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voices from Nigeria

voices from Nigeria

 PRE-COLONIAL LIFE IN NIGERIA
TRADITIONS RELIGION AND KINGDOMS
- variety of tribes, kingdoms and empires
-> each with own traditions, religi

voices from Nigeria

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Aurica

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11/12

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history: - pre-colonial Nigeria - colonial Nigeria - post-colonial Nigeria - nigerias present and future - the Hausa culture - Nollywood (film industry) - Slave Trade and Child Labour - bribe money and corruption - how to analyze narrative texts

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PRE-COLONIAL LIFE IN NIGERIA TRADITIONS RELIGION AND KINGDOMS - variety of tribes, kingdoms and empires -> each with own traditions, religious beliefs, power structures, language varieties and commercial interactions (slave trade) -> variety is still present in Nigeria nowadays - religion: Islam or Christianity - pre-Islamic ceremonies were used to maintain monarchical authority - changes in climate drove tribes into territories -> causing disputes - economic interests or cultural or religious differences -> clashes between kingdoms-> gradual rise, fall or transformation of territories AGRICULTURE - grew variety of crops (yams, corn, nuts, beans or rice) - herdsmen migrated with their cattle according to weather conditions - merchants set up markets along existing trade routes - agriculture, animal breeding, trade -> main pillars of economy until 1400s POST-COLONIAL NIGERIA - country decided into 3 regions, inhabited largely by different ethnic groups -> West: Yoruba, East: Igbo, North: Hausa - Nigeria ruled by military regime until 1979 - Biafran War: - 1967: General Ojukwu declared independence on behalf of 3 states in the East (Igbo) - new state: Republic of Biafra - Biafrans were forced to surrender in 1970 - Nigerias instant riches from oil industry THE HAUSA CULTURE -on of largest and most popular ethnic group - about 25 million people (12-137) - majority of Hausas are Muslims →> no park food -> no alcohol etc. wedding traditions very important -> early...

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age, -> bride wears gold jewelry, Henna on hands SLAVE TRADE - triangular trade - Every part profits from another country and gives something to another North America Sugar, tobacco, and cotton to Europe VOICES FROM NIGERIA Slaves to the Americas Europe Textiles, rum, and manufactured goods to Africa Africa SLAVE TRADE - began in 15ty century -Society and economy in West Africa was affected - revalries between kingdoms, mass migration -> turmoil in region - British tried to stop slave trade around 1800 -> several wars - slaves: as soldiers, servants to feed soldiers, produce palm oil (traded for guns) - in Europe: internal slave trade grew -> cheap labor was needed: collecting palm fruits,manufacturing palm oil and transporting it to coast - period of three centuries: more than 3.5 million slaves shipped from Nigeria COLONIAL NIGERIA (1861-1963) - Trade intensifies slave trade was abolished 1820-> British stayed in Africa, annexing Lagos - British secured rights to navigate the river freely, set up trade for rubber, palm oil - set the borders -> no attention on ethnic groups, tribes or religion - former Nigerian leaders cooperated to help implement policies and values - British brought to Nigeria: educational system, English, introduction in Christianity - Nigerians fought for self-governance -> increased in WW2 - Nigeria became independent 1960 after fall of territories of British Empire - Federal Republic with new constitution in 1963 NIGERIA'S PRESENT AND FUTURE = - Nigeria - "Giant of Africa" economic growth: oil industry and film industry (Nollywood), tourism - difficulties attracting international investors - because of corruption - attraction: religious festivals, landscapes - Boko Haram: terrorists, who want to rid the Western culture - grave problems: crime, pollution, poverty, unemployment, corruption, terrorism NOLLYWOOD NIGERIAS FILM INDUSTRY - genre: love, tragedy, comedy - Nollywood, between Bollywood and Hollywood - "Beyond Nollywood" - refer to new wave films, animations, short narratives - topics: gender equality, postnatal depression, transatlantic migration, counseled, female infertility, religious fanaticism, African diospora - vocabulary: director - Regisseur, producer - Firma, Stage, lighting, actor/actress CHILD LABOUR - mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous for children -> hold back children from school or development 15 million children work in Nigeria - jobs: street vendors, beggars, car washers, watch and shoe shiners, mechanics, hairdresser, domestic servants - poor educational achievements - girls work at earlier age -> mostly domestic servants - causes: poverty, rapid urbanization, breakdown in extended family affiliation, school dropout - suffer from fatigue, irregular attendance at school, lack of comprehension and motivation, improper socialization BRIBE MONEY AND CORRUPTION - many people pay bribe money to police officers, judges, doctors, public utilities etc. - reasons: weak public institutions, poverty, poor pay, ineffective anti-corruption agencies people get arrested for no reason - high criminality HOW TO ANALYZE NARRATIVE TEXTS PLOT action of a story - conflicts or problems appear and action increases - heading towards climax - ending can be open or offer solution CHARACTERS - people in the story protagonist, hero/heroine or main character - antagonist, who opposes protagonist - VOICES FROM NIGERIA SETTING - place and time of a story - can be set in real or fictitious place - time can be past, present, future or mixture with flashbacks and foreshadowing NARRATOR AND POINT OF VIEW FIRST PERSON VS THIRD PERSON NARRATOR first-person: talks directly to reader, using "i", only subjective perspective and thoughts - third-person: third person pronoun (he,she,it), describes actions or feeling of others LANGUAGE - structure of sentences - length of sentences - stylistic devices - direct speech - descriptive words THEME - what author explores in story - love, hate, value of life -> real life issues OMNISCIENT VS LIMITED VIEW - see inside of all characters, knowing their history, thoughts and feelings - view the action from the perspective of one person NARRATOR - storyteller - can be told from various point of views - storyteller is not the author ATMOSPHERE - mood created in a story by describing feelings, setting etc. - - may evoke feelings in the reader, like sadness, happiness or anger CENTRE VS FRINGE POINT OF VIEW - narrator sees the action as a person in a main role or report as a bystander/witness or - completely separate from action RELIABLE VS UNRELIABLE NARRATOR - both fictional and factual storytelling may be unreliable - they might not always tell or know the truth or hide information

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voices from Nigeria

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Aurica  

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34 Followers

 PRE-COLONIAL LIFE IN NIGERIA
TRADITIONS RELIGION AND KINGDOMS
- variety of tribes, kingdoms and empires
-> each with own traditions, religi

App öffnen

history: - pre-colonial Nigeria - colonial Nigeria - post-colonial Nigeria - nigerias present and future - the Hausa culture - Nollywood (film industry) - Slave Trade and Child Labour - bribe money and corruption - how to analyze narrative texts

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PRE-COLONIAL LIFE IN NIGERIA TRADITIONS RELIGION AND KINGDOMS - variety of tribes, kingdoms and empires -> each with own traditions, religious beliefs, power structures, language varieties and commercial interactions (slave trade) -> variety is still present in Nigeria nowadays - religion: Islam or Christianity - pre-Islamic ceremonies were used to maintain monarchical authority - changes in climate drove tribes into territories -> causing disputes - economic interests or cultural or religious differences -> clashes between kingdoms-> gradual rise, fall or transformation of territories AGRICULTURE - grew variety of crops (yams, corn, nuts, beans or rice) - herdsmen migrated with their cattle according to weather conditions - merchants set up markets along existing trade routes - agriculture, animal breeding, trade -> main pillars of economy until 1400s POST-COLONIAL NIGERIA - country decided into 3 regions, inhabited largely by different ethnic groups -> West: Yoruba, East: Igbo, North: Hausa - Nigeria ruled by military regime until 1979 - Biafran War: - 1967: General Ojukwu declared independence on behalf of 3 states in the East (Igbo) - new state: Republic of Biafra - Biafrans were forced to surrender in 1970 - Nigerias instant riches from oil industry THE HAUSA CULTURE -on of largest and most popular ethnic group - about 25 million people (12-137) - majority of Hausas are Muslims →> no park food -> no alcohol etc. wedding traditions very important -> early...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

App herunterladen

Knowunity

Schule. Endlich einfach.

App öffnen

Alternativer Bildtext:

age, -> bride wears gold jewelry, Henna on hands SLAVE TRADE - triangular trade - Every part profits from another country and gives something to another North America Sugar, tobacco, and cotton to Europe VOICES FROM NIGERIA Slaves to the Americas Europe Textiles, rum, and manufactured goods to Africa Africa SLAVE TRADE - began in 15ty century -Society and economy in West Africa was affected - revalries between kingdoms, mass migration -> turmoil in region - British tried to stop slave trade around 1800 -> several wars - slaves: as soldiers, servants to feed soldiers, produce palm oil (traded for guns) - in Europe: internal slave trade grew -> cheap labor was needed: collecting palm fruits,manufacturing palm oil and transporting it to coast - period of three centuries: more than 3.5 million slaves shipped from Nigeria COLONIAL NIGERIA (1861-1963) - Trade intensifies slave trade was abolished 1820-> British stayed in Africa, annexing Lagos - British secured rights to navigate the river freely, set up trade for rubber, palm oil - set the borders -> no attention on ethnic groups, tribes or religion - former Nigerian leaders cooperated to help implement policies and values - British brought to Nigeria: educational system, English, introduction in Christianity - Nigerians fought for self-governance -> increased in WW2 - Nigeria became independent 1960 after fall of territories of British Empire - Federal Republic with new constitution in 1963 NIGERIA'S PRESENT AND FUTURE = - Nigeria - "Giant of Africa" economic growth: oil industry and film industry (Nollywood), tourism - difficulties attracting international investors - because of corruption - attraction: religious festivals, landscapes - Boko Haram: terrorists, who want to rid the Western culture - grave problems: crime, pollution, poverty, unemployment, corruption, terrorism NOLLYWOOD NIGERIAS FILM INDUSTRY - genre: love, tragedy, comedy - Nollywood, between Bollywood and Hollywood - "Beyond Nollywood" - refer to new wave films, animations, short narratives - topics: gender equality, postnatal depression, transatlantic migration, counseled, female infertility, religious fanaticism, African diospora - vocabulary: director - Regisseur, producer - Firma, Stage, lighting, actor/actress CHILD LABOUR - mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous for children -> hold back children from school or development 15 million children work in Nigeria - jobs: street vendors, beggars, car washers, watch and shoe shiners, mechanics, hairdresser, domestic servants - poor educational achievements - girls work at earlier age -> mostly domestic servants - causes: poverty, rapid urbanization, breakdown in extended family affiliation, school dropout - suffer from fatigue, irregular attendance at school, lack of comprehension and motivation, improper socialization BRIBE MONEY AND CORRUPTION - many people pay bribe money to police officers, judges, doctors, public utilities etc. - reasons: weak public institutions, poverty, poor pay, ineffective anti-corruption agencies people get arrested for no reason - high criminality HOW TO ANALYZE NARRATIVE TEXTS PLOT action of a story - conflicts or problems appear and action increases - heading towards climax - ending can be open or offer solution CHARACTERS - people in the story protagonist, hero/heroine or main character - antagonist, who opposes protagonist - VOICES FROM NIGERIA SETTING - place and time of a story - can be set in real or fictitious place - time can be past, present, future or mixture with flashbacks and foreshadowing NARRATOR AND POINT OF VIEW FIRST PERSON VS THIRD PERSON NARRATOR first-person: talks directly to reader, using "i", only subjective perspective and thoughts - third-person: third person pronoun (he,she,it), describes actions or feeling of others LANGUAGE - structure of sentences - length of sentences - stylistic devices - direct speech - descriptive words THEME - what author explores in story - love, hate, value of life -> real life issues OMNISCIENT VS LIMITED VIEW - see inside of all characters, knowing their history, thoughts and feelings - view the action from the perspective of one person NARRATOR - storyteller - can be told from various point of views - storyteller is not the author ATMOSPHERE - mood created in a story by describing feelings, setting etc. - - may evoke feelings in the reader, like sadness, happiness or anger CENTRE VS FRINGE POINT OF VIEW - narrator sees the action as a person in a main role or report as a bystander/witness or - completely separate from action RELIABLE VS UNRELIABLE NARRATOR - both fictional and factual storytelling may be unreliable - they might not always tell or know the truth or hide information