PGD techniques and concepts preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a technique using IVF to ensure that a baby does not possess genetic defect of either parent a known 1> after genetic analysis of the embryos so formed, those free of defect are implanted in the mother's womb only PGS preimplantation genetic screening ↳> refers to the set of techniques for testing wether embryos (obtained through IVF) have abnormal chromosomes' numbers. genetic cloning Is the process of generating a genetically copy of a of a cell or an organism identical designer baby Is a baby genetically engineered in vitro for specially selected traits, which can vary from lowered disease- risk to gender selection l> " IVE in vitro fertilisation. L> a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child gene testing ↳s a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes or proteins دا Is can confirm / rule out a suspected genetic condition or help determine a person's chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder genetic editing a group of technologies that give scientists the ability to change an organism's DNA genetic material is added, removed or altered at particular locations in the genome saviour sibling ↳y a child who is (intentionally) conceived in order to provide an organ or cell transplant to a sibling that is affected with a fatal disease, such as cancer or Fanconi anemia, that can best be treated by hematopoietic stemm cell transplantation SCNT somatic cell nucleus transfer technique in which the...
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nucleus of a somatic (body) cell is transferred to the cytoplasm of an enucleated egg Tan egg ↳ that has had its own nucleus removed) genetic make up Is an organism's complete set of genes (genotype) Ę 4₂ bone marrow tissue inside some Key words spongy of the human's bones, only place where stem cells can be found. (adult body) eugenics a movement that is aimed at improving the genetic composition of the human race (selective breeding) (today we have technologies that make it possible to more directly alter the genetic composition of an individual) stemm cells ↳ unspecialised cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body donor ↳ a person who provides blood, an organ, or semen for transplantation, transfusion, etc..... DNA ↳> contains one's unique genetic code. (genetic material); means the genetic. information for constructing and operating an organism