BRITAIN 1) Monarchy. •Advantages + Disadvantages of British monarchy: Advantages represents tradition and ceremony - which is unique represents national. identity + pride. • a lot of revenue through tourism. many tourists come to. London to catch a glimpse of the Queen. -14 million people already visited one of Royal Places. abolishment of monarchy change of atmoshpere in the UE. ruins a tradition and national identity monarchs-clase links to. monarchs from other. Countries •separation of head of state and head of government. • monarch provides stability. and experience-Queen. has been in office for 67 years (most experienced head of State) monarchy is backward, old-fashioned + prejudiced -Succession :sons before. daughters => primitive in. modern times of gender. equality sons inhen't before daught- 215 •cast for taxpayers-money that could be spent better. • Queen. helps. charities.l expensive, 110 million € of people in need British tax payments support of charities, social-royal family =7 one of. organizations. t. individuals richest families in Britain. -money.could be used for. poor people (university education, affordable housing •protection from dictatorship makes it impossible close link to British history BRUNNEN keeps ministers from usurping power. -male primogeniture priority "trappings of monarchy" clothing; titles like "Sir" / "Lord"> •monarchy-?nat democratic people have no say hereditar system the best person for the job can never be picked! not stop people from visiting •not having a monarch would the royal palaces. -open up mare rooms, make them more visitor friendly.!. create jobs & revenue -Versailles (France) Charlotten- burg (Germany) are palaces still visited by people. religious discrimination no Roman Catholic can become monarch -only a member of Anglican church can become monarch • nowadays, the parliament...
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and the government decide Britain is one of the oldest democracies in the world political matters, not the monarch. Constitutional monarchy monarch is the head of state, but has only a few. formal powers, mainly ceremonial role Crepresents. Britain, is the face of Britain the media profits mores. • -> serve for the national identity, unity and pride •What importance does the Queen have? is not the absolute ruler -has only limited power =?power is limited by constitution. "the Queen reigns, but she gloes not govern". Queen represents the country (does not have a lot of power. Queen =) formal head of state. ••acts in advice of the Prime Minister and the ministers ->she has nothing to the Queen's speech (which opens the new session of Parliament), is given by the Queen, but written by the Prime Minister •She is well-informed provides continuity. t. Stability. [ty] politically impartial-unites + represents whole country. has only representative/ ceremonial functions. • represents long traditions of Britain -7 patriotism, loyalty. •The Prime Minister Advantage chooses and dismisses ministers, presides over the cabinet dissolves parliament=7can choose the date for the next. .. election -advises and informs the Queen: - declares war. 25 Multiculturalism • multicultural society. - people from all over the world live in Britain => due to Britains colonial past + globalization •people from other nationalities follow different norms, habits and traditions. •many challenges •reasons for immigration to Britain (throughout history -after WWII: Britain needed workers acceptance of Worters from Commowealth countries. - from the 2000s on: Study, education ) •PBS system: control of migration flow. 50,000 migrants a year. Rists and chances of multiculturalism/ a multicultural Society Rists misunderstandings and • Other autocratic structures - have to adapt to. democratic society conflicts. • many different languages! cultures->connected. to prejudices. • failed integration -hast culture has to engage with this topic • feeling disoriented •unemployment. =>globalised world - inequalities, migration will not stop. Chances •can make their dreams realities many cultures in one spot, one can get to know many -variety of music, clothes, food). .no.need to travel •better living conditions •economic benefits for. home country. Seven Social classes in the UK. •Elite - 6.1: => biggest earners, highest score in Social, economic.+. cultural factors New affluent workers -7 15%* = ? youthfull group, economically Secure • Established middle class 1251 => management or traditional BRUNNEN Professions overcome prejudices. • diverse neighbourhoods -> overcome racism, prejudices., discrimination Technical middle class -16% =) mix socially with people similar to them; work in research, technical.or scientific occupations • Precariat. -). 151. =jobs: cleaner, van driver, car worker Traditional worting class=" => work in their own home,. oldest averag age, lorry drivers, cleaners, electricians Emergent service workers -1191.. => youngest of all class groups, chefs, production assistants diversity food!) opinion cultures religions. languages world countries, views values. discrimination. integration neighbourhoods assimilation exchange - living together - social life schools prejudice negative aspects. nate. learning. from each) Multiculturalism other ....in peace people from all Over the world connection. positive. -openness aspecs. respect acceptance. I equality -unity bilingual/multilingual 3 The Commonwealth : -754 member-countries, 1/3 of the world's population. C2.1 billion peoples. - basic criteria promotion of Cracial equality. world peace, liberty, human rights, free trade, open to independent Sovereign States. ,.Overcome aims and goals: international understanding /cooperation, world peace, individual liberty, equal rights, gender equality, fighting racial prejudice, human dignity, overcome wealth дар, poverty, ignorance, disease, free Frade, reducing dedt for developing countries, fighting environmental destruction •benefits for member states: positive effects of above mentioned principles Commonwealth Games held every four years. -) tourism in the countries.