Englisch /

Tortilla Curtain

Tortilla Curtain

 Lilly Ehrenberg
●
●
●
●
Cándidos Fate in the USA
unlucky events
robbed at the border, all his
savings gone
is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt,
c
 Lilly Ehrenberg
●
●
●
●
Cándidos Fate in the USA
unlucky events
robbed at the border, all his
savings gone
is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt,
c
 Lilly Ehrenberg
●
●
●
●
Cándidos Fate in the USA
unlucky events
robbed at the border, all his
savings gone
is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt,
c
 Lilly Ehrenberg
●
●
●
●
Cándidos Fate in the USA
unlucky events
robbed at the border, all his
savings gone
is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt,
c

Tortilla Curtain

L

Lilly Ehrenberg

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Lilly Ehrenberg ● ● ● ● Cándidos Fate in the USA unlucky events robbed at the border, all his savings gone is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt, couldn't work his wife is raped- manhood his child is sick, probably blind a man with green card takes his job Q1a robbed multiple times- never have savings not able to find good jobs sets the canyons on fire, while cooking physical abuses his wife racism of American, makes his life hard his daughter, Socorro, dies in the flood ● influence 02.05.20 no comfort; living in canyon- harder to start with nothing not able to work; América works instead his pride hurt, no selfconfidence, frustration pressure to have money to go to a doctor, América doesn´t want to stay in the USA illegal immigrants no chance; he has no motivation, money their situation never seems to get any better; no chance to rise no money, comfort, hygiene all savings gone; hate from Americans; Delenay hunts him loses her love and support; motivator gone doesn't get jobs, no support, fears deportation failed to have happy life; depression, his and América's light Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho Ethnic minorities in the USA -The Tortilla Curtain, América 29.04.2020 In the song America from the movie West Side Story Anita and Bernardo conduct a dialogue about the American Dream. While Anita sings in favor of the United States of America, Bernardo replies with criticisms. In the song the girls ideal of the American Dream is compared to the reality of the experiences from the boys. Anita highlights the...

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problems in Puerto Rico and opportunities of America. On the one hand they have bad living conditions, inequality, poverty and natural disasters in Puerto Rico. On the other hand, she praises the wealth, industry and the freedom of America. Her dream is to not only life with the basic needs but have a luxury life. When Bernardo mentions to go back to Puerto Rico, she tells him to leave but she will stay. In America she has the right to make her own decisions and have pride. Whereas Bernardo emphasizes the ethnic prejudices Americans have. Americans want the immigrants to stay on the West Side of Manhattan, in their district, to not bother them at all. He even advises Anita to get rid of her accent in order to succeed the American Dream. According to Bernardo, you can only reach a happy, successful life in America when you´re a white American. He does not see freedom as a matter of course, for it must be bought. Besides he stresses the many crimes, a lot of dirt and only badly paid jobs, like wipe tables. Bernardo experienced neither wealth nor real freedom in America therefore he wants to go back to Puerto Rico. Before América enters the USA, she has the same ideal American Dream as Anita: freedom, equality, opportunity and success. However, this changes quickly after they have crossed the border and they received the first setbacks. América´s experiences in the USA are almost identical to Bernardo´s. Instead of having wealth she lives outside in the canyon without water or electricity connection (cf. p. 234). Due to the lack of water it is not possible for her to wash herself regularly and later on the dirt in the camp is present as well. When Cándido is hit by a car and unable to work, América is forced to search for work alone (cf.p.26). Being an illegal immigrant makes the life in America even harder because you cannot clarify official things like a bank account, insurance or a doctor´s appointment. She even experiences the crimes on her own body when she is raped on the way back to the camp. No matter how hard América and Cándido try they only get badly paid jobs or cancellations. They can´t get a foothold (cf.p. 199). The gated communities and the behavior of many Americans show her that they are not welcome in the USA. The Americans want the immigrant to stay in their home countries and they even interfere to keep immigrants from succeeding. Her own pride is destroyed when she has to sleep in the dirt, is raped and has to beg. Cándido, her husband, even takes away her freedom when he makes her give in by force. After her American Dream turns out to be a nightmare América wants to return to her home country just as much as Bernardo does (cf. p.127). Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho 29.04.2020 In the novel "The Tortilla Curtain" América develops from a pregnant, naïve, 17 years old girl to an independent, resilient woman. América has the dream of a happy family life, in a nice house with a small garden. Her expectations are not excessive. As a housewife she is responsible for cooking and cleaning in the camp after crossing the border. Without doubt she accepts the gender roles and the balance of power in her marriage. Very naïve she believes Cándido´s promises for a life with personal happiness and material comfort in the US. She is emotionally devoted to Cándido without any other people she can trust. Her rich inner life and hopefulness make América the motivator in the relationship. When Càndido is injured by a car accident she leaves the camp, against her husbands will, to find a job. Ambitious to find a job, América does not give up. After five days she gets her first opportunity, cleaning Buddha statues for Jim Shirley. These little successes keep of her faith. But, after living without comfort in the nature for to long, her expectations on the American Dream decrease. Already a mattress and access to running water would be enough for her. She was often sexually harassed in the USA, including Jim Shirley. When she is raped by José Navidad and his friend on her way home, it left her traumatized and in pain. Instead of being emotionally support, Cándido blames her, that José took her virtue. Still in pain, she longs for her home in Mexico and her family. She would like the support of her mother and sister because she thinks that she has a sexual transmitted disease. The following days she is very apathetic even more comatose. The sexual violence has changed América permanently. Her positive, hopeful nature gets depressed and fearful. Cándido still feels hurt in his manhood and can ironically not forgive América for being raped. América accepts the physical abuse from her husband because she knows that he has to get rid of his frustration. She forgives him easily. Through the novel she talks to different female animals, like the coyote, and draws real strength from it by thinking about female solidarity. In a way she feels protected and stronger by identifying with the animals. Nevertheless, América could never return to her happy, hopeful nature. However, she had to overcome her trauma more quickly in order to be able to continue fighting for the American Dream or the survival. Shortly after this she gives birth to her daughter Socorro in a shed without medical support. Her daughter Socorro is a turning point in América´s life. She is courageous and more mature now. To protect her child, she confronts Cándido. América believes that Socorro could be blind but Cándido denies it rapidly. Ignoring his objections, she demands a bus ticket back to Mexico for her and her daughter. Her strong mother instincts outweigh her emotional dependence to Cándido. The flood and the consequent death of Socorro took away América´s hope. Her daughter makes her strong and willing to take her life in her own hands. No losing Socorro could make her depressed and apathetic again. At the end of the novel she is economically and emotionally independent from Cándido and her love for him seems to be completely destroyed. The cost of the American Dream is too high for América. She lost her daughter, her love to Cándido and on top never reached the happy, successful life she dreamed of. Which left her behind with nothing but herself as a strong woman. Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho 29.04.2020 Lilly Ehrenberg Candido and America O It is confusing because they are very similar. "Border" is most commonly used as the line that separates two countries. "Boundary" mostly commonly refers to a line that contains something. Often it is a line that should not be crossed. The boundary of a soccer field. Also personal boundaries - things someone doesn't want to do or talk about. O dangerous situation Borders and Boundaries overcome an obstacle- the tortilla curtain o keep away from ordered, regimented, white world O sign of hope for them O shows how not welcome Mexicans are O Candido and America O canyon wall seperates C. and A. from the white life oppress, imprison, exclude, heighten fear O wall exists between the Mexican and the white Hp Borders no conversations between them Cándido was taught to build a wall between himself and others -being a man America wants to work -against Cándido´s pride Delaney and Kyra Boundaries 21.04.2020 O keep things out as well as in O coyote must get over Mossbacher´s fence o protects from wild and untamed people o protects Kyra´s dream house O Mexican border protects from wild Mexicans wall Arroyo Blanco (gated community) O defend, protect, provide identification, establish a feeling of security Delaney and Kyra O wall exists between the Mexican and the white -conversations forced and filled with hate o protects Kyra´s dream life -the breach of her wall and privacy by José so frightening O not the liberal humanist Delaney wants to be O doesn't admit to be racism Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20 Contrasts between Cándido and Delaney/Kyra and América The Tortilla Curtain is a book by T.C. Boyle about two families living in the same community in the US but different backgrounds. The story takes place in Los Angeles, California. The wealthy couple Delaney and Kyra represents the white-middle-class, while Cándido and América represent the poor illegal immigrants from Mexico. On the one hand is Delaney who likes his job because it is allowing him to enjoy nature around the Topanga creek in Los Angeles. Delaney receives money from his parents while his wife Kyra has a great job as an estate agent. On the other hand, Candidó Rincon is living in poverty with his young wife, America, trying with many efforts to earn and save up money. The first contrast between the characters is at the beginning of the story when Cándido is accidentally hit by Delaney, whose first thought is about his car. The fact that Delaney cares more about his car than about an actual human represents his actual ideals and priorities. Despite he calls himself a liberal humanist, who fights for immigrants, Delaney just pays Cándido off with $20 instead of making sure he gets the medical attention he needs. While Delaney as an introvert likes hiking in the canyons in his freetime, Cándido has to go in the canyon to get to the labor exchange. Over the course off the book the canyons develop to a nightmare for the mexican couple. The American Dream is not one specific aim it´s differently for everyone. Some don't expect much, only the bare minimum, and others never seem to be satisfied. Delaney has reached the American Dream with his family, the house in a gated community and his job as a columnist but for himself an own child is still missing. Because all these other things never provide him happiness. On the contrary, Cándido, as an illegal immigrant, only wants to keep his promises towards Amèrica and take care of them in the US. Both men make many efforts towards achieving the life they dreamt off- a happy home, a good job and no financial worries. The different ideals of the American Dreams show the hope but also the problems that come within success. In addition to their different lifestyles in the same community they have other cultural and social backgrounds. That´s why they view and interpret the role of a women in the society differently. While Delaney does not seem to have any problem with Kyra being the chief bread winner and him staying at home as a houseman, Cándido feels ashamed when América decides to work, too. Delaney is emancipated and really modern whereas Cándido is a conservative, who still beliefs in the traditional gender roles. If she does not obey it is absolutely wright for him to use violence to put América in her place. By calling her his "little indian” he disrespects her and clarifies that her young age and gender makes her less worth. Besides Cándido is a religious catholic and is raised by his family and environment in Mexico. Although Mexican immigrant are very important for the American economy, Delaney wants a wall to shut them out. He even blames them for everything that goes wrong in his life right now. No matter whether Kyra´s dogs are killed by a coyote, the canyons are polluted or the criminal rate in the US. He expected himself to be liberal, modern and a support for the immigrants but already at the beginning of the book it becomes apparent, that he isn´t. He carries his views like a sign to show everyone but behind that sign his true beliefs are the opposite. Conversely Cándido seems indifferent in the Americans as long as they leave him alone with his goals. Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20 While Kyra and Delaney have an organized life with many habits and rituals, Amèrica and Cándido have to face every day differently. Besides is Delaney not the dominant partner in his relationship but he is independent whereas Cándido is the dominant partner but depends on work and money. Kyra, as opposed to the traditional wife, is the chief breadwinner of the family, independent and the dominant partner in the relationship with Delaney. América has the characteristics that are resonant to that of a traditional common housewife- maintain the household and to look after the baby. She is also rather submissive to her husband and depends on his money. The contrasts have also been caused by the different social and cultural backgrounds. While the 17 years old América was raised in a catholic village in Mexico, characterized by the traditional gender roles and few educational opportunities, Kyra lived in a white middle-class household with the ability to go to college and become an estate agent. Her social privileges made the fulfillment of the American Dream easier. Although Kyra has reached everything, she is still not content and wants more, like a bigger house. In comparison to América's modest dream, of a small, comfortable life, Kyras seems less important, superficial and materialistic. América lacks all the advantages that Kyra has- the social status, wealth, and even the citizenship. But América has one advantage over Kyra and that is her youth and beauty. Kyra is in her thirties and really youth oriented that's why she does a lot of sports, diets and is always perfectly dressed. In Los Angeles she wants to keep up with all the young beautiful girls. However, América is a young, beautiful girl, even one of the prettiest of her village in Mexico. Otherwise América develops positively through the novel and shows her temper against Cándido. Although she is naïve at the beginning, she faces many challenges in her new life in the US and the difficulties forces her to grow up fast, what makes her adaptable. She is mentally equal and does not demand to her husband even though she loves him. On the other hand Kyra is always pragmatic and has an unusual view on love, which clarifies that she does not love Delaney. Contrasting Kyra and América as well as Delaney and Cándido it is emphasized that the social and cultural background determine the probability to reach the American Dream. Even though the American Dream should be reached through hard work, in Cándidos and Américas case it was just no enough. To many circumstances blocked their way to happiness and wealth. Whereas Delaney and Kyra have archieved much they are never satisfied and life a lie, where they pretend to be somebody else. Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20

Englisch /

Tortilla Curtain

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Lilly Ehrenberg  

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 Lilly Ehrenberg
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Cándidos Fate in the USA
unlucky events
robbed at the border, all his
savings gone
is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt,
c

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Lilly Ehrenberg ● ● ● ● Cándidos Fate in the USA unlucky events robbed at the border, all his savings gone is hit by Delenay´s car, hurt, couldn't work his wife is raped- manhood his child is sick, probably blind a man with green card takes his job Q1a robbed multiple times- never have savings not able to find good jobs sets the canyons on fire, while cooking physical abuses his wife racism of American, makes his life hard his daughter, Socorro, dies in the flood ● influence 02.05.20 no comfort; living in canyon- harder to start with nothing not able to work; América works instead his pride hurt, no selfconfidence, frustration pressure to have money to go to a doctor, América doesn´t want to stay in the USA illegal immigrants no chance; he has no motivation, money their situation never seems to get any better; no chance to rise no money, comfort, hygiene all savings gone; hate from Americans; Delenay hunts him loses her love and support; motivator gone doesn't get jobs, no support, fears deportation failed to have happy life; depression, his and América's light Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho Ethnic minorities in the USA -The Tortilla Curtain, América 29.04.2020 In the song America from the movie West Side Story Anita and Bernardo conduct a dialogue about the American Dream. While Anita sings in favor of the United States of America, Bernardo replies with criticisms. In the song the girls ideal of the American Dream is compared to the reality of the experiences from the boys. Anita highlights the...

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problems in Puerto Rico and opportunities of America. On the one hand they have bad living conditions, inequality, poverty and natural disasters in Puerto Rico. On the other hand, she praises the wealth, industry and the freedom of America. Her dream is to not only life with the basic needs but have a luxury life. When Bernardo mentions to go back to Puerto Rico, she tells him to leave but she will stay. In America she has the right to make her own decisions and have pride. Whereas Bernardo emphasizes the ethnic prejudices Americans have. Americans want the immigrants to stay on the West Side of Manhattan, in their district, to not bother them at all. He even advises Anita to get rid of her accent in order to succeed the American Dream. According to Bernardo, you can only reach a happy, successful life in America when you´re a white American. He does not see freedom as a matter of course, for it must be bought. Besides he stresses the many crimes, a lot of dirt and only badly paid jobs, like wipe tables. Bernardo experienced neither wealth nor real freedom in America therefore he wants to go back to Puerto Rico. Before América enters the USA, she has the same ideal American Dream as Anita: freedom, equality, opportunity and success. However, this changes quickly after they have crossed the border and they received the first setbacks. América´s experiences in the USA are almost identical to Bernardo´s. Instead of having wealth she lives outside in the canyon without water or electricity connection (cf. p. 234). Due to the lack of water it is not possible for her to wash herself regularly and later on the dirt in the camp is present as well. When Cándido is hit by a car and unable to work, América is forced to search for work alone (cf.p.26). Being an illegal immigrant makes the life in America even harder because you cannot clarify official things like a bank account, insurance or a doctor´s appointment. She even experiences the crimes on her own body when she is raped on the way back to the camp. No matter how hard América and Cándido try they only get badly paid jobs or cancellations. They can´t get a foothold (cf.p. 199). The gated communities and the behavior of many Americans show her that they are not welcome in the USA. The Americans want the immigrant to stay in their home countries and they even interfere to keep immigrants from succeeding. Her own pride is destroyed when she has to sleep in the dirt, is raped and has to beg. Cándido, her husband, even takes away her freedom when he makes her give in by force. After her American Dream turns out to be a nightmare América wants to return to her home country just as much as Bernardo does (cf. p.127). Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho 29.04.2020 In the novel "The Tortilla Curtain" América develops from a pregnant, naïve, 17 years old girl to an independent, resilient woman. América has the dream of a happy family life, in a nice house with a small garden. Her expectations are not excessive. As a housewife she is responsible for cooking and cleaning in the camp after crossing the border. Without doubt she accepts the gender roles and the balance of power in her marriage. Very naïve she believes Cándido´s promises for a life with personal happiness and material comfort in the US. She is emotionally devoted to Cándido without any other people she can trust. Her rich inner life and hopefulness make América the motivator in the relationship. When Càndido is injured by a car accident she leaves the camp, against her husbands will, to find a job. Ambitious to find a job, América does not give up. After five days she gets her first opportunity, cleaning Buddha statues for Jim Shirley. These little successes keep of her faith. But, after living without comfort in the nature for to long, her expectations on the American Dream decrease. Already a mattress and access to running water would be enough for her. She was often sexually harassed in the USA, including Jim Shirley. When she is raped by José Navidad and his friend on her way home, it left her traumatized and in pain. Instead of being emotionally support, Cándido blames her, that José took her virtue. Still in pain, she longs for her home in Mexico and her family. She would like the support of her mother and sister because she thinks that she has a sexual transmitted disease. The following days she is very apathetic even more comatose. The sexual violence has changed América permanently. Her positive, hopeful nature gets depressed and fearful. Cándido still feels hurt in his manhood and can ironically not forgive América for being raped. América accepts the physical abuse from her husband because she knows that he has to get rid of his frustration. She forgives him easily. Through the novel she talks to different female animals, like the coyote, and draws real strength from it by thinking about female solidarity. In a way she feels protected and stronger by identifying with the animals. Nevertheless, América could never return to her happy, hopeful nature. However, she had to overcome her trauma more quickly in order to be able to continue fighting for the American Dream or the survival. Shortly after this she gives birth to her daughter Socorro in a shed without medical support. Her daughter Socorro is a turning point in América´s life. She is courageous and more mature now. To protect her child, she confronts Cándido. América believes that Socorro could be blind but Cándido denies it rapidly. Ignoring his objections, she demands a bus ticket back to Mexico for her and her daughter. Her strong mother instincts outweigh her emotional dependence to Cándido. The flood and the consequent death of Socorro took away América´s hope. Her daughter makes her strong and willing to take her life in her own hands. No losing Socorro could make her depressed and apathetic again. At the end of the novel she is economically and emotionally independent from Cándido and her love for him seems to be completely destroyed. The cost of the American Dream is too high for América. She lost her daughter, her love to Cándido and on top never reached the happy, successful life she dreamed of. Which left her behind with nothing but herself as a strong woman. Lilly Ehrenberg Q1a/ho 29.04.2020 Lilly Ehrenberg Candido and America O It is confusing because they are very similar. "Border" is most commonly used as the line that separates two countries. "Boundary" mostly commonly refers to a line that contains something. Often it is a line that should not be crossed. The boundary of a soccer field. Also personal boundaries - things someone doesn't want to do or talk about. O dangerous situation Borders and Boundaries overcome an obstacle- the tortilla curtain o keep away from ordered, regimented, white world O sign of hope for them O shows how not welcome Mexicans are O Candido and America O canyon wall seperates C. and A. from the white life oppress, imprison, exclude, heighten fear O wall exists between the Mexican and the white Hp Borders no conversations between them Cándido was taught to build a wall between himself and others -being a man America wants to work -against Cándido´s pride Delaney and Kyra Boundaries 21.04.2020 O keep things out as well as in O coyote must get over Mossbacher´s fence o protects from wild and untamed people o protects Kyra´s dream house O Mexican border protects from wild Mexicans wall Arroyo Blanco (gated community) O defend, protect, provide identification, establish a feeling of security Delaney and Kyra O wall exists between the Mexican and the white -conversations forced and filled with hate o protects Kyra´s dream life -the breach of her wall and privacy by José so frightening O not the liberal humanist Delaney wants to be O doesn't admit to be racism Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20 Contrasts between Cándido and Delaney/Kyra and América The Tortilla Curtain is a book by T.C. Boyle about two families living in the same community in the US but different backgrounds. The story takes place in Los Angeles, California. The wealthy couple Delaney and Kyra represents the white-middle-class, while Cándido and América represent the poor illegal immigrants from Mexico. On the one hand is Delaney who likes his job because it is allowing him to enjoy nature around the Topanga creek in Los Angeles. Delaney receives money from his parents while his wife Kyra has a great job as an estate agent. On the other hand, Candidó Rincon is living in poverty with his young wife, America, trying with many efforts to earn and save up money. The first contrast between the characters is at the beginning of the story when Cándido is accidentally hit by Delaney, whose first thought is about his car. The fact that Delaney cares more about his car than about an actual human represents his actual ideals and priorities. Despite he calls himself a liberal humanist, who fights for immigrants, Delaney just pays Cándido off with $20 instead of making sure he gets the medical attention he needs. While Delaney as an introvert likes hiking in the canyons in his freetime, Cándido has to go in the canyon to get to the labor exchange. Over the course off the book the canyons develop to a nightmare for the mexican couple. The American Dream is not one specific aim it´s differently for everyone. Some don't expect much, only the bare minimum, and others never seem to be satisfied. Delaney has reached the American Dream with his family, the house in a gated community and his job as a columnist but for himself an own child is still missing. Because all these other things never provide him happiness. On the contrary, Cándido, as an illegal immigrant, only wants to keep his promises towards Amèrica and take care of them in the US. Both men make many efforts towards achieving the life they dreamt off- a happy home, a good job and no financial worries. The different ideals of the American Dreams show the hope but also the problems that come within success. In addition to their different lifestyles in the same community they have other cultural and social backgrounds. That´s why they view and interpret the role of a women in the society differently. While Delaney does not seem to have any problem with Kyra being the chief bread winner and him staying at home as a houseman, Cándido feels ashamed when América decides to work, too. Delaney is emancipated and really modern whereas Cándido is a conservative, who still beliefs in the traditional gender roles. If she does not obey it is absolutely wright for him to use violence to put América in her place. By calling her his "little indian” he disrespects her and clarifies that her young age and gender makes her less worth. Besides Cándido is a religious catholic and is raised by his family and environment in Mexico. Although Mexican immigrant are very important for the American economy, Delaney wants a wall to shut them out. He even blames them for everything that goes wrong in his life right now. No matter whether Kyra´s dogs are killed by a coyote, the canyons are polluted or the criminal rate in the US. He expected himself to be liberal, modern and a support for the immigrants but already at the beginning of the book it becomes apparent, that he isn´t. He carries his views like a sign to show everyone but behind that sign his true beliefs are the opposite. Conversely Cándido seems indifferent in the Americans as long as they leave him alone with his goals. Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20 While Kyra and Delaney have an organized life with many habits and rituals, Amèrica and Cándido have to face every day differently. Besides is Delaney not the dominant partner in his relationship but he is independent whereas Cándido is the dominant partner but depends on work and money. Kyra, as opposed to the traditional wife, is the chief breadwinner of the family, independent and the dominant partner in the relationship with Delaney. América has the characteristics that are resonant to that of a traditional common housewife- maintain the household and to look after the baby. She is also rather submissive to her husband and depends on his money. The contrasts have also been caused by the different social and cultural backgrounds. While the 17 years old América was raised in a catholic village in Mexico, characterized by the traditional gender roles and few educational opportunities, Kyra lived in a white middle-class household with the ability to go to college and become an estate agent. Her social privileges made the fulfillment of the American Dream easier. Although Kyra has reached everything, she is still not content and wants more, like a bigger house. In comparison to América's modest dream, of a small, comfortable life, Kyras seems less important, superficial and materialistic. América lacks all the advantages that Kyra has- the social status, wealth, and even the citizenship. But América has one advantage over Kyra and that is her youth and beauty. Kyra is in her thirties and really youth oriented that's why she does a lot of sports, diets and is always perfectly dressed. In Los Angeles she wants to keep up with all the young beautiful girls. However, América is a young, beautiful girl, even one of the prettiest of her village in Mexico. Otherwise América develops positively through the novel and shows her temper against Cándido. Although she is naïve at the beginning, she faces many challenges in her new life in the US and the difficulties forces her to grow up fast, what makes her adaptable. She is mentally equal and does not demand to her husband even though she loves him. On the other hand Kyra is always pragmatic and has an unusual view on love, which clarifies that she does not love Delaney. Contrasting Kyra and América as well as Delaney and Cándido it is emphasized that the social and cultural background determine the probability to reach the American Dream. Even though the American Dream should be reached through hard work, in Cándidos and Américas case it was just no enough. To many circumstances blocked their way to happiness and wealth. Whereas Delaney and Kyra have archieved much they are never satisfied and life a lie, where they pretend to be somebody else. Lilly Ehrenberg hp 26.03.20