му Son the Fanatic General information - short story author: Hanif Kureishi - 1994 - setting: Modern England, urban environment Content: ✓ Parvez à migrated to England with his son Ali ✔ Ali's behavior has changed significantly à Parvez tells his friends how he is feeling sells his things to buy drugs ✓ Bettina, a prostitute, who drives taxi with Parvez instructs him on how to observe his son ✓ Ali seems to be healthy ✓ Ali prays 5 times a day, grows a beard & gives his things away ✓ Parvez invites Ali to dinner to talk to him about his recent behavior ✓ Parvez drinks a lot à they start to argue ➤ Ali criticizes his "Western" style of living à breaks Pakistani rules. ✓ Parvez feels like he lost his son à wants him to leave the house ✓ Bettina changes his mind à Parvez tries to understand his son & even ➤ Ali still criticizes his father ✓ A few days later Parvez drinks in the car with Bettina à see Ali walking down the sideway Characters ➤ Drives with them à Bettina tries to start a conversation with him à Ali starts to offend her after she tries to explain that his father really loves him ✔ Bettina leaves the car ✓ Back at home Parvez drinks a...
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lot because he is so furious at his son à attacks him but Ali doesn't show any kind of reaction to protect or defend himself ✓ When Parvez stops hitting him, Ali asks :"So, who is the fanatic now?" Parvez married (dominant in the relationship) - immigrant from Pakistan - tuned away from his religion (Islam), no religious bonds taxi driver assimilated to western culture, liberal way of life - has the urge to be in control of what is going on alcoholic, drinks when feeling sad or uncomfortable suppose that Ali might be addicted to drugs à ws a beard to please his son. - hard for him to control his emotions (throws a plate on the floor in a restaurant when feelings angry) father of Ali Ali - son of Parvez, young adult second generation immigrant turns into a religious fanatic with fundamentalist believes - idealistic dreams for his son's future, cares about him, tries to provide his son with everything (education, entertainment etc.) - not truthful, no trust in his son - looks through his things, disturbs his privacy Ali was like a brother to him, now Ali barely speaks to him - broken bond Parvez is so devastated by his son's behavior that he gets violent with him (beats him) Bettina - prostitute - good friend of Parvez - wants to help Parvez - id discriminated against by Ali - resembles Western sins turns to religion to give his life meaning - isolation - turns away from Western society (breaks up with girlfriend, stops playing sports, gives away his possessions, leaves college). - criticizes his father's Western lifestyle (drinks alcohol, eats pork etc.) and his total integration. - disillusioned with western society - blames it for precarious (gefährlich/ unsicher) living situations of immigrants in the UK. seeks refuge in religion as he doesn't feel he belongs to the British nor the Muslim British Culture radicalized second generation muslim immigrant -jihad: sacrificing life for Islam - reward in Paradise - Extremism Message - deals with the struggle of second generation immigrants - they feel cast out of the society they grew up in due to racism / failed immigration (integration?) - seeks solace from poverty and discrimination in religion - shows how Muslims that grew up in the West radicalize themselves - clash of cultures => Parvez (though raised with Muslim culture) wants to embrace the customs (Bräuche) and the opportunities offered in England (lives a good life, drinking alcohol and eating pork - both forbidden by the Koran) - Ali rejects Western values and holds his father's lifestyle in contempt - intergenerational conflict, a son breaking from a father - differing world views between the West and the fundamentalist Islam - conflict between different forms of Integration