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South Africa

South Africa

 History:
South Africa
during Apartheid time
1488: the Portuguese sailed past the Cape of Good Hope when attempting to
discover a trade road

South Africa

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- history of South Africa - Nelson Mandela - Apartheid - Amy Biehl

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History: South Africa during Apartheid time 1488: the Portuguese sailed past the Cape of Good Hope when attempting to discover a trade road to the far east (first European to explore the coastline of South Africa) 17th century: the Dutch decided to establish a permanent settlement at the Cape without having any intention in colonizing the area (wanting only to establish a secure basecamp where passing ships could shelter) 1652: Europeans founded a colony in South Africa - The Dutch East India Company established a trading post in Cape Town 1658: the Dutch imported slaves into South Africa 1658: first war → dutch colony expanded 1795: the British captured Cape Colony (South Africa) → 1803: they handed it back to the Dutch → 1806: the British took it again → 1814: a treaty confirmed British ownership of Cape Colony (the British brought everything under their control over the years) 1912: black South Africans founded the South African National Congress (ANC) but at first they achieved little. 1948: the National Party came to power in South Africa. → introduced a strict policy of apartheid (separateness). Whites and blacks were already segregated to a large degree. New laws made segregation much stricter. 1960: demonstrations against the pass laws, which restricted the movements of black people The government banned the ANC. 1961: South Africa left the Commonwealth and became...

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a republic. 1963: Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. 1989: Botha (ehemaliger Premierminister von Südafrika) was forced from office. He was replaced by Willem de Klerk who in 1990 pledged to end apartheid. He also released Nelson Mandela. De Klerk introduced a new constitution with rights for all. April 1994: The first democratic elections were held May 1994: Nelson Mandela was elected president. (He retired in 1999) *From the start black people were very much second-class citizens in South Africa. Most lived in tribal reserves and laws prevented them owning land outside certain areas. Most blacks were not allowed to vote. Nelson Mandela: anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader *1918-† 2013 joined the ANC in 1943 after the establishment of the apartheid he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow was arrested and imprisoned in 1962 for conspiring to overthrow the state served 27 years in prison, split between several prisons got released in 1990 the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election Apartheid: system of institutionalised racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s ❖ characterized by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap (= white supremacy) → ensured that South Africa was dominated politically, socially, and economically by the nation's minority white population Amy Biehl: was an American graduate of Stanford University and an Anti-Apartheid activist in South Africa was murdered by Cape Town residents in a mob In 1998, all four men convicted of her murder were pardoned, when they stated that their actions had been politically motivated ❖ Biehl's family knew about the circumstances in South Africa and therefore supported the release of the men and even hired them afterwords

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South Africa

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Jonna  

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 History:
South Africa
during Apartheid time
1488: the Portuguese sailed past the Cape of Good Hope when attempting to
discover a trade road

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- history of South Africa - Nelson Mandela - Apartheid - Amy Biehl

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History: South Africa during Apartheid time 1488: the Portuguese sailed past the Cape of Good Hope when attempting to discover a trade road to the far east (first European to explore the coastline of South Africa) 17th century: the Dutch decided to establish a permanent settlement at the Cape without having any intention in colonizing the area (wanting only to establish a secure basecamp where passing ships could shelter) 1652: Europeans founded a colony in South Africa - The Dutch East India Company established a trading post in Cape Town 1658: the Dutch imported slaves into South Africa 1658: first war → dutch colony expanded 1795: the British captured Cape Colony (South Africa) → 1803: they handed it back to the Dutch → 1806: the British took it again → 1814: a treaty confirmed British ownership of Cape Colony (the British brought everything under their control over the years) 1912: black South Africans founded the South African National Congress (ANC) but at first they achieved little. 1948: the National Party came to power in South Africa. → introduced a strict policy of apartheid (separateness). Whites and blacks were already segregated to a large degree. New laws made segregation much stricter. 1960: demonstrations against the pass laws, which restricted the movements of black people The government banned the ANC. 1961: South Africa left the Commonwealth and became...

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a republic. 1963: Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment. 1989: Botha (ehemaliger Premierminister von Südafrika) was forced from office. He was replaced by Willem de Klerk who in 1990 pledged to end apartheid. He also released Nelson Mandela. De Klerk introduced a new constitution with rights for all. April 1994: The first democratic elections were held May 1994: Nelson Mandela was elected president. (He retired in 1999) *From the start black people were very much second-class citizens in South Africa. Most lived in tribal reserves and laws prevented them owning land outside certain areas. Most blacks were not allowed to vote. Nelson Mandela: anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader *1918-† 2013 joined the ANC in 1943 after the establishment of the apartheid he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow was arrested and imprisoned in 1962 for conspiring to overthrow the state served 27 years in prison, split between several prisons got released in 1990 the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election Apartheid: system of institutionalised racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s ❖ characterized by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap (= white supremacy) → ensured that South Africa was dominated politically, socially, and economically by the nation's minority white population Amy Biehl: was an American graduate of Stanford University and an Anti-Apartheid activist in South Africa was murdered by Cape Town residents in a mob In 1998, all four men convicted of her murder were pardoned, when they stated that their actions had been politically motivated ❖ Biehl's family knew about the circumstances in South Africa and therefore supported the release of the men and even hired them afterwords