Hier sind einmal meine Lernzettel zum Thema Utopia and Dystopia. Vielleicht helfen sie euch :)
Englisch Lernzettel für Q1 Hessen LK
Die wichtigsten Informationen zu dem Abitur-Inhaltsfeld American Dream
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Utopia and Dystopia Utopia Definition: a perfect society in which people work well with each other and are happy -> perfect society, government got everything right -> everyone is happy Characteristics of utopian society: - information, independent thought and freedom are promoted - A figurehead or concept brings the citizens of the society together, but not treated as singular - Citizens are truly free to think independently Citizens have no fear of the outside world Citizens life in a harmonious state The natural world is embraced and revered Individuality and innovation are welcome The society evolves with change to make a perfect world Dystopia Definition: a very bad or unfair society in which there is a lot of suffering, especially an imaginary society in the future, after something terrible has happend Characteristics of dystopian society: propaganda is used to control the citizens of society - Information, independent thought and freedom are restricted A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society - Citizens are afraid of the outside world and the government Individuality and dissent are bad Genetical engineering Definition: process of purposely altering the DNA of an organism with the use of recombination DNA technology PRO able to developing a stronger understanding of life by examining it and possibly improving it Helps to prevent/ cure illnesses -> possibility of a healthier child-> increasing life spon Children will...
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be smarter, stronger and better looking CON manipulating the natural product Manipulating God's creature - More risks of geneticists making mistakes - Less individuality Examples for genetic engineering: - modified humans (there are already trials on embryos with the purpose to cure cancer and HIV) GM plants -> Plants that are modified to be more resistant against weed and extreme weather conditions Designer babies: A designer baby is one whose genome has been selected or altered, often to include a specific gene or to remove genes associated with a disease Artificial intelligence and robotics: The development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, for example making decisions or visual perception PRO: make human life easier/ more comfortable, increase productivity CON: workers may lose their jobs as machines replace them, could surpass human intelligence and become autonomous Ethical issues Genetical engineering: Safety: possibility of off-target effects (edits in the wrong place) and mosaicism (when some cells carry the edit but others do not) / risk can not be justified by the potential benefit - Informed Consent: embryos can't decide if they want their DNA to be changed / can parents decide this for their children? Justice and Equity: concern that genome editing will only be accessible to the wealthy and will increase existing disparities Genome-Editing research involving embryos: moral and religious objections to the use of human embryos Artificial intelligence: disappearance of jobs Lack of privacy, transparency, quality data Unequal power relations - Security problems Negative impact on justice system/ democracy - Potential for military use Potential for criminal use Loss of human decision making Topic Vocabulary: ,Science and Technology' New Discoveries: Advances in modern science, new/recent developments in science and technology, technological advances in computing/ telecommunications, a scientific discovery, research into sth. Computer technology: computer, world wide web, on the internet Health: Medicine, doctor, surgeon, health system, feel ill/sick/dizzy, prescription, diagnosis, cure Scientific responsibility: Center of controversy, meaning of life, nature of life, further the cause of knowledge, be held responsible for sth., foresee the consequences of sth.