SU MM Introduction: title, author, type of text,date,topic Main part:sum up each stanza ARY→ Conclusion: important aspects THEMES •different types of romantic love •dangers of lust and love •real beauty vs. clichéd beauty • time as an enemy of life, beauty and art • stopping the march towards death •flowers, trees, stars, weather, seasons ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION: Transition from summary to analysis ↳ After summing up each stanza,I am now going to take a closer look at the form of the poem as well as the stylistic devices MAIN PART: Analysis of form (rhyme scheme,metre,stanza and verses, is there a lyrical I/speaker), punctuation (dot.comma => chaos, colon,semicolon),then stylistic devices with effect CONCLUSION: Sum up the most important aspect ↳ Considering everything that has been said so far, due to the use of various stylistic devices, the main message... is conveyed Stylistic device Alliteration: Words having the same first letters Anaphora: Verses having the Same beginning Climax:Development of words, increase Contrast:Opposite words to underline differences Ellipsis: Leaving out words for dynamic, emotionality, suspense Enjambement:Sentence continues in the next verse Enumeration: Words following each other Euphemism: Word used to avoid saying an offensive word Hyperbole:Creates heightened effect through exaggeration Metaphor:makes a comparison between things Neologism:finding new terms for something Onomatopoeia: Words that include sounds similar to noises Parallelism:Using the same syntactical structure Personification: Seems like human beings Repetition: Words repeating themselves Rhetorical Question:Questions with known answer Simile: Things being compared to each other Symbol: Thing...
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standing for something Understatement:Statement making sth. less important ten syllables, five pairs called lambs, example: Shall I /compare/thee to/a sum/mer's day? lambic pentameter presents heartbeat rhythmically =D love Should it be taught in school? YES: part of general education, make us more human, SONNETS 1-126: -addressed to a young man (=the fair youth) -sonnels 1-17: Lyrical I tries to convince the man to get married & have kids, so his beauty will remain when his youth dies -sonnet 18:young man refuses; lyrical I takes comfort in knowing that his youth and beauty will live on in his poems -Sonnets 19-126:lyrical I becomes more attached to the man, he feels sad when the man is not around; man seems to reject him and befriends the poet's mistress/rival poet;ly- rical I explains that everything comes to an end; no matter how malicious the man is, the poet cannot stop loving him. He blames himself for the bad relationship between them SONNETS 127-154: trust issues -poets relationship with a married woman (=the dark lady) - Similar to love with young man, fluctates between love, hate, jealousy -also similar: unhealthy dependency on woman's affection (when she takes other lovers, he gets mad, but blames himself) -Dark Lady no exceptional beauty; difference to popular beauty back then where wo- men were described as outstandingly beautiful Englisch learn more about history, timeless themes, expand voca- bulary, still relevant and entertaining, faced with literature NO: difficult, outdated language, different world view, plays made for stage, makes students feel discouraged, can appear irrelevant, rather requirement than agreement disagreements (money.job.life.kids) love/romance may end 1 OBSTACLES FOR LOVE ♡ betrayal death of person long distance relationship Positive/nega- tive connotation Stanza=Strophe verse=vers SONNET Spoem containing fourteen lines of iambic pentameter, three qua- train with crossed rhyme (underlining a diffe- rence) and a rhyming couplet that draws a con- clusion/is Surprising. The rhyme scheme and metre leads to harmony. Sometimes the words don't rhyme due to the different pronounciation in Shakespeare's time. Relevance Shakespeare today CON Shakespeare is long dead language outdated norms/values outdated •Outdated view of world • dramatic aspect can be found in modern plays l'outdated situations PRO ·learn about history universal, timeless topics 4 racism, inequality, love, jealousy part of general knowledge •great influence on literature ·artists today still inspired Show human emotions FEATURE EXPLANATION thou thee thy mine,thine my and your its his.her verb en -st.-est,-'st -t -th silent-e often added 'tis,th',o'er it is, the, over look lo поса thence whence hence informal for you (subject form) informal for you (object form) your inversion ings 2nd person singular ending after forms to be,shall, will 3rd person singular ending omission bulary from that place, from there 1) from this place. away from here 2) therefore, for this reason sentence structure from where sentence turned around confusion skipping the auxiliary da Literary terms -the lyrical l/the speaker -typical Shakespeare sonnet -Shakespeare's sonnet No. -poem/poetry/poet -quatrains/couplet -iambic pentameter -metre -rhyme Phrases for an essay about poetry Linking words/phrases -...seems to be... -at first sight -when one takes a closer look, though, one realizes that... -which means that... -...begins with... -this statement is further emphasized by... -in the following... -finally, he points out that... -with this, ... -in order to stress..., the speaker makes use of... -addressee -(surprising turn) -...makes clear that... -this also shows/employs that... -in contrast to... -by means of this,... is made explicit -furthermore, ... is created -an abundance or rhetorical devices is used to highlight... -in addition, the speaker makes use of... -all in all, as should have become apparent, Shakespeare's sonnet clearly praises... Other useful expressions -...first published in... -it is written in... -...unfolds his train of thought -...immediately gives an answer to... -the point is enhanced by... -...as an object of comparison -these words contrast -in this way, the speaker not only illustrates..., he also gives... -further stress... -whereas..., it now... -in the ... quatrain,... -the solution to this puzzle, is implied in..., but only becomes apparent when... -... is preserved in the lines of the poem -...is not only repeated, but also marks a contrast with... FACE bloom with grace