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Relative Clauses Participle clauses

Relative Clauses Participle clauses

 Relative clauses
Relativ clauses (bestimmte Relativsätze) begin with a Relativ
pronoun.
We use who or that for people and wich or that for

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Relative Clauses Participle clauses

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lilli

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Relative clauses Relativ clauses (bestimmte Relativsätze) begin with a Relativ pronoun. We use who or that for people and wich or that for things. A defining relativ clause defines a word (usually a noun)- more closly Relativ clauses: no comma Beispiel: Do you know the girl who / that works at the oxford shop? Thats the shop wich/ that sells second-hand clothes. Contact clauses When the relative pronoun is the object of a defining relative clause, we often leav it out -> contact clauses Beispiel: Mr Jones is the teacher who I like the most. Mr jones is the teacher I like the most. When the relative pronoun is followed directly by the verb, it is the subject- you must not leave it out. Beispiel: The man who was talking to liv The man who liv was talking to. The man liv wa talkink to Non-defining relative clauses Non-defining relative clauses (nicht bestimmte Relativ Sätze) are used mainly in written English. They giv additional informations about the word they relate to. You must not leave out the relative pronoun the pronoun that cannot be used the relative clause is separated by commas Agatha Christie, who died in 1976, wrote about detective novels 17 plays. - Participles Grundwissen: VERBFORM KEINE ZEITFORM Rob is talking to larry right now. They were playing football, when it started to rain. Form von to be...

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+ Verb + ing Participle clauses instead of Relative clauses Present: RC: The city is always full of people who are looking for a parcing space. PC: The city is always full of people looking for a pasrking space Past: RC: The Eurovision Song Contest is an international competition which is watched by millions of people. PC: . The Eurovision Song Contest is an international competition watched by millions of people. ... Wettbewerb,...der angeschaut wird. Verb of perception + object + present participle After verbs of perception like feel, hear, listen to, notice, see, smell, spot, watch... we can use an object + present participle. We use this construction to express the idea that we perceive an action eich is (or was) in progress and not yet complete Deutsch: ,,wie" ,,dass" oder relativ Satz We heard a baby crying Wir hörten ein baby weinen. She saw somone climbing on the roof Sie sah wie/ dass jemand auf das Dach kletterte. Participle clauses giving additional informations: We often use present participle clauses to give additional informations or to describe the accompanying circumstances of an action. Deutsch: ,,und" ,,wobei" ,,indem" It rains a lot here, sometimes flooding roads. Hier regnet es viel, und manchmal überschwemmt es (dabei) die straßen. Participle clauses instead of adverbial clauses of time Participle clauses beginn with when or while correspond to subordinate clauses of time The present participle is qéquivalent to an active verb (while walking= while I was walking) The past participle is equivalent to a passiv verb (when asked when he was asked) Typical for English written When planning a trip to a foreign country, start early. Wemm du eine reise in ein fremdas Land planst.... While walking down the streets, i saw a huge black dog Als/während ich die straße... When asked why he left school so early, he said... Als er gefragt wurde... Sometimes we leave the conjugation out: Walking down the street, i saw a huge black dog. Asked why he left school so early he said.. Participle clauses instead of adverbial clauses of reason: Participle clauses can also correspond to subordinate clauses of reason. Feeling very tired, i decided to go to bed eary. Weil/Da ich sehr müde war, Being a doctor, she knew exactly what to do. Weil/Da sie Ärztin ist, Because feeling very tired, Because being a doctor,

Englisch /

Relative Clauses Participle clauses

Relative Clauses Participle clauses

user profile picture

lilli

43 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/9/10

Lernzettel

Relative Clauses Participle clauses

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 Relative clauses
Relativ clauses (bestimmte Relativsätze) begin with a Relativ
pronoun.
We use who or that for people and wich or that for

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Relative clauses Relativ clauses (bestimmte Relativsätze) begin with a Relativ pronoun. We use who or that for people and wich or that for things. A defining relativ clause defines a word (usually a noun)- more closly Relativ clauses: no comma Beispiel: Do you know the girl who / that works at the oxford shop? Thats the shop wich/ that sells second-hand clothes. Contact clauses When the relative pronoun is the object of a defining relative clause, we often leav it out -> contact clauses Beispiel: Mr Jones is the teacher who I like the most. Mr jones is the teacher I like the most. When the relative pronoun is followed directly by the verb, it is the subject- you must not leave it out. Beispiel: The man who was talking to liv The man who liv was talking to. The man liv wa talkink to Non-defining relative clauses Non-defining relative clauses (nicht bestimmte Relativ Sätze) are used mainly in written English. They giv additional informations about the word they relate to. You must not leave out the relative pronoun the pronoun that cannot be used the relative clause is separated by commas Agatha Christie, who died in 1976, wrote about detective novels 17 plays. - Participles Grundwissen: VERBFORM KEINE ZEITFORM Rob is talking to larry right now. They were playing football, when it started to rain. Form von to be...

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+ Verb + ing Participle clauses instead of Relative clauses Present: RC: The city is always full of people who are looking for a parcing space. PC: The city is always full of people looking for a pasrking space Past: RC: The Eurovision Song Contest is an international competition which is watched by millions of people. PC: . The Eurovision Song Contest is an international competition watched by millions of people. ... Wettbewerb,...der angeschaut wird. Verb of perception + object + present participle After verbs of perception like feel, hear, listen to, notice, see, smell, spot, watch... we can use an object + present participle. We use this construction to express the idea that we perceive an action eich is (or was) in progress and not yet complete Deutsch: ,,wie" ,,dass" oder relativ Satz We heard a baby crying Wir hörten ein baby weinen. She saw somone climbing on the roof Sie sah wie/ dass jemand auf das Dach kletterte. Participle clauses giving additional informations: We often use present participle clauses to give additional informations or to describe the accompanying circumstances of an action. Deutsch: ,,und" ,,wobei" ,,indem" It rains a lot here, sometimes flooding roads. Hier regnet es viel, und manchmal überschwemmt es (dabei) die straßen. Participle clauses instead of adverbial clauses of time Participle clauses beginn with when or while correspond to subordinate clauses of time The present participle is qéquivalent to an active verb (while walking= while I was walking) The past participle is equivalent to a passiv verb (when asked when he was asked) Typical for English written When planning a trip to a foreign country, start early. Wemm du eine reise in ein fremdas Land planst.... While walking down the streets, i saw a huge black dog Als/während ich die straße... When asked why he left school so early, he said... Als er gefragt wurde... Sometimes we leave the conjugation out: Walking down the street, i saw a huge black dog. Asked why he left school so early he said.. Participle clauses instead of adverbial clauses of reason: Participle clauses can also correspond to subordinate clauses of reason. Feeling very tired, i decided to go to bed eary. Weil/Da ich sehr müde war, Being a doctor, she knew exactly what to do. Weil/Da sie Ärztin ist, Because feeling very tired, Because being a doctor,