Thesaurus for Commonly Overused Words When writing, it's important to use the most precise word for what you intend to say, not always the one that comes to your mind first. Consult this thesaurus to find alternatives for some commonly overused words. Keep in mind that the choices offered in a thesaurus do not all mean exactly the same thing. Review all the options first and then select the one that fits best. Near-Synonyms Nouns: Movement Labour Task Project Pursuit Scheme Endeavour Finish Limit Boundary Conclusion Resolution Termination Task Business Duty Occupation Profession Assignment Chore Vocation Sort Form Type Variety Detail Element Section Portion Component Segment Object Problem Aspect Point Part Issue Verbs: Reply Retort Agree Disagree Respond Question Request Nag Pester Beg Plead Grill Interrogate Poll Demand Introduce Launch Initiate Originate Commence Create Produce Deliver Convey Cause Accompany Alter Transform Vary Replace Diversify Prefer Select Elect Nominate Identify Plan Execute Perform Carry out Achieve Implement Experience Realize Notice Consider Struggle Hit Kick Compete Argue Battle Complete Conclude Cease Achieve Exhaust Consume Terminate Obtain Receive Achieve Acquire Procure Fetch Become Deliver Donate Bestow Supply Distribute Impart Move Advance Progress Proceed Assist Aid Support Sustain Serve Affect Transform Moderate Adjust Motivate Prompt Retain Control Possess Maintain Preserve Realize Comprehend Perceive Discern Enjoy Appreciate Cherish Relish Build Construct Produce Assemble Manufacture Fashion Create Other Overused Words: Put Say Adjectives: See Take Think Use Want Bad: Poor Inadequate Harmful Defective Corrupt Wicked Naughty Offensive Beautiful: Attractive Appealing Handsome Stunning Gorgeous Alluring Big: Huge Massive Enormous Extensive Immense Giant Easy: Natural Pleasant Comfortable Effortless Undemanding Relaxed Fast/Quick: Swift Hasty Instant Accelerated Brisk Prompt Nimble Funny: Amusing Entertaining Unusual Uncommon Comical Ludicrous Humorous Good: Striking Competent Virtuous Satisfactory Functional Accordingly, you should format the text by highlighting titles with HTML h1 tags. Please avoid rewriting passages and instead focus on correcting spelling and grammar mistakes in the provided text. Do not come up with additional information on your own. Vocabulary: - accordingly: demgemäß, folglich - according to: gemäß, laut, nach - actually: tatsächlich - after all: schließlich, im Grunde, immerhin - altogether: gänzlich, im Ganzen genommen - all in all: alles in allem - anyhow, anyway: trotzdem, jedenfalls, ohnehin - apart from: abgesehen von - as a matter of fact: tatsächlich - as far as that goes: was... anbetrifft - as if: wie wenn, als ob - as to / as for / as regards: bezüglich/hinsichtlich - as though: als ob - beforehand: zuvor, im Voraus - meanwhile: inzwischen - moreover: überdies, außerdem - mostly: größtenteils, hauptsächlich - nevertheless: dennoch, trotzdem - not only ... but also: nicht nur, sondern auch - once again/more: noch einmal, immer wieder - over and over again: immer wieder - on the one hand ... on the other hand: einerseits ... anderseits - otherwise: sonst, andernfalls - particularly: besonders, im Besonderen - provided that: vorausgesetzt, dass - recently: kürzlich - concerning: bezüglich/hinsichtlich - despite: trotz - due to: infolge, wegen - even if/even though: auch wenn, selbst wenn, wenn auch - eventually: schließlich, endlich, zuletzt - finally: schließlich, endlich, zuletzt - for this reason: aus diesem Grund - gradually: nach und nach - if so: gegebenenfalls, in diesem Fall - in addition: zusätzlich - in a way: gewissermaßen, in gewisser Hinsicht - in a nutshell: kurzgefasst - in any case: jedenfalls, auf jeden Fall - in a sense: gewissermaßen, in gewisser Hinsicht - regardless of: ungeachtet, trotz - regarding: bezüglich/hinsichtlich - respectively: beziehungsweise - so far: bisher - both ... and: sowohl als auch - by means of: mittels, durch - by no means: keineswegs - in particular: insbesondere, besonders - anyway: trotzdem, jedenfalls, ohnehin - provided that: vorausgesetzt, dass - despite: trotz - due to: infolge, wegen - in a way: gewissermaßen, in gewisser Hinsicht - furthermore: ferner, überdies, außerdem - gradually: nach und nach - if so: gegebenenfalls, in diesem Fall - despite: trotz ENGLISH-LK STUDY SHEET Abitur Study Sheet 2021 F LK GYMNASIUM (NIEDERSACHSEN) Q1-Q4 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. DYSTOPIAN LITERATURE - NEVER LET ME GO (KAZUO ISHIGURO) 1.2 DEFINITIONS: SCIENCE FICTION, UTOPIA, DYSTOPIA. 1.3 ETHICS OF SCIENCE. 1.4 NEVER LET ME GO- SUMMARY 1.4.1 SIDE CHARACTER MISS LUCY 2. SHORT STORY: AMY Tan - "Two Kinds" & JULIUS LESTER - "THE CHILD.. 2.1 AMY TAN- TWO KINDS.. 2.2 SUMMARY SHORT STORY.. 2.3 JING- MEI AND THE AMERICAN DREAM.. 2.4 QUESTIONS OF ETHNIC IDENTITY AND GROWING UP. 2.5 THE AMERICAN DREAM. 2.6 JULIUS LESTER- THE CHILD (1993).. 2.6.1 SUMMARY SHORT STORY. 2.7 TWO GIRLS- ONE DREAM? 3. CRASH- PAUL HAGGIS, 2004. 3.2 CHARACTER MAP. 3.3 ETHNIC & CULTURAL DIVERSITY 4. SHAKESPEARE-RICHARD 3 4.1 SHOULD SHAKESPEARE BE DISCUSSED IN SCHOOL?. 4.2 HOW DOES SHAKESPEARE INFLUENCE US TODAY? ll DOES HE STILL MATTER TODAY?.. 4.3 SHORT SUMMARY ll CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER. 4.4 RICHARD 3- THE CHARACTERS. 4.5 SHAKESPEARE'S USE OF IAMBIC PENTAMETER. 4.6 HOW DID THE ELIZABETHAN AGE INFLUENCE SHAKESPEARE? 4.7 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RICHARD AND HIS MOTHER 4.8 THE ROLE OF WOMEN. 4.9 FATE VS. FREE WILL 2 2 2 4 7 8 8 8 9 .9 . 10 || || 13 14 14 15 16 . 16 . 16 17 17 18 19 19 .20 .20 I. DYSTOPIAN LITERATURE - NEVER LET ME GO (KAZUO ISHIGURO) * * * * O O O O * * * 1.2 DEFINITIONS: SCIENCE FICTION, UTOPIA, DYSTOPIA SCIENCE FICTION Concentrates on scientific/ technological progress and its positive/ negative effects on society Shows overcoming known laws of nature e.g., time travelling Shows paranormal activities mind control, telepathy Non-human characters Ideal Society: education for everyone UTOPIA equality high standard of living no injustice communal property little to no crime Usually set on an island Sometimes make fun of the current issues Some include an element of science fiction DYSTOPIA Show a (more) pessimistic view of the future inequality usually shown in a huge gap between rich & the poor show collapsed societies / no society no democracy/ usually dictatorship (or no government) no privacy but government surveillance usually portray technology in a negative way government control, no individuality written as warnings for readers caste system 1.3 ETHICS OF SCIENCE DEFINITION A set of moral obligations that define right and wrong in our practices and decisions Professionals like doctors/ scientists follow an ethical guide because the reliability of their work and scientific knowledge depends upon adhering to that ethical Scientific ethics require honesty and integrity CLONING Producing genetically identical copies of a biological entity Copied material has the same genetic makeup as the original Natural cloning produce of genetically identical offspring through asexual reproduction (e.g., plants) twinning Artificial cloning reproductive cloning goal: create a new individual therapeutic cloning goal: treat diseases THERAPEUTIC CLONING difficulties * higher mortality die quicker * suffer from deformity benefits * reproduction of endangered animals * treat/ cure diseases HUMAN CLONING advantages designing a "perfect" clone * infertile couples can have children * resource of organs and bone marrow cure diseases with the help of stem cells * perfect organ donator * can be used for scientific research, e.g. studying diseases * maybe at one point we can grow only organs needed for a person scientific research on clones needed for that cons * safety is not guaranteed * treated as objects or commodities discrimination due being a clone suffer from identity crisis * loss of diversity due to longing of an ideal being * cloning in order to create superior being is eugenics * using clones for malformed genes is unethical would be too expensive growing gap between rich & poor * diseases defends are cloned too diseases might multiply * risks in solving crime: clones share some DNA but also some fingerprints *people might become careless with their health * ethical wrong, not "Gods will" religion doubts * who decides who is cloned? * risk of overpopulation grows * who cares for all the babies? * decreases in genetic variety higher risks of mutations * no diversity * higher risks of diseases WHAT MAKES A HUMAN BEING? They die/ survival instincts (have to eat, breathe, drink) Have emotions/ feelings Are self-aware/ critical Look like a human, have human organs Have an identity (make up their own minds and decisions) Processes an individual character humans have a soul They are able to imagine things remember their past Are born naturally The story takes place in a dystopian version between the 70s and 80s in England. Kathy, a 31-year-old carer, is the main character and also the first-person narrator. She tells the story by recalling her memories since her loved ones have already completed, but her memories about them won't fade away. That's why she values her memories. The clones who were created in labs to donate their vital organs to humans who live in the outside world, live in a boarding school in Hailsham and are called "students" by their guardians. Kathy * ? * * Tommy * * * * Ruth * * Carer for Ruth and later on for Tommy Friends with Ruth & Tommy, later on in a relationship with Tommy Restrained, observant, self-conscious An outcast because he lacks creativity Involved in a love triangle with Kathy and Ruth Completes after 4 donations Anxious, violent-tempered, reflective kind/ sympathetic Kathy's childhood friend and Tommy's ex-girlfriend Offers Kathy and Tommy the address of Madame, so they can ask for a deferral Completes after 2nd donation Hot-tempered, controlling, ruthless but not very emotional --> flat 1.4 NEVER LET ME GO- SUMMARY seems to hold back SUBJECTIVE! OBJECTIVE TONE MAIN CHARACTERS KATHY H; 1ST PERSON NARRATOR rather casual/ neutral/ calm can't remember everything doesn't want to convince the reader not very complex KATHY H. (1ST PERSON NARRATOR) VALIDITY STRUCTURE admits that Ruth & Tommy remember things differently sometimes she's not sure if she remembers something correctly gives a lot of unimportant background info She follows a general structure, but often she tells her story in an unorganized way authentic: tells the story as she remembers in the moment distracting goes back and forth
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