Abitur 2022 alle Themen

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mara

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Englisch

 

11/12/13

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Abitur 2022 alle Themen

 Shakespeare
The Elizabethan world view
The Great Chain of Being: chain that is hierarchically ordered, God set an order for everything
in t

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Alle Themen des Englisch Abiturs 2022 zusammengefasst :) Shakespeare Nigeria American Dream (in „Death of a Salesman”) Utopia and Dystopia (in „Brave New World”) Science and Technology Globalisation The United Kingdom

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Shakespeare The Elizabethan world view The Great Chain of Being: chain that is hierarchically ordered, God set an order for everything in the universe The Signs of the Zodiac: astrology was an important influence The Wheel of Fortune: believed to determine the fate of a person The four humours: elements that effect the behaviour of all living things -plays focus more on secular issues than on religious themes Language is often used for persuasion, seduction, elements of challenge Stylistic devices thy/thine means your Verbs ow'st means own, grow'st means grow art means are, hath means has, doth means does ххх х X хххх X eg.: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? regular meter -> harmony, peace, balance, stability irregular meter -> disharmony, confusion Sonnet: three quatrains then one couplet -> rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG -turn after the three quatrains: shift of thought or feeling, often indicated by "but" or "yet" -couplet: conclusion or summary 154 sonnets in general GOD -1-126 are addressed to a young man -127-154 are addressed to a "dark lady" Angels Doefic Form lambic pentameter: style of writing verse in lines of ten syllables with emphasis on every second scheme -> blank verse ->comes close to natural speaking and sounds more elevated, less ordinary Humans His continuing relevance -his work entertains and inspires -timeless and relevant themes -basis/influence for new literature -part of history (representative of Elizabethan age) -poetic texts are still...

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present in today's world (song lyrics, quotes on social media) Animals Plants anaphora, alliteration, allusion, metaphor, repetition, rhetorical question, parallelism, personification, imagery, simile, assonance, onomatopoeia, form of punctuation, use of personal pronouns,... Pronouns thou/thee means you Lifeless things created the universe • controlls nature • Monarch, Kings (Elizabeth I.) • Nobles, churchmen -outdated picture of society, woman and the world -mostly about western culture -very hard to understand (language has changed) -plays were made for stage, not to be read -knowledge irrelevant for most students commoners, pauper • Ox • Cat • Mouse • Oak • Flowers Themes love, family relationships and conflicts, revenge, betrayal, ambition, good and evil, loyalty, what it means to be a real man, power, nature, beauty, old age, death,... • Gold • Iron • Stones cutture -very rich and diverse national culture -lots of traditional music, dances and clothes -known for English language literature -Nigerian film-industry: Nollywood society -mainly young people (75%) -7th most populous country -over 250 different ethnic groups (Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa Fulani) -over 500 languages spoken -"Nigerian dream": becoming successful in a short amount of time -socially active women who stand up for diversity -free primary and secondary education economy and politics -emerging global power ("giant of Africa") -very big oil and natural gas industry -legal und judicial system with three codes of law -> separations of power -> democracy Nigeria -growing agriculture industry -highest GDP in Africa history -joined the Commonwealth -became a republic (in 1999) after becoming independent (in 1960) religion -many different religious orientations -> Muslims, Christians (various denominations) environment -many resources -> oil, natural gas, diamonds, gold -Lagos: "city of future" ->Eko Atlantic City -tourism -Nollywood only popular in Nigeria -> western cultures do not understand their local problems that are shown in the films -overpopulation -slums, poverty -> bad living conditions -organised crimes -low life expectancy -unemployment NIGERIA BENIN Op ovo -oil spills -pollution of water and air -> diseases, lack of drinking water,... -deforestation -> species loss, global warming,... -lack of electricity KEBBİ Cong oqui OSUN -inequality between men and women -many diseases that cannot be fought -> poor medical supply -many kids do not have access to education -> high illiteracy level (25% of the youth) -many young people leave the country -> problems of migration (feeling foreign) SOKOTO NIGER KWARA ONDO K DELTA Ge Minna KOGI NIGER KATSINA RIVERS Part Harcourt Aba ABLJA CAPITAL TERRITORY KADUNA ANAMBRA MO ABIA ENUGU KANO 35 may BENUE PLATEAU CROSS RIVER JIGAWA up cher IROM BAUCHI Basit -religious tension -terrorism (Boko Haram -> abduction of school children) -> want to spread muslimity TARABA YOBE "Da CAMEROON BORNO ADAMAWA -lack of infrastructure, bad education and healthcare system -inefficient financial system -> money made from oil is not invested in education -> high level of corruption -depend on the oil industry -inability to provide enough food -restriction of freedom of speech -Nigeria was a British protectorate (1901) -> identity loss, problems of finding their proper culture -were affected by slave trade: 15th to 19th century -Civil War "Republic of Biafra" (1967-1970) between Igbo&Yoruba CHAD CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC American dream Definition -opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement regardless of origin, ideals which allow every American to prosper and advance socially and financially through hard work -dream to live the ideal life one has imagined -> peace, freedom, successful life, pursuit of happiness -dream of being able to develop to the fullest of one's potential -economic: prosperity and material wealth ("from rags to riches“), financial independence, industrialisation provides work for everyone -social: equal justice, independence, freedom, classless society, individuality, solidarity, multiculturalism, pluralism, upward mobility, religious freedom, liberty -political: democracy/political freedom, right to vote, protection of each person's inalienable rights (Human Rights) -individual: individual responsibility to succeed in a competitive society which is marked by an enormous social and cultural diversity (with strong will & hard work one can achieve anything), self-fulfilment History 1492: discovery of seemingly unpopulated continent by Columbus -> geographical basis September 1620: Mayflower arrived in a bay they called Plymouth Bay -> Puritans' beliefs and values had a long lasting effect on the society -> idea of America as the God-promised land "The New Canaan" 1775-1783: American War of Independence July 4, 1776: Declaration of Independence = stresses the right of the individual, while at the same time taking the rights of others into consideration, "All men are created equal" 1787: US Constitution = new ideas of a democratic state stated in the preamble of the constitution 1789: Bill of Rights = first ten amendments to the American Constitution -> guarantee America's citizens certain inalienable rights, e.g. freedom of religion, freedom of speech and the press as well as the right to bear arms 1839: "Manifest Destiny" -> American people have been chosen to establish on earth the moral dignity and salvation of man - the immutable truth and beneficence of God 1914-1928: WW1 -> Treaty of Versailles post WW2: Ultimate establishment of the US as a global superpower Today: -Multicultural society: various ethnic groups and their cultural heritage are accepted in their own right in the American society -Melting pot theory: people from all over the world come to America, bring their cultures to create a new/unique America American Nightmare Critical view on today's American dream -selfish individualism and materialism (causes environmental contamination) -extent of immigration/ deportation of immigrants/ border control signifies separation from their families -punishment, arrest, public shootings/ gun control, slavery -discrimination of minorities -> police brutality against African-Americans -> BLM as a response to the mistreatment -division: growing gap between rich and poor -unemployment rate rises -more poverty increasing crime -no health insurance and social welfare -> a whole nation's dream that only a few people live -> the richest 1% own as much as the other 99% -problems like 9/11, financial crisis in 2008, Vietnam War Corona -confirms that the American Dream is not available anymore, unreachable -fundament for the American Dream= economy -economic disruption and closures, small businesses are financially fragile, unemployment rate rises -adverse effects on education, safety, public health, liberty, insecurity, isolation, no stability Death of a Salesman 1 Willy 2 Biff We meet Willy Loman, a traveling salesman. who has trouble driving. 5 Home Biff and Happy come home to find their mother furious about them leaving their dad. Biff says they're all losers. 3 Flashbacks Willy's son Biff returns home from working as a farmhand in the West. Willy feels Biff could be more successful. Crash Willy realizes his sons love him. He decides to kill himself so Biff can get the insurance money. Willy's flashbacks make him crazy. He wakes the house and everyone learns of his troubles with his wife and job. A Affair The next day, nothing goes right. Willy gets fired and Biff gets denied his loan. Biff and Happy ditch Willy at a restaurant for some girls. Willy daydreams about his affair in Boston. End In the end, Linda is still in denial about her husband's troubles. Biff wants to be a better man and Happy wants to be just like his dad. critiques the American Dream all of the characters pursue a different kind of American dream Ben Loman: -embodies the American Dream -> the ability to start with nothing and somehow make a fortune -signifies that a few people can achieve the "rags to riches" version of the AD -but one must be ruthless or at least a bit wild like Ben in order to achieve it "When I walked into the jungle, I was seventeen. When I walked out I was twenty-one. And, by God, I was rich!" Happy Loman: -is following in Willy's footsteps of self-delusion and pretences -he is content with going from job to job, as long as he has some income and can devote himself into female interests Biff Loman: -is pulled by two different dreams -one is that of his father's world of business, sales and capitalism -the other is the dream of nature, the great outdoors, and working with his hands -in the end of the play he realises that his father has pursued the "wrong" dream -at Willy's funeral he decides that he will not allow the same thing to happen to himself -> turns away from Willy's dream Willy Loman: -is obsessed with the values of the AD especially with wealth and success -> even views his own death as meaningful because the insurance will pay his family his life insurance "After all the high-ways, and the trains, and the appointments, and the years, you end up worth more dead than alive." -he is betting on becoming successful by becoming popular and having a charming personality not by working hard or being innovative -however, his dream does not come true; he remains a poor and replaceable substitute for the rest of his life but he does not want to accept it -until the end of his life he is convinced that he is very popular -> in reality only his family visits his funeral -he projects his dreams of the AD on his son Biff and wants him to be the famous businessman that Willy could never be -> Biff does not want to live up to Willy's expectations and this destroys their relationship "He had the wrong dreams. All, all, wrong. (...) He never knew who he was." -in the end Willy is still not able to detach from the AD even if he has clearly failed -he loses his identity due to his obsession -> The American Dream does not suit all people and should not be pursued unconditionally. Sometimes it can make life worse for people than if they ignore it. Even if you believe in the American Dream, you should not overdo it and never lose sight of the human aspect - as happened to Willy in the play. Utopia and Dystopia opian literature a fictional text dealing with an ideal (future) society -> imaginary place of ideal perfection Characteristics Peaceful government, law, social conditions, equality, access to education, healthcare, employment, promotion of freedom and independence, happiness, peace, safety, paradise-like, peaceful government -> optimistic about the future society Developments end all wars, conflicts, crisis and terrorism high technological standards around the globe all basic needs will be covered for everyone democratic world order living in harmony with nature Dystopian literature a fictional text dealing with a future society in which human freedom is severely limited often criticises our present day society by exposing trends and tendencies towards totalitarian control result of two world wars Characteristics Use of propaganda to manipulate the citizens of a society Restriction of information, independent thought and freedom Worshipping of a figurehead or concept Omnipresent surveillance and control of citizens Living in a dehumanised state Distrust and banishment of the natural world Uniformity governs all aspects of life, individuality and dissent are disapproved of Society as an illusion of a perfect utopian world Living in a dystopian world conflicts for resources, high crime rates, destroyed cities and infrastructure, diseases, death, everyone only cares for themselves Brave New World short summary: Hatchery Tour During the tour, we learn all about the creepy new world and how people are made. John Bernard meets John on the reservation and discovers he is the son of the director. Date Bernard has a date with Lenina, but really wants to know about true love. th Civilization Bernard brings John and Linda back to civilization. The director is ruined by the return of his wife and son. M Reservation Bernard takes Lenina on vacation. The director says that he had visited the reservation long ago. John Hates This Life Lenina wants sex with John, but he wants to stay chaste. Nobody cares about death. He starts a riot. Soma Bernard gets fired and takes soma to deal. Lighthouse John becomes a celebrity for beating himself to feel sorrow, and eventually hangs himself.

Abitur 2022 alle Themen

M

mara

64 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Abitur 2022 alle Themen

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Shakespeare
The Elizabethan world view
The Great Chain of Being: chain that is hierarchically ordered, God set an order for everything
in t

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Teilen

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640

Kommentare (27)

F

Cool, mit dem Lernzettel konnte ich mich richtig gut auf meine Klassenarbeit vorbereiten. Danke 👍👍

Alle Themen des Englisch Abiturs 2022 zusammengefasst :) Shakespeare Nigeria American Dream (in „Death of a Salesman”) Utopia and Dystopia (in „Brave New World”) Science and Technology Globalisation The United Kingdom

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Shakespeare The Elizabethan world view The Great Chain of Being: chain that is hierarchically ordered, God set an order for everything in the universe The Signs of the Zodiac: astrology was an important influence The Wheel of Fortune: believed to determine the fate of a person The four humours: elements that effect the behaviour of all living things -plays focus more on secular issues than on religious themes Language is often used for persuasion, seduction, elements of challenge Stylistic devices thy/thine means your Verbs ow'st means own, grow'st means grow art means are, hath means has, doth means does ххх х X хххх X eg.: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? regular meter -> harmony, peace, balance, stability irregular meter -> disharmony, confusion Sonnet: three quatrains then one couplet -> rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG -turn after the three quatrains: shift of thought or feeling, often indicated by "but" or "yet" -couplet: conclusion or summary 154 sonnets in general GOD -1-126 are addressed to a young man -127-154 are addressed to a "dark lady" Angels Doefic Form lambic pentameter: style of writing verse in lines of ten syllables with emphasis on every second scheme -> blank verse ->comes close to natural speaking and sounds more elevated, less ordinary Humans His continuing relevance -his work entertains and inspires -timeless and relevant themes -basis/influence for new literature -part of history (representative of Elizabethan age) -poetic texts are still...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

present in today's world (song lyrics, quotes on social media) Animals Plants anaphora, alliteration, allusion, metaphor, repetition, rhetorical question, parallelism, personification, imagery, simile, assonance, onomatopoeia, form of punctuation, use of personal pronouns,... Pronouns thou/thee means you Lifeless things created the universe • controlls nature • Monarch, Kings (Elizabeth I.) • Nobles, churchmen -outdated picture of society, woman and the world -mostly about western culture -very hard to understand (language has changed) -plays were made for stage, not to be read -knowledge irrelevant for most students commoners, pauper • Ox • Cat • Mouse • Oak • Flowers Themes love, family relationships and conflicts, revenge, betrayal, ambition, good and evil, loyalty, what it means to be a real man, power, nature, beauty, old age, death,... • Gold • Iron • Stones cutture -very rich and diverse national culture -lots of traditional music, dances and clothes -known for English language literature -Nigerian film-industry: Nollywood society -mainly young people (75%) -7th most populous country -over 250 different ethnic groups (Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa Fulani) -over 500 languages spoken -"Nigerian dream": becoming successful in a short amount of time -socially active women who stand up for diversity -free primary and secondary education economy and politics -emerging global power ("giant of Africa") -very big oil and natural gas industry -legal und judicial system with three codes of law -> separations of power -> democracy Nigeria -growing agriculture industry -highest GDP in Africa history -joined the Commonwealth -became a republic (in 1999) after becoming independent (in 1960) religion -many different religious orientations -> Muslims, Christians (various denominations) environment -many resources -> oil, natural gas, diamonds, gold -Lagos: "city of future" ->Eko Atlantic City -tourism -Nollywood only popular in Nigeria -> western cultures do not understand their local problems that are shown in the films -overpopulation -slums, poverty -> bad living conditions -organised crimes -low life expectancy -unemployment NIGERIA BENIN Op ovo -oil spills -pollution of water and air -> diseases, lack of drinking water,... -deforestation -> species loss, global warming,... -lack of electricity KEBBİ Cong oqui OSUN -inequality between men and women -many diseases that cannot be fought -> poor medical supply -many kids do not have access to education -> high illiteracy level (25% of the youth) -many young people leave the country -> problems of migration (feeling foreign) SOKOTO NIGER KWARA ONDO K DELTA Ge Minna KOGI NIGER KATSINA RIVERS Part Harcourt Aba ABLJA CAPITAL TERRITORY KADUNA ANAMBRA MO ABIA ENUGU KANO 35 may BENUE PLATEAU CROSS RIVER JIGAWA up cher IROM BAUCHI Basit -religious tension -terrorism (Boko Haram -> abduction of school children) -> want to spread muslimity TARABA YOBE "Da CAMEROON BORNO ADAMAWA -lack of infrastructure, bad education and healthcare system -inefficient financial system -> money made from oil is not invested in education -> high level of corruption -depend on the oil industry -inability to provide enough food -restriction of freedom of speech -Nigeria was a British protectorate (1901) -> identity loss, problems of finding their proper culture -were affected by slave trade: 15th to 19th century -Civil War "Republic of Biafra" (1967-1970) between Igbo&Yoruba CHAD CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC American dream Definition -opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement regardless of origin, ideals which allow every American to prosper and advance socially and financially through hard work -dream to live the ideal life one has imagined -> peace, freedom, successful life, pursuit of happiness -dream of being able to develop to the fullest of one's potential -economic: prosperity and material wealth ("from rags to riches“), financial independence, industrialisation provides work for everyone -social: equal justice, independence, freedom, classless society, individuality, solidarity, multiculturalism, pluralism, upward mobility, religious freedom, liberty -political: democracy/political freedom, right to vote, protection of each person's inalienable rights (Human Rights) -individual: individual responsibility to succeed in a competitive society which is marked by an enormous social and cultural diversity (with strong will & hard work one can achieve anything), self-fulfilment History 1492: discovery of seemingly unpopulated continent by Columbus -> geographical basis September 1620: Mayflower arrived in a bay they called Plymouth Bay -> Puritans' beliefs and values had a long lasting effect on the society -> idea of America as the God-promised land "The New Canaan" 1775-1783: American War of Independence July 4, 1776: Declaration of Independence = stresses the right of the individual, while at the same time taking the rights of others into consideration, "All men are created equal" 1787: US Constitution = new ideas of a democratic state stated in the preamble of the constitution 1789: Bill of Rights = first ten amendments to the American Constitution -> guarantee America's citizens certain inalienable rights, e.g. freedom of religion, freedom of speech and the press as well as the right to bear arms 1839: "Manifest Destiny" -> American people have been chosen to establish on earth the moral dignity and salvation of man - the immutable truth and beneficence of God 1914-1928: WW1 -> Treaty of Versailles post WW2: Ultimate establishment of the US as a global superpower Today: -Multicultural society: various ethnic groups and their cultural heritage are accepted in their own right in the American society -Melting pot theory: people from all over the world come to America, bring their cultures to create a new/unique America American Nightmare Critical view on today's American dream -selfish individualism and materialism (causes environmental contamination) -extent of immigration/ deportation of immigrants/ border control signifies separation from their families -punishment, arrest, public shootings/ gun control, slavery -discrimination of minorities -> police brutality against African-Americans -> BLM as a response to the mistreatment -division: growing gap between rich and poor -unemployment rate rises -more poverty increasing crime -no health insurance and social welfare -> a whole nation's dream that only a few people live -> the richest 1% own as much as the other 99% -problems like 9/11, financial crisis in 2008, Vietnam War Corona -confirms that the American Dream is not available anymore, unreachable -fundament for the American Dream= economy -economic disruption and closures, small businesses are financially fragile, unemployment rate rises -adverse effects on education, safety, public health, liberty, insecurity, isolation, no stability Death of a Salesman 1 Willy 2 Biff We meet Willy Loman, a traveling salesman. who has trouble driving. 5 Home Biff and Happy come home to find their mother furious about them leaving their dad. Biff says they're all losers. 3 Flashbacks Willy's son Biff returns home from working as a farmhand in the West. Willy feels Biff could be more successful. Crash Willy realizes his sons love him. He decides to kill himself so Biff can get the insurance money. Willy's flashbacks make him crazy. He wakes the house and everyone learns of his troubles with his wife and job. A Affair The next day, nothing goes right. Willy gets fired and Biff gets denied his loan. Biff and Happy ditch Willy at a restaurant for some girls. Willy daydreams about his affair in Boston. End In the end, Linda is still in denial about her husband's troubles. Biff wants to be a better man and Happy wants to be just like his dad. critiques the American Dream all of the characters pursue a different kind of American dream Ben Loman: -embodies the American Dream -> the ability to start with nothing and somehow make a fortune -signifies that a few people can achieve the "rags to riches" version of the AD -but one must be ruthless or at least a bit wild like Ben in order to achieve it "When I walked into the jungle, I was seventeen. When I walked out I was twenty-one. And, by God, I was rich!" Happy Loman: -is following in Willy's footsteps of self-delusion and pretences -he is content with going from job to job, as long as he has some income and can devote himself into female interests Biff Loman: -is pulled by two different dreams -one is that of his father's world of business, sales and capitalism -the other is the dream of nature, the great outdoors, and working with his hands -in the end of the play he realises that his father has pursued the "wrong" dream -at Willy's funeral he decides that he will not allow the same thing to happen to himself -> turns away from Willy's dream Willy Loman: -is obsessed with the values of the AD especially with wealth and success -> even views his own death as meaningful because the insurance will pay his family his life insurance "After all the high-ways, and the trains, and the appointments, and the years, you end up worth more dead than alive." -he is betting on becoming successful by becoming popular and having a charming personality not by working hard or being innovative -however, his dream does not come true; he remains a poor and replaceable substitute for the rest of his life but he does not want to accept it -until the end of his life he is convinced that he is very popular -> in reality only his family visits his funeral -he projects his dreams of the AD on his son Biff and wants him to be the famous businessman that Willy could never be -> Biff does not want to live up to Willy's expectations and this destroys their relationship "He had the wrong dreams. All, all, wrong. (...) He never knew who he was." -in the end Willy is still not able to detach from the AD even if he has clearly failed -he loses his identity due to his obsession -> The American Dream does not suit all people and should not be pursued unconditionally. Sometimes it can make life worse for people than if they ignore it. Even if you believe in the American Dream, you should not overdo it and never lose sight of the human aspect - as happened to Willy in the play. Utopia and Dystopia opian literature a fictional text dealing with an ideal (future) society -> imaginary place of ideal perfection Characteristics Peaceful government, law, social conditions, equality, access to education, healthcare, employment, promotion of freedom and independence, happiness, peace, safety, paradise-like, peaceful government -> optimistic about the future society Developments end all wars, conflicts, crisis and terrorism high technological standards around the globe all basic needs will be covered for everyone democratic world order living in harmony with nature Dystopian literature a fictional text dealing with a future society in which human freedom is severely limited often criticises our present day society by exposing trends and tendencies towards totalitarian control result of two world wars Characteristics Use of propaganda to manipulate the citizens of a society Restriction of information, independent thought and freedom Worshipping of a figurehead or concept Omnipresent surveillance and control of citizens Living in a dehumanised state Distrust and banishment of the natural world Uniformity governs all aspects of life, individuality and dissent are disapproved of Society as an illusion of a perfect utopian world Living in a dystopian world conflicts for resources, high crime rates, destroyed cities and infrastructure, diseases, death, everyone only cares for themselves Brave New World short summary: Hatchery Tour During the tour, we learn all about the creepy new world and how people are made. John Bernard meets John on the reservation and discovers he is the son of the director. Date Bernard has a date with Lenina, but really wants to know about true love. th Civilization Bernard brings John and Linda back to civilization. The director is ruined by the return of his wife and son. M Reservation Bernard takes Lenina on vacation. The director says that he had visited the reservation long ago. John Hates This Life Lenina wants sex with John, but he wants to stay chaste. Nobody cares about death. He starts a riot. Soma Bernard gets fired and takes soma to deal. Lighthouse John becomes a celebrity for beating himself to feel sorrow, and eventually hangs himself.