The American Dream Freedom and Justice-Myths and realities . The USA was- and still is-a country of unlimited opportunities, where people can work their way from rags to riches! It has attracted millions of both legal and illegal immigrants over the centuries, who noped to find a better life there without t kind of persecution or obstacles they had to face in their home countries." key concepts of the American Dream often overlap and are closely related! The first things immigrants saw of America Statue of liberty: located on Liberty Island given to the USA as a gift from France in 1886, to Celebrate the first 100 years of American independence from Britain Look a robed woman, holding a lit torch in her right and a tablet in her left hand, showing the date of the Declaration of independence (July 4, 1776) underneath her right foot the remains of broken Shackles can be seen symbolizing enlightenment, independence, liberty and freedom Emma Lazarus' poem 'The New Colossus' (1883) can be seen an a bronze plaque inside the statue Ellis Island: immigration station from 1892 to 1954 Here, most immigrants first set foot on American soil →→Some of them were detained there for legal or medical reasons or even sent back gateway to a new-better-life for the majority of immigrants The Mayflower September...
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1620:a group of 102 People left England for America. Farmers who feared for their lives in England are on their way to America, where they see their chance for a better life and religious freedom. Some of them leave their birth place for the first time. when they were on the ship, the sea state was difficult and it was cold. Many fell ill with fever and there was almost no hot food. The Ship was repaired on the open sea and the journey was survived by all passengers. Food was running low. They arrived on November 19, 1620. Natives showed them how to survive. They Spoke English! For the people it was God who helped them. Increased belief in God. Many became ill afterwards and half died. ↳Mayflower compact: the future cohabitation was regulated in it. first government document written by the Pilgrim Fathers (November 21st, 1620) before they left the ship Frame based on equal rights. People Committed themselves to an order the best for the common good -agreed on Constitution It is still considered the foundation of American democracy today. First document of the American self-government The New Canaan In the Bible Canaan was the land God promised to the Israelites. God ordered Moses to lead the people from captivity in Egypt to Canaan - "a land of milk and honey"! America sees itself in this tradition. The idea of America as the "New Canaan", the land of milk and honey, is closely linked to the idea of "manifest destiny" Manifest Destiny/The Frontier Term was coined by the American joumalist John L. O'Sullivan in 1839 Stands for the belief that America is the one nation Ordered by God to expand across the North American continent America is the nation of progress, of individual freedom, of universal enfranchisement." The American people have been chosen... ... to establish on earth the moral dignity and salvation of man - the immutable truth and beneficence of God.' -John L. O'Sullivan America=a country that is superior to all other countries Americans are the ones to establish moral rules and values across the globe American patriotism! The concept of 'Manifest Destiny' is closely linked to the concept of the frontier The frontier expansion of the American nation from coast to coast pushing the borderline between civilization and wilderness further and further back pacific coast was reached in the 2nd half of the 19th century After that they needed new challenges and frontiers Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness Declaration of independience: written in 1776 by Thomas Jefferson all American citizens are created equal possibility for every American to lead his/her life the way he/she wants to making his/her own personal dreams come true rights of the individual are stressed! 1776: the thirteen colonies declared their independence from England = war with England Questioned the rights of the British king, George III In the preamble to the American constitution was pointed out that the new American government was to be radically different from that of the British king. American constitution: written in 1787 new ideas of a democratic State Stated in the preamble of the constitution Bill of rights: first ten amendments to the American Constitution written because some delegates feared that the new American government would threaten everyone's ability to achieve personal freedom and the pursuit of happiness First Congress of the U.S. → twelve amendments in 1789, ten of which were added to the constitution as a preamble amendments=Bill of rights The American Dream today Keywords: Multicultural society a society where various ethnic groups and their cultural heritage are accepted in their own right Salad bowl →→→ the various ethnicities living in the United States adding their own traditions, Cultural values, etc. to the American people; the various heritages do not merge into one, but stay distinct l'unity in diversity') Melting pot →→→→The various ethnic groups do not retain their personal heritage but amalgamate into one new nation first appeared in 1782 'salad bowl' is now considered to be more political correct American Dream has come to be seen more critically >'It is an illusion', 'not everyone has access to all possibilities' Trump = 'zero tolerance policy With regard to the present economic situation in the U.S., it is often said that the American Dream has been Shattered for many people. This is connected to the economic crisis of 2008. Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben/Frederik William von Steuben was born on September 17, 1730. was a prussian officer. Introduced prussian order with authority in the American Army (farmers, trappers, Pathfinders) was important in helping America to victory and independence (Myth) wrote 'Blue Book. 'Steuben Parade' is held in New York every year. He lied about his career (fake uniform) What is the miracle about? They won the war. George Washington was the leader of the American army assassination of J.F.Kennedy → November 22nd america →→→→Land of unlimited opportunity, land full of miracles, land of immigration What is the American Dream about? A Building your own legacy A Finding your place in life A Getting money A'Life should be better, richer, fuller, opportunity for everybody according to their ability and achievement' A personal, individual dream [it varies for each and every american] Hard work A 'from rags to riches', 'from dishwasher to millionaire' A individual freedom A Hope leads you to an American Dream life A 'life, liberty, pursuit of happiness' A religious connotation, living in paradise = the promised land Questions on/about Security and privacy