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George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

 Ⓒ Shooting an Elephant
1
SUMMARY
George Orwell works as a sub-divisional police officer of
Moulmein, a town in the British colony of Burma

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George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

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Josi💌

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11/12/13

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Ⓒ Shooting an Elephant 1 SUMMARY George Orwell works as a sub-divisional police officer of Moulmein, a town in the British colony of Burma · he is, like the rest of the English, a military occupier → that's why he is hated by a lot of the Burmese the Burmese can't rebel openely, but they show their disrespect by harassing Europeans at every opportunity (e.g. they foul Orwell during a soccer game) even though Orwell is opposed to the oppressive British Empire he serves, he is "theoretically and secretely" side of Burmese on the the conflicted mindset: feels guilty for his role in colonialism, but still hates the insolent Burmese who torment him One day, a minor incident takes place that gives Orwell insight into the true nature of imperialism and the reasons behind it he receives a call from another police officer, informing him that an elephant has been causing damage in the town On the way to the affected area, locals explain that the elephant is not wild, but has had. an attack of 'must' (= tame elephants held in chains, break their restraints and go berserk) to The Burmese have been unable restrain the elephant, which on it's rampage has destroyed public and private property Orwell goes to the neighborhood where the elephant was last Spotted, trying to figure out where it is now but the more...

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he learns about it 1 the story makes less and less sense, because everyone is telling him a different story →he nearly concludes the story was a boax suddenly he hears a commotion nearby and rounds a corner to find a "coolie" (an unskilled laborer) lying dead in the mud, crushed by the elephant → the corpse appears to have been in excruciating pain Klausur am 03.05.21 ANALYSIS Orwell holds symbolic authority and military supremacy he's still powerless to stop the harassing and 'abuse' he receives from the opressed Burmese Colonialism leads to contradictory thinking and pits different sets of Orwell's principles against one another the elephant serves as a symbol of colonialism : e.g. much like the Burmese who have been colonized and who abuse Orwell, the elephant has been provoked to destructive behavior by being oppressed the While the elephants destructive behavior and Burmese' rebelliousness may not be unequivocally good things, they understandable given the oppressive conditions they have to endure are made In the same way that Orwell does not understand precisely how he fits into the power dynamics of colonial Burma, he also has trouble finding a narrative of the elephant's clear-cut rampage evidently, colonialism and the power dynamics it entails are too convoluted (= difficult) to be contained within a single straight forward point of view SUMMARY Orwell orders a subordinate to bring him a gun strong enough to shoot an elephant . with the gun, Orwell walks to the field wher the elephant appears to be he is followed by a large group of people from the neighborhood the townspeople who were previously uninterested in the elephant have seen the and are now excited to see the beast shot gun Orwell feels uncomfortable he had not planned to shoot the elephant & requested the riffle only for self defense when Orwell spots the elephant, it is calmly eating grass killing an elephant is akin (-ähnlich) to destroying "a huge and costly piece of machinery" →Orwell understands that he should not shoot it he suspects that the animal's attack of "must" will soon be over → he wants to simply watch the elephant to make sure it does not become aggressive again not plan on harming it → does Orwell realizes that he is compelled to shoot the elephant, because of the crowd behind him expecting to see the elephant's demise Orwell, the imperialist, cannot do anything other than what the Burmese expect him do he reflects "when the white man turns tyrant it his own freedom that he destroys " Orwell realizes that he committed to killing the elephant the moment he ordered that he be brought a riffle → he entertains the possibility of doing nothing and letting the elephant live, but concludes that this would make the crowd laugh at him his entire mission as a colonialist is not to be laughed at thus, sparing the elephant is not an option ANALYSIS Once again, the Burmese appear to wield power over Orwell, subverting the colonial hierarchy an authority figure, but rather a Orwell is no longer spectacle the force of the Burmese' anticipation is beginning to make Orwell feel like he can not completely control how he handles this matter (pressure) there is no ethical or practical reason to hurt the elephant → it is a peaceful creature that has been driven to rebellion by its mistreatment harmless animal, valuable piece of property " 2 of for the British, all Burma was essentially a valuable piece of property (metaphorical link between the elephant and colonialism) Orwell reneges on his ethical and practical conclusions almost as quickly as he makes them by being placed in front of a crowd, Orwell has been forced to take on a performative persona that makes him act counter to every reasonable impulse he has paradox of colonialism: by limiting the freedom of others, the British have actually forced themselves to adopt a limited, exaggerated role in order to maintain their grip on authority thus limited their own freedom way more sharply and colonial propriety comes to force the colonizer to act barbarously SUMMARY Orwell decides that the best way to handle the situation would be to approach the elephant to test its temperament and only harm it if it behaved aggressively → but this would end anger Orwell an he would look like an if the elephant maimed (= verkrüppeln) him in front of the natives idiot There is only one thing Orwell can do : he loads the gun, lies on the road and takes aim at the elephant Orwell aims at the elephant's head, but too far forward to hit the brain, then he fires the crowd roars in excite- ment & the elephant appears weakend → after a bit of time, the elephant Sinks to its knees and begins to drool only the third shot downs Orwell waits for the elephant to die, but continues to breathe →he fires at his heart, but the elephant hardly seems to notice the bullets to the elephant Orwell is distressed to see the elephant laboring to die, clearly in agonizing pain, so he fires his smaller rifle into its body countless times these bullets caliber do nothing he leaves the scene, unable to suffering any longer took half an off its bones hour Orwell notes that he because it gave his it bear the elephant's he is later told that the elephant die & that the Burmese stripped the meat the Orwell's choice to kill the elephant was controversial: elephant's owner was angry (but, as an Indian, had no legal recourse), older British agreed with Orwell's choice, but younger colonists thought it inappropriate (because in their opinion elephants valuable than a coolie) are was more killed is lucky the Own actions legal justification elephant a man, ANALYSIS Orwell's desire not to be laughed at trumps all his motivations not to kill the elephant → he's afraid of humiliation the conventions of imperialism make Orwell feel compelled to perform a particular irrational role he cannot resist the actions that the role forces him to make in order to display his power the description of the elephant's physical distress is excruciating (= schmerzhaft) the elephant appears most magnificent just as it falls at the elephant's moment of bodily defeat, it only becomes a more powerful symbol of the irrational savagery of colonialism 3 there is nothing humane about Orwell's killing of the elephant, in fact he does not even know how to kill it painlessly in the same way, British empire is inhumane not out of necessity, but rather out of ignorance regarding both the land it has colonized and the way that colonization acts on both the colonized and the colonizer the way (=aufrechterhalten) itself the meanwhile, the Burmese' readiness to eat the elephant underscores the desperation of their situation, and the way in which colonial oppression has made them focus. on survival the colonial cycle perpetuates illustration of Causes and effects cause the British colonized the the narrator receives a call about the elephant Orwell finds the dead coolie that the elephant is dangerous • Orwell doesn't elephant be Orwell doesn't want to humiliated and laughed at & he needs to symbolize colonial authority inner conflict (job 4 moral) how to correctly shoot an Sequence First / firstly, second next last, finally " Burmese know In addition, moreover Further/ furthermore Another Also In conclusion To summarise Reason and now knows For Because (of) Since As Linking words and phrases Result So As a result a consequence Therefore Thus Consequently Due to Example effect hidden hate & secret rebellion & disrespect towards British For example For instance That is (ie) Such as Including there's pressure on him, because he has to symbolize colonial authority & the Burmese there fore have expectations towards him he wants to have something for self-defense → he sends an orderly for an elephant gun → he has to shoot the elephant Orwell shoots the elephant the to elephant die Also Too As well as dies Comparison Addition And In addition / additionally Furthermore Likewise / Like Also Just as / like in Similar to Same as Compared to /with Not only... but also agony & it took him half Contrast However nevertheless 4 Still Although even though But Yet Despite / in spite of In contrast (to) / in comparison While Where as On the other hand On the contrary an hour Name: Josi Topic: George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant In Context to: Great Britain - tradition and change (Großbritannien - Tradition und Wandel): [...] wesentliche Veränderungen auf sozialer, kultureller, politischer oder wirtschaftlicher Ebene (British Empire - insbesondere colonization, Industrialisierung […]). Strack LNW Q2 TASK: Write a short essay on Eric Blair's attitude towards British imperialism and colonial encounters based on his essay Shooting an Elephant. Widerstand ● The formal characteristics of an essay are summarized as follows: a clear, comprehensible and usually three-part structure with an introduction, a >main part< consisting of several paragraphs and a conclusion, Date: 03.05.21 ● a clear focus, central theme and a thesis (thesis (from the ancient Greek Oéoic thésis, German 'aufgestellter Satz, Behauptung')[1] refers to an assertion to be proven - - here: by citing or comparing (cf) evidence to support interferences drawn from the text - or a guiding principle. The counter-assertion can be an antithesis.) a clear paragraph structure with one main idea per paragraph, ● a so-called >topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph, which concisely expresses the core idea or thesis of the paragraph, a clear argumentation structure and comprehensible thought leadership, a varied and quite personal and not at all personalised argumentation (unproven opinion), ● a clear argumentation structure and comprehensible thought leadership (structuring a text) ● a clear structure of argumentation and a comprehensible line of thought (linking ideas), ● • a varied, thoroughly personal style but use thematically appropriate specialist vocabulary. Count your words: Get an overview about your work by counting the words of one line (e.g. 5-8 words in one line) and multiply them with the sum of the lines (e.g. 7 words x 80 lines = circa 560 words). - GOOD LUCK!

Englisch /

George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

user profile picture

Josi💌

218 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant

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 Ⓒ Shooting an Elephant
1
SUMMARY
George Orwell works as a sub-divisional police officer of
Moulmein, a town in the British colony of Burma

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So ein schöner Lernzettel 😍😍 super nützlich und hilfreich!

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Ⓒ Shooting an Elephant 1 SUMMARY George Orwell works as a sub-divisional police officer of Moulmein, a town in the British colony of Burma · he is, like the rest of the English, a military occupier → that's why he is hated by a lot of the Burmese the Burmese can't rebel openely, but they show their disrespect by harassing Europeans at every opportunity (e.g. they foul Orwell during a soccer game) even though Orwell is opposed to the oppressive British Empire he serves, he is "theoretically and secretely" side of Burmese on the the conflicted mindset: feels guilty for his role in colonialism, but still hates the insolent Burmese who torment him One day, a minor incident takes place that gives Orwell insight into the true nature of imperialism and the reasons behind it he receives a call from another police officer, informing him that an elephant has been causing damage in the town On the way to the affected area, locals explain that the elephant is not wild, but has had. an attack of 'must' (= tame elephants held in chains, break their restraints and go berserk) to The Burmese have been unable restrain the elephant, which on it's rampage has destroyed public and private property Orwell goes to the neighborhood where the elephant was last Spotted, trying to figure out where it is now but the more...

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he learns about it 1 the story makes less and less sense, because everyone is telling him a different story →he nearly concludes the story was a boax suddenly he hears a commotion nearby and rounds a corner to find a "coolie" (an unskilled laborer) lying dead in the mud, crushed by the elephant → the corpse appears to have been in excruciating pain Klausur am 03.05.21 ANALYSIS Orwell holds symbolic authority and military supremacy he's still powerless to stop the harassing and 'abuse' he receives from the opressed Burmese Colonialism leads to contradictory thinking and pits different sets of Orwell's principles against one another the elephant serves as a symbol of colonialism : e.g. much like the Burmese who have been colonized and who abuse Orwell, the elephant has been provoked to destructive behavior by being oppressed the While the elephants destructive behavior and Burmese' rebelliousness may not be unequivocally good things, they understandable given the oppressive conditions they have to endure are made In the same way that Orwell does not understand precisely how he fits into the power dynamics of colonial Burma, he also has trouble finding a narrative of the elephant's clear-cut rampage evidently, colonialism and the power dynamics it entails are too convoluted (= difficult) to be contained within a single straight forward point of view SUMMARY Orwell orders a subordinate to bring him a gun strong enough to shoot an elephant . with the gun, Orwell walks to the field wher the elephant appears to be he is followed by a large group of people from the neighborhood the townspeople who were previously uninterested in the elephant have seen the and are now excited to see the beast shot gun Orwell feels uncomfortable he had not planned to shoot the elephant & requested the riffle only for self defense when Orwell spots the elephant, it is calmly eating grass killing an elephant is akin (-ähnlich) to destroying "a huge and costly piece of machinery" →Orwell understands that he should not shoot it he suspects that the animal's attack of "must" will soon be over → he wants to simply watch the elephant to make sure it does not become aggressive again not plan on harming it → does Orwell realizes that he is compelled to shoot the elephant, because of the crowd behind him expecting to see the elephant's demise Orwell, the imperialist, cannot do anything other than what the Burmese expect him do he reflects "when the white man turns tyrant it his own freedom that he destroys " Orwell realizes that he committed to killing the elephant the moment he ordered that he be brought a riffle → he entertains the possibility of doing nothing and letting the elephant live, but concludes that this would make the crowd laugh at him his entire mission as a colonialist is not to be laughed at thus, sparing the elephant is not an option ANALYSIS Once again, the Burmese appear to wield power over Orwell, subverting the colonial hierarchy an authority figure, but rather a Orwell is no longer spectacle the force of the Burmese' anticipation is beginning to make Orwell feel like he can not completely control how he handles this matter (pressure) there is no ethical or practical reason to hurt the elephant → it is a peaceful creature that has been driven to rebellion by its mistreatment harmless animal, valuable piece of property " 2 of for the British, all Burma was essentially a valuable piece of property (metaphorical link between the elephant and colonialism) Orwell reneges on his ethical and practical conclusions almost as quickly as he makes them by being placed in front of a crowd, Orwell has been forced to take on a performative persona that makes him act counter to every reasonable impulse he has paradox of colonialism: by limiting the freedom of others, the British have actually forced themselves to adopt a limited, exaggerated role in order to maintain their grip on authority thus limited their own freedom way more sharply and colonial propriety comes to force the colonizer to act barbarously SUMMARY Orwell decides that the best way to handle the situation would be to approach the elephant to test its temperament and only harm it if it behaved aggressively → but this would end anger Orwell an he would look like an if the elephant maimed (= verkrüppeln) him in front of the natives idiot There is only one thing Orwell can do : he loads the gun, lies on the road and takes aim at the elephant Orwell aims at the elephant's head, but too far forward to hit the brain, then he fires the crowd roars in excite- ment & the elephant appears weakend → after a bit of time, the elephant Sinks to its knees and begins to drool only the third shot downs Orwell waits for the elephant to die, but continues to breathe →he fires at his heart, but the elephant hardly seems to notice the bullets to the elephant Orwell is distressed to see the elephant laboring to die, clearly in agonizing pain, so he fires his smaller rifle into its body countless times these bullets caliber do nothing he leaves the scene, unable to suffering any longer took half an off its bones hour Orwell notes that he because it gave his it bear the elephant's he is later told that the elephant die & that the Burmese stripped the meat the Orwell's choice to kill the elephant was controversial: elephant's owner was angry (but, as an Indian, had no legal recourse), older British agreed with Orwell's choice, but younger colonists thought it inappropriate (because in their opinion elephants valuable than a coolie) are was more killed is lucky the Own actions legal justification elephant a man, ANALYSIS Orwell's desire not to be laughed at trumps all his motivations not to kill the elephant → he's afraid of humiliation the conventions of imperialism make Orwell feel compelled to perform a particular irrational role he cannot resist the actions that the role forces him to make in order to display his power the description of the elephant's physical distress is excruciating (= schmerzhaft) the elephant appears most magnificent just as it falls at the elephant's moment of bodily defeat, it only becomes a more powerful symbol of the irrational savagery of colonialism 3 there is nothing humane about Orwell's killing of the elephant, in fact he does not even know how to kill it painlessly in the same way, British empire is inhumane not out of necessity, but rather out of ignorance regarding both the land it has colonized and the way that colonization acts on both the colonized and the colonizer the way (=aufrechterhalten) itself the meanwhile, the Burmese' readiness to eat the elephant underscores the desperation of their situation, and the way in which colonial oppression has made them focus. on survival the colonial cycle perpetuates illustration of Causes and effects cause the British colonized the the narrator receives a call about the elephant Orwell finds the dead coolie that the elephant is dangerous • Orwell doesn't elephant be Orwell doesn't want to humiliated and laughed at & he needs to symbolize colonial authority inner conflict (job 4 moral) how to correctly shoot an Sequence First / firstly, second next last, finally " Burmese know In addition, moreover Further/ furthermore Another Also In conclusion To summarise Reason and now knows For Because (of) Since As Linking words and phrases Result So As a result a consequence Therefore Thus Consequently Due to Example effect hidden hate & secret rebellion & disrespect towards British For example For instance That is (ie) Such as Including there's pressure on him, because he has to symbolize colonial authority & the Burmese there fore have expectations towards him he wants to have something for self-defense → he sends an orderly for an elephant gun → he has to shoot the elephant Orwell shoots the elephant the to elephant die Also Too As well as dies Comparison Addition And In addition / additionally Furthermore Likewise / Like Also Just as / like in Similar to Same as Compared to /with Not only... but also agony & it took him half Contrast However nevertheless 4 Still Although even though But Yet Despite / in spite of In contrast (to) / in comparison While Where as On the other hand On the contrary an hour Name: Josi Topic: George Orwell: Shooting an Elephant In Context to: Great Britain - tradition and change (Großbritannien - Tradition und Wandel): [...] wesentliche Veränderungen auf sozialer, kultureller, politischer oder wirtschaftlicher Ebene (British Empire - insbesondere colonization, Industrialisierung […]). Strack LNW Q2 TASK: Write a short essay on Eric Blair's attitude towards British imperialism and colonial encounters based on his essay Shooting an Elephant. Widerstand ● The formal characteristics of an essay are summarized as follows: a clear, comprehensible and usually three-part structure with an introduction, a >main part< consisting of several paragraphs and a conclusion, Date: 03.05.21 ● a clear focus, central theme and a thesis (thesis (from the ancient Greek Oéoic thésis, German 'aufgestellter Satz, Behauptung')[1] refers to an assertion to be proven - - here: by citing or comparing (cf) evidence to support interferences drawn from the text - or a guiding principle. The counter-assertion can be an antithesis.) a clear paragraph structure with one main idea per paragraph, ● a so-called >topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph, which concisely expresses the core idea or thesis of the paragraph, a clear argumentation structure and comprehensible thought leadership, a varied and quite personal and not at all personalised argumentation (unproven opinion), ● a clear argumentation structure and comprehensible thought leadership (structuring a text) ● a clear structure of argumentation and a comprehensible line of thought (linking ideas), ● • a varied, thoroughly personal style but use thematically appropriate specialist vocabulary. Count your words: Get an overview about your work by counting the words of one line (e.g. 5-8 words in one line) and multiply them with the sum of the lines (e.g. 7 words x 80 lines = circa 560 words). - GOOD LUCK!