5 10 15 20 25 30 35 ma Part 1: Reading Comprehension According to a recent large-scale survey from the health care provider Cigna, most Americans suffer from strong feelings of loneliness and a lack of significance in their relationships. Nearly Care - Lorry half say they sometimes or always feel alone or "left out". Thirteen percent of Americans say that zero people know them well. The survey, which charts social isolation using a common measure known as the U.C.L.A. Loneliness Scale, shows that loneliness is worse in each aufeinordu folgend successive generation. →school 315 This problem is at the heart of the new book Them: Why We Hate Each Other - and How mont to Heal, by Senator Ben Sasse, Republican of Nebraska, Mr. Sasse argues that "loneliness is →→Carry was killing us," citing, among other things, the skyrocketing rates of suicide and overdose deaths in really bo America. [...] Mr. Sasse's assertion that loneliness is killing us takes on even darker significance in the wake of the mail-bomb campaign against critics of President Trump and the massacre at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, both of which were perpetrated by isolated - and apparently very lonely - men. Mr. Sasse's book was published before these events, but he presciently described what he believes lonely people increasingly do to fill the hole...
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of belonging in their lives: They turn to angry politics. In the "siloed", or isolated, worlds of cable television, ideological punditry, campus politics and social media, people find a sense of community in the polarized tribes forming on the left and the right in America. Essentially, people locate their sense of "us" through the contempt peddled about "them" on the other side of the political spectrum. Cherry Bn't adison afsammeln There is profit to be made here. The "outrage industrial complex" is what I call the industries that accumulate wealth and power by providing this simulacrum of community that people crave - but cannot seem to find in real life. Why are we becoming so lonely? One reason is the changing nature of work. Work is one of the key sources of friendship and community. Think of your own relationships; surely many of your closest friendships - perhaps even your relationship with your spouse - started in the workplace. Yet the reality of the workplace is rapidly attenuating, as people hop from job to job, -any appl and from city to city, as steady work becomes harder to find and the "gig" economy grows. Mr. Sasse worries even more, however, about a pervasive feeling of homelessness: Too many Americans don't have a place they think of as home - a "thick" community in which people know and look out for one another and invest in relationships that are not transient. To adopt a phrase coined in Sports Illustrated, one might say we increasingly lack that "hometown gym on a Friday night feeling". Mr. Sasse finds this phrase irresistible and warmly relates it to his own life growing up in Fremont, Nebraska, a town of 26,000 residents. He describes the high school sports events on Friday nights that drew the townspeople together in a common love for their neighbors and community that made most differences especially political differences seem trivial. He 1-3 d hay hav home caldr moved 3 A 40 that's what Lary des 45 50 55 60 Vorliebe relates with deep fondness the feelings he experienced, after moving away for a couple of decades for school and work, when he returned to Fremont's small-town life with his family, and the deep sense of belonging it created. In what might be called "the social capital of death", Mr. Sasse charmingly describes the sense of being rooted that it gives him, at a robust and healthy 46, to own a burial plot for himself in Fremont's local cemetery. A précis of Mr. Sasse's recommendations to America thus might be this: Go where you get that hometown-gym-on-a- Fridaynight feeling, put down roots and make plans to fertilize the soil. That can be a tricky proposition for many of us. On reading the book, I asked myself where I might get that hometown-gym feeling, where I have natural roots, where I can imagine being buried. No specific place came to mind. I have no Fremont not even Seattle, my hometown, which is a perfectly nice place, but one I unsentimentally left behind 35 years ago. All this is particularly germane to my wife and me at the moment, as we prepare to move from Maryland to Massachusetts in the coming months. We fear the loneliness we are sure to feel as we enter a completely new place where neither of us grew up or has ever lived. Is a thick community and the happiness it brings out of reach for rootless cosmopolitans like us? Q I recently put these questions to Mr. Sasse. He told me I had it all wrong - that moving back home and going to the gym on Friday aren't actually the point; rather, the trick is "learning how to intentionally invest in the places where we actually live" In other words, being a member of a community isn't about whether I have a Fremont. It isn't about how I feel about any place I Loy's Po have lived, nor about my fear of isolation in a new city. It is about the neighbor I choose to be in neighbor of the community I wind up calling my home. trackepbed And there lies the challenge to each of us in a country suffering from loneliness and ripped apart by political opportunists seeking to capitalize on that isolation. Each of us can be happier, and America will start to heal, when we become the kind neighbors and generous friends we wish we had. 903 words Arthur C. Brooks. "How Loneliness is Tearing America Apart." The New York Times, Nov. 23, 2018, slightly adapted, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/23/opinion/loneliness-politicalpolarization.html. From The New York Times. © 2018 The New York Times Company. All rights reserved. Used under license Annotations line 14: presciently: prophetically line 16: punditry: (here) experts (from: pundit) line 18: to peddle: to deal out, to spread line 30: transient: temporary, short-lived line 41: précis: short version line 48: germane: relevant 2-3 bub as adul he doesn't fol "part in anything Instructions: . ♦ Tick the correct answer or answers as indicated. Provide a quotation from the text to support each correct answer: the line number(s) plus the first three and the last three words of the quotation. If the quotation is six words or shorter, write it down in full. 1. Tick the two correct statements. In his book, Mr. Sasse proposes that ... loneliness leads to self-destruction. LI extremism leads to loneliness. hate leads to isolation. isolation leads to fury. fear leads to violence. quote for 1st correct statement: line(s) 8-9: * Mr. Sasse argues... quote for 2nd correct statement: line(s) 14-15: • what he believes .... to angry politics." 2. Tick the correct answer. costly. fake. and overdose deaths in America. line(s) 21-22 ** The author characterizes the sense of belonging propagated by certain commercial platforms as being... destructive. addictive. by providing this... M In real life" 2/2 0/1 3-3 3. Tick the correct statement. Mr. Sasse's recipe for finding a sense of belonging is to ... become a member of a sports club. be brave and face your own death. return to where you grew up. settle down for good. line(s) 42-43 "Go where you 4. Tick the correct statement. In conclusion, Mr. Sasse says that home is where you feel ... committed. ☐protected. Laccepted. Lloved. line(s) 53-54 : 4 fertilize the soil the frick is... Le actually live. Part 2: Analysis __O/1 스/1 content: 9,5/10 language: 3.S/15 Briefly outline the results of the Cigna-survey and Mr. Sasse's findings and analyze to what extent they can be applied to Larry Ott from Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter. 4-3 English Exan Na 2 Part 2: Analysis. 12-1 The Cigna-Survey and the findings of Alr. Sasse which ere based or are both related to the topic of societ ambiquity of belonging wants to can solation and what the feeling of coneliness does to many people st Parging with the feeling of being isolated from a community apparently very common in the United States (US) So does Larry Dtf, main character in Tom Franklin's novel "Crooked Letter, Clarosked butter. In the following One & will analyzed in the to what extend the results of the survey and Mr. Sasse's statements be applied to the character of Lorry OH. In the first paragraph of the article which was published On November 23th 2018 in the New York Times, the Cigna L survey's Pri results state that most people in the US feel (Cos) lonely and rearly half of the polled people stated that "they sometimes or always feel alone or left ab. " (1.5) Lary Off mother is a good representation of this these statements as he can't receive his fathter's appreciation, and to whom the Larry looks up to: as em Additionally, as he gets gets bullied and left out in his school. tary is off in the novel, Larry is alone most of the time and his attempts to get included albays fail, eg. when he tries to get acknowledged by some white boys in his predominently black school by calling black girl st/2shg 1 brist R GS a #nearby "morking lips". And since harry gets excluded (of he doesn't have the opportunity to introduce him- self to others or let other people get to how him, which also matches the second statement from the survey that says NU Z P st L R ر لے L R 18% of the people who took part in the poll art ore have the conviction that no one knows them wells the Furthermore, Mr. Sasse, argues that "Coneliness is killing us!", which also fits into the picture of Lorry Off which Tom Franklin depicts in the novel's storyline. In the first chapter, Larry, who is an adult already the time the story bales place; gets threatened by an intruder with a gun. When the latter arms gun towards Lorry, he closes. his eyes and is ready to die, since he can't find a reason to keep on Living. He isn't suicidal or bries to kill himself, but he still seems to be so depressed that he accepts his death and guisat doesn't try to fight for his life. One could that Larry doesn't dre physically, but. So argue psycologically he already ended his lifen the Additionally, to that, teary in the casts the paragraphs. of the article, Mr. Sasse balks about that becoming a part of the community to can be done by being committed to being the neighbor you want to have. This kind of behav you can also be spothed in Larry Of as a child, as he lets a boy named Silas, who lives nearby in a babin borrow his father's guri to hunt for food. Silas i was in the med f in a poor situation and so is harry helping him, just like he would've wanted to recisive some support from others. So ne can say thod Kerry Of from "Crooked Letter, Crodud Letter" matches some of the me mentioned aspects that have to Срж от роде * on per Even though many some aspecto all of the mentioned aspects from the article bit Larry's p sonality. One has to argue again that not all statements can be applied to the main character in Mr. Franklin's novel. 2 Firstly. One has to mention that not like the article staks, Larry isn't a political person at all and doesn't by seek for social inclusion in "polarized tribes" 11.17), Similarly L that, Larry also doesn't seem to develop any emotions that - are connected to anger; fery or madness. He always kar stays alone and doesn't try to participate in other communities, after being rejected by some. Also, he is always gentle and calm towards his chickens which he keeps One noticed there would be any anger inside of him, Do the reader would expect him to be harsh or even viste boards the chickens but he 50%. in his garden. If > Z Besides that, the article abastates that the feeling of loneliness is offer a result of the roday's work Station, Cos since many people "hop from jak to job ( 26). Larry's vorkplace is in his father's car garage and he has be working there Borgo for since he started to the started to sinet for "many years. Even though - he 65 no one ever comes to the spop L keeps the schiplace. Korry has the chance to switch jobs but he refuses to do so which lets the come to proves that this aspect from the article can't be applied 2 harry off. In the following paragraph, the aor writer of the article stades thr Sasse's thought that another main problem of the feeling of Coreliness many people in the US suffer GM is realled those to do due to the condition that "many Americans don't have a place they think of as home" ((.29). Karry Of on the otheir hand, does have a place he considers a "home". The house he grew up in in Chabor, Mississippi, is very old apart from the rest of the # #iff county ? and rural. It doesn't have anything that could keep someone from 3 ид R L du 근 L e to St R L has moving away, except for the emotional bonds which Lorry developed over the years of growing up and Living there. In chapter six of the novel, the reader p experiences. that back in thaime Larry's father Carl Mowned a lot of Land around the house which harry cold. That brings. up the assupplimption that Loury has to have some money the sall of the coupt land, which he could be used to from move away and stay over s somewhere else which he didn't do. The last statement in the article, that have to + you baler part in a community on your own, can't the aplied. 40 pñ Larry oth from " Chrooked Letter, Chooked Letter too, since he doesn't do anything - to improve his Lad mage in the community of Chapot. Even though Das An at mentioned earlier that harry stied to be a good neighbor earlier as an adult he doesn't have apody around him and also obesnill try to mater get in touch with other people from Cheitst In conclusion one can say that Lary does 66 into the findings for the Cigna - survey and the Mrs. Sasse, bub there are some aspects mentioned in the artich,. which don'y bit into the that is persont is portrayed in the character of Larry Off. While he fits all of the findings of the survey the off guments from Mr. Sasse can't be applied to Larry Oth. some espectar f 4 * As a last point from the text which fits to Larry Ok, One wants to mention the argument from Mr. Sassey that the feeling of Coneliness and social exclusion.con be covered by getting back to the place On comes. Grom, as Mr. Sasse bells from his own experience. Larry Of lives in his kom house where he grem op and seems to have strong enotiorial ponds to it since it's very old and tragile and "ddbeck!! Bub bei returning home after work or living there seems to be something care of loves, which can be the recognized fact that he loves to cake for his chicluns he keeps, &x for which he even build a cage with wheels, so the chickers get spot of grass every few days. a new