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Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

 The American Dream
dream vs. nightmare
→ wish to be ecomically free, independent, life in peace, wealth
→ higher standard of living by work

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Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

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Anna

109 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

American Dream (Death of a salesman) Great Britain (East is East-Film) Nigeria Visions of the future (Brave New World+The Circle) Shakespeare (Macbeth) Globalization (outsourced-Film) World of work

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The American Dream dream vs. nightmare → wish to be ecomically free, independent, life in peace, wealth → higher standard of living by working hard + living morally → living successful life and being happy many definitions → job loss, exploitation → discrimination, unequality (e.g. unequal payment) → police violence (now e.g. BLM protests), social inequality concept "from rags to riches" from poor to successful and rich; poverty to wealth because of hard work →➜ happiness live life happy to achieve American dream (individual) → wealth being rich; freedom, good family life, equality, democracy history & documents Pilgrim Fathers (1620): first English settlers who were the authors of the Mayflower Compact civil war (1861-1865): 43 southern states where slavery was legal wanted to leave the USA (to keep slavery); fight between southern and northern symbols civil rights movement (1955-1968) group of social movements in the US goal: gain equal rights; Rosa Parks, M.Luther King → twin towers → stature of liberty → money → American flag → Mayflower ship → first moonlanding → road 66 (stands for freedom) Westward Movement: Boston Tea Party (1773): Boston citizens-act of resistance against tea taxes → destroyed tea of the East India company ("no taxation without representation") Founding Fathers (4th July 1776): Founders of the United States →→Decleration of Independence; Thomas Jefferson independence: 4th of july 1776 being an own country, own currency etc. immigration → Melting Pot¹ integration...

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of all nations, traditions + cultures Ellis Island: over 12 mio. immigrants came to the US (1892-1952) with hope to live a better life→Ellis Island: entry station for immigrants → new chances + world immigrants hoped for a better life in the US (freedom, no slavery, work to success etc.) Mexican boarder: focal point of human suffering, border fence to restrict movement of unlawful immigrants (1993) people → Marilyn Monroe was + did everything she wanted; didn't care about how people see her; was perfect for being imperfect → Arnold Schwarzenegger: has achieved a better life through hard work ("rags to riches") → Martin Luther King: wanted freedom and equality for all races; famous speech "I have a dream"→ against discrimination + oppression politics → George Washington: founding father, 1st President of the US → Thomas Jefferson: founding father, main author of Declaration of Independence, one of the most influential state theorists → Abraham Lincoln: against slavery; "Emancipation Proclamation"; Civil war → preserve the Union → J.F. Kennedy: cold war : Supported South Vietnam, civil rights movement: signed bill so African Americans have civil rights → Trump wanted to build a wall to prevent illegal immigration, cancel Obama Health Care, doesn't want to do anything against climate change, "America first" Mayflower compact (1620): Set up by Pilgrim Fathers + "strangers" (workers) (wanted to be free as soon as they enter the country) →democracy, justice, protection, common good, orderly society... Declaration of independence (1776): 43 British colonies in Northamerica proclaim their independence from GB + right to form their own souvereign confederation Constitution (1787): reflects influence of British parliamentary system + common laws; representative democracy; government by agreement of the governed Bill of Rights (1791): 10 Amendments which guarantee the citizens certain basic rights and a free + democratic society Emancipation Proclamation (1862): abolition of slavery in those southern states that are part of the States of America in 1863 ELLY Death of a salesman Willy Loman: → husband + father → traveling sales man → insecure; suffers from depression + anxiety → daydreams → believes in the American Dream of easy success + wealth→ never achieves it → sees failures in his life → commits suicide Linda Loman: →wife + mother → supports her husband → the "good housewife" → mediator between sons-husband → betrayed from Willy → seems to ignore reality Happy Loman: → youngest son from Willy+ Linda, brother from Biff → employed → earns money→ Owns apartment + car → successful →lots of affairs but lonely →wants to be known + popular → seeking for support + respect (from his family) → doesn't get it → unhappy → cooperative (tries to keep peace in the household) Biff Loman: → oldest son from Willy+ Linda, brother from Happy → used to be a famous footballer in highschool failed with college → used to be Willy's favourite son →now works as a farmer-disappointment for Willy → not happy or successful Ben: → Willy's older brother very Successful → owns a mine in Africa → he also uses unfair methods to reach his goal Charley: → neighbour from Willy → owns his own buisness → Successful → helps Willy has a successful son American dream in the drama → criticism of the American Dream: can create a bad live, one should not exaggerate + act immorally Ben: 'rags to riches', only one being successful + wealthy →through criminal acts →not morally, luck... Bernard: successful through hard work ↑↑↑↑ Happy: wealthy, womanizer, selfishness, greed, not morally Biff: not hard working + rich + wealty but free and happ Willy: obsessed (especially wealth and success), wants to be popular, not rich + happy + popular success → Willy's vision: being popular + rich→not quality of work → suicide as a perverted vision of success: Willy thought many people Would come to his funeral happiness Willy tries to find happiness in someone else, pretends to be happy, failed because of unrealistic dreams + wanting to be popular →Biff: wanted to do what his father wanted him todo unhappy → Happy didn't get much attention from his parents, lonely unhappy Great Britain britishness → Symbols: food (tea+ fish n'chips), tower bridge, big ben... → mindset: polite, formal, helpful, fair...; striving for independence, loyalty + respect for monarchy + royal family culture literature (especially Shakespeare), old university, festivals... landmarks →Empire: GB ruled over 1/4 of the world-GB influenced the occupied countries →→wealth, raw materials-rich (till WW1) commonwealth voluntary association of independent states →work together → promote world peace (since 1931) →Industrial Revolution: revolution of production of steel, cotton etc.; more factories + production political system current constitutional monarchy: House of lords (make laws) House of Commons (review laws); Queen: oath to the nation (going to be Queen till she dies); people can identify with her; Stability, unity, tradition, responsibility, representative function → monarchy: pro: touristic aspect→→successful, money; tradition forms culture →well known; raise lots of money for charities con: monarchs are born into it →may be not appropriate; financial aspects expensive; they don't really involve themselves to charities; don't have a political power anymore Queen Elisabeth I Prince Philipp Royal family: Camilla Charles + Diana (crisis) Anne Andrew Edward Kate William Harry Megan UK and GB Great Britain: England + Scotland + Wales → United Kingdom: Great Britain + Northern Ireland documents Magna Carta (1215) : royal charter of rights (King John) Lliberty law + democracy just English nobility benefited from it Brexit When? Saturday, February 1st 2020 (process since 2017) → Who? GB with a public vote of 52% wanting to leave the EU → Why? GB felt left out; autonomy + commercial agreements are easier without EU; large sum paid into EU-household →Con aspects: less export to EU; import is more expensive; → visa for velling; increasing unemployment Immigration: big problem →→wanting to keep British identity society multicultural: many immigrants + mixed society (mostly Indian, Pakistani, Pole) religion: multireligious (Muslims, Hindu, Buddhist, Anglican-Christian, Sikhs) immigration: numbers increase; anti-immigrant movements adapting (keeping previous identity), assimilation (fully adjust /no previous identity), integration (overcome clash of cultures-part of British society Social classes lower class→→working class (unskilled workers) → middle class → Upper class → Aristocrats (royals / title...) wide varity, new perspectives, more tolerant + open-minded but also religous conflicts, cultural differences, discrimination, racism, prejudices, unequality... East is East → conflict of generations + cultures → interreligious marriage (catholic + muslim) → father as the leader of the family (beats his wife + children; wants them to follow strict Pakistani Muslim ways) → children don't want arranged marriages etc. →British → Subculture: deviant culture of the subgroup of a society |88 00 00000 ||| || Nigeria different times precolonial times (16th-18th century): dominated by West African kingdoms /empires; large diversity (ethnic groups, changes, food); slave trade; rivalries between kingdoms → colonial times (19th-20th century): British colony (has control + christian believe and English language is spread); slave trade abolished in 1807; Fulani people started war against Hausa (beginning of 19th century); Muslim north + Christian south colonialism: having control over less powerful countries to increase own power by using their resources influence on habits + control → postcolonialism: countries had to adapt-cultural interactions→ questioning identity tension + discrimination →neocolonial times (since 1960): necolonialism: influence of independent countries →globalization, imperialism; loss of independence, capitalism, economic domination... history independence: October 1st 1960-full independence from Britain; 1963-federal republic; → civil war (1967-1970): 1966-Military regime took power → people were oppressed t experienced violence (north)→ca. 1 mio people died † aid was banned + region was in enforced isolation → modern Africa: big market; quote: "Giant of Africa" - largest economy + population problems → Boko Haram: radical Islamic group- kidnapping, killing, political disturbance; 2003-first attack; 2014- kidnapping 276 teenage girls → Corruption: 2012- lost over 400 billion $ to corruption; 2021-154th of the 180 countries listed; depriving the resources it needs to develop disparities modern, education, rich, advantage, industrial ↑ traditional, no good education, poor, disadvantage, nature Society → multiethnic,-cultural,- lingual country growing population: 200 million inhabitants → Christian-Muslims: biggest religions spread in Nigeria (sooner Muslim north + Christian south) → Igbo culture : southeastern Nigeria; free-thinkers, fair & honest; tradition: buisness + agriculture; Christians with African flair; Women: strong, independent, men: advisory not authoric Yoruba culture: southwestern ( Lagos); traditional gods, Islam, christians; men: authoritarian in families →Hausa culture northern; large cities + territory + population; small villages (farms + lands); Islamic rulers, dominated by Britain; Women: second-class, men: more than one wife geography Lagos: biggest city of Nigeria; growing into being a megacity → Nigerdelta: polluted by oil→destroyed natural resources (can't fish there) economy oil: biggest oil-producer of Africa; Nigeria depends on oil industry (mostly used to pay off debts); can't refine the oil themselves (don't have infrastructure for it); many areas are polluted by oil role of English → colonial power enforces e.g. language → cultural self-understanding + identity is lost → communication to become more international → different forms of English (living product) (e.g. Pidgin) indirectrule → integrating existing political systems + social systems into the government shortstories Things fall apart; the day independence came; civil peace → violence against women + how they are treated : betrayed or having more than one woman → social concepts →gender conflicts: men as the dominant + controlling one → corruption → violence + its normality (how Nigerians deal with it) → history: independence day after civil war |||| !!!!!! Visions of the future The Circle → What? Community of humans which are working on being transparent to the world. Being real is the most important thing. They don't want to have spreading lies in the world and want to increase the number of good people by watching them. → How? "Soul search" + "true you" → → Why? being transparent creating reality don't spred lies finding people + posting platform bringing people together being a real community increase number of good people less criminal activities having information finding missed or searched people → Con: no privacy + freedom doing something just because you're being watched utopia & dystopia → utopia: imagined place/state of things where everything is perfect → Society in the BNW is stable and 'perfected' → dystopia: imagined place/state of things → suffering or injustice → Society is blinded to the reality because of e.g. drug 'Soma' → control →no free will and individuality; propaganda (no freedom of speech); genetic engeneering causes missuse of science sciene fiction scientific / technological advances effects on life; prediction of believable future developments from current trends → fantasy: magic / supernatural elements; clear distinction between good + evil; setting far beyond today's society + technology Brave New World State's motto: "Community, identity and stability" propaganda → history: forbidden; not taught to cause no self-teaching, no going back; better control, better economics religion: forbidden; "Ford" is god (Fordism) to cause no deviding; progress as a goal media: disrespectful; no privacy; seperation into castes; distract; manipulative misuse of science → hypnopedia: sleep teaching →state's ideas are imprinted on the minds → no critism or free thinking conditioning: growing up with instinctive hate (Freud) → no rebellion, no free thinking (hating books, nature), consumption → genetic engeneering: predestination (cloning /Bokanovsky process) → predetermine function + life; loss of individuality → Soma: take break from society; calm people down from rebellion; being happy Society → caste system: devision of labour; no intimidate contact outside of own caste; Epsilons →Deltas-Gammas→ Betas → Alphas → control of development; multi-sexual affairs; no family life Gharacters Bernard Marx: Alpha male; unorthodox beliefs; inferior physical structure → fails to fit in + aloner Lenina Crowne: Beta; attractive; object of desire; attracted to Bernard; has many sexual affairs; likes crowds Mustapha Mond: Alpha male; World Controller; exiles people for unorthodox beliefs; has a collection of forbidden literature director: Alpha male; threatening figure; has power; secretly vulnerable (because he is a father) John/Linda live outside (Reservation); unable to fit in / Beta; has a baby with director; very conditioned ; Soma addict → Helmholtz Watson: Alpha lecturer; discontent with BNW → wants to write something more meaningful ↑↑↑↑↑↑ visions of the future ↑↑↑↑ Science study of phenomena + theory technology: applied Science → solve problems + improve life sustainability: for balance between present + future generational needs (e.g.: renewable energy, recycling ...) → internet: revolutionized global economy + communication + connection but also: loss of privacy, espionage... → society is affected; people can build/create others like they want to; develop gene therapies to cure diseases t other processes (natural things are interfered); create gene-modified food to stop starvation; manipulative people can create a world they want to have

Englisch /

Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

user profile picture

Anna

109 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Englisch Abitur Lernzettel

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 The American Dream
dream vs. nightmare
→ wish to be ecomically free, independent, life in peace, wealth
→ higher standard of living by work

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Teilen

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239

Kommentare (6)

T

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

American Dream (Death of a salesman) Great Britain (East is East-Film) Nigeria Visions of the future (Brave New World+The Circle) Shakespeare (Macbeth) Globalization (outsourced-Film) World of work

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The American Dream dream vs. nightmare → wish to be ecomically free, independent, life in peace, wealth → higher standard of living by working hard + living morally → living successful life and being happy many definitions → job loss, exploitation → discrimination, unequality (e.g. unequal payment) → police violence (now e.g. BLM protests), social inequality concept "from rags to riches" from poor to successful and rich; poverty to wealth because of hard work →➜ happiness live life happy to achieve American dream (individual) → wealth being rich; freedom, good family life, equality, democracy history & documents Pilgrim Fathers (1620): first English settlers who were the authors of the Mayflower Compact civil war (1861-1865): 43 southern states where slavery was legal wanted to leave the USA (to keep slavery); fight between southern and northern symbols civil rights movement (1955-1968) group of social movements in the US goal: gain equal rights; Rosa Parks, M.Luther King → twin towers → stature of liberty → money → American flag → Mayflower ship → first moonlanding → road 66 (stands for freedom) Westward Movement: Boston Tea Party (1773): Boston citizens-act of resistance against tea taxes → destroyed tea of the East India company ("no taxation without representation") Founding Fathers (4th July 1776): Founders of the United States →→Decleration of Independence; Thomas Jefferson independence: 4th of july 1776 being an own country, own currency etc. immigration → Melting Pot¹ integration...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

of all nations, traditions + cultures Ellis Island: over 12 mio. immigrants came to the US (1892-1952) with hope to live a better life→Ellis Island: entry station for immigrants → new chances + world immigrants hoped for a better life in the US (freedom, no slavery, work to success etc.) Mexican boarder: focal point of human suffering, border fence to restrict movement of unlawful immigrants (1993) people → Marilyn Monroe was + did everything she wanted; didn't care about how people see her; was perfect for being imperfect → Arnold Schwarzenegger: has achieved a better life through hard work ("rags to riches") → Martin Luther King: wanted freedom and equality for all races; famous speech "I have a dream"→ against discrimination + oppression politics → George Washington: founding father, 1st President of the US → Thomas Jefferson: founding father, main author of Declaration of Independence, one of the most influential state theorists → Abraham Lincoln: against slavery; "Emancipation Proclamation"; Civil war → preserve the Union → J.F. Kennedy: cold war : Supported South Vietnam, civil rights movement: signed bill so African Americans have civil rights → Trump wanted to build a wall to prevent illegal immigration, cancel Obama Health Care, doesn't want to do anything against climate change, "America first" Mayflower compact (1620): Set up by Pilgrim Fathers + "strangers" (workers) (wanted to be free as soon as they enter the country) →democracy, justice, protection, common good, orderly society... Declaration of independence (1776): 43 British colonies in Northamerica proclaim their independence from GB + right to form their own souvereign confederation Constitution (1787): reflects influence of British parliamentary system + common laws; representative democracy; government by agreement of the governed Bill of Rights (1791): 10 Amendments which guarantee the citizens certain basic rights and a free + democratic society Emancipation Proclamation (1862): abolition of slavery in those southern states that are part of the States of America in 1863 ELLY Death of a salesman Willy Loman: → husband + father → traveling sales man → insecure; suffers from depression + anxiety → daydreams → believes in the American Dream of easy success + wealth→ never achieves it → sees failures in his life → commits suicide Linda Loman: →wife + mother → supports her husband → the "good housewife" → mediator between sons-husband → betrayed from Willy → seems to ignore reality Happy Loman: → youngest son from Willy+ Linda, brother from Biff → employed → earns money→ Owns apartment + car → successful →lots of affairs but lonely →wants to be known + popular → seeking for support + respect (from his family) → doesn't get it → unhappy → cooperative (tries to keep peace in the household) Biff Loman: → oldest son from Willy+ Linda, brother from Happy → used to be a famous footballer in highschool failed with college → used to be Willy's favourite son →now works as a farmer-disappointment for Willy → not happy or successful Ben: → Willy's older brother very Successful → owns a mine in Africa → he also uses unfair methods to reach his goal Charley: → neighbour from Willy → owns his own buisness → Successful → helps Willy has a successful son American dream in the drama → criticism of the American Dream: can create a bad live, one should not exaggerate + act immorally Ben: 'rags to riches', only one being successful + wealthy →through criminal acts →not morally, luck... Bernard: successful through hard work ↑↑↑↑ Happy: wealthy, womanizer, selfishness, greed, not morally Biff: not hard working + rich + wealty but free and happ Willy: obsessed (especially wealth and success), wants to be popular, not rich + happy + popular success → Willy's vision: being popular + rich→not quality of work → suicide as a perverted vision of success: Willy thought many people Would come to his funeral happiness Willy tries to find happiness in someone else, pretends to be happy, failed because of unrealistic dreams + wanting to be popular →Biff: wanted to do what his father wanted him todo unhappy → Happy didn't get much attention from his parents, lonely unhappy Great Britain britishness → Symbols: food (tea+ fish n'chips), tower bridge, big ben... → mindset: polite, formal, helpful, fair...; striving for independence, loyalty + respect for monarchy + royal family culture literature (especially Shakespeare), old university, festivals... landmarks →Empire: GB ruled over 1/4 of the world-GB influenced the occupied countries →→wealth, raw materials-rich (till WW1) commonwealth voluntary association of independent states →work together → promote world peace (since 1931) →Industrial Revolution: revolution of production of steel, cotton etc.; more factories + production political system current constitutional monarchy: House of lords (make laws) House of Commons (review laws); Queen: oath to the nation (going to be Queen till she dies); people can identify with her; Stability, unity, tradition, responsibility, representative function → monarchy: pro: touristic aspect→→successful, money; tradition forms culture →well known; raise lots of money for charities con: monarchs are born into it →may be not appropriate; financial aspects expensive; they don't really involve themselves to charities; don't have a political power anymore Queen Elisabeth I Prince Philipp Royal family: Camilla Charles + Diana (crisis) Anne Andrew Edward Kate William Harry Megan UK and GB Great Britain: England + Scotland + Wales → United Kingdom: Great Britain + Northern Ireland documents Magna Carta (1215) : royal charter of rights (King John) Lliberty law + democracy just English nobility benefited from it Brexit When? Saturday, February 1st 2020 (process since 2017) → Who? GB with a public vote of 52% wanting to leave the EU → Why? GB felt left out; autonomy + commercial agreements are easier without EU; large sum paid into EU-household →Con aspects: less export to EU; import is more expensive; → visa for velling; increasing unemployment Immigration: big problem →→wanting to keep British identity society multicultural: many immigrants + mixed society (mostly Indian, Pakistani, Pole) religion: multireligious (Muslims, Hindu, Buddhist, Anglican-Christian, Sikhs) immigration: numbers increase; anti-immigrant movements adapting (keeping previous identity), assimilation (fully adjust /no previous identity), integration (overcome clash of cultures-part of British society Social classes lower class→→working class (unskilled workers) → middle class → Upper class → Aristocrats (royals / title...) wide varity, new perspectives, more tolerant + open-minded but also religous conflicts, cultural differences, discrimination, racism, prejudices, unequality... East is East → conflict of generations + cultures → interreligious marriage (catholic + muslim) → father as the leader of the family (beats his wife + children; wants them to follow strict Pakistani Muslim ways) → children don't want arranged marriages etc. →British → Subculture: deviant culture of the subgroup of a society |88 00 00000 ||| || Nigeria different times precolonial times (16th-18th century): dominated by West African kingdoms /empires; large diversity (ethnic groups, changes, food); slave trade; rivalries between kingdoms → colonial times (19th-20th century): British colony (has control + christian believe and English language is spread); slave trade abolished in 1807; Fulani people started war against Hausa (beginning of 19th century); Muslim north + Christian south colonialism: having control over less powerful countries to increase own power by using their resources influence on habits + control → postcolonialism: countries had to adapt-cultural interactions→ questioning identity tension + discrimination →neocolonial times (since 1960): necolonialism: influence of independent countries →globalization, imperialism; loss of independence, capitalism, economic domination... history independence: October 1st 1960-full independence from Britain; 1963-federal republic; → civil war (1967-1970): 1966-Military regime took power → people were oppressed t experienced violence (north)→ca. 1 mio people died † aid was banned + region was in enforced isolation → modern Africa: big market; quote: "Giant of Africa" - largest economy + population problems → Boko Haram: radical Islamic group- kidnapping, killing, political disturbance; 2003-first attack; 2014- kidnapping 276 teenage girls → Corruption: 2012- lost over 400 billion $ to corruption; 2021-154th of the 180 countries listed; depriving the resources it needs to develop disparities modern, education, rich, advantage, industrial ↑ traditional, no good education, poor, disadvantage, nature Society → multiethnic,-cultural,- lingual country growing population: 200 million inhabitants → Christian-Muslims: biggest religions spread in Nigeria (sooner Muslim north + Christian south) → Igbo culture : southeastern Nigeria; free-thinkers, fair & honest; tradition: buisness + agriculture; Christians with African flair; Women: strong, independent, men: advisory not authoric Yoruba culture: southwestern ( Lagos); traditional gods, Islam, christians; men: authoritarian in families →Hausa culture northern; large cities + territory + population; small villages (farms + lands); Islamic rulers, dominated by Britain; Women: second-class, men: more than one wife geography Lagos: biggest city of Nigeria; growing into being a megacity → Nigerdelta: polluted by oil→destroyed natural resources (can't fish there) economy oil: biggest oil-producer of Africa; Nigeria depends on oil industry (mostly used to pay off debts); can't refine the oil themselves (don't have infrastructure for it); many areas are polluted by oil role of English → colonial power enforces e.g. language → cultural self-understanding + identity is lost → communication to become more international → different forms of English (living product) (e.g. Pidgin) indirectrule → integrating existing political systems + social systems into the government shortstories Things fall apart; the day independence came; civil peace → violence against women + how they are treated : betrayed or having more than one woman → social concepts →gender conflicts: men as the dominant + controlling one → corruption → violence + its normality (how Nigerians deal with it) → history: independence day after civil war |||| !!!!!! Visions of the future The Circle → What? Community of humans which are working on being transparent to the world. Being real is the most important thing. They don't want to have spreading lies in the world and want to increase the number of good people by watching them. → How? "Soul search" + "true you" → → Why? being transparent creating reality don't spred lies finding people + posting platform bringing people together being a real community increase number of good people less criminal activities having information finding missed or searched people → Con: no privacy + freedom doing something just because you're being watched utopia & dystopia → utopia: imagined place/state of things where everything is perfect → Society in the BNW is stable and 'perfected' → dystopia: imagined place/state of things → suffering or injustice → Society is blinded to the reality because of e.g. drug 'Soma' → control →no free will and individuality; propaganda (no freedom of speech); genetic engeneering causes missuse of science sciene fiction scientific / technological advances effects on life; prediction of believable future developments from current trends → fantasy: magic / supernatural elements; clear distinction between good + evil; setting far beyond today's society + technology Brave New World State's motto: "Community, identity and stability" propaganda → history: forbidden; not taught to cause no self-teaching, no going back; better control, better economics religion: forbidden; "Ford" is god (Fordism) to cause no deviding; progress as a goal media: disrespectful; no privacy; seperation into castes; distract; manipulative misuse of science → hypnopedia: sleep teaching →state's ideas are imprinted on the minds → no critism or free thinking conditioning: growing up with instinctive hate (Freud) → no rebellion, no free thinking (hating books, nature), consumption → genetic engeneering: predestination (cloning /Bokanovsky process) → predetermine function + life; loss of individuality → Soma: take break from society; calm people down from rebellion; being happy Society → caste system: devision of labour; no intimidate contact outside of own caste; Epsilons →Deltas-Gammas→ Betas → Alphas → control of development; multi-sexual affairs; no family life Gharacters Bernard Marx: Alpha male; unorthodox beliefs; inferior physical structure → fails to fit in + aloner Lenina Crowne: Beta; attractive; object of desire; attracted to Bernard; has many sexual affairs; likes crowds Mustapha Mond: Alpha male; World Controller; exiles people for unorthodox beliefs; has a collection of forbidden literature director: Alpha male; threatening figure; has power; secretly vulnerable (because he is a father) John/Linda live outside (Reservation); unable to fit in / Beta; has a baby with director; very conditioned ; Soma addict → Helmholtz Watson: Alpha lecturer; discontent with BNW → wants to write something more meaningful ↑↑↑↑↑↑ visions of the future ↑↑↑↑ Science study of phenomena + theory technology: applied Science → solve problems + improve life sustainability: for balance between present + future generational needs (e.g.: renewable energy, recycling ...) → internet: revolutionized global economy + communication + connection but also: loss of privacy, espionage... → society is affected; people can build/create others like they want to; develop gene therapies to cure diseases t other processes (natural things are interfered); create gene-modified food to stop starvation; manipulative people can create a world they want to have