MARTIN LUTHER KINGS SPEECH I HAVE A DREAM. •Emancipation Proclamation → light of hope Negro sloves → burning in flames of injustice captivity/Slavery → long night ● SITUATION OF AFRICAN AMERICANS • faced segragation and discrimination • were isolated on an island of poverty found themselves in the corners of American Society DR KINGS DREAM America will live out the American pream that "all men are created equal" BIOCs and whites will sit down together at a table of brotherhood Injustice will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice In the future people will not be judged by their Shin color but by the content of their characters I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal." I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four little...
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children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today! I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. CHOICE OF WORDS negative → illustrates the suffering and injustice at that time Blocks and whites will be able to join hands, to work together, to struggle together, to stand up for freedom together... I have a dream today! I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together."2 This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. PROMISSORY NOTE •Declaration of independence → rights of life, liberty and un- alienable rights positive → conveys a bright future in which blocks will have overcome injustice and inequality TYLISTI ALLUSION •Stresses the losting relevance of its ideals of equality and free- dom in times of rocial inequality DEVICES ANAPHORA emphasizes his message of a racially equal society makes his speech more memor able to the audience METAPHOR Optimistic outlook CONTRAST PARALLELISM • MLK predicts a bright future based on mutual respect. equality, freedom for both bracks and whites Optimistic outlOOL • stressing what is important by contrasting it whit what is not important (shin color) underlines the positive aspects of blocks and whites being united in good as well as bod times, gives this porta rhythmen, more memorable King Holiday → honors the life and contributions of America's greatest champion of racial justice and equality → a leader who dreamed of a colorblind society and led a movement that achieved historic reforms to make his vision reality commemorate Or King's dream of a vibrant, multiracial nation united in justice, peace and reconciliation → celebrate the values of equality, tolerance and interracial sister and brotherhood →day of interracial and intercultural cooperation and sharing → commemorates America's pre-eminent advocate of nonviolence ↳ the most powerful, revolutionary force for social change → honors the courage of a man who endured harassment, threats and beatings and even boombings KING'S PHILOSOPHY • VOCABULARY. • civil disobedience colour-blind society • inclusive approach • intercultural cooperation multiracial society bigotry (intolerance) • to confirm stereotypes/prejudices · casual racism (everyday). racist remarks/insults ● •diversity, equality inalienable rights (basic rights) • liberty, prosperity underrepresentation of 8th to assume sb to 8th MALCOLM X'S SPEECH THE BALLOT OR THE BULLET. AFRICAN AMERICANS → suffer political oppression and social degration →should stop singing and start swinging up on freedom African Americans should stop turning to the government and white liberals, and instead turn to themselves. The only way to solve their problems is a self-help-programm change of change of change of happe change of PHILOSOPHY TOUGHT PATTERN ATTITUDE BEHAVIOUR PATTERN CRITICISM OF MUK'S PHILOSOPHY → advocate civil disobedience → does not change one's behaviour patern + leads instead to a dead end → anyone can sit, even on idiot