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Macbeth

Macbeth

 Shakespeare; Macbeth
Act 1, Scene 1
-thunderstorm and appearance of three witches
-atmosphere of evil
-witches express their main intention

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Shakespeare; Macbeth Act 1, Scene 1 -thunderstorm and appearance of three witches -atmosphere of evil -witches express their main intention: to mingle good and evil + to make it impossible for man to distinguish between what is bad and what is good Act 1, Scene 2 -King Duncan of Scotland is the first one to appear on stage with his sons Malcolm and Donaldbain -in his military camp they listen to a officer's report about the battle against the rebels -the officer/captain praises Macbeth's courage and describes how relentlessly he killed the rebels leader Macdonald -Macbeth and Banquo fought fearlessly when they had to face Norwegian troops that had invaded Scotland to support the rebellion -later Duncan orders the execution of the Thane of Cowdor and confers his title on Macbeth -Officer confronts the audience with the theme of violence and blood (which is predominant throughout the play) -Macbeth is introduced as a courageous and cruel fighter that is loyal, strong, determined and in control -Shakespeare foreshadows that Macbeth might become a traitor and even Duncans murderer (with dramatic irony) Act 1, Scene 3 -the witches meet again and tell each other about their evil plans -Shakespeare anticipates Macbeths fear of not being able to sleep any more after Duncans murder ind a sentence of one witch -due to Macbeth's fist sentence on stage...

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"so foul and fair a day I have not seen", Shakespeare shows the witches' mysterious influence on Macbeth -when the witches greet Macbeth with 3 different names including “future king" Macbeth is caught thinking about becoming kind and Banquo realises that Macbeth is confused by the witches' words -Banquo asks the witches to tell his future and the witches prophesy that his descendants will be king. He is careful and doubtful whether all is gold that shines and also feels that something is wrong and that the intentions are not honourable -> Macbeth wants to know from where they have their knowledge, but they don't answer and disappear -Macbeth is convinced that the third prediction (him becoming king) has to come true but he is also scared of what it takes to become king, yet he feels flattered and sees the opportunity -the power of the witches is limited so they can only seduce Macbeth to decide to kill the King despite his terribly bad conscience but they are not able to really prophesy Duncans murder -instead of following his moral doubts (expressed in his soliloquy) he decides to accept his fate and stays passive -> his passiveness enables the evil spirit that influences him and later his wife urges him to murder Duncan despite his guilty conscience -Shakespeare makes the audience aware of his deceitful behaviour, which is strengthened by Lady Macbeth in the following scenes Act 1, Scene 4 -Malcolm informs King Duncan of the execution of Cawdor -> who is a courageous and repentant man -Duncan realises that it is impossible to read a man's thought but still trusts Macbeth without the slightest idea that the new Thane of Cawdor might become another traitor. -Duncan expresses his deeply felt gratitude to Macbeth and Banquo and promises to reward them -Macbeth stresses his loyalty to the king and his duty to serve him -Duncan announces that his son Malcolm shall become Prince of Cumberland and later King, when he dies and denies Macbeth's rights to the throne -Macbeth expresses his ambition to become king and that Malcolm is in his way -this scene takes place in night just like many others because the night is often used as an image of crime and death in this play Act 1, Scene 5 -Lady Macbeth reads her husband's letter in which he describes this meeting with the witches and informs her about their prophecies -when Macbeth calls her queen she is determined to plan Duncans murder -she believes that Macbeth is ambitious but not able and willing to kill Duncan so she does everything she can to persuade him -she is aware of her necessary role to urge Macbeth to become a murderer since knowing his character -she doesn't question whether the murder should be committed or not but wishes that the murderous deed will be hidden by the devil and not be prevented by God -when Macbeth arrives, Lady Macbeth welcomes him by greeting him nearly the same was as the witches did in Scene 3 -> Shakespeare alludes to the witches' influence on Lady Macbeth -to hide their intentions, she asks Macbeth to look innocent in front of Duncan and tells him to leave everything to her Act 1, Scene 6 -when Duncan approaches Macbeth's castle, he praises the love and kindness of Lady Macbeth and Lady Macbeth welcomes with gratitude and friendliness -> Shakespeare again uses an ambiguous and ironical style to stress the difference between what people say and what is going to happen and the discrepancy between the king's kind feelings and Macbeth's murderous inclination Act 1, Scene 7 -Macbeth wishes to murder Duncan as soon as possible but without consequences -in a monologue he gives an insight in his mind and utters his fear of vengeance and damnation and mentions that he knows that there is no reason to kill Duncan since he relies on him as a cousin -Lady Macbeth interrupts his reflection and Macbeth tells her that he has decided not to kill the Kind but Lady Macbeth appeals to his love for her and that he wants him to be a "man" and not a coward -she also urges Macbeth to kill Duncan by characterising herself as a horrifying inhuman mother who would even cruelly kill her own baby if she had sworn to do it -she assures Macbeth that their murderous plan cannot fail because they will make the Kings bodyguard drunk so that they'll believe to be Duncans murderer -> Lady Macbeth persuaded her husband to murder the King and he is now resolved to commit the horrible crime ➜ Duncan gets killed offstage Act 2, Scene 1 -Banquo and his son Fleance meet Macbeth in the courtyard and he gives Macbeth a ring as a present for Lady Macbeths hospitality -Macbeth pretends not to think about the witches prophecies and asks if Banquo and him could talk about that matter later -they both have become suspicious of each other -when Macbeth is alone he has the hallucination of a blood-stained dagger which magically seems to urge him to kill Duncan Act 2, Scene 2 -Scene gets introduced with Lady Macbeth waiting for her husband's return after the murder and reflecting on having put harmful drugs into the drinks of Duncan's servants -She fears that her husband did not kill Duncan even though she has laid the bodyguards' daggers ready for him -she says that she would not be able to kill the king, since he resembled her father -> the audience gets to see that Lady Macbeth isn't as cruel and relentless as she prefers to be -Macbeth appears and expresses his horror by shouting short questions and asks his wife if she has heard a noise -Shakespeare emphasises the tension between Macbeth and his wife by the following fast exchange of short questions and the one-worded sentences -Macbeth is horrified by the idea that he will never be able to sleep again -Lady Macbeth tries to calm him down and blames her husband's childish fear _she plays everything down when she returns with blood-stained hands and mentions that it could all be washed away with a bit of water -Macbeth cant understand why he was able to kill Duncan and wishes that he had not murdered him and that the knocking on the castle's gate would wake the King up Act 2, Scene 3 -the knocking continues ad the drunken bodyguards of the castle wake up -> Shakespeare interrupts the murderous action by "comic relief" which is meant to lighten the tension and to heighten the horror of the previous and the following scenes -Shakespeare continues using this ambiguous and rude style in the following part of the porter's speech when Macduff, who was asked by Dunacan to wake him up early replies that he was drunk and had to vomit -when Macbeth enters and says no to Macduff's question whether the king has already got up, Shakespeare again employs dramatic irony -Macduff returns with cried of horror and reveals Duncan's murder, which he calls a sacrilege. -> The night gets described as a destruction by storm and an earthquake -Macduff alarms Duncan's son and Banquo while Macbeth again pretend not to know that the King is dead and together with Lennox goes to Duncan's room -Macduff doesn't want to inform Lady Macbeth because that would "murder" her -> shows again Shakespeares ironical style -when Malcolm wants to know by whom his father was murdered and Lennox casts suspicion on Duncan's bodyguards, Macbeth lies that he killed them in an outburst of rage out of love for the king -Lady Macbeth pretends to faint and Duncan's sons decide to flee to England and Ireland Act 2, Scene 4 -two old men outside of Macbeth's castle talk about the unusual darkness and the unnatural behaviour of animals -Shakespeare alludes to an owl (Macbeth) that killed a falcon (Duncan) in a symbolic way -Macduff says that he won't attend Macbeth's coronation ceremony and insults Macbeth and indirectly shows his suspicion and his disbelief -at the same time Macduff endangers himself and his family because Macbeth might try to take revenge on him Act 3, Scene 1 -Banquo reflects on the witches' predictions which have come true for Macbeth and suspects that Macbeth has become king by evil deeds -Macbeth and Lady Macbeth enter the stage for the fist time as King and Queen of Scotland and ask Banquo if he wants to come to his banquet because otherwise there would be a gap and he would be missing -after the banquet, Macbeth asks whether two men have arrived who later turn out to be the murderers who Macbeth has hired to kill Banquo and his son -> because he wants to prevent that Banquo's descendants become king -Macbeth expresses the thought that being king is worthless if he can't be it safely -in Banquo's presence Macbeth feels repressed and recognises that he has lost his sold to the devil by murdering Duncan only for Banquo's descendants to become king -even though Macbeth believes in the witches' prophecies he decides to challenge fate and fight until his death -Whereas Duncan's murder was planned by Lady Macbeth, Banquo's and his son's murder is only planned by Macbeth, whose evil actions are no longer caused by his ambitiousness but by his fear to lose his power -when the murderers arrive he persuades them to believe that not be but Banquo is their enemy and responsible for their misfortune -He convinces them by telling them that they are no dogs but men. Which is the same way Lady Macbeth convinced Macbeth to become a murderer) -His first political decision as King of Scotland is to deceive and urge two men to become murderers Act 3, Scene 2 -when Lady Macbeth is alone on stage she expresses that she feels isolated and unsafe. She even seems to prefer to be dead than a Queen. But s soon as her husband enters, she advises him to forget what cannot be undone and hides her true thoughts and feelings by pretending to be strong and fearless -Macbeth feels tormented by fear and insecurity and would let the universe fall apart and this life and life after death suffer if he could live without fear -Macbeth also envies the dead Duncan who is now free from fear -he mentions that he danger that no longer threatens Duncan but possibly himself Macbeth doesn't inform his wife about the attempt to kill Banquo and his son but only alludes to a terrible deed that she is supposed to approve ➜ Lady Macbeth and her husband have changed roles -whereas Lady Macbeth was the active character who planned Duncan's murder and urged her husband to kill the King at the beginning of the play, she is now rather passive and doesn't tell her husband how she really feels Act 3, Scene 3 -at a lonely place near forest, the two murderer and a third assassin wait for Banquo and his son -when they arrive, the first murderer makes the mistake of extinguishing the torch so that Fleance can escape in the dark after his father's warning Act 3, Scene 4 -At the castle, it os the first time that Macbeth and his wife intend to celebrate their reign together with the Scottish noblemen -whereas Lady Macbeth sits down on her throne, Macbeth decides to sir in the midst of his noble guests to convey the impression that he is humble Act 4, Scene 1 -Starts with the witches to characterise the main intention -to stress the power of the witches. Shakespeare uses rhyming couplets, alliterations and the repetition of the magic number three and thrice -when one witch feels that Macbeth is coming she calls him "something wicked” which seems to allude to the fact Macbeth is devoid of any human feelings and has become the personification of evil since he is referred to as a thing instead pf someone -when Macbeth arrives he demands answers to his question even if everything is destroyed and the world goes to pieces -He asks the witches to hear his future -later three apparitions come: 1. The armed head -> warns Macbeth of Macduff 2. A bloody child -> tells Macbeth that nobody who is born by a woman can harm him 3. Crowned child with tree in his hand -> tells Macbeth that he will never be defeated until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane hill -Macbeth is sure that these predictions can never come true because he understand the predictions literally without suspecting that they might be ambiguous or allude to his defeat and death -Macbeth is made to believe that the 1st apparition represents Macduff since he warns him on Macduff 3 times -later he learns that Macduff wasn't naturally born and he now appears with Macbeth's severed head -when Macbeth wishes to know whether Banquo's descendants will ever become king, the apparitions disappear without a reply - later Lennox appears and informs Macbeth about Macduff's flight to England. In an aside, Macbeth decides to kill all the members of Macduff's family without hesitation

Englisch /

Macbeth

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merle  

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 Shakespeare; Macbeth
Act 1, Scene 1
-thunderstorm and appearance of three witches
-atmosphere of evil
-witches express their main intention

App öffnen

-Zusammenfassung von allen Szenen -Charakterisierung

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Shakespeare; Macbeth Act 1, Scene 1 -thunderstorm and appearance of three witches -atmosphere of evil -witches express their main intention: to mingle good and evil + to make it impossible for man to distinguish between what is bad and what is good Act 1, Scene 2 -King Duncan of Scotland is the first one to appear on stage with his sons Malcolm and Donaldbain -in his military camp they listen to a officer's report about the battle against the rebels -the officer/captain praises Macbeth's courage and describes how relentlessly he killed the rebels leader Macdonald -Macbeth and Banquo fought fearlessly when they had to face Norwegian troops that had invaded Scotland to support the rebellion -later Duncan orders the execution of the Thane of Cowdor and confers his title on Macbeth -Officer confronts the audience with the theme of violence and blood (which is predominant throughout the play) -Macbeth is introduced as a courageous and cruel fighter that is loyal, strong, determined and in control -Shakespeare foreshadows that Macbeth might become a traitor and even Duncans murderer (with dramatic irony) Act 1, Scene 3 -the witches meet again and tell each other about their evil plans -Shakespeare anticipates Macbeths fear of not being able to sleep any more after Duncans murder ind a sentence of one witch -due to Macbeth's fist sentence on stage...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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"so foul and fair a day I have not seen", Shakespeare shows the witches' mysterious influence on Macbeth -when the witches greet Macbeth with 3 different names including “future king" Macbeth is caught thinking about becoming kind and Banquo realises that Macbeth is confused by the witches' words -Banquo asks the witches to tell his future and the witches prophesy that his descendants will be king. He is careful and doubtful whether all is gold that shines and also feels that something is wrong and that the intentions are not honourable -> Macbeth wants to know from where they have their knowledge, but they don't answer and disappear -Macbeth is convinced that the third prediction (him becoming king) has to come true but he is also scared of what it takes to become king, yet he feels flattered and sees the opportunity -the power of the witches is limited so they can only seduce Macbeth to decide to kill the King despite his terribly bad conscience but they are not able to really prophesy Duncans murder -instead of following his moral doubts (expressed in his soliloquy) he decides to accept his fate and stays passive -> his passiveness enables the evil spirit that influences him and later his wife urges him to murder Duncan despite his guilty conscience -Shakespeare makes the audience aware of his deceitful behaviour, which is strengthened by Lady Macbeth in the following scenes Act 1, Scene 4 -Malcolm informs King Duncan of the execution of Cawdor -> who is a courageous and repentant man -Duncan realises that it is impossible to read a man's thought but still trusts Macbeth without the slightest idea that the new Thane of Cawdor might become another traitor. -Duncan expresses his deeply felt gratitude to Macbeth and Banquo and promises to reward them -Macbeth stresses his loyalty to the king and his duty to serve him -Duncan announces that his son Malcolm shall become Prince of Cumberland and later King, when he dies and denies Macbeth's rights to the throne -Macbeth expresses his ambition to become king and that Malcolm is in his way -this scene takes place in night just like many others because the night is often used as an image of crime and death in this play Act 1, Scene 5 -Lady Macbeth reads her husband's letter in which he describes this meeting with the witches and informs her about their prophecies -when Macbeth calls her queen she is determined to plan Duncans murder -she believes that Macbeth is ambitious but not able and willing to kill Duncan so she does everything she can to persuade him -she is aware of her necessary role to urge Macbeth to become a murderer since knowing his character -she doesn't question whether the murder should be committed or not but wishes that the murderous deed will be hidden by the devil and not be prevented by God -when Macbeth arrives, Lady Macbeth welcomes him by greeting him nearly the same was as the witches did in Scene 3 -> Shakespeare alludes to the witches' influence on Lady Macbeth -to hide their intentions, she asks Macbeth to look innocent in front of Duncan and tells him to leave everything to her Act 1, Scene 6 -when Duncan approaches Macbeth's castle, he praises the love and kindness of Lady Macbeth and Lady Macbeth welcomes with gratitude and friendliness -> Shakespeare again uses an ambiguous and ironical style to stress the difference between what people say and what is going to happen and the discrepancy between the king's kind feelings and Macbeth's murderous inclination Act 1, Scene 7 -Macbeth wishes to murder Duncan as soon as possible but without consequences -in a monologue he gives an insight in his mind and utters his fear of vengeance and damnation and mentions that he knows that there is no reason to kill Duncan since he relies on him as a cousin -Lady Macbeth interrupts his reflection and Macbeth tells her that he has decided not to kill the Kind but Lady Macbeth appeals to his love for her and that he wants him to be a "man" and not a coward -she also urges Macbeth to kill Duncan by characterising herself as a horrifying inhuman mother who would even cruelly kill her own baby if she had sworn to do it -she assures Macbeth that their murderous plan cannot fail because they will make the Kings bodyguard drunk so that they'll believe to be Duncans murderer -> Lady Macbeth persuaded her husband to murder the King and he is now resolved to commit the horrible crime ➜ Duncan gets killed offstage Act 2, Scene 1 -Banquo and his son Fleance meet Macbeth in the courtyard and he gives Macbeth a ring as a present for Lady Macbeths hospitality -Macbeth pretends not to think about the witches prophecies and asks if Banquo and him could talk about that matter later -they both have become suspicious of each other -when Macbeth is alone he has the hallucination of a blood-stained dagger which magically seems to urge him to kill Duncan Act 2, Scene 2 -Scene gets introduced with Lady Macbeth waiting for her husband's return after the murder and reflecting on having put harmful drugs into the drinks of Duncan's servants -She fears that her husband did not kill Duncan even though she has laid the bodyguards' daggers ready for him -she says that she would not be able to kill the king, since he resembled her father -> the audience gets to see that Lady Macbeth isn't as cruel and relentless as she prefers to be -Macbeth appears and expresses his horror by shouting short questions and asks his wife if she has heard a noise -Shakespeare emphasises the tension between Macbeth and his wife by the following fast exchange of short questions and the one-worded sentences -Macbeth is horrified by the idea that he will never be able to sleep again -Lady Macbeth tries to calm him down and blames her husband's childish fear _she plays everything down when she returns with blood-stained hands and mentions that it could all be washed away with a bit of water -Macbeth cant understand why he was able to kill Duncan and wishes that he had not murdered him and that the knocking on the castle's gate would wake the King up Act 2, Scene 3 -the knocking continues ad the drunken bodyguards of the castle wake up -> Shakespeare interrupts the murderous action by "comic relief" which is meant to lighten the tension and to heighten the horror of the previous and the following scenes -Shakespeare continues using this ambiguous and rude style in the following part of the porter's speech when Macduff, who was asked by Dunacan to wake him up early replies that he was drunk and had to vomit -when Macbeth enters and says no to Macduff's question whether the king has already got up, Shakespeare again employs dramatic irony -Macduff returns with cried of horror and reveals Duncan's murder, which he calls a sacrilege. -> The night gets described as a destruction by storm and an earthquake -Macduff alarms Duncan's son and Banquo while Macbeth again pretend not to know that the King is dead and together with Lennox goes to Duncan's room -Macduff doesn't want to inform Lady Macbeth because that would "murder" her -> shows again Shakespeares ironical style -when Malcolm wants to know by whom his father was murdered and Lennox casts suspicion on Duncan's bodyguards, Macbeth lies that he killed them in an outburst of rage out of love for the king -Lady Macbeth pretends to faint and Duncan's sons decide to flee to England and Ireland Act 2, Scene 4 -two old men outside of Macbeth's castle talk about the unusual darkness and the unnatural behaviour of animals -Shakespeare alludes to an owl (Macbeth) that killed a falcon (Duncan) in a symbolic way -Macduff says that he won't attend Macbeth's coronation ceremony and insults Macbeth and indirectly shows his suspicion and his disbelief -at the same time Macduff endangers himself and his family because Macbeth might try to take revenge on him Act 3, Scene 1 -Banquo reflects on the witches' predictions which have come true for Macbeth and suspects that Macbeth has become king by evil deeds -Macbeth and Lady Macbeth enter the stage for the fist time as King and Queen of Scotland and ask Banquo if he wants to come to his banquet because otherwise there would be a gap and he would be missing -after the banquet, Macbeth asks whether two men have arrived who later turn out to be the murderers who Macbeth has hired to kill Banquo and his son -> because he wants to prevent that Banquo's descendants become king -Macbeth expresses the thought that being king is worthless if he can't be it safely -in Banquo's presence Macbeth feels repressed and recognises that he has lost his sold to the devil by murdering Duncan only for Banquo's descendants to become king -even though Macbeth believes in the witches' prophecies he decides to challenge fate and fight until his death -Whereas Duncan's murder was planned by Lady Macbeth, Banquo's and his son's murder is only planned by Macbeth, whose evil actions are no longer caused by his ambitiousness but by his fear to lose his power -when the murderers arrive he persuades them to believe that not be but Banquo is their enemy and responsible for their misfortune -He convinces them by telling them that they are no dogs but men. Which is the same way Lady Macbeth convinced Macbeth to become a murderer) -His first political decision as King of Scotland is to deceive and urge two men to become murderers Act 3, Scene 2 -when Lady Macbeth is alone on stage she expresses that she feels isolated and unsafe. She even seems to prefer to be dead than a Queen. But s soon as her husband enters, she advises him to forget what cannot be undone and hides her true thoughts and feelings by pretending to be strong and fearless -Macbeth feels tormented by fear and insecurity and would let the universe fall apart and this life and life after death suffer if he could live without fear -Macbeth also envies the dead Duncan who is now free from fear -he mentions that he danger that no longer threatens Duncan but possibly himself Macbeth doesn't inform his wife about the attempt to kill Banquo and his son but only alludes to a terrible deed that she is supposed to approve ➜ Lady Macbeth and her husband have changed roles -whereas Lady Macbeth was the active character who planned Duncan's murder and urged her husband to kill the King at the beginning of the play, she is now rather passive and doesn't tell her husband how she really feels Act 3, Scene 3 -at a lonely place near forest, the two murderer and a third assassin wait for Banquo and his son -when they arrive, the first murderer makes the mistake of extinguishing the torch so that Fleance can escape in the dark after his father's warning Act 3, Scene 4 -At the castle, it os the first time that Macbeth and his wife intend to celebrate their reign together with the Scottish noblemen -whereas Lady Macbeth sits down on her throne, Macbeth decides to sir in the midst of his noble guests to convey the impression that he is humble Act 4, Scene 1 -Starts with the witches to characterise the main intention -to stress the power of the witches. Shakespeare uses rhyming couplets, alliterations and the repetition of the magic number three and thrice -when one witch feels that Macbeth is coming she calls him "something wicked” which seems to allude to the fact Macbeth is devoid of any human feelings and has become the personification of evil since he is referred to as a thing instead pf someone -when Macbeth arrives he demands answers to his question even if everything is destroyed and the world goes to pieces -He asks the witches to hear his future -later three apparitions come: 1. The armed head -> warns Macbeth of Macduff 2. A bloody child -> tells Macbeth that nobody who is born by a woman can harm him 3. Crowned child with tree in his hand -> tells Macbeth that he will never be defeated until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane hill -Macbeth is sure that these predictions can never come true because he understand the predictions literally without suspecting that they might be ambiguous or allude to his defeat and death -Macbeth is made to believe that the 1st apparition represents Macduff since he warns him on Macduff 3 times -later he learns that Macduff wasn't naturally born and he now appears with Macbeth's severed head -when Macbeth wishes to know whether Banquo's descendants will ever become king, the apparitions disappear without a reply - later Lennox appears and informs Macbeth about Macduff's flight to England. In an aside, Macbeth decides to kill all the members of Macduff's family without hesitation