Abitur 2021 ALLE THEMEN

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Natalia

2549 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

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Abitur 2021 ALLE THEMEN

 Englisch LK Abitur 2021
1)
Summary
1. Introduction
"The article/speech/poem
["title"] written/given by [author/speaker/poet] in [place] on

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Englisch LK Abitur 2021 1) Summary 1. Introduction "The article/speech/poem ["title"] written/given by [author/speaker/poet] in [place] on [date] (to [audience] for [occasion]) is about [topic(s)]." 2. Body • own words • simple present • only the essentials • formal language connectives 2) Analysis - fictional text Common tasks: • Analyze the way in which X is characterized Analyze the way X + Y's relationship is characterized Examine the narrative perspective + explain how it affects... → Bezug zur Aufgabenstellung 2. Body Claim: characters central trait Language help Characters: 1. Introduction e.g.: "The protagonist/(main) character X out of the (short) story ["title"] written by [author] can be characterized by the use of narrative techniques and language" ● ● ● X is directly characterized by... • ...reveals different sides of X as each of them perceives X in his/her own way. X is characterized indirectly by/through... Language help According to [author/speaker],... ● ● [Author/speaker] believes/claims/emphasizes/ points out... From the speakers/authors point of view,... [Author/speaker] is of the opinion that... . X's behavior/the way X speaks/dresses...suggests that... As X is presented/described as..., it becomes clear that... X's reaction/comment reveals/makes the reader feel/believe that... Narrative perspective: By granting the reader access to the character's mind, the narrator draws attention to/makes the reader see... Due to the first-/third-person- narration (with a limited/omniscient point of view), it is (not so) easy for the reader to identify with... N. Brunsmann The frequent use of direct characterization creates a clear/positive/negative picture of.../helps the reader to... From the way X reacts...

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to/behaves when... we can infer/conclude... The protagonist seems to be... Language: The author makes use of...to create an...atmosphere. The use of short forms + colloquial language in direct speech suggests that... By incorporating a lot of direct speech, the narrator manages to... The author uses metaphorical language to... 3. Conclusion (main findings) As the story is told by [[narrator type], the reader knows more/does not know more than the character(s) in the story. The reader needs to be careful not to take all they read for granted as they experience the development through the main character's eyes. 1 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Narrative techniques First person narrator draws reader into the story limited point of view • identification with protagonists information not always reliable (subjective view) stream of consciousness Characterization direct characterization open traits mentioned directly • outward appearance: e.g. hair, height, clothes • personal data: e.g. name, age → Bezug zur Aufgabenstellung 2. Body Thesis omniscient • total knowledge different perspectives may comment on events/ behavior switch between places + times flashbacks + foreshadowing ● Third person narrator Types of articles News article → factual information limited ● indirect characterization thoughts + feelings actions + reactions Atmosphere e.g.: alarming, awkward, cheerful, depressing, threatening, tense, hopeful, idyllic, inviting, relaxed, harmonious N. Brunsmann presentation of things through eyes of one character lets reader know what the character thinks, sees, knows, hears + feels easy to identify with Analysis - non fictional texts (e.g. newspaper article, speech) 1. Introduction "In his/her [type of article/speech] ["title"], [author] criticizes/informs/warns/appeals... The author makes use of a certain line of argument and structure and uses several rhetorical devices in order to convince the reader of his/her view." • body language + facial expressions • intentions • choice of words + tone Feature article → wider context of a story (analysis of situation) → authors opinion may shine through → strengthened by examples, statistics, authorities, rhetorical devices, (hidden) ratings... 3. Conclusion (main findings) Opinion piece → author clearly expresses view on an issue 2 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Language help Argumentative analysis: The speaker starts off with/claims/demands/presents facts on/focuses on/offers solutions to/ promises/refers to/addresses the issue of/weights up the argument/is in two minds about/criticizes/ assumes/backs up his argument/puts forward another argument/doubts/blames/puts forward the idea... In the first few lines... He/she continues by expanding his/her arguments on... About halfway through the speech/article he/she appeals to the audience by... He/she offers a powerful argument on behalf of... Linguistic analysis: The function/aim/purpose of... is to... • The intention behind this... is to... The speaker/author makes use of/employs/lets sentences start with... in order to... By using a [device], the speaker tries/hopes/aims to achieve... A [device] helps... The function/effect of... This . ...to convey a vivid impression of... ...to illustrate/visualize the idea... shows/emphasizes/underlines/highlights/stresses/reinforces... ...to offer an easy-to-understand image... ...to make somebody feel personally addressed... Rhetorical + stylistic devices device (e.g.) alliteration anaphora ( Epiphora) # allusion antithesis hyperbole (exaggeration) litotes (understatement) metaphor personification similie repetition rhetorical question synecdoche euphemism parallelism example ...safety and security... Every.... Every.... famous people/literature Fair is foul, and foul is fair. I told you 1000x. That's not bad. Time flies. Uncle Sam (US) A is like B. N. Brunsmann Down, down, down... Why do you think? A roof over ones head (= house) The big sleep (= death) Every.... Every.... 3 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 3) Introduction Main part Conclusion Language help Arguments ● ● ● ● ● Above all, it is important to note/it must be said/one cannot ignore... • I am convinced... ● ● · ● ● Furthermore/In addition/Additionally,... On the one hand,... on the other hand... For instance/In this case/With regard to... In contrast/Whereas/Nonetheless/However/On the contrary/Despite this/In spite of the fact that/ Regardless/Even though/ In contrast to... • Although it is true that, it would be wrong to claim... From B's point of view, however, ... Looking at the problem from A's side, you have to admit that... Supporters/opponents of...might argue/claim that.../Some critics may say.../ Another argument/point/reason that is often put forward is... Discussion make the topic relevant → rhetorical question 2-3 arguments on both sides Which side is more justified? Considering the fact that... Another important point/factor/argument is... You also have to take into consideration that... • It is only partly true that... Under certain circumstances... ● Opinion • It seems to me that... ● In my opinion/experience... As far as I can see... ● ● Not only..., but also... It is certain that/There is no doubt that... Firstly..., secondly.../Next/Previously/Afterwards/Later,... From my point of view,... If I am not mistaken,... • I cannot deny that... I suppose... • I rather agree/disagree with... As far as I am concerned,... Comment make the topic relevant → state position clearly Conclusion Personally,... As I see it,... 2-3 arguments on your side supported by examples, statistics etc. (+ counter-arguments to invalidate) sum up evidence + restate thesis (+ personal feelings, outlook...) N. Brunsmann • Weighing up the pros and cons, it becomes clear that... • Taking into account what has ben said so far, I... • Having considered the different arguments, I... To sum up/All in all/In conclusion/To come to a final conclusion, I think/strongly believe/l am convinced/certain... 4 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Opinion piece 1. Headline → grab readers attention 2. Introduction + Body (similar to comment) 3. Conclusion → punch (note-worthy statement) Speech 1. Greeting audience, thanking for invitation e.g.: "Dear fellow students, teachers and visitors. I feel deeply honored to have the opportunity to speak to you today." 2. Stating importance of topic e.g.: "I would like to explain to you why "..." is one of the most important texts I've come across regarding..." 3. Body (similar to comment) 4. Conclusion (summary/appeal/quote...) e.g.: "All my evidence points into one direction:.../ What it all boils down to is the following:.../ If we don't act now, future generations will.../ That is why I ask/urge you to.../ Let me conclude with the words of...who said that...“ 5. Ending e.g.: "Thank you for your attention. Do you have any further questions?" Creative writing → continuation of prose text/change of (narrative) perspective) Formal letter → Dear Sir or Madam (unknown) / Ms, Mrs, Mr, Dr... (known) → Yours faithfully (unknown) / sincerely (known) The address of the person you are writing to should be on the left. Say why you are writing the letter in the first paragraph. In the last part of the letter, say how you expect the recipient to reply. End the letter in an appropriate way. 68, Wood Lane Romford RM12 8JY [email protected] November 1, 2018 Ms Diane Poole Personnel Department Debenhams Ltd. Romford RM10 6NX Dear Ms Poole, With reference to your advertisement in the Romford Recorder of October 24th, I would like to apply for a summer job in your Department Store. My final examinations finish on June 23rd and I will be available to start work any time after that date. I am just completing my final year at Hornchurch Grammar School and have applied to do Business Studies and French at Bristol University in October. Meanwhile, I would like to gain some experience in a large organization such as yours, and of course earn some extra money to help finance my university course. N. Brunsmann Having worked in a local supermarket on Saturdays for the past two years, I have gained a lot of experience in dealing with customers. I also greatly enjoy working in a team and was always a popular member of any group presentation at school because I always do my share of the work. In my last year at school I was a prefect and also captain of the hockey team, which shows I have a sense of responsibility towards others. My teachers have always considered me to be a reliable and conscientious student. I have attached my CV and will be glad to supply you with any other information you require, for example, the names of referees. Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, S. Goodenough Sandra Goodenough Write your address and email in the top right- hand corner or on the left above the recipient's address. Leave a line and write the date below your address. The main part of the letter should include any other necessary information. 5

Abitur 2021 ALLE THEMEN

user profile picture

Natalia

2549 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Abitur 2021 ALLE THEMEN

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Englisch LK Abitur 2021
1)
Summary
1. Introduction
"The article/speech/poem
["title"] written/given by [author/speaker/poet] in [place] on

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1047

Kommentare (3)

N

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

Formelles (Summary, Analysis, Comment, Discussion etc.) und Inhaltliches (Great Britain, Shakespeare, Globalization etc.)

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Englisch LK Abitur 2021 1) Summary 1. Introduction "The article/speech/poem ["title"] written/given by [author/speaker/poet] in [place] on [date] (to [audience] for [occasion]) is about [topic(s)]." 2. Body • own words • simple present • only the essentials • formal language connectives 2) Analysis - fictional text Common tasks: • Analyze the way in which X is characterized Analyze the way X + Y's relationship is characterized Examine the narrative perspective + explain how it affects... → Bezug zur Aufgabenstellung 2. Body Claim: characters central trait Language help Characters: 1. Introduction e.g.: "The protagonist/(main) character X out of the (short) story ["title"] written by [author] can be characterized by the use of narrative techniques and language" ● ● ● X is directly characterized by... • ...reveals different sides of X as each of them perceives X in his/her own way. X is characterized indirectly by/through... Language help According to [author/speaker],... ● ● [Author/speaker] believes/claims/emphasizes/ points out... From the speakers/authors point of view,... [Author/speaker] is of the opinion that... . X's behavior/the way X speaks/dresses...suggests that... As X is presented/described as..., it becomes clear that... X's reaction/comment reveals/makes the reader feel/believe that... Narrative perspective: By granting the reader access to the character's mind, the narrator draws attention to/makes the reader see... Due to the first-/third-person- narration (with a limited/omniscient point of view), it is (not so) easy for the reader to identify with... N. Brunsmann The frequent use of direct characterization creates a clear/positive/negative picture of.../helps the reader to... From the way X reacts...

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Alternativer Bildtext:

to/behaves when... we can infer/conclude... The protagonist seems to be... Language: The author makes use of...to create an...atmosphere. The use of short forms + colloquial language in direct speech suggests that... By incorporating a lot of direct speech, the narrator manages to... The author uses metaphorical language to... 3. Conclusion (main findings) As the story is told by [[narrator type], the reader knows more/does not know more than the character(s) in the story. The reader needs to be careful not to take all they read for granted as they experience the development through the main character's eyes. 1 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Narrative techniques First person narrator draws reader into the story limited point of view • identification with protagonists information not always reliable (subjective view) stream of consciousness Characterization direct characterization open traits mentioned directly • outward appearance: e.g. hair, height, clothes • personal data: e.g. name, age → Bezug zur Aufgabenstellung 2. Body Thesis omniscient • total knowledge different perspectives may comment on events/ behavior switch between places + times flashbacks + foreshadowing ● Third person narrator Types of articles News article → factual information limited ● indirect characterization thoughts + feelings actions + reactions Atmosphere e.g.: alarming, awkward, cheerful, depressing, threatening, tense, hopeful, idyllic, inviting, relaxed, harmonious N. Brunsmann presentation of things through eyes of one character lets reader know what the character thinks, sees, knows, hears + feels easy to identify with Analysis - non fictional texts (e.g. newspaper article, speech) 1. Introduction "In his/her [type of article/speech] ["title"], [author] criticizes/informs/warns/appeals... The author makes use of a certain line of argument and structure and uses several rhetorical devices in order to convince the reader of his/her view." • body language + facial expressions • intentions • choice of words + tone Feature article → wider context of a story (analysis of situation) → authors opinion may shine through → strengthened by examples, statistics, authorities, rhetorical devices, (hidden) ratings... 3. Conclusion (main findings) Opinion piece → author clearly expresses view on an issue 2 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Language help Argumentative analysis: The speaker starts off with/claims/demands/presents facts on/focuses on/offers solutions to/ promises/refers to/addresses the issue of/weights up the argument/is in two minds about/criticizes/ assumes/backs up his argument/puts forward another argument/doubts/blames/puts forward the idea... In the first few lines... He/she continues by expanding his/her arguments on... About halfway through the speech/article he/she appeals to the audience by... He/she offers a powerful argument on behalf of... Linguistic analysis: The function/aim/purpose of... is to... • The intention behind this... is to... The speaker/author makes use of/employs/lets sentences start with... in order to... By using a [device], the speaker tries/hopes/aims to achieve... A [device] helps... The function/effect of... This . ...to convey a vivid impression of... ...to illustrate/visualize the idea... shows/emphasizes/underlines/highlights/stresses/reinforces... ...to offer an easy-to-understand image... ...to make somebody feel personally addressed... Rhetorical + stylistic devices device (e.g.) alliteration anaphora ( Epiphora) # allusion antithesis hyperbole (exaggeration) litotes (understatement) metaphor personification similie repetition rhetorical question synecdoche euphemism parallelism example ...safety and security... Every.... Every.... famous people/literature Fair is foul, and foul is fair. I told you 1000x. That's not bad. Time flies. Uncle Sam (US) A is like B. N. Brunsmann Down, down, down... Why do you think? A roof over ones head (= house) The big sleep (= death) Every.... Every.... 3 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 3) Introduction Main part Conclusion Language help Arguments ● ● ● ● ● Above all, it is important to note/it must be said/one cannot ignore... • I am convinced... ● ● · ● ● Furthermore/In addition/Additionally,... On the one hand,... on the other hand... For instance/In this case/With regard to... In contrast/Whereas/Nonetheless/However/On the contrary/Despite this/In spite of the fact that/ Regardless/Even though/ In contrast to... • Although it is true that, it would be wrong to claim... From B's point of view, however, ... Looking at the problem from A's side, you have to admit that... Supporters/opponents of...might argue/claim that.../Some critics may say.../ Another argument/point/reason that is often put forward is... Discussion make the topic relevant → rhetorical question 2-3 arguments on both sides Which side is more justified? Considering the fact that... Another important point/factor/argument is... You also have to take into consideration that... • It is only partly true that... Under certain circumstances... ● Opinion • It seems to me that... ● In my opinion/experience... As far as I can see... ● ● Not only..., but also... It is certain that/There is no doubt that... Firstly..., secondly.../Next/Previously/Afterwards/Later,... From my point of view,... If I am not mistaken,... • I cannot deny that... I suppose... • I rather agree/disagree with... As far as I am concerned,... Comment make the topic relevant → state position clearly Conclusion Personally,... As I see it,... 2-3 arguments on your side supported by examples, statistics etc. (+ counter-arguments to invalidate) sum up evidence + restate thesis (+ personal feelings, outlook...) N. Brunsmann • Weighing up the pros and cons, it becomes clear that... • Taking into account what has ben said so far, I... • Having considered the different arguments, I... To sum up/All in all/In conclusion/To come to a final conclusion, I think/strongly believe/l am convinced/certain... 4 Englisch LK Abitur 2021 Opinion piece 1. Headline → grab readers attention 2. Introduction + Body (similar to comment) 3. Conclusion → punch (note-worthy statement) Speech 1. Greeting audience, thanking for invitation e.g.: "Dear fellow students, teachers and visitors. I feel deeply honored to have the opportunity to speak to you today." 2. Stating importance of topic e.g.: "I would like to explain to you why "..." is one of the most important texts I've come across regarding..." 3. Body (similar to comment) 4. Conclusion (summary/appeal/quote...) e.g.: "All my evidence points into one direction:.../ What it all boils down to is the following:.../ If we don't act now, future generations will.../ That is why I ask/urge you to.../ Let me conclude with the words of...who said that...“ 5. Ending e.g.: "Thank you for your attention. Do you have any further questions?" Creative writing → continuation of prose text/change of (narrative) perspective) Formal letter → Dear Sir or Madam (unknown) / Ms, Mrs, Mr, Dr... (known) → Yours faithfully (unknown) / sincerely (known) The address of the person you are writing to should be on the left. Say why you are writing the letter in the first paragraph. In the last part of the letter, say how you expect the recipient to reply. End the letter in an appropriate way. 68, Wood Lane Romford RM12 8JY [email protected] November 1, 2018 Ms Diane Poole Personnel Department Debenhams Ltd. Romford RM10 6NX Dear Ms Poole, With reference to your advertisement in the Romford Recorder of October 24th, I would like to apply for a summer job in your Department Store. My final examinations finish on June 23rd and I will be available to start work any time after that date. I am just completing my final year at Hornchurch Grammar School and have applied to do Business Studies and French at Bristol University in October. Meanwhile, I would like to gain some experience in a large organization such as yours, and of course earn some extra money to help finance my university course. N. Brunsmann Having worked in a local supermarket on Saturdays for the past two years, I have gained a lot of experience in dealing with customers. I also greatly enjoy working in a team and was always a popular member of any group presentation at school because I always do my share of the work. In my last year at school I was a prefect and also captain of the hockey team, which shows I have a sense of responsibility towards others. My teachers have always considered me to be a reliable and conscientious student. I have attached my CV and will be glad to supply you with any other information you require, for example, the names of referees. Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, S. Goodenough Sandra Goodenough Write your address and email in the top right- hand corner or on the left above the recipient's address. Leave a line and write the date below your address. The main part of the letter should include any other necessary information. 5