Englisch /

To kill a Mockingbird × Summary

To kill a Mockingbird × Summary

 Englisch LK
Summary
Chapter 1
• first of Scout's ancestors to come to America: fur-trader Simon Finch
●
●
Atticus' wife died when Scout was

To kill a Mockingbird × Summary

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11/12/13

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Englisch LK Summary Chapter 1 • first of Scout's ancestors to come to America: fur-trader Simon Finch ● ● Atticus' wife died when Scout was two; only Jem has memories of their mother • summer 1933: Dill moves in next door; stays with his aunt Miss Rachel Haverford → Dill suggests to lure Boo Radley out of his house (Boo got in trouble with law, father imprisoned him at home for punishment; was not heard from there on until he stabbed his father with a pair of scissors 15 years later; when mother died, brother Nathan came to live with him) → Dill dares Jem to touch the house; no signs of movement in the house ● → fled England to escape religious persecution → established successful farm on banks of Alabama River ("Finch's Landing") first Finch to make a living away from farm: Atticus (lawyer in the nearby town of Maycomb); brother Jack (went to medical school near Boston); sister Alexandra stayed on farm ● ● Chapter 2 Dill leaves in September to return to Meridian Scout prepares to go to school → teacher finds out that Atticus tough Scout how to read: makes her feel guilty for being educated Chapter 3 ● at lunch Scout rubs Walter's nose in the dirt for getting her into trouble → Jem intervenes and invites him to dinner Walter...

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Cunningham doesn't bring lunch to school; teacher offers him money to buy lunch → his family is really poor, pays Atticus with hickory nuts & other goods when legal help needed → Scout tries to explain this to teacher > slaps Scout's hand with a ruler → Scout disgraces Walter at dinner, gets rebuked by Calpurnia at school teacher gets terrified when she spots a small bug crawling on Burris Ewell's head → Burris comes to school only at the first day to avoid trouble with the law Scout complains that she doesn't want to go to school again, Atticus should teach her → Atticus explains that law demands that Scout goes to school but promises to keep reading to her as long as she doesn't tell teacher about it Chapter 4 rest of school year passes grimly for Scout • one day after school she passes the Radley's place → sees tinfoil sticking out of a knothole in one of the Radley's oak trees & discovers two pieces of chewing gum > Jem panics and tells her to spit it out • next day Jem & Scout find two old "Indian-head" pennies hid in the same knothole • summer comes, Dill returns to Maycomb playing games, acting out a whole drama around Radley family → Atticus catches them playing their game & asks if it's about the Radley's; Jem lies about it 18 Englisch LK → tells Scout that Boo is still alive, victim of his harsh father, was always polite and friendly ● • Jem and Dill plan to give a note to Boo, inviting him for ice-cream → try to stick a note in a window with a fishing pole → Atticus catches them, tells them to "stop tormenting that man" ● ● ● ● ● ● Chapter 5 Jem and Dill grow closer, Scout begins to feel left out in their games → Scout starts spending more time with Miss Maudie Atkinson ● Chapter 6 Jem and Dill plan to sneak over to the Radley Place & peek in through a loose shutter → Scout accompanies them, they creep around the house → suddenly they see the shadow of a man with a hat → flee, hearing a shotgun fired behind them; escape under the fence by the school yard > Jem's pants get caught on the fence & he has to kick them off children return home where they encounter a collection of neighbourhood adults → Miss Maudie informs that Nathan R. shot at "a negro" in his yard late at night Jem sneaks out to get his pants Chapter 7 Jem tells Scout that he found his pants mysteriously mended and hung neatly over the fence find another present hidden in the knothole: ball of grey twine leave it there for a few days, claim it for their own when nobody takes it Scout is still unhappy in school: Jem tells her it will get better another present appears in knothole: two figures craved in soap to resemble Scout and Jem → more presents appear: old pocket watch, chewing gum, medal next day Jem and Scout find the knothole filled with cement → Nathan Radley explains he plugged the knothole because tree is dying Chapter 8 first time in years Maycomb endures a real winter → not enough snow for real snowman: Jem and Scout build one out of mud & cover it with snow (black in inside, white on outside = Calpurnia?) Miss Maudie's house is on fire, burns to the ground → someone drops a blanket over Scout while she is watching the fire → when Atticus asks her about it, she has no idea who put it over her → Jem realizes that Boo put it over her, reveals the whole story with the knothole & presents → Atticus tells them to keep the story to themselves despite having lost her home, Miss Maudie is cheerful the next day: tells children how much she hated her old home Chapter 9 at school Scout almost starts a fight when classmate Cecil Jacobs uses an offensive racial slur to declare that Atticus defends black people ● • Atticus has been asked to defend Tom Robinson, who is accused of raping a white woman at Christmastime Atticus' brother Jack comes to stay over the holidays 19 Englisch LK • on Christmas Atticus takes his family to Finch's Landing → Scout gets to know Francis, Alexandra's grandson; she insists on Scout wearing a dress • one night Francis uses an offensive racial slur against Atticus → Scout curses Francis and beats him up → Francis tells Alexandra and Jack; Jack spanks her without hearing her side of the story back in Maycomb Scout tells Jack what really happened; begs him not to tell Atticus about it because she has promised not to fight anyone over what is said about him in the evening Scout hears how Atticus tells Jack that Tom is innocent but an all white jury won't acquit him ● ● Chapter 10 Atticus is older than most fathers in Maycomb, wears glasses and reads instead of going hunting & fishing > often embarrasses his children • one day a mad dog appears, wandering down the main street towards Finch's house Calpurnia calls Atticus who returns home together with Heck Tate brings a rifle and asks Atticus to shoot the mad dog → to Jem and Scout's amazement Atticus hits the dog with the first shot Miss Maudie tells the children that Atticus was the best shot in the county when he was young Scout wants everyone to know about it but Jem tells her to keep it a secret →if Atticus wanted them to know, he would have told them ● ● ► Chapter 11 Mrs. Dubose = old lady who always shouts at Jem and Scout; Atticus tells them to be gentle → one day she tells the children that Atticus isn't better than "niggers and trash" he works for → Jem loses his temper & destroys all of Mrs. Dubose's bushes • as a punishment, Jem has to visit her every day & read to her; Scout accompanies him Mrs. Dubose dies a little more than a month after Jem's punishment ends → Atticus reveals that she was addicted to morphine; reading helped her combat addiction Atticus gives Jem a box from Mrs. Dubose: single white camellia in it ● ● ● ● ● ● ● fire turning point in the plot → before fire story was centered around Scout and her childhood; after the fire the story focusses on Tom's trial Chapter 12 Jem turns 12; begins to demand that Scout acts more like a girl → Scout becomes upset & looks forward to meeting Dill in the summer → Dill doesn't come; sends a letter saying he has a new father & will stay with his family Calpurnia takes the children to her coloured church → one woman criticizes her for bringing white children; others make them feel welcomed Reverend Sykes collects money for Tom Robinson's family Scout learns that Tom has been accused of rape by Bob Ewell; can't understand how anyone can believe what Ewell says at home Alexandra is waiting for them 20 Englisch LK ● → wants to give Scout a "feminine influence" ● • Maycomb gives her a warm welcome; various women bake her cakes; soon becomes an integral part of the town's social life Alexandra is very proud of her ancestry: "family consciousness" → Jem and Scout lack the pride; Alexandra orders Atticus to lecture them on their ancestry ● Chapter 14 • upcoming trial of Tom & Atticus' role in it make children objects of whispers & glances • Alexandra wants to convince Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia (no longer needed) > he refuses Jem proposes not to antagonize Alexandra > Scout gets angry, Atticus breaks up the fight ● → Scout discovers Dill hiding under the bed: ran away from home because parents didn't pay enough attention to him • Jem goes down & tells Atticus who informs Dill's aunt Chapter 13 Alexandra explains that she stay with children while Atticus is away ► Chapter 15 group of men lead by Heck Tate come to Atticus' house: Tom is to be moved to the jail → concerns about the possibility of a lynch mob Jem tells Scout that Alexandra & Atticus have been arguing about the trial → she accused him of bringing disgrace to the family in the night, Atticus takes the car to drive to town; Jem, Scout & Dill follow him ● ● ● ● → see Atticus in front of the jail: group of men arrives, want Atticus to move → Scout runs up to Atticus who orders children to go home Scout recognizes Mr. Cunningham & starts talking to him: he is ashamed & tells others to leave Chapter 16 trial begins, everyone makes an appearance Jem, Dill and Scout wait to get a sit in the back so that Atticus won't notice them → wait for too long & only get a seat because Reverend lets them sit in the black section Chapter 17 prosecutor Mr. Gilmer questions Heck Tate about night of November 21 → Bob Ewell urged him to come to his house because daughter got raped → at Ewell's place Tate found Mayella bruised & beaten > she told him that Tom raped her witness tells no doctor was summoned (too expensive and not needed according to Ewell) & that Mayella's bruises were concentrated on right side Bob Ewell is called to the stand → tells he came out of the woods & heard Mayella yelling > saw Tom through the window raping her > Tom fled & Ewell went inside → has to write his name: left-handed = more likely to leave bruises on right side of face Chapter 18 Mayella called to the stand: heavily terrified → says she called Tom to the fence, offered him a nickel to break up a dresser for her; once he got inside: grabbed & took advantage of her 21 Englisch LK ● · → Tom climbed up on a chair; Mayella grabbed his legs scaring him so much he jumped down → hugged him & asked Tom to kiss her > father appeared, calling Mayella a whore & threatening to kill her > Tom ran away • judge asks why Tom always helped Mayella until he declares he felt sorry for her puts courtroom ill at case: in Maycomb, Blacks aren't supposed to feel sorry for whites ● Atticus asks why she didn't fight/her screams weren't heard by others/how Tom managed crime (useless left hand because torn apart by cotton gin) pleads Mayella to admit that there was no rape > Mayella yells at him ● Chapter 19 Tom testifies he always passed Ewell's house on his way to work; Mayella often asked for help → on this evening he was asked to come inside & fix the door; noticed other children were gone & nothing wrong with the door ● → Mayella told she saved money for them to get an ice cream & asked to lift a box down from the dresser Chapter 20 Mr. Raymond tells children he pretends to be a drunk to provide an explanation for his lifestyle: simply prefers black people over whites Dill and Scout return to courtroom where Atticus makes a personal appeal to jury → presents that there is no medical evidence of the crime; physical evidence shows that Bob Ewell beat Mayella Chapter 21 Calpurnia hands Atticus a note telling him that children haven't been at home since noon → Mr. Underwood says that they are in the colored balcony: Calpurnia marches them home; they eat quickly & return to court • verdict: Tom Robinson is found guilty → offers his perspective of events: Mayella lonely & unhappy; committed the unmentionable act of lusting after black man; concealed her shame by accusing him of rape after being caught → begs jury to deliver justice by freeing Tom Robinson Calpurnia enters courtroom Chapter 22 in the night, Jem cries, railing against the injustice of the verdict Maycomb's black community brings food to the Finch's house Miss Maudie invites Jem & Scout for a cafe to save them from the questions of the others → Jem complains that his illusion about Maycomb (thought its citizens are “the best in the world") has been shattered → Miss Maudie remarks that people tried to help: Judge Taylor appointed Atticus as Tom's defender; jury stayed out for a long time = progress in race relations Bob Ewell accosts Atticus, spits on him and swears revenge Chapter 23 Scout asks what happens to Tom when he loses the new trial > electric chair Jem and Alexandra discuss the justice of executing men for rape 22

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To kill a Mockingbird × Summary

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 Englisch LK
Summary
Chapter 1
• first of Scout's ancestors to come to America: fur-trader Simon Finch
●
●
Atticus' wife died when Scout was

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Englisch LK Summary Chapter 1 • first of Scout's ancestors to come to America: fur-trader Simon Finch ● ● Atticus' wife died when Scout was two; only Jem has memories of their mother • summer 1933: Dill moves in next door; stays with his aunt Miss Rachel Haverford → Dill suggests to lure Boo Radley out of his house (Boo got in trouble with law, father imprisoned him at home for punishment; was not heard from there on until he stabbed his father with a pair of scissors 15 years later; when mother died, brother Nathan came to live with him) → Dill dares Jem to touch the house; no signs of movement in the house ● → fled England to escape religious persecution → established successful farm on banks of Alabama River ("Finch's Landing") first Finch to make a living away from farm: Atticus (lawyer in the nearby town of Maycomb); brother Jack (went to medical school near Boston); sister Alexandra stayed on farm ● ● Chapter 2 Dill leaves in September to return to Meridian Scout prepares to go to school → teacher finds out that Atticus tough Scout how to read: makes her feel guilty for being educated Chapter 3 ● at lunch Scout rubs Walter's nose in the dirt for getting her into trouble → Jem intervenes and invites him to dinner Walter...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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Cunningham doesn't bring lunch to school; teacher offers him money to buy lunch → his family is really poor, pays Atticus with hickory nuts & other goods when legal help needed → Scout tries to explain this to teacher > slaps Scout's hand with a ruler → Scout disgraces Walter at dinner, gets rebuked by Calpurnia at school teacher gets terrified when she spots a small bug crawling on Burris Ewell's head → Burris comes to school only at the first day to avoid trouble with the law Scout complains that she doesn't want to go to school again, Atticus should teach her → Atticus explains that law demands that Scout goes to school but promises to keep reading to her as long as she doesn't tell teacher about it Chapter 4 rest of school year passes grimly for Scout • one day after school she passes the Radley's place → sees tinfoil sticking out of a knothole in one of the Radley's oak trees & discovers two pieces of chewing gum > Jem panics and tells her to spit it out • next day Jem & Scout find two old "Indian-head" pennies hid in the same knothole • summer comes, Dill returns to Maycomb playing games, acting out a whole drama around Radley family → Atticus catches them playing their game & asks if it's about the Radley's; Jem lies about it 18 Englisch LK → tells Scout that Boo is still alive, victim of his harsh father, was always polite and friendly ● • Jem and Dill plan to give a note to Boo, inviting him for ice-cream → try to stick a note in a window with a fishing pole → Atticus catches them, tells them to "stop tormenting that man" ● ● ● ● ● ● Chapter 5 Jem and Dill grow closer, Scout begins to feel left out in their games → Scout starts spending more time with Miss Maudie Atkinson ● Chapter 6 Jem and Dill plan to sneak over to the Radley Place & peek in through a loose shutter → Scout accompanies them, they creep around the house → suddenly they see the shadow of a man with a hat → flee, hearing a shotgun fired behind them; escape under the fence by the school yard > Jem's pants get caught on the fence & he has to kick them off children return home where they encounter a collection of neighbourhood adults → Miss Maudie informs that Nathan R. shot at "a negro" in his yard late at night Jem sneaks out to get his pants Chapter 7 Jem tells Scout that he found his pants mysteriously mended and hung neatly over the fence find another present hidden in the knothole: ball of grey twine leave it there for a few days, claim it for their own when nobody takes it Scout is still unhappy in school: Jem tells her it will get better another present appears in knothole: two figures craved in soap to resemble Scout and Jem → more presents appear: old pocket watch, chewing gum, medal next day Jem and Scout find the knothole filled with cement → Nathan Radley explains he plugged the knothole because tree is dying Chapter 8 first time in years Maycomb endures a real winter → not enough snow for real snowman: Jem and Scout build one out of mud & cover it with snow (black in inside, white on outside = Calpurnia?) Miss Maudie's house is on fire, burns to the ground → someone drops a blanket over Scout while she is watching the fire → when Atticus asks her about it, she has no idea who put it over her → Jem realizes that Boo put it over her, reveals the whole story with the knothole & presents → Atticus tells them to keep the story to themselves despite having lost her home, Miss Maudie is cheerful the next day: tells children how much she hated her old home Chapter 9 at school Scout almost starts a fight when classmate Cecil Jacobs uses an offensive racial slur to declare that Atticus defends black people ● • Atticus has been asked to defend Tom Robinson, who is accused of raping a white woman at Christmastime Atticus' brother Jack comes to stay over the holidays 19 Englisch LK • on Christmas Atticus takes his family to Finch's Landing → Scout gets to know Francis, Alexandra's grandson; she insists on Scout wearing a dress • one night Francis uses an offensive racial slur against Atticus → Scout curses Francis and beats him up → Francis tells Alexandra and Jack; Jack spanks her without hearing her side of the story back in Maycomb Scout tells Jack what really happened; begs him not to tell Atticus about it because she has promised not to fight anyone over what is said about him in the evening Scout hears how Atticus tells Jack that Tom is innocent but an all white jury won't acquit him ● ● Chapter 10 Atticus is older than most fathers in Maycomb, wears glasses and reads instead of going hunting & fishing > often embarrasses his children • one day a mad dog appears, wandering down the main street towards Finch's house Calpurnia calls Atticus who returns home together with Heck Tate brings a rifle and asks Atticus to shoot the mad dog → to Jem and Scout's amazement Atticus hits the dog with the first shot Miss Maudie tells the children that Atticus was the best shot in the county when he was young Scout wants everyone to know about it but Jem tells her to keep it a secret →if Atticus wanted them to know, he would have told them ● ● ► Chapter 11 Mrs. Dubose = old lady who always shouts at Jem and Scout; Atticus tells them to be gentle → one day she tells the children that Atticus isn't better than "niggers and trash" he works for → Jem loses his temper & destroys all of Mrs. Dubose's bushes • as a punishment, Jem has to visit her every day & read to her; Scout accompanies him Mrs. Dubose dies a little more than a month after Jem's punishment ends → Atticus reveals that she was addicted to morphine; reading helped her combat addiction Atticus gives Jem a box from Mrs. Dubose: single white camellia in it ● ● ● ● ● ● ● fire turning point in the plot → before fire story was centered around Scout and her childhood; after the fire the story focusses on Tom's trial Chapter 12 Jem turns 12; begins to demand that Scout acts more like a girl → Scout becomes upset & looks forward to meeting Dill in the summer → Dill doesn't come; sends a letter saying he has a new father & will stay with his family Calpurnia takes the children to her coloured church → one woman criticizes her for bringing white children; others make them feel welcomed Reverend Sykes collects money for Tom Robinson's family Scout learns that Tom has been accused of rape by Bob Ewell; can't understand how anyone can believe what Ewell says at home Alexandra is waiting for them 20 Englisch LK ● → wants to give Scout a "feminine influence" ● • Maycomb gives her a warm welcome; various women bake her cakes; soon becomes an integral part of the town's social life Alexandra is very proud of her ancestry: "family consciousness" → Jem and Scout lack the pride; Alexandra orders Atticus to lecture them on their ancestry ● Chapter 14 • upcoming trial of Tom & Atticus' role in it make children objects of whispers & glances • Alexandra wants to convince Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia (no longer needed) > he refuses Jem proposes not to antagonize Alexandra > Scout gets angry, Atticus breaks up the fight ● → Scout discovers Dill hiding under the bed: ran away from home because parents didn't pay enough attention to him • Jem goes down & tells Atticus who informs Dill's aunt Chapter 13 Alexandra explains that she stay with children while Atticus is away ► Chapter 15 group of men lead by Heck Tate come to Atticus' house: Tom is to be moved to the jail → concerns about the possibility of a lynch mob Jem tells Scout that Alexandra & Atticus have been arguing about the trial → she accused him of bringing disgrace to the family in the night, Atticus takes the car to drive to town; Jem, Scout & Dill follow him ● ● ● ● → see Atticus in front of the jail: group of men arrives, want Atticus to move → Scout runs up to Atticus who orders children to go home Scout recognizes Mr. Cunningham & starts talking to him: he is ashamed & tells others to leave Chapter 16 trial begins, everyone makes an appearance Jem, Dill and Scout wait to get a sit in the back so that Atticus won't notice them → wait for too long & only get a seat because Reverend lets them sit in the black section Chapter 17 prosecutor Mr. Gilmer questions Heck Tate about night of November 21 → Bob Ewell urged him to come to his house because daughter got raped → at Ewell's place Tate found Mayella bruised & beaten > she told him that Tom raped her witness tells no doctor was summoned (too expensive and not needed according to Ewell) & that Mayella's bruises were concentrated on right side Bob Ewell is called to the stand → tells he came out of the woods & heard Mayella yelling > saw Tom through the window raping her > Tom fled & Ewell went inside → has to write his name: left-handed = more likely to leave bruises on right side of face Chapter 18 Mayella called to the stand: heavily terrified → says she called Tom to the fence, offered him a nickel to break up a dresser for her; once he got inside: grabbed & took advantage of her 21 Englisch LK ● · → Tom climbed up on a chair; Mayella grabbed his legs scaring him so much he jumped down → hugged him & asked Tom to kiss her > father appeared, calling Mayella a whore & threatening to kill her > Tom ran away • judge asks why Tom always helped Mayella until he declares he felt sorry for her puts courtroom ill at case: in Maycomb, Blacks aren't supposed to feel sorry for whites ● Atticus asks why she didn't fight/her screams weren't heard by others/how Tom managed crime (useless left hand because torn apart by cotton gin) pleads Mayella to admit that there was no rape > Mayella yells at him ● Chapter 19 Tom testifies he always passed Ewell's house on his way to work; Mayella often asked for help → on this evening he was asked to come inside & fix the door; noticed other children were gone & nothing wrong with the door ● → Mayella told she saved money for them to get an ice cream & asked to lift a box down from the dresser Chapter 20 Mr. Raymond tells children he pretends to be a drunk to provide an explanation for his lifestyle: simply prefers black people over whites Dill and Scout return to courtroom where Atticus makes a personal appeal to jury → presents that there is no medical evidence of the crime; physical evidence shows that Bob Ewell beat Mayella Chapter 21 Calpurnia hands Atticus a note telling him that children haven't been at home since noon → Mr. Underwood says that they are in the colored balcony: Calpurnia marches them home; they eat quickly & return to court • verdict: Tom Robinson is found guilty → offers his perspective of events: Mayella lonely & unhappy; committed the unmentionable act of lusting after black man; concealed her shame by accusing him of rape after being caught → begs jury to deliver justice by freeing Tom Robinson Calpurnia enters courtroom Chapter 22 in the night, Jem cries, railing against the injustice of the verdict Maycomb's black community brings food to the Finch's house Miss Maudie invites Jem & Scout for a cafe to save them from the questions of the others → Jem complains that his illusion about Maycomb (thought its citizens are “the best in the world") has been shattered → Miss Maudie remarks that people tried to help: Judge Taylor appointed Atticus as Tom's defender; jury stayed out for a long time = progress in race relations Bob Ewell accosts Atticus, spits on him and swears revenge Chapter 23 Scout asks what happens to Tom when he loses the new trial > electric chair Jem and Alexandra discuss the justice of executing men for rape 22