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Science and technology

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Robotics
most of them manufacturing -> repetitive jobs
- exploration ->
- microsurgery -> helping surgeons perform precise operatio

Science and technology

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Roxane

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English Robotics most of them manufacturing -> repetitive jobs - exploration -> - microsurgery -> helping surgeons perform precise operations - dangerous jobs humans can't do or helping humans (eldercare) - military (mine sweepers, aerial vehicles etc.) - nanorobotics -> robots can be used to travel through a patients blood - 3 laws of robotics: don't harm a human follow instructions protect themselves without violating the other rules - danger: should not replace loved ones/people you lost Self-driving cars Pro • more security ● ● places where humans can't get to (Mars, deep sea etc.) ● ● ● benefiting some companies multitasking while being in the car easier to find places science + technology Con • loss of privacy companies aiming to sell you products based on your data details about you are being tracked (and selled) ● Artificial Intelligence = science of getting machines to mimic humans (fields: healthcare, robotics, marketing -> exact search results, cookies) • machine learning:subset of Al that focuses on getting machines to make decisions by feeding them data ● deep learning: subset of machine learning that uses the concept of neutral networks to solve complex problems Pro • less errors/correcting them • helping those in need doing jobs humans cant/dont want to do • accurate + rational decisions • more efficient * artificial narrow intelligence (weak Al): only specific fields -> face verification * artificial general intelligence (strong Al): any task that a human can do * artificial super...

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intelligence: capability of computers will surpass humans Used nowadays: - medical diagnosis (Al doctor) -Analyse legal documents - self driving cars -> we have to be proactive about regulations instead of reactive Con ● less jobs high costs -> more unemployment makes people lazy + dependent on them • lack of creativity • no emotions Surveillance Pro ● ● prevention of crimes (e.g. recognize crimes) gather information/evidence ● keep people safe does not pose a physical threat Organ donation Pro • could save lives knowing you will help someone ● Words: surveillance, monitor, to track, database, finger print, voice scan, location, dystopia Con • government/hacker using it to gain power abuse of information/data people feel under pressure -> don't be themselves invasion of privacy ● ● innocent people placed on watch lists • not as effective-> other ways for criminals Con people want to be buried with their organs/not cut open • risks patients acceptance Genetics = branch of science which deals with hereditary and variation of organisms • stem cells can develop into any kind of cell (in embryo: pluripotent, in adults less versatile) cloning (therapeutic: destroying embryo, reproductive cloning: embryo transplanted in womb) Benefit: less diseases, concern: too dangerous Gene testing eugenics: selection of desired heritable charakteristics in order to improve future generations • genetic screening: blood test reveals whether someone carries genes for major diseases in percent (Pro: releaf, security Con: afraid of it the whole life) designer babies: PGD = preimplantation genetic diagnosis Purposes: gender selection, screen diseases, select physical traits -> Pro: lifespan increases, stop diseases, parents can decide, less abortions Worries: who say what's the better trait, rich using it to gain power, cash business -> Con: not 100% secure, people play god, makes people with diseases feel unwanted, could cause identity crisis gene manipulated food: Pro: more food, quicker, herbicide resistant, different temperatures Con: allergies, destroying diversity of nature, toxins in groundwater, long-term effects Words: determine, nutrition, versatile, extinct, endangered, malnutrition Environment what are we doing: greenhouse effect, pollution, fossil fuels, deforestation, floods, droughts, extinction, exploitation waste, loss biodiversity (poaching), water scarcity, extreme weather patterns overfishing -> causes: increase of people, improved living conditions, lack of regulations, consumer goods, tourism energy greenhouse effect: we produce way too much greenhouse gases (burning fossil fuels, C02) which absorbe the emission ● ● ● which causes global warming (acts like blanket) -> polar ice melting, even less heat reflected into space -> vicious circle (ozone layer shields earths surface) ● carbon footprint: total emissions caused by your lifestyle - ways to reduce it: minimize travel, waste, heating, becoming more sustainable, regional food • microplastic: = very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment (can't be seen with the naked eye) - scientists monitor our lakes and rivers + want to drastically reduce flow of plastic - shed by synthetic clothing, vehicle tyres, fibers toothpaste - found in waters + fields - harms marine life - exact danger for human not sure yet but probably not good + consume it everyday via food and water - barely distinguishable from grains of sand climate change deniers. - rise in temperature is not man-made (always been rising) - only used as argument by climate activists - Fake news - doubt statistics - often influence of lobbies (fossil fuels, high-emission industries etc.)

Englisch /

Science and technology

R

Roxane  

Follow

4 Followers

 English
Robotics
most of them manufacturing -> repetitive jobs
- exploration ->
- microsurgery -> helping surgeons perform precise operatio

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Englisch : science and technology

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English Robotics most of them manufacturing -> repetitive jobs - exploration -> - microsurgery -> helping surgeons perform precise operations - dangerous jobs humans can't do or helping humans (eldercare) - military (mine sweepers, aerial vehicles etc.) - nanorobotics -> robots can be used to travel through a patients blood - 3 laws of robotics: don't harm a human follow instructions protect themselves without violating the other rules - danger: should not replace loved ones/people you lost Self-driving cars Pro • more security ● ● places where humans can't get to (Mars, deep sea etc.) ● ● ● benefiting some companies multitasking while being in the car easier to find places science + technology Con • loss of privacy companies aiming to sell you products based on your data details about you are being tracked (and selled) ● Artificial Intelligence = science of getting machines to mimic humans (fields: healthcare, robotics, marketing -> exact search results, cookies) • machine learning:subset of Al that focuses on getting machines to make decisions by feeding them data ● deep learning: subset of machine learning that uses the concept of neutral networks to solve complex problems Pro • less errors/correcting them • helping those in need doing jobs humans cant/dont want to do • accurate + rational decisions • more efficient * artificial narrow intelligence (weak Al): only specific fields -> face verification * artificial general intelligence (strong Al): any task that a human can do * artificial super...

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Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

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Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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intelligence: capability of computers will surpass humans Used nowadays: - medical diagnosis (Al doctor) -Analyse legal documents - self driving cars -> we have to be proactive about regulations instead of reactive Con ● less jobs high costs -> more unemployment makes people lazy + dependent on them • lack of creativity • no emotions Surveillance Pro ● ● prevention of crimes (e.g. recognize crimes) gather information/evidence ● keep people safe does not pose a physical threat Organ donation Pro • could save lives knowing you will help someone ● Words: surveillance, monitor, to track, database, finger print, voice scan, location, dystopia Con • government/hacker using it to gain power abuse of information/data people feel under pressure -> don't be themselves invasion of privacy ● ● innocent people placed on watch lists • not as effective-> other ways for criminals Con people want to be buried with their organs/not cut open • risks patients acceptance Genetics = branch of science which deals with hereditary and variation of organisms • stem cells can develop into any kind of cell (in embryo: pluripotent, in adults less versatile) cloning (therapeutic: destroying embryo, reproductive cloning: embryo transplanted in womb) Benefit: less diseases, concern: too dangerous Gene testing eugenics: selection of desired heritable charakteristics in order to improve future generations • genetic screening: blood test reveals whether someone carries genes for major diseases in percent (Pro: releaf, security Con: afraid of it the whole life) designer babies: PGD = preimplantation genetic diagnosis Purposes: gender selection, screen diseases, select physical traits -> Pro: lifespan increases, stop diseases, parents can decide, less abortions Worries: who say what's the better trait, rich using it to gain power, cash business -> Con: not 100% secure, people play god, makes people with diseases feel unwanted, could cause identity crisis gene manipulated food: Pro: more food, quicker, herbicide resistant, different temperatures Con: allergies, destroying diversity of nature, toxins in groundwater, long-term effects Words: determine, nutrition, versatile, extinct, endangered, malnutrition Environment what are we doing: greenhouse effect, pollution, fossil fuels, deforestation, floods, droughts, extinction, exploitation waste, loss biodiversity (poaching), water scarcity, extreme weather patterns overfishing -> causes: increase of people, improved living conditions, lack of regulations, consumer goods, tourism energy greenhouse effect: we produce way too much greenhouse gases (burning fossil fuels, C02) which absorbe the emission ● ● ● which causes global warming (acts like blanket) -> polar ice melting, even less heat reflected into space -> vicious circle (ozone layer shields earths surface) ● carbon footprint: total emissions caused by your lifestyle - ways to reduce it: minimize travel, waste, heating, becoming more sustainable, regional food • microplastic: = very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment (can't be seen with the naked eye) - scientists monitor our lakes and rivers + want to drastically reduce flow of plastic - shed by synthetic clothing, vehicle tyres, fibers toothpaste - found in waters + fields - harms marine life - exact danger for human not sure yet but probably not good + consume it everyday via food and water - barely distinguishable from grains of sand climate change deniers. - rise in temperature is not man-made (always been rising) - only used as argument by climate activists - Fake news - doubt statistics - often influence of lobbies (fossil fuels, high-emission industries etc.)