect for monarchy and royal family ● culture: literature (Shakespeare), old university, pop music, festivals ● religion: multireligious (e.g. Muslims, Hindu, Buddhist, Anglican-Christian) business and industry: banking and engineering ● controversy and criticism: → the term is exploited to create a feeling of unity and belonging to the British nation, generating insiders and outsider in the process (discrimination of minorities) 1 Humour rules Political system UK's constitution is uncodified, there is not one single point of reference → the constitutional rights rest on statute law, common law, parliamentary conventions and historical law ● ● a lot of irony, dry humour make fun of minorities and self-deprecation belongs to every conversation = very important for Britains The parliamentary democracy the executive branch of government derives its power from the legislatie the leader of the executive = the country's prime minister (Boris Johnson) → is a member of parliament and usually the head of the majority party → the Conservative and the Labour Party are the dominating players in UK politics the British parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords ● the uncodified British constitution is also called the Bill of Rights (passed 1689) → certain civil rights are defined, the monarch's power is limited in favour of Parliament the Magna Carta (1215) is a part of Britain's uncodified constitution → it was one of the first documents to limit the king's absolute power and emphasize the rule of law instead → the members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters (legislature) → the members of the House of Lords are appointed or inherit their seats (they can influence politics in delaying laws by vetoing them) The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 and emerged from the former Tory Party → the Conservatives are still referred to as "Tories" ● • traditionally, the party stood for little state interference and free-market capitalism → that was especially poignant during Margaret Thatcher's terms in power (1979-1990) → during it's time as opposition (1997-2010) the party underwent a change, becoming slightly more oriented towards social programmes and state regulation ● David Cameron and Theresa May were also PM's of the Conservative Party The Labour Party ● was founded in 1900 ● its explicit aim was to support the working class → the resulting government after WWII is remembered for the nationalization of many industries and for introducing extensive welfare measures (National Health Service) under Tony Blair's "New Labour" approach the party changed →he modernised the country by reforming the House of Lords → devolution: separate local governmental units for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and London since 2010 the party has been in the opposition 2 The constitutional monarchy ● the UK is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy → Britain is a hereditary monarchy → current monarch: Queen Elizabeth II (ascended the throne in 1952) the monarch is head of state but his or her power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the monarch dissolves and opens Parliament, has to give his or her royal assent to all laws passed in the UK, appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other governmental ministers, weekly consultations with the prime minister Commander in Chief of the armed forces, Head of the Church of England and Fount of Justice Brexit ● British exit from the European Union → national referendum in June 2016 (instigated by then Prime Minister David Cameron) → Theresa May became PM and should have led the challenging task of executing Brexit, but Brexit occurred under PM Boris Johnson ● members of Royal Family are just representatives → official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties → their power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative → they do charitable work and are good ambassadors for the country abroad → are important for tourism = more money monarchy and royal family is an important part of the national identity was planned for March 2019, took place in January 2020 → since 1st January 2021 the UK is no longer part of the EU single market and customs union (after a transitional period since January 2020) political reasons ● national sovereignty, immigration control want to abolish the EU laws more freedom in trading identity reasons striving for independence new self-determination potential problems Solutions ● the "backstop" solution → Northern Ireland would stay in the UK customs union → the "hard" border would run between the Irish island and Great Britain economic problems "hard border" between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland the "soft" Brexit solution → the whole UK could remain part of the EU single market the "hard" Brexit solution → would make free movement of people, goods and services between the two custom unions impossible 3