Multicultural Society History of British Multiculturalism ● after WWII: labor shortage in Britain: people from former colonies came to the UK (esp. India) most settled in London and other industrial towns 1960s: massive immigration waves O first political campaign for immigration control (right-winged) Multiculturalism ● 1970s-1990s: racial tensions/violence O immigration was further restricted 2000s: more immigrants from Eastern Europe O high efforts for integration ● Multiculturalism is the essence of the British identity 87.1% White, 6.9% Asian or Asian British, 3.0% Black or Black British British society is becoming more mixed O more mixed neighborhoods more inter-ethnic couples O four times more children than adults of mixed ethnicity London as most international city in the world O Conflicts: What Disunites the United Kingdom? ● North-South conflict O differences within the country (e.g. climate, mentality, wealth) O North: generally poorer, working-class O South: middle-class, white collar workers gap between rich and poor O Britain as a class-ridden country O Industrial Revolution: cities expanded, slums grew people take pride in their identities (Irish, English, Scottish, Welsh), being British is just their citizenship discrimination, prejudice, racism O segregation of ethnicities is still common, not always integrated → no unity
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