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Science - Motor of Progress

Science - Motor of Progress

 SCIENTIFC PROGRESS
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Saviour Siblings:
Saviour Siblings are children who are artificially conceived to help their sick si

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Science - Motor of Progress

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Leann

78 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Pro und Contra Argumente zum Thema „Science - Motor of Progress?“

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

SCIENTIFC PROGRESS GENETIC ENGINEERING Saviour Siblings: Saviour Siblings are children who are artificially conceived to help their sick sibling with the genetic material needed. pro - the sick child can receive the help they need > the child can live a longer/better life through the help of their sibling - a perfect match is instantly found pro - helps prevent diseases, hereditary diseases > could even make a disease go instinct contra - sibling can feel used or forced to help their sick sibling - is a major progress in science and technology - every child born can be born healthy - sibling is born ,,for the wrong reason", not because their parents wished for a child but to help their sibling Genetic Engineering (On Humans) Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of the genes of an organism (using biotechnology). - sibling acts as spare parts con - designer babies could be created > limitation of diversity - interference with nature - "super humans" may look down on non- super humans > divide in society ! such societies already exist, where women have to abort their fem. children, creating a surplus of single males - parents can follow their moral obligation to provide their child the best possible life > to ensure their child will be born healthy - the human species can become stronger and survive for longer GE on Animals: GE is the same on animals as on humans (s.o.). pro -...

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rich people would have an advantage over the poor contra - Is the manipulation of the animals rightful? > Animal rights arguments are the same as on humans - technology can be misused, e.g. to fulfil their wishes (of a perfect child) - human gene pool will be damaged GE of Plants: GE is the same of plants as with humans and animals (s.o.). - reduced usage of pesticides > less ground-water and animals will be poisoned pro - the research done can benefit the environment - safe and healthy crops can be developed > less foods will be wasted for chain > could mutate being,imperfect - land can be used more efficiently - bacteria within the plants won't be transferred to the consumer by consumption con - dangerous method as it hasn't been explored yet no known long-term effects in the food - makes plants resistant against diseases - the antibiotic-resistant crops may make and insects us antibiotic-resistant too, making us vulnerable to certain diseases - less plantation will be used, reducing the source of income in third-world countries - too expensive for farmers and poor countries - may have an impact on the soil and consumers (humans, animals) MODIFYING MANKIND Gene Doping: Gene Doping is the non-therapeutic use of genes, genetic elements and/or cells to enhance athletic performance. pro - side effects and possible health issues can be checked by doctors > athlete's health is protected - can control and/or decrease abuse of doping in sports pro - could grant immortality - could lead to health benefits (e.g. problems could be detected earlier) contra - the use of drugs is not only unhealthy, but can also lead to an addiction Transhumanism: Transhumanism is the scientific and technological alteration of the human race to go past its current physical and mental limitations. - technological devices are already used to support humans > devices for the partially blind to see or for the handicapped or pacemakers - side effects could be too dangerous - promotion of the usage of drugs (e.g. children are often inspired by athletes) contra - immortality leads to overpopulation/human race won't end an ideology for the rich since the poor cannot afford the technology - What remains of our human side? Are we human or technology then or a bit of both? - systems could be disrupted or hacked - social divide between super-humans and non-super-humans Artificial Intelligence: Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. pro - unlimited memory - could be used to help and support the elderly (to keep them out of care homes) - make the everyday life easier since they can help with tasks like cleaning and cooking are able to do jobs human are unable to do - efficient pro - the extinction of species can be prevented > less species will be endangered or go instinct - food production can be increased con no feelings, no emotions - no social skills - couples who want children but are unable to (infertile, same-sex couple) could get children - lack humanity (may frighten elders) - Under what laws and ethics would Al act? > new ethics and law system must be created - could be hacked, infiltrated, manipulated - easy tasks will be taken over by robots, meaning people will be replaced > people loose their jobs Cloning: Cloning is the creation of one or several genetically identical individuals of an individual. - If something were to go wrong, who would be responsible? contra - the process isn't entirely safe or accurate as it isn't fully developed yet - it is regarded as unethical > exploitation of life > failed attempts are likely - cloning could be abused for wrong reasons a sick person could get a clone to grow healthy organs to transplant > resource of organs, blood and bone marrow - lack of genetic uniqueness, may mess up the gene pool, loss of diversity - intervention into human evolution - identity crisis of the clone

Englisch /

Science - Motor of Progress

Science - Motor of Progress

user profile picture

Leann

78 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/13

Lernzettel

Science - Motor of Progress

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 SCIENTIFC PROGRESS
GENETIC ENGINEERING
Saviour Siblings:
Saviour Siblings are children who are artificially conceived to help their sick si

App öffnen

Teilen

Speichern

51

Kommentare (1)

W

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

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SCIENTIFC PROGRESS GENETIC ENGINEERING Saviour Siblings: Saviour Siblings are children who are artificially conceived to help their sick sibling with the genetic material needed. pro - the sick child can receive the help they need > the child can live a longer/better life through the help of their sibling - a perfect match is instantly found pro - helps prevent diseases, hereditary diseases > could even make a disease go instinct contra - sibling can feel used or forced to help their sick sibling - is a major progress in science and technology - every child born can be born healthy - sibling is born ,,for the wrong reason", not because their parents wished for a child but to help their sibling Genetic Engineering (On Humans) Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of the genes of an organism (using biotechnology). - sibling acts as spare parts con - designer babies could be created > limitation of diversity - interference with nature - "super humans" may look down on non- super humans > divide in society ! such societies already exist, where women have to abort their fem. children, creating a surplus of single males - parents can follow their moral obligation to provide their child the best possible life > to ensure their child will be born healthy - the human species can become stronger and survive for longer GE on Animals: GE is the same on animals as on humans (s.o.). pro -...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

rich people would have an advantage over the poor contra - Is the manipulation of the animals rightful? > Animal rights arguments are the same as on humans - technology can be misused, e.g. to fulfil their wishes (of a perfect child) - human gene pool will be damaged GE of Plants: GE is the same of plants as with humans and animals (s.o.). - reduced usage of pesticides > less ground-water and animals will be poisoned pro - the research done can benefit the environment - safe and healthy crops can be developed > less foods will be wasted for chain > could mutate being,imperfect - land can be used more efficiently - bacteria within the plants won't be transferred to the consumer by consumption con - dangerous method as it hasn't been explored yet no known long-term effects in the food - makes plants resistant against diseases - the antibiotic-resistant crops may make and insects us antibiotic-resistant too, making us vulnerable to certain diseases - less plantation will be used, reducing the source of income in third-world countries - too expensive for farmers and poor countries - may have an impact on the soil and consumers (humans, animals) MODIFYING MANKIND Gene Doping: Gene Doping is the non-therapeutic use of genes, genetic elements and/or cells to enhance athletic performance. pro - side effects and possible health issues can be checked by doctors > athlete's health is protected - can control and/or decrease abuse of doping in sports pro - could grant immortality - could lead to health benefits (e.g. problems could be detected earlier) contra - the use of drugs is not only unhealthy, but can also lead to an addiction Transhumanism: Transhumanism is the scientific and technological alteration of the human race to go past its current physical and mental limitations. - technological devices are already used to support humans > devices for the partially blind to see or for the handicapped or pacemakers - side effects could be too dangerous - promotion of the usage of drugs (e.g. children are often inspired by athletes) contra - immortality leads to overpopulation/human race won't end an ideology for the rich since the poor cannot afford the technology - What remains of our human side? Are we human or technology then or a bit of both? - systems could be disrupted or hacked - social divide between super-humans and non-super-humans Artificial Intelligence: Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. pro - unlimited memory - could be used to help and support the elderly (to keep them out of care homes) - make the everyday life easier since they can help with tasks like cleaning and cooking are able to do jobs human are unable to do - efficient pro - the extinction of species can be prevented > less species will be endangered or go instinct - food production can be increased con no feelings, no emotions - no social skills - couples who want children but are unable to (infertile, same-sex couple) could get children - lack humanity (may frighten elders) - Under what laws and ethics would Al act? > new ethics and law system must be created - could be hacked, infiltrated, manipulated - easy tasks will be taken over by robots, meaning people will be replaced > people loose their jobs Cloning: Cloning is the creation of one or several genetically identical individuals of an individual. - If something were to go wrong, who would be responsible? contra - the process isn't entirely safe or accurate as it isn't fully developed yet - it is regarded as unethical > exploitation of life > failed attempts are likely - cloning could be abused for wrong reasons a sick person could get a clone to grow healthy organs to transplant > resource of organs, blood and bone marrow - lack of genetic uniqueness, may mess up the gene pool, loss of diversity - intervention into human evolution - identity crisis of the clone