1984 by George Orwell
George Orwell, born Eric Arthur Blair (1903-1950), was a novelist, journalist, critic, and war reporter who attended a convent school and served in the Indian Imperial Police. He wrote under the pen name "George Orwell" and suffered from tuberculosis. In his opinion, the main characters, plot, society, and features of the passage of science fiction in 1984 are:
The hero, Winston Smith, is not "adjusted" and defends himself against the system. Julia is Winston's beloved and a contrasting figure who is vivacious, young, and beautiful. O'Brien is a complex character who is a false friend and tormentor.
Syme, Parsons, Big Brother, Ampleforth, and Mr. Charrington illustrate the system and its negative effects.
The story takes place in Oceania, a totalitarian state that supervises its inhabitants. Winston fakes history for the Ministry of Truth and tries to change the system. He commits crimes such as having his own thoughts, thoughtcrime, having a relationship, and supporting the "Brotherhood." O'Brien snitches on them and reveals that they have been monitored. This leads to their imprisonment, torture, and brainwashing.
The novel explores the dangers of totalitarianism, the attack on privacy, the destruction of history, the control of language, and the value of memory. Oceania is divided into social classes, including the Inner Party (less than 2% of the population), the Outer Party, and the Proles (approximately 85% of the population).
The story takes place in an alternative world with telescreens, dystopia, and advanced technology.
Passage of Science Fiction Opinion
In Part III, "Learning, the Last Man" (p. 639/640), Orwell leaves us with questions that remain relevant and encourage us to interpret the future critically. He questions their system and the social classes. The images in the novel, such as 7/75/1984, also convey important messages about society.