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African American Experiences

African American Experiences

 Englisch: African American Experiences
Landmarks in the African American History
1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa)
1807: Importa

African American Experiences

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Englisch: African American Experiences Landmarks in the African American History 1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa) 1807: Importation of slaves into the USA becomes illegal 1860: Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865) is elected president, angering the southern states. 1861-1865: Civil War 1863: Abraham Lincoln declares all slaves free (Emancipation Proclamation) 1865: Beginning of Reconstruction Era: 13th Amendement 1866: The "Black Codes" are passed by all white legislators of the former Confederate States. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, conferring citizenship on African Americans and granting them equal rights to whites. The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee. 1868: African Americans gained citizenship (14th Amendment), 1870: African Americans get the right to vote (15th Amendment) 1877: The era of Reconstruction ends 1877-1965: Jim Crow Era: White supremacy is re-established; segregation (separate but equal policy) 1881: Tennessee passes the first of the "Jim Crow" segregation laws, segregating state railroads Similar laws are passed over the next 15 years throughout the Southern states. 1896: Plessy v. Ferguson case: racial segregation is ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court. The "Jim Crow" ("separate but equal”) laws begin, barring African Americans from equal access to public facilities. 1948: President Truman: desegregation of armed forces 1954: Supreme Court declares segregation in schools unconstitutional 1955: Rosa Parks - Montgomery Bus Boycott 1963: March on Washington; M.L. King – I have a...

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dream (speech) 1964: Civil Rights Act 1965: Voting RightsAct 2008: Barack Obama - the first African American president of the USA Black Lives Matter General Information 1950s-1960s Struggle for blacks to gain equal rights • slavery ended after civil war - discrimination did not They fought along with whites against that ● Thanksgiving: The Americans give thanks to the pilgrim fathers on Thanksgiving -> came to America on the ship Mayflower from England and lived there World War II Black people had low-paid jobs, weren't allowed to join the military Tuskegee Airmen: first black aviators Civil War 1861-1865 free states (North) vs. slave states (South) -> slavery was the cause for war Abraham Lincoln had to be elected to win the war, the North won and slavery was abolished South Hot weather and climate →agriculture (tobacco, cotton...) Dependent on slavery No technology Farming, rich farmers → Slavery North Colder weather →not so much agriculture Revolutionary → education becomes more important Technology, machines →industrial revolution Less farming, modern Increasing population →more cities →Some northern states declared slavery illegal From Slavery to Civil Rights Status of slaves in the USA before 1861: - - ● ● 1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa) Trade in human beings¹ had existed along the west coast of Africa for centuries In American colonies labour-intensive crops such as tobacco, cotton and later sugar cane were grown for the European market Not enough labour to satisfy the demandèthe colonies started to import slaves from Africa Slave Songs: "We shall overcome" -Pete Seeger "Young, gifted and black" - Nina Simone "They don't care about us" - Michael Jackson "Go down, Moses" The slaves worked and lived on their masters' plantations No human-beings, no property, no education, no citizenship è no rights Work all day, no time for cooking, washing, sleeping è overstrained, overtired Racially inferior, property of their masters è have to obey, no decisions ● Sanctions for slavery are set in the Bible è legal Armed observers è violence Their owners could beat, rape or even kill slaves without fear of punishment (slaves were no legal citizens of the USA) Reconstruction era: 1864: 13th Amendment -> abolishment of slavery 1868: 14th Amendment -> African Americans gained citizenship 1870: 15th Amendment -> African Americans get the right to vote ● Songs the slaves sang while working Part of their own culture To express their feelings Feeling of togetherness KuKluxKlan: Founded 1865 in Tennessee Multiple thousands of members in several groups in the USA today Extended into almost every Southern state by 1870 -> white southern resistance to the Party's reconstruction era Main goal: reestablish white supremacy (through democratic victories in state legislatures across the South in the 1870s) -> decline Burning crosses, staging rallies/marches that denounce immigrants, Catholics, Jews, African Americans, lynching black Americans • 1960s: bombings of black schools, churches -> violence 1920s: peek -> 4 million members nationwide • "the white race must keep itself pure" Lynching: Instilling fear in the hearts of black Americans (e.g. Blacks were arrested on made-up charges, sentenced to death by an all-white jury or handed over to a bloodthirsty mob) Jim Crow Era Der Ausdruck Jim Crow (,,Jim, [die] Krähe“) war in den USA im 19. Jahrhundert die Bezeichnung für das Stereotyp eines tanzenden, singenden Schwarzen, der vor allem in den Minstrel Shows ein beliebtes Thema war. Geschaffen wurde die Bühnenfigur vermutlich vor 1832 von dem weißen Komiker Thomas D. Jim Crow Laws: To marginalize the blacks in the South Prohibited African Americans to - ● Movements/Acts (that led to equality) Little Rock Nine (1954): Segregated schools ● ● ● ● Use the same Public facilities as whites Go to the same schools In some cases: live in the same town Marry interracial Vote (hard voter literacy test) Black people in the North affected: jobs, more discrimination in their daily lives Rosa Parks (1955): Started a boycott: didn't move for a white citizen in the bus Became a symbol for dignity and strength ● Civil Rights Act of 1957: Difficult for blacks to vote President Eisenhower signed a civil rights legislation: no one could prevent anyone from voting anymore Civil rights Act moved people to change their view Black students were invited to join a school for whites Were discriminated, had to leave: escorted by federal troops ● Woolworth's lunch counter: Four college students didnt want to leave when they weren't served People joined the cause Raised awareness ● Civil Rights Movement 1963: March on Washington: One of the most famous events for the civil rights movement Organized and attended by civil rights leaders Peaceful march in Washington D.C. • Over 200,000 black and white attendees ● 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964 "Recall" of the Jim Crow Laws ● 1965: March, 7: Bloody Sunday › Civil rights movement in Alabama • Took a violent turn: • 600 peaceful demonstrators were blocked by Alabama State, they didn't want to stop protesting so many of them were beaten and teargassed so that some had to be brought to hospital • „Bloody Sunday" because of the violence August,6 : Voting Rights Act New law signed by President Johnson that banned voter literacy tests, provided federal examiners in certain voting jurisdictions and allowed the attorney general to contest taxes Purpose: civil right legislation and job equality Highlight: speech of Martin Luther King Jr. ,l have a dream" Civil Rights Leader Assassinated • February 21: Malcolm X was assassinated at a rally (Nation of Islam leader, founder of Organization ● 1968: Fair Housing Act: became law on April 11 Prevented housing discrimination based on race, sex, national origin and religion The last legislation enacted during the civil rights era ● Legislation initiated by president John F. Kennedy Signing was witnessed by the king and activists The law was about equal employment, limitation of the use of voter literacy tests and the allowance of federal authorities to ensure ● ● • April,4 Civil Rights Leader Assassinated: Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in his hotel room He was Nobel Peace Prize recipient ●

Englisch /

African American Experiences

African American Experiences

P

Paula

9 Followers
 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Englisch: African American Experiences
Landmarks in the African American History
1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa)
1807: Importa

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Englisch: African American Experiences Landmarks in the African American History 1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa) 1807: Importation of slaves into the USA becomes illegal 1860: Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865) is elected president, angering the southern states. 1861-1865: Civil War 1863: Abraham Lincoln declares all slaves free (Emancipation Proclamation) 1865: Beginning of Reconstruction Era: 13th Amendement 1866: The "Black Codes" are passed by all white legislators of the former Confederate States. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, conferring citizenship on African Americans and granting them equal rights to whites. The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee. 1868: African Americans gained citizenship (14th Amendment), 1870: African Americans get the right to vote (15th Amendment) 1877: The era of Reconstruction ends 1877-1965: Jim Crow Era: White supremacy is re-established; segregation (separate but equal policy) 1881: Tennessee passes the first of the "Jim Crow" segregation laws, segregating state railroads Similar laws are passed over the next 15 years throughout the Southern states. 1896: Plessy v. Ferguson case: racial segregation is ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court. The "Jim Crow" ("separate but equal”) laws begin, barring African Americans from equal access to public facilities. 1948: President Truman: desegregation of armed forces 1954: Supreme Court declares segregation in schools unconstitutional 1955: Rosa Parks - Montgomery Bus Boycott 1963: March on Washington; M.L. King – I have a...

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dream (speech) 1964: Civil Rights Act 1965: Voting RightsAct 2008: Barack Obama - the first African American president of the USA Black Lives Matter General Information 1950s-1960s Struggle for blacks to gain equal rights • slavery ended after civil war - discrimination did not They fought along with whites against that ● Thanksgiving: The Americans give thanks to the pilgrim fathers on Thanksgiving -> came to America on the ship Mayflower from England and lived there World War II Black people had low-paid jobs, weren't allowed to join the military Tuskegee Airmen: first black aviators Civil War 1861-1865 free states (North) vs. slave states (South) -> slavery was the cause for war Abraham Lincoln had to be elected to win the war, the North won and slavery was abolished South Hot weather and climate →agriculture (tobacco, cotton...) Dependent on slavery No technology Farming, rich farmers → Slavery North Colder weather →not so much agriculture Revolutionary → education becomes more important Technology, machines →industrial revolution Less farming, modern Increasing population →more cities →Some northern states declared slavery illegal From Slavery to Civil Rights Status of slaves in the USA before 1861: - - ● ● 1619: First slaves in Virginia (from Africa) Trade in human beings¹ had existed along the west coast of Africa for centuries In American colonies labour-intensive crops such as tobacco, cotton and later sugar cane were grown for the European market Not enough labour to satisfy the demandèthe colonies started to import slaves from Africa Slave Songs: "We shall overcome" -Pete Seeger "Young, gifted and black" - Nina Simone "They don't care about us" - Michael Jackson "Go down, Moses" The slaves worked and lived on their masters' plantations No human-beings, no property, no education, no citizenship è no rights Work all day, no time for cooking, washing, sleeping è overstrained, overtired Racially inferior, property of their masters è have to obey, no decisions ● Sanctions for slavery are set in the Bible è legal Armed observers è violence Their owners could beat, rape or even kill slaves without fear of punishment (slaves were no legal citizens of the USA) Reconstruction era: 1864: 13th Amendment -> abolishment of slavery 1868: 14th Amendment -> African Americans gained citizenship 1870: 15th Amendment -> African Americans get the right to vote ● Songs the slaves sang while working Part of their own culture To express their feelings Feeling of togetherness KuKluxKlan: Founded 1865 in Tennessee Multiple thousands of members in several groups in the USA today Extended into almost every Southern state by 1870 -> white southern resistance to the Party's reconstruction era Main goal: reestablish white supremacy (through democratic victories in state legislatures across the South in the 1870s) -> decline Burning crosses, staging rallies/marches that denounce immigrants, Catholics, Jews, African Americans, lynching black Americans • 1960s: bombings of black schools, churches -> violence 1920s: peek -> 4 million members nationwide • "the white race must keep itself pure" Lynching: Instilling fear in the hearts of black Americans (e.g. Blacks were arrested on made-up charges, sentenced to death by an all-white jury or handed over to a bloodthirsty mob) Jim Crow Era Der Ausdruck Jim Crow (,,Jim, [die] Krähe“) war in den USA im 19. Jahrhundert die Bezeichnung für das Stereotyp eines tanzenden, singenden Schwarzen, der vor allem in den Minstrel Shows ein beliebtes Thema war. Geschaffen wurde die Bühnenfigur vermutlich vor 1832 von dem weißen Komiker Thomas D. Jim Crow Laws: To marginalize the blacks in the South Prohibited African Americans to - ● Movements/Acts (that led to equality) Little Rock Nine (1954): Segregated schools ● ● ● ● Use the same Public facilities as whites Go to the same schools In some cases: live in the same town Marry interracial Vote (hard voter literacy test) Black people in the North affected: jobs, more discrimination in their daily lives Rosa Parks (1955): Started a boycott: didn't move for a white citizen in the bus Became a symbol for dignity and strength ● Civil Rights Act of 1957: Difficult for blacks to vote President Eisenhower signed a civil rights legislation: no one could prevent anyone from voting anymore Civil rights Act moved people to change their view Black students were invited to join a school for whites Were discriminated, had to leave: escorted by federal troops ● Woolworth's lunch counter: Four college students didnt want to leave when they weren't served People joined the cause Raised awareness ● Civil Rights Movement 1963: March on Washington: One of the most famous events for the civil rights movement Organized and attended by civil rights leaders Peaceful march in Washington D.C. • Over 200,000 black and white attendees ● 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964 "Recall" of the Jim Crow Laws ● 1965: March, 7: Bloody Sunday › Civil rights movement in Alabama • Took a violent turn: • 600 peaceful demonstrators were blocked by Alabama State, they didn't want to stop protesting so many of them were beaten and teargassed so that some had to be brought to hospital • „Bloody Sunday" because of the violence August,6 : Voting Rights Act New law signed by President Johnson that banned voter literacy tests, provided federal examiners in certain voting jurisdictions and allowed the attorney general to contest taxes Purpose: civil right legislation and job equality Highlight: speech of Martin Luther King Jr. ,l have a dream" Civil Rights Leader Assassinated • February 21: Malcolm X was assassinated at a rally (Nation of Islam leader, founder of Organization ● 1968: Fair Housing Act: became law on April 11 Prevented housing discrimination based on race, sex, national origin and religion The last legislation enacted during the civil rights era ● Legislation initiated by president John F. Kennedy Signing was witnessed by the king and activists The law was about equal employment, limitation of the use of voter literacy tests and the allowance of federal authorities to ensure ● ● • April,4 Civil Rights Leader Assassinated: Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in his hotel room He was Nobel Peace Prize recipient ●