Life and Works of Friedrich Schiller
Friedrich Schiller was born in Marbach am Neckar in 1759. He studied law and medicine from 1773 to 1780. During this time, he wrote his first play, "Die Räuber" (1782), which became a significant work of the Sturm und Drang movement. Schiller is known for his plays and ballads and was a co-founder of the Weimar Classicism era.
Some of his notable works include "Maria Stuart," "Wallenstein Trilogy," "Don Karlos," and "Demetrius" (unfinished). He also translated works such as Shakespeare's "Macbeth," Racine's "Phèdre," and Euripides' "Iphigenie in Aulis."
In 1782, Schiller fled from Stuttgart and became a theater poet in Mannheim from 1783 to 1784. He later became a professor from 1785 to 1789 and wrote prose works such as "Eine großmütige Handlung" and "Spiel des Schicksals." He also founded and contributed to various literary journals such as "Thalia," "Die Horen," and "Musenalmanach."
From 1794 to 1796, Schiller developed a close friendship with Goethe. He wrote philosophical works such as "Über Anmut und Würde," "Augustenberger Briefe," and "Philosophie der Physiologie." In 1798 to 1805, he wrote many of his famous dramas and ballads, which he called his "Balladenjahr." Schiller passed away in Weimar in 1805.
Aside from his literary works, Schiller also worked as a military doctor, dramatist, poet, and publisher. He also wrote historical works such as "Geschichte des dreißigjährigen Kriegs" and "Was heißt und zu welchem Ende studiert man Universalgeschichte?"
Some of his famous ballads include "Der Handschuh" and "Die Bürgerschaft," while some of his famous poems include "Der Spaziergang," "Sehnsucht," and "Das Glück."