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Globalisation

Globalisation

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11/12/13

Lernzettel

Globalisation

 GLOBALISATION Definition
process of increasing
increasing global
conformity (übereinstimmung)
Lo with regard to cultural, economical &
tech

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Zusammenfassung über die Globalisation

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GLOBALISATION Definition process of increasing increasing global conformity (übereinstimmung) Lo with regard to cultural, economical & technical convergences • often seen as an unstoppable process, affecting people all around the globe economic globalization: companies produce in countries where the costs incurred are lowest, focusing on profit, efficiency and speed technological globalization: mobile communication through technological innovations enables international exchange • Simplifies communication & interaction. with foreign speakers due to the lingua franca English • = Westernisation ? cultural globalization: spreading of cultural characteristics, which are expressed e.g. in sports, fashion, art, food or music; religions also belong to it Lo no matter they live in industrial- ized or developing countries, in big Cities or rural villages internal trade of goods, capital and services Globalisation THERE ARE ALWAYS TWO SIDES TO A COIN * due to increased mobility, diseases (COVID-19) can easily spread all around the globe, developing into a pandemic *the latest financial crisis, starting in USA in 2008, shows that a crisis which starts in one country will ultimately affect other countries as well,, as businesses are linked and global trade is the rule a) "The world until yesterday" an American person shares his experiences with the New Guinea's lifest le changed from 1931 to 2006) + compares it with American Lifestyle America: (beer bellies) time pressure, schedules & a lot of stress few interactions → bad social skills New Guinea: no stress, relaxation and peace talkative & good listeners ・overweight + a lot of disease. 2006:...

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New Guinea's lifestyl resembles American lifestyle (beer bellies internet access results in less social interactions) author complains about New Guinean's life- style resemblence to American lifestyle Eras of globalization Globalisation 1.0.: • time span: 1492-1800 -> from size large to medium • countries & governments as the dynamic force of global integration : countries globalizing -> the extent of brawn & the use of that breaking down walls & knitting the world together Globalisation 2.0.: time span: 1800-2000, from size medium to small • Globalisation interrupted by the Great Depression and World War I & 2 multinational companies as the key agent of global integration -> companies globalizing - 2 periods of powering the global integration: 1. by falling transportation costs 2. by falling telecommunication costs Globalisation 3.0.: • time span: 2000 - until now, from size small to tiny • newfound power for individuals & diverse groups as a dynamic force of globalization -> individuals globalizing * collaborating & competing globally * people have more power to go globals as individuals CHANCES • Increased cultural awareness: a globalized society boots the rate at which people are exposed to the culture, attitudes and values of people in other countries. That exposure can inspire artists, strengthen ties between nations and dampen xenophobia • ongoing exchange between academics, experts or politically interested people -> easy and effective research and educational activities possible • global togetherness: individual people, groups and nations can find friends and partners with similar interests & ideas all over the globe (hybrid identity) -> this global communication via mobile and internet technology -> hopes of spreading democracy, human rights and universal values while conflicts can be prevented communication network enables to have a voice for everyone & to be up-todate -> Global awareness -> news and instant information can save lives in a crisis or expose crime and propaganda • access to essential products, specialties and medicines • when technological development & progress in raising nations, which promote the need of work capacity -> no need of immigration to USA or Europe • fair trade (its popularity is increasing): can help developing countries to get a fair share of the profits created CHALLENGES workers can lose jobs to countries with low cost labor: many jobs are being outsourced or off-shored to cut down production costs -> sweatshops in low-wage countries = often cruel working conditions e.g. child labour -> technology can replace people -> loss of jobs it can contribute to cultural homogeneity -> people's preferences' converge exploitation of poor countries: (globalization makes it really easy) the survival of the fittest" could be seen as a caricatured representation of an unfair distribution of power on earth (economically strong countries such as USA can misuse poorer countries for their own benefit) destruction of local economy (especially smaller companies) massive illegal immigrations clash of cultures • environmental pollution due to exhaust fumes from factories, and increased number of vehicles on the roads, food miles (many foods are air- freighted), carbon footprint (emission of greenhouse gases in- or directly) => global warming -> climate change • no sustainability due to overgrazing, unwise use of water resources (for human overconsumption), deforestation,.

Englisch /

Globalisation

Globalisation

user profile picture

Knowunity

195803 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Globalisation

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 GLOBALISATION Definition
process of increasing
increasing global
conformity (übereinstimmung)
Lo with regard to cultural, economical &
tech

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Teilen

Speichern

281

Kommentare (1)

S

So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

Zusammenfassung über die Globalisation

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GLOBALISATION Definition process of increasing increasing global conformity (übereinstimmung) Lo with regard to cultural, economical & technical convergences • often seen as an unstoppable process, affecting people all around the globe economic globalization: companies produce in countries where the costs incurred are lowest, focusing on profit, efficiency and speed technological globalization: mobile communication through technological innovations enables international exchange • Simplifies communication & interaction. with foreign speakers due to the lingua franca English • = Westernisation ? cultural globalization: spreading of cultural characteristics, which are expressed e.g. in sports, fashion, art, food or music; religions also belong to it Lo no matter they live in industrial- ized or developing countries, in big Cities or rural villages internal trade of goods, capital and services Globalisation THERE ARE ALWAYS TWO SIDES TO A COIN * due to increased mobility, diseases (COVID-19) can easily spread all around the globe, developing into a pandemic *the latest financial crisis, starting in USA in 2008, shows that a crisis which starts in one country will ultimately affect other countries as well,, as businesses are linked and global trade is the rule a) "The world until yesterday" an American person shares his experiences with the New Guinea's lifest le changed from 1931 to 2006) + compares it with American Lifestyle America: (beer bellies) time pressure, schedules & a lot of stress few interactions → bad social skills New Guinea: no stress, relaxation and peace talkative & good listeners ・overweight + a lot of disease. 2006:...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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New Guinea's lifestyl resembles American lifestyle (beer bellies internet access results in less social interactions) author complains about New Guinean's life- style resemblence to American lifestyle Eras of globalization Globalisation 1.0.: • time span: 1492-1800 -> from size large to medium • countries & governments as the dynamic force of global integration : countries globalizing -> the extent of brawn & the use of that breaking down walls & knitting the world together Globalisation 2.0.: time span: 1800-2000, from size medium to small • Globalisation interrupted by the Great Depression and World War I & 2 multinational companies as the key agent of global integration -> companies globalizing - 2 periods of powering the global integration: 1. by falling transportation costs 2. by falling telecommunication costs Globalisation 3.0.: • time span: 2000 - until now, from size small to tiny • newfound power for individuals & diverse groups as a dynamic force of globalization -> individuals globalizing * collaborating & competing globally * people have more power to go globals as individuals CHANCES • Increased cultural awareness: a globalized society boots the rate at which people are exposed to the culture, attitudes and values of people in other countries. That exposure can inspire artists, strengthen ties between nations and dampen xenophobia • ongoing exchange between academics, experts or politically interested people -> easy and effective research and educational activities possible • global togetherness: individual people, groups and nations can find friends and partners with similar interests & ideas all over the globe (hybrid identity) -> this global communication via mobile and internet technology -> hopes of spreading democracy, human rights and universal values while conflicts can be prevented communication network enables to have a voice for everyone & to be up-todate -> Global awareness -> news and instant information can save lives in a crisis or expose crime and propaganda • access to essential products, specialties and medicines • when technological development & progress in raising nations, which promote the need of work capacity -> no need of immigration to USA or Europe • fair trade (its popularity is increasing): can help developing countries to get a fair share of the profits created CHALLENGES workers can lose jobs to countries with low cost labor: many jobs are being outsourced or off-shored to cut down production costs -> sweatshops in low-wage countries = often cruel working conditions e.g. child labour -> technology can replace people -> loss of jobs it can contribute to cultural homogeneity -> people's preferences' converge exploitation of poor countries: (globalization makes it really easy) the survival of the fittest" could be seen as a caricatured representation of an unfair distribution of power on earth (economically strong countries such as USA can misuse poorer countries for their own benefit) destruction of local economy (especially smaller companies) massive illegal immigrations clash of cultures • environmental pollution due to exhaust fumes from factories, and increased number of vehicles on the roads, food miles (many foods are air- freighted), carbon footprint (emission of greenhouse gases in- or directly) => global warming -> climate change • no sustainability due to overgrazing, unwise use of water resources (for human overconsumption), deforestation,.