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Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

 Englisch LK
GREAT BRITAIN
The Monarchy
general information:
kommunikationsprüfung
The monarch is the Head of State and has many representat

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Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

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Elena

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Englisch

 

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Lernzettel

Great Britain (Brexit, Monarchy), Freedom vs. Security, Immigration, Globalization (Fast Fashion), Race and Ethnicity, Modern Media, American Dream, Gun Culture/Crime

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Englisch LK GREAT BRITAIN The Monarchy general information: kommunikationsprüfung The monarch is the Head of State and has many representational or ceremonial functions, e.g. the State Opening of Parliament However, the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative The monarch is, among other functions, the Head of the Church of England, the Head of the Armed Forces and the Fountain of Justice - However, in these functions (s) he always has to act on the advice of e.g. the Prime Minister, other ministers, or a church commission pro The monarch gives a weekly audience to the Prime Minister in which (s) he has the right and the duty to discuss current government matters the monarch provides a focus for national unity and British values → stands above party politics = real representative of the country (no interest in short-term polit. interests + strategies) the monarch as remnant of British Empire → Connection to Commonwealth the monarch is clearly separated from the government independent stability and experience → monarch remains in power for a long time can advise Prime Ministers with experience and polit. Knowledge in weekly audiences outside of party attracts huge numbers of visitors to the UK → can make up for the expenses →Symbol of the UK and the so called "Britishness" the monarchy has shown (modern) development → Prince Charles was able to...

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marry a divorced woman, Queen + Prince Charles have been paying de-facto taxes since 1993 → With the new generation of Prince William, Kate and George and Charlotte, the monarchy has gathered new momentum and enjoys widespread sympathy in Britain → The members of the Royal Family have important functions heading all kinds of charities. Their image and popularity help charities to continue their good work. Elena K. J2 a president wouldn't necessarily be cheaper → other european leaders are as expensive (e. g. France) con hereditary monarchy is inappropriate in modern (classless) democracy → makes UK seem backwards and out of touch with modern life → hereditary. = the successor to the throne will take the crown regardless of his/her suitability, character, previous scandals etc. democracy people as sovereign → source of all political power → people should be able to elect their head of state and have instruments to check/ impeach her/him (not possible with hereditary monarch) royal prerogative can be misused to bypass parliament the monarch is very expensive (over £100m a year) the monarch has no real political power → mainly formal functions → could easily be taken over by other polit. bodies/ an elected president 1 Englisch LK BREXIT general information: 2016 23 June 2020 since January 31, 2020 the UK is no longer a member of the EU Referendum about Brexit (2016): 51,9% voted leave, 41,1% voted remain pro - Brexit referendum -51.89% voted to leave Withdrawal Agreement ratified Trade with the EU would still be possible → could negotiate new trade agreements, like 30 January Norway → No EU rules/ restrictions = more economic success Post-Brexit trade options for the UK London as international safe haven for investors →→→independence + global appeal →less risk (e. g. if euro fails) no free movement = less immigration → security + protection from terrorism Revert to World Trade Organisation rules smaller British companies don't trade with the EU → aren't affected could be beneficial, more British people could buy their goods now GB would be able to cultivate the relationship to the US and other important non-EU world nations EU-rules hurt British interests → MP can't do anything about rules made in May take years to complete Excludes financial services Requires border controls between Ireland (EU) and N. Ireland (UK) Brussels EU membership fees are expensive No deal with the European Union Free trade deal with the EU 2017 eg: Germany No Brexit Member of: ● EU 29 March Withdrawal notification from UK government eg: South Korea Prioritises sovereignty and immigration control over close economic ties 1 February UK no longer an EU Member State ● Single market Withdrawal Agreement enters into force Customs union Remain in the EU after all 19 June Start of EU/UK negotiations on withdrawal eg: Turkey Common external tariff on imports No tariff on goods circulating inside the customs union Single market with the EU 2018 14 November 23 March Publication of Draft withdrawal guidelines for agreement between future relationship EU and UK between EU/UK by the European Council 2 March Transition period until Start of on new 31 December 2020: negotiations Access to single market and participation in customs union, but no voting rights in Commencement of EU institutions transition period partnership between EU and UK 24 December Draft EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement Must accept immigrants from single market countries Must pay into EU budget. and abide by European Court of Justice rulings No Irish border controls eg: Norway, Iceland ● Free movement of goods, services, investments and people Customs union with the EU UK cannot make bilateral free trade deals with 3rd countries Excludes financial services No Irish border controls 2019 30 March Expiry of (original) two-year period to negotiate withdrawal agreement 31 December End of transition period (during which UK was still part of single market and customs. union) ⒸAFP May European Parliament 1 January Customs border between UK and EU Provisional entry into force of Trade and Cooperation Agreement con - 2021 Free trade in EU →no trade barriers when trading with EU member States → Europe is Britain's main trading partner Financial advantages outweigh membership fees → could loose influence both economically and politically → new trade agreements with EU partners are almost impossible, don't want other states to leave too bad for London's reputation as Europe's biggest financial center Elena K. J2 → international banks might leave London, due to unpredictable consequences of Brexit Membership in the EU allows EU-citizens to move freely to GB and work there, and vice versa → Hundreds of British expats living in Spain and France might not have easy access to health services there anymore. jobs in international companies might be moved and millions of British workers could lose their jobs The US prefer the UK to remain a strong member of Europe economically, politically and militarily GB would lose influence and be an outsider in Europe → fewer friends and very little chance of rejoining the EU. In a globalized world isolationism is simply not possible 17 October Revised draft withdrawal agreement between EU and UK →Global challenges such as climate change affect all countries, and as an EU member, Britain has much more influence than as a middle-ranking country on the fringes → there are plenty of international treaties and laws GB is already subject to → In this age of globalization, economies and societies are becoming so interconnected and interdependent that the idea that GB could be completely autonomous and regain the "splendid isolation" it enjoyed when it still had its Empire, sounds phony 1 May Entry into force of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement 2 Englisch LK GLOBALIZATION general information: Globalization is the word used to describe the growing interdependence of the world's economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information → "global village" (Marshall McLuhan) 3 historical periods of globalization 1. Exploration (until 1500) Founding and forming villages, cities and infrastructure (Spain, Columbus...) 2. Colonization (1500-1900) Development of writing and printing technologies (Gutenberg printing press etc.) Industrial Revolution (1750-1830) Advances in communications (telephone, telegraph) 3. Internationalization (1900-present) International trade and organizations (WTO, IMF, World Bank, UN) Technology and global media (satellite, computers, Internet, WWW) - Information revolution (personalization of communications = social media...) - pro - Views on Globalization have changed → more "reverse globalization" not as much profit anymore, bad for environment → more support locally (country + people) outsourcing: a situation in which a company employs another organization to do some of its work, rather than using its own employees to do it (e. g. in India or other developing countries → cheaper) makes trade easier worldwide → cooperation through partnerships and trade agreements →new potential markets and costumers → better access to products diffusion of new ideas, technologies, products, services + lifestyles → ability to get to know new/ other cultures, broaden horizons (e.g. food) increase of communication → people (social media etc.) → countries (global information network and exchange) international standards (increase of coherence) → politics, economy, society + employment → better working conditions, human rights... (countries can help each other) rising competition → can lead to new inventions etc. →no monopoly, regulated prices Future tasks and requirements/conclusion(?): thinking locally and globally developing intercultural competencies - future-orientation → sustainability con Elena K. J2 rising competition → conflicts between countries etc. increasing (inter-)dependance → countries can't support the population on their own (leverage in internat. conflicts) → ("Ever Given" Suez Canal, Russian gas, stock market) loss of culture, western society could take over → people now depend on "new" work because their traditional income was destroyed widening social gap/ growing inequality → buyers vs. producers → exploitation of developing countries (Bangladesh, Africa) → power imbalances (political) → concentration of international companies bad for the environment → shipment of goods (plane, ship, trucks) → deforestation of rainforests 3 CHINA SWEATSHOP #673924 Englisch LK Fast Fashion general information: 1980s: 12 Items per year, nowadays: 68 new pieces a year Success of fast fashion due to production of cheap "designer clothes" → luxury without paying the price Fast fashion industry is growing Quick response manufacturing →very fast way to get trendy clothes. - - pro Very affordable clothing →low production costs → everyone can buy their clothes →quick and large profits → higher sales in the industry. Customer satisfaction → catering to current trends → mimicking runway/ trendy clothing very fast Ability to have trendy clothes without the price Good for students etc. that can't afford the more expensive brands if everyone bought one used item instead of a new one (half a million cars a year less) BATHROOM HOBBY LOBBY OPERATES BY CHRISTIAN VALUES EXIT -5 Conclusion: We should be more sustainable! What can we do to be more sustainable? wearing our clothes longer by wearing clothes 9 months longer →30% reduction of carbon footprint for that item would reduce emissions by 6 pounds PS OPERUES STIAN NICK ANDERSON HOT CHRONICLE THOSE COLORS! THEY'RE JUST TO DIE FOR!! con MWUERKER Copyright by Matt Wuerker bad working conditions → child labor (can get poisoned by dye) low wages → exploitation of workers, → dangerous workplaces (Bangladesh) buildings collapse bad for the environment → produces greenhouse gases →fabrics need a lot of water → oil is used for artificial fabrics. toxic chemicals are dumped in rivers →wasteful production (viscose 70% of wood wasted) donating clothes doesn't really work → too many clothes are donated → many clothes can't be worn anymore. → clothes end up in landfills in developing countries → 87% are burnt or dumped in landfills Greenwashing → products are made more sustainable/ "greener" than they really are → just small parts are made from sustainable material (false advertising) Elena K. J2 BANGLADESH GARMENTE UNLIMITERY SCHOOL AVOID BURDENSOME GOVERNMENT REGULATION!! MOVE YOUR COMPANY TO... Nicho BANGLADESH THIS WEEK'S FACTORY DEATH TOLL 433 AND COUNTING 4 Englisch LK MODERN MEDIA general information: Social media is a collective of online communication channels where communities interact, share content and collaborate. Websites and apps dedicated to social networking, microblogging, forums, social bookmarking, wikis and social curation are examples of some types of social media. pro Social media spreads information faster than any other media → reaches parts of society that e.g. news outlets can't reach o Law enforcement uses social media to catch and prosecute criminals → promotes security. → criminals can be caught before the actual crime Social media allows people to improve their relationships and make new friends → ability to find people with the same interests (easier than in real life) →good option for shy people, no face-to-face conversations Being a part of a social media site can increase a person's quality of life and reduce the risk of health problems → people can express themselves fully (LGBTQ+ Community etc.) → new ideas, other perspectives, acceptance(?) Social media sites empower individuals to make social change and do social good on a community level →war in Ukraine: a lot of social media fundraisers/ donations/ attention + protest →US elections NEWSI AGREE BLM movement (profile pics) → Fridays for future WITH... Osigne Wilkinson. All rights reserved. I JUST DON'T UNDERSTAND YOU!!! NEWS I AGREE WITH O B 8884 con 73212 WIKINSON Social media enables the spread of unreliable and false information. → fake news and deep fakes → fake news spread way faster than real news → the algorithm "supports" extremist views → people don't read newspapers anymore (social media is easier + free) Social media lacks privacy and exposes users to government and corporate intrusions → browser history, Alexa, Siri, etc. Social media can lead to stress and offline relationship problems The use of social media is correlated with personality and brain disorders → eating disorders (edited pictures and filters) →likes followers (comparability) →loss of self-worth Elena K. J2 Social media facilitates cyberbullying → people aren't afraid of consequences when they are anonymous (fake ID's/ names) → discrimination facebook HATE MISINFORMATION CONSPIRACY THEORIES VIOLENCE POLARIZATION CNick Anderson. All rights reserved. NiCHANDERSON 10.5.21 TRIBUNE CONTENT AGENCY 5

Englisch /

Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

user profile picture

Elena

38 Followers
 

Englisch

 

12

Lernzettel

Kommunikationsprüfung Englisch LK 2022 Lernzettel

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 Englisch LK
GREAT BRITAIN
The Monarchy
general information:
kommunikationsprüfung
The monarch is the Head of State and has many representat

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Teilen

Speichern

277

Kommentare (4)

T

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

Great Britain (Brexit, Monarchy), Freedom vs. Security, Immigration, Globalization (Fast Fashion), Race and Ethnicity, Modern Media, American Dream, Gun Culture/Crime

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Englisch LK GREAT BRITAIN The Monarchy general information: kommunikationsprüfung The monarch is the Head of State and has many representational or ceremonial functions, e.g. the State Opening of Parliament However, the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative The monarch is, among other functions, the Head of the Church of England, the Head of the Armed Forces and the Fountain of Justice - However, in these functions (s) he always has to act on the advice of e.g. the Prime Minister, other ministers, or a church commission pro The monarch gives a weekly audience to the Prime Minister in which (s) he has the right and the duty to discuss current government matters the monarch provides a focus for national unity and British values → stands above party politics = real representative of the country (no interest in short-term polit. interests + strategies) the monarch as remnant of British Empire → Connection to Commonwealth the monarch is clearly separated from the government independent stability and experience → monarch remains in power for a long time can advise Prime Ministers with experience and polit. Knowledge in weekly audiences outside of party attracts huge numbers of visitors to the UK → can make up for the expenses →Symbol of the UK and the so called "Britishness" the monarchy has shown (modern) development → Prince Charles was able to...

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Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

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marry a divorced woman, Queen + Prince Charles have been paying de-facto taxes since 1993 → With the new generation of Prince William, Kate and George and Charlotte, the monarchy has gathered new momentum and enjoys widespread sympathy in Britain → The members of the Royal Family have important functions heading all kinds of charities. Their image and popularity help charities to continue their good work. Elena K. J2 a president wouldn't necessarily be cheaper → other european leaders are as expensive (e. g. France) con hereditary monarchy is inappropriate in modern (classless) democracy → makes UK seem backwards and out of touch with modern life → hereditary. = the successor to the throne will take the crown regardless of his/her suitability, character, previous scandals etc. democracy people as sovereign → source of all political power → people should be able to elect their head of state and have instruments to check/ impeach her/him (not possible with hereditary monarch) royal prerogative can be misused to bypass parliament the monarch is very expensive (over £100m a year) the monarch has no real political power → mainly formal functions → could easily be taken over by other polit. bodies/ an elected president 1 Englisch LK BREXIT general information: 2016 23 June 2020 since January 31, 2020 the UK is no longer a member of the EU Referendum about Brexit (2016): 51,9% voted leave, 41,1% voted remain pro - Brexit referendum -51.89% voted to leave Withdrawal Agreement ratified Trade with the EU would still be possible → could negotiate new trade agreements, like 30 January Norway → No EU rules/ restrictions = more economic success Post-Brexit trade options for the UK London as international safe haven for investors →→→independence + global appeal →less risk (e. g. if euro fails) no free movement = less immigration → security + protection from terrorism Revert to World Trade Organisation rules smaller British companies don't trade with the EU → aren't affected could be beneficial, more British people could buy their goods now GB would be able to cultivate the relationship to the US and other important non-EU world nations EU-rules hurt British interests → MP can't do anything about rules made in May take years to complete Excludes financial services Requires border controls between Ireland (EU) and N. Ireland (UK) Brussels EU membership fees are expensive No deal with the European Union Free trade deal with the EU 2017 eg: Germany No Brexit Member of: ● EU 29 March Withdrawal notification from UK government eg: South Korea Prioritises sovereignty and immigration control over close economic ties 1 February UK no longer an EU Member State ● Single market Withdrawal Agreement enters into force Customs union Remain in the EU after all 19 June Start of EU/UK negotiations on withdrawal eg: Turkey Common external tariff on imports No tariff on goods circulating inside the customs union Single market with the EU 2018 14 November 23 March Publication of Draft withdrawal guidelines for agreement between future relationship EU and UK between EU/UK by the European Council 2 March Transition period until Start of on new 31 December 2020: negotiations Access to single market and participation in customs union, but no voting rights in Commencement of EU institutions transition period partnership between EU and UK 24 December Draft EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement Must accept immigrants from single market countries Must pay into EU budget. and abide by European Court of Justice rulings No Irish border controls eg: Norway, Iceland ● Free movement of goods, services, investments and people Customs union with the EU UK cannot make bilateral free trade deals with 3rd countries Excludes financial services No Irish border controls 2019 30 March Expiry of (original) two-year period to negotiate withdrawal agreement 31 December End of transition period (during which UK was still part of single market and customs. union) ⒸAFP May European Parliament 1 January Customs border between UK and EU Provisional entry into force of Trade and Cooperation Agreement con - 2021 Free trade in EU →no trade barriers when trading with EU member States → Europe is Britain's main trading partner Financial advantages outweigh membership fees → could loose influence both economically and politically → new trade agreements with EU partners are almost impossible, don't want other states to leave too bad for London's reputation as Europe's biggest financial center Elena K. J2 → international banks might leave London, due to unpredictable consequences of Brexit Membership in the EU allows EU-citizens to move freely to GB and work there, and vice versa → Hundreds of British expats living in Spain and France might not have easy access to health services there anymore. jobs in international companies might be moved and millions of British workers could lose their jobs The US prefer the UK to remain a strong member of Europe economically, politically and militarily GB would lose influence and be an outsider in Europe → fewer friends and very little chance of rejoining the EU. In a globalized world isolationism is simply not possible 17 October Revised draft withdrawal agreement between EU and UK →Global challenges such as climate change affect all countries, and as an EU member, Britain has much more influence than as a middle-ranking country on the fringes → there are plenty of international treaties and laws GB is already subject to → In this age of globalization, economies and societies are becoming so interconnected and interdependent that the idea that GB could be completely autonomous and regain the "splendid isolation" it enjoyed when it still had its Empire, sounds phony 1 May Entry into force of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement 2 Englisch LK GLOBALIZATION general information: Globalization is the word used to describe the growing interdependence of the world's economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information → "global village" (Marshall McLuhan) 3 historical periods of globalization 1. Exploration (until 1500) Founding and forming villages, cities and infrastructure (Spain, Columbus...) 2. Colonization (1500-1900) Development of writing and printing technologies (Gutenberg printing press etc.) Industrial Revolution (1750-1830) Advances in communications (telephone, telegraph) 3. Internationalization (1900-present) International trade and organizations (WTO, IMF, World Bank, UN) Technology and global media (satellite, computers, Internet, WWW) - Information revolution (personalization of communications = social media...) - pro - Views on Globalization have changed → more "reverse globalization" not as much profit anymore, bad for environment → more support locally (country + people) outsourcing: a situation in which a company employs another organization to do some of its work, rather than using its own employees to do it (e. g. in India or other developing countries → cheaper) makes trade easier worldwide → cooperation through partnerships and trade agreements →new potential markets and costumers → better access to products diffusion of new ideas, technologies, products, services + lifestyles → ability to get to know new/ other cultures, broaden horizons (e.g. food) increase of communication → people (social media etc.) → countries (global information network and exchange) international standards (increase of coherence) → politics, economy, society + employment → better working conditions, human rights... (countries can help each other) rising competition → can lead to new inventions etc. →no monopoly, regulated prices Future tasks and requirements/conclusion(?): thinking locally and globally developing intercultural competencies - future-orientation → sustainability con Elena K. J2 rising competition → conflicts between countries etc. increasing (inter-)dependance → countries can't support the population on their own (leverage in internat. conflicts) → ("Ever Given" Suez Canal, Russian gas, stock market) loss of culture, western society could take over → people now depend on "new" work because their traditional income was destroyed widening social gap/ growing inequality → buyers vs. producers → exploitation of developing countries (Bangladesh, Africa) → power imbalances (political) → concentration of international companies bad for the environment → shipment of goods (plane, ship, trucks) → deforestation of rainforests 3 CHINA SWEATSHOP #673924 Englisch LK Fast Fashion general information: 1980s: 12 Items per year, nowadays: 68 new pieces a year Success of fast fashion due to production of cheap "designer clothes" → luxury without paying the price Fast fashion industry is growing Quick response manufacturing →very fast way to get trendy clothes. - - pro Very affordable clothing →low production costs → everyone can buy their clothes →quick and large profits → higher sales in the industry. Customer satisfaction → catering to current trends → mimicking runway/ trendy clothing very fast Ability to have trendy clothes without the price Good for students etc. that can't afford the more expensive brands if everyone bought one used item instead of a new one (half a million cars a year less) BATHROOM HOBBY LOBBY OPERATES BY CHRISTIAN VALUES EXIT -5 Conclusion: We should be more sustainable! What can we do to be more sustainable? wearing our clothes longer by wearing clothes 9 months longer →30% reduction of carbon footprint for that item would reduce emissions by 6 pounds PS OPERUES STIAN NICK ANDERSON HOT CHRONICLE THOSE COLORS! THEY'RE JUST TO DIE FOR!! con MWUERKER Copyright by Matt Wuerker bad working conditions → child labor (can get poisoned by dye) low wages → exploitation of workers, → dangerous workplaces (Bangladesh) buildings collapse bad for the environment → produces greenhouse gases →fabrics need a lot of water → oil is used for artificial fabrics. toxic chemicals are dumped in rivers →wasteful production (viscose 70% of wood wasted) donating clothes doesn't really work → too many clothes are donated → many clothes can't be worn anymore. → clothes end up in landfills in developing countries → 87% are burnt or dumped in landfills Greenwashing → products are made more sustainable/ "greener" than they really are → just small parts are made from sustainable material (false advertising) Elena K. J2 BANGLADESH GARMENTE UNLIMITERY SCHOOL AVOID BURDENSOME GOVERNMENT REGULATION!! MOVE YOUR COMPANY TO... Nicho BANGLADESH THIS WEEK'S FACTORY DEATH TOLL 433 AND COUNTING 4 Englisch LK MODERN MEDIA general information: Social media is a collective of online communication channels where communities interact, share content and collaborate. Websites and apps dedicated to social networking, microblogging, forums, social bookmarking, wikis and social curation are examples of some types of social media. pro Social media spreads information faster than any other media → reaches parts of society that e.g. news outlets can't reach o Law enforcement uses social media to catch and prosecute criminals → promotes security. → criminals can be caught before the actual crime Social media allows people to improve their relationships and make new friends → ability to find people with the same interests (easier than in real life) →good option for shy people, no face-to-face conversations Being a part of a social media site can increase a person's quality of life and reduce the risk of health problems → people can express themselves fully (LGBTQ+ Community etc.) → new ideas, other perspectives, acceptance(?) Social media sites empower individuals to make social change and do social good on a community level →war in Ukraine: a lot of social media fundraisers/ donations/ attention + protest →US elections NEWSI AGREE BLM movement (profile pics) → Fridays for future WITH... Osigne Wilkinson. All rights reserved. I JUST DON'T UNDERSTAND YOU!!! NEWS I AGREE WITH O B 8884 con 73212 WIKINSON Social media enables the spread of unreliable and false information. → fake news and deep fakes → fake news spread way faster than real news → the algorithm "supports" extremist views → people don't read newspapers anymore (social media is easier + free) Social media lacks privacy and exposes users to government and corporate intrusions → browser history, Alexa, Siri, etc. Social media can lead to stress and offline relationship problems The use of social media is correlated with personality and brain disorders → eating disorders (edited pictures and filters) →likes followers (comparability) →loss of self-worth Elena K. J2 Social media facilitates cyberbullying → people aren't afraid of consequences when they are anonymous (fake ID's/ names) → discrimination facebook HATE MISINFORMATION CONSPIRACY THEORIES VIOLENCE POLARIZATION CNick Anderson. All rights reserved. NiCHANDERSON 10.5.21 TRIBUNE CONTENT AGENCY 5