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Amerikanischer Traum - America's history, school system and famous speeches

Amerikanischer Traum - America's history, school system and famous speeches

 Politische, soziale und kulturelle Wirklichkeiten und ihre historischen
Hintergründe
Amerikanischer Traum - Visionen und Lebenswirklichkeit

Amerikanischer Traum - America's history, school system and famous speeches

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Annabelle Wolfgarten

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11/12/10

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Themen, die in diesem Know behandelt werden: America's history, the American Dream, the American school system, how to analyze a political speech. Mit diesem Know kannst du dich perfekt auf die nächste Klausur oder das Abitur vorbereiten.

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Politische, soziale und kulturelle Wirklichkeiten und ihre historischen Hintergründe Amerikanischer Traum - Visionen und Lebenswirklichkeiten in den USA Thema: American myths and realities: freedom and equality Americas History: Event 1492 Columbus arrives in North America around 1600 Arrival of first European colonists („the chosen people“) 1775 - (1783) Revolutionary War (against the British) 4 July 1776 Announcement of the democracy Declaration of Independence 1787 Implementation of the constitution 1791 Addition of the Bill of Rights to the constitution since 1830 Active removal of Indian tribes from their territories (westward expansion) Additional information from individual research Although he was one of the first European explorers to discover the American continent, he insisted that found lands were page of Asia. European colonists introduced unknown and therefore deadly diseases to the native population: killing thousands. The desire for Independence was not the only cause of the conflict; heavy taxation of the colonies caused widespread discontent with British legislators The American Declaration of Independence inspired similar documents around the world; including Europe. US Constitution goes into effect. The former colonies are now the United States of America. The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments. They define many of the personal freedoms that the US are famous for. The Indian Removal Act was part of a larger effort to remove Indian tribes from the southeast. The act increased pressure on Indians to accept land exchange treaties. Event 1845-1852 potato famine in Freeland 1861-1865 The American Civil War 1863 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation 1920 women gain the right to vote in the US 1931 James...

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T. Adams publishes „The Epic of America" 1945 Japan Incident 1950s-1960s Civil Rights Movement 1963 Martin Luther King performs his famous speech since 1970 2001 9/11 Additional information from individual research Disease and hunger were so severe that about 1 mio. people died and another million turned to immigration; decreasing population by 20-25% Approximately four millions laves were freed at the end of the Civil War. Declares all slaves as legally free; beginning of segregation The 19th amendment was ratified after almost a century of protests. James T. Adams was the first person to coin the term „American Dream“, a concept common in popular culture. USA drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 African Americans experienced heavy segregation/ discrimination and were often kept from voting. It begins with the Montgomery bus boycott. Protests against segregation in Washington. Martin Luther King performs his ,,I have a dream" speech. The idea of a multicultural/diverse America becomes dominant. Terrorists attack the Pentagon and the World Trade Center. Declaration of Independence (1776) individual/inalienable rights (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness) all men are created equal The Bill of Rights (1791) ● • guaranteed inalienable rights (freedom of religion/press/speech, the right to bear arms, the right for privacy) A nation of immigrants: In former times: melting pot: people from the European countries come to the US to form a nation, to become America Lately/Recent development: salad bowl: people keep their cultural identity American Dream: Definition: The American Dream is the belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version of success in a society where upward mobility is possible for everyone. The American Dream is achieved by sacrifice, risk-taking and hard work, not by chance. ● Key concepts: • fulfillment of human wishes • life, liberty, pursuit of happiness ● ability to go as far as you can, only limited by your own willingness associated with ownership (material goods) • great possibilities • unalienable rights (civil and human rights) • individual/religious freedom • material success ● fame/stardom • equality, peace, justice • social mobility free education ● Criticims/Problems: ● unrealistic hopes of life makes people believe things that are not likely • even if you work hard, you may not succeed ● • strong discrepancy between reality and dream • discrimination of ethnic groups (promises of the AD have not been fulfilled) AD stands for equality but the school system establishes inequality Is America still the Promised Land? Pro: ● strong economy and high living standards incredible landscape, nature, mountains, beaches and sights a lot of good schools: chances for good education • one of the leading world powers english as lingua franca/world language ● the AD tells you that it is what it is: a dream only too much focus on financial gain (economic dream) Contra: mostly overpopulated cities expensive living situation no medical insurance social promises are unfulfilled: death penalty sill exists in some states, a lot of homeless people, lots of crimes, racism, discrimination • gap between the rich and the poor is still growing because of expensive education ● ● The American School System: nursery school can be compared to German Kindergarten • kindergarden comes after pre-school high school ends with a high school diploma after the 12th grade • state-run schools are called public schools • private schools are mostly organized by religious institutions students spend a lot of time at school besides their lessons • activities look good on their college applications home schooling is common in the US Inequality at American schools: ● schools are funded by local property taxes which are much higher in affluent towns/suburbs poor areas have lower home values, collect less taxes and spend less money on a pupil a lot of school activities have to do with the community (f.e. building a playground in the neighborhood at the weekend) Poor towns: • bigger classes less guidance counselors ● frustrated teachers: they eventually leave school, more substitute teachers students who misbehave are more likely to get suspended/expelled from school poorly-paid teachers students share computers and therefore spend less time on computer projects • bilingual education programs are shut down ● ● more dilapidated facilities • more poorly equipped Rich towns: • well-equipped (personal laptops, up-to-date books, digital whiteboards, projectors etc.) students get more support (teachers work with them if they misbehave) students get better opportunities and tend to be more successful Famous speeches: • a summary of Obama's victory speech (example) introductory sentence (author, title, audience, place and date of delivery, topic) Barack Obama's victory speech, addressed to the supporters of his presidential campaign and delivered in Chicago in November 2012, deals with the vision of the American people and the nation's future. According to Obama America will make progress due to its people who were able to cope with difficult situations in the past. Main body At the beginning of his speech, Obama claims that America's future will be great and compares the people of the country to a family that must stick together. Although, he is of the opinion that American people are very different, he holds the view that they have certain hopes in common. They hope for the best education for their children as well as an economically and climatically stable country which guarantees equal opportunities. Moreover, American people want a strong military that will establish peace, freedom and dignity all over the world. They hope for a tolerant America where immigrants will be able to fulfill their dreams. Obama promises unlimited opportunities to America's children and describes the American Dream throughout his speech to his audience. He presents America as a country without any flaws, a country that is admired around the world. According to Obama, Americans appreciate the American Dream and therefore want to keep its promise that if you work hard, you will be able to fulfill your dreams, regardless of your nationality, skin colour, sex, class, physical ability or sexual orientation.

Englisch /

Amerikanischer Traum - America's history, school system and famous speeches

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Annabelle Wolfgarten  

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37 Followers

 Politische, soziale und kulturelle Wirklichkeiten und ihre historischen
Hintergründe
Amerikanischer Traum - Visionen und Lebenswirklichkeit

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Themen, die in diesem Know behandelt werden: America's history, the American Dream, the American school system, how to analyze a political speech. Mit diesem Know kannst du dich perfekt auf die nächste Klausur oder das Abitur vorbereiten.

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Politische, soziale und kulturelle Wirklichkeiten und ihre historischen Hintergründe Amerikanischer Traum - Visionen und Lebenswirklichkeiten in den USA Thema: American myths and realities: freedom and equality Americas History: Event 1492 Columbus arrives in North America around 1600 Arrival of first European colonists („the chosen people“) 1775 - (1783) Revolutionary War (against the British) 4 July 1776 Announcement of the democracy Declaration of Independence 1787 Implementation of the constitution 1791 Addition of the Bill of Rights to the constitution since 1830 Active removal of Indian tribes from their territories (westward expansion) Additional information from individual research Although he was one of the first European explorers to discover the American continent, he insisted that found lands were page of Asia. European colonists introduced unknown and therefore deadly diseases to the native population: killing thousands. The desire for Independence was not the only cause of the conflict; heavy taxation of the colonies caused widespread discontent with British legislators The American Declaration of Independence inspired similar documents around the world; including Europe. US Constitution goes into effect. The former colonies are now the United States of America. The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments. They define many of the personal freedoms that the US are famous for. The Indian Removal Act was part of a larger effort to remove Indian tribes from the southeast. The act increased pressure on Indians to accept land exchange treaties. Event 1845-1852 potato famine in Freeland 1861-1865 The American Civil War 1863 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation 1920 women gain the right to vote in the US 1931 James...

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Alternativer Bildtext:

T. Adams publishes „The Epic of America" 1945 Japan Incident 1950s-1960s Civil Rights Movement 1963 Martin Luther King performs his famous speech since 1970 2001 9/11 Additional information from individual research Disease and hunger were so severe that about 1 mio. people died and another million turned to immigration; decreasing population by 20-25% Approximately four millions laves were freed at the end of the Civil War. Declares all slaves as legally free; beginning of segregation The 19th amendment was ratified after almost a century of protests. James T. Adams was the first person to coin the term „American Dream“, a concept common in popular culture. USA drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 African Americans experienced heavy segregation/ discrimination and were often kept from voting. It begins with the Montgomery bus boycott. Protests against segregation in Washington. Martin Luther King performs his ,,I have a dream" speech. The idea of a multicultural/diverse America becomes dominant. Terrorists attack the Pentagon and the World Trade Center. Declaration of Independence (1776) individual/inalienable rights (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness) all men are created equal The Bill of Rights (1791) ● • guaranteed inalienable rights (freedom of religion/press/speech, the right to bear arms, the right for privacy) A nation of immigrants: In former times: melting pot: people from the European countries come to the US to form a nation, to become America Lately/Recent development: salad bowl: people keep their cultural identity American Dream: Definition: The American Dream is the belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version of success in a society where upward mobility is possible for everyone. The American Dream is achieved by sacrifice, risk-taking and hard work, not by chance. ● Key concepts: • fulfillment of human wishes • life, liberty, pursuit of happiness ● ability to go as far as you can, only limited by your own willingness associated with ownership (material goods) • great possibilities • unalienable rights (civil and human rights) • individual/religious freedom • material success ● fame/stardom • equality, peace, justice • social mobility free education ● Criticims/Problems: ● unrealistic hopes of life makes people believe things that are not likely • even if you work hard, you may not succeed ● • strong discrepancy between reality and dream • discrimination of ethnic groups (promises of the AD have not been fulfilled) AD stands for equality but the school system establishes inequality Is America still the Promised Land? Pro: ● strong economy and high living standards incredible landscape, nature, mountains, beaches and sights a lot of good schools: chances for good education • one of the leading world powers english as lingua franca/world language ● the AD tells you that it is what it is: a dream only too much focus on financial gain (economic dream) Contra: mostly overpopulated cities expensive living situation no medical insurance social promises are unfulfilled: death penalty sill exists in some states, a lot of homeless people, lots of crimes, racism, discrimination • gap between the rich and the poor is still growing because of expensive education ● ● The American School System: nursery school can be compared to German Kindergarten • kindergarden comes after pre-school high school ends with a high school diploma after the 12th grade • state-run schools are called public schools • private schools are mostly organized by religious institutions students spend a lot of time at school besides their lessons • activities look good on their college applications home schooling is common in the US Inequality at American schools: ● schools are funded by local property taxes which are much higher in affluent towns/suburbs poor areas have lower home values, collect less taxes and spend less money on a pupil a lot of school activities have to do with the community (f.e. building a playground in the neighborhood at the weekend) Poor towns: • bigger classes less guidance counselors ● frustrated teachers: they eventually leave school, more substitute teachers students who misbehave are more likely to get suspended/expelled from school poorly-paid teachers students share computers and therefore spend less time on computer projects • bilingual education programs are shut down ● ● more dilapidated facilities • more poorly equipped Rich towns: • well-equipped (personal laptops, up-to-date books, digital whiteboards, projectors etc.) students get more support (teachers work with them if they misbehave) students get better opportunities and tend to be more successful Famous speeches: • a summary of Obama's victory speech (example) introductory sentence (author, title, audience, place and date of delivery, topic) Barack Obama's victory speech, addressed to the supporters of his presidential campaign and delivered in Chicago in November 2012, deals with the vision of the American people and the nation's future. According to Obama America will make progress due to its people who were able to cope with difficult situations in the past. Main body At the beginning of his speech, Obama claims that America's future will be great and compares the people of the country to a family that must stick together. Although, he is of the opinion that American people are very different, he holds the view that they have certain hopes in common. They hope for the best education for their children as well as an economically and climatically stable country which guarantees equal opportunities. Moreover, American people want a strong military that will establish peace, freedom and dignity all over the world. They hope for a tolerant America where immigrants will be able to fulfill their dreams. Obama promises unlimited opportunities to America's children and describes the American Dream throughout his speech to his audience. He presents America as a country without any flaws, a country that is admired around the world. According to Obama, Americans appreciate the American Dream and therefore want to keep its promise that if you work hard, you will be able to fulfill your dreams, regardless of your nationality, skin colour, sex, class, physical ability or sexual orientation.