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Valerie

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 Utopia and Dystopia
Utopia:
a place, state or society that is ideally perfect (not existing yet)
from the Greek words (good place/ no place

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Utopia and Dystopia Utopia: a place, state or society that is ideally perfect (not existing yet) from the Greek words (good place/ no place) coined by Sir Thomas More Characteristics: peaceful government Safe environment Paradise like classless society forces the reader to compare the real world with the imagined ideal world (criticism by contrast) Dystopia (anti-utopia): - equality - no global issues (wars, climate change..) - Promotion of freedom and independency an imagined state or society in which everything is unpleasant or evil warning about undesirable developments express fears for the future of mankind f.e. nuclear holocaust, manipulation,totalitariangovernments suppression of individuality criticism about a current trend, social norm or political system Characteristics: propaganda is used to control the citizens independent thoughts, information and freedom are restricted natural world is banished and distrusted Dystopian Protagonist: often feels trapped and is struggling to escape questions the social and political system helps the audience to recognize the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his/her perspective Common types of dystopian control: corporate control, one or more corporations control the society through products, advertising, propaganda or media (mostly totalitarian governments bureaucratic control, society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through relentless regulations and incompetent government officials technological control, society is controlled by technology, computer, robots or scientific means philosophical/religious control, society is controlled by an philosophical or religious ideology (often enforced through a dictatorship) Themes of dystopian literature loss of individualism separation into classes consumption of drugs restrictions of...

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thoughts→ propaganda surveillance psychological manipulation, dehumanisation Science fiction dealing with imaginary content as futuristic science or technology imaginary elements have overcome laws of nature (time travel) characters including aliens/robots Utopia/Dystopia more about future society elements of extrapolation demonstrating what certain trends may lead to/what point society has already reached Science fiction futuristic science and technology imaginary elements have overcome laws of nature (time travel) Utopia dreamworld / idealistic environmental friendly freedom, perfect world no conflicts imaginary → impossible to achieve desirable equality of mankind fictional message of hope happiness for everyone total welfare and property classless society technological progressed Dystopia dirty and destroyed world environmental damaged bad infrastructure humanless no freedom and inequality world of wars and horrors Dystopian elements: dictatorship totalitarian state nightmare portrays an image of the future mirroring failures of today oppression poverty and violence suppression of human rights war, revolutions, nuclear catastrophes controlled world Brave new world (Aldous Huxley, 1932): set in distant future ( 26th century) anticipates developments in reproductive technology, sleep learning, psychological manipulation and operant conditioning to create a perfect society government uses propaganda to keep the world state stable hypnopaedia → makes children believe what they want them to believe (sleep-teaching) conditioning → people are continued to believe that they are happy independent thoughts and freedom are restricted the natural world is seen as wild and disgusting Bernhard Max (the typical protagonist) struggles to escape, questions the existing social and political system religious control and fordism (mass production, homogeneity and predictability) Nineteen Eighty Four (George Orwell, 1949): totalitarian dictatorship Plot: tyranny of the privileged inner party is ensured by propaganda and total surveillance ↳ Big brother is watching you, posters of the party leaders dominate the city telescreen monitors control the public and private live manipulating history by adapting the present conditions Government is divided into four parts: the Ministry of love, responsible for brainwashing the Ministry of truth controls propaganda the Ministry of Peace oversees the perpetual war the Ministry of Plenty administers the shortage of rationing outer Party member Smith fells in love with Julia their secret rebelion is betrayed so that he is sent to Room 102, where every prisoner is confronted with his worst fear and broken by torture (suppression of human rights Never let me go (Kanzu Ishiguro, 2005) dystopian version of late 1990s England Hailsham state-sanctioned programm, where human clones lives the clones grow up in a special institution away from the outside world the guardians "shield" them from a full understanding of their future As young adults they have to donate their vital organs "complete" as an euphemism for death after 3 or 4 donations Cares → Clones who have not yet begun their donation progress and take care for the ones who already did 1. students at Hailsham. 2. At the Cottages 3. Life as a carer 4. Donations Kathy is the novel's protagonist and narrator deferrals → extending lifetime / delaying the progress of donation Dystopian elements lack of individualism / lack of choice (to donate and "complete") extreme class society - the ones who create clones for themselves and the clones → clones have the only purpose to harvest their organs sub human species what is humanity how do we define humans clones are living in a controlled world and are getting abused → Visions of the Future Technology and Media 1. Genetic Engineering the process of using recombinant DNA technology to alter the genetic makeup of an organism Genomes are manipulated indirectly by controlling breeding and selecting offspring with desired traits (perfect childs) 2. Cloning permitted creation of cloned human or human tissues for surgical transplant and the cure of serious genetic diseases stem cells develop to tissues or whole organs needed in the progress embryos are getting destroyed for organ cloning to save lives but killing to save others is ethically questionable 3. Gene testing Gene tests (also called DNA-based tests), the most sophisticated of the techniques used to test for genetic disorders, involve direct examination of the DNA molecule itself 4. Saviour Siblings a child who is born through IVF (in vitro fertilization.) in order to ensure that they have organs or cells that can be used to treat an older brother or sister with a serious medical condition Pros cure human diseases / increase life span preselect an embryo, that is free from genetic disorders cure ill people preselect an embryo, that is a perfect tissue match for ill people Facilitate for Families with an ill child smarter and stronger humans →>>> survival Genetically inherited illness can be eliminated change to prepare oneself to the hardship of having an ill child safe animals from extinction design Babies with an higher IQ Cons designer Babies products moral / ethical problems selected children owe their life to their capacity to be of a therapeutic use → abuse would not have "been chosen" otherwise manipulating the natural product/ selection manipulating God's creature (playing God) contraposes healthy and disabled people →a sick child is not worth living? babies become expensive second class citizens → loving children for their therapeutic use, not for their personality → psychological burden/ emotional damage potential mistakes could lead to dangers or new diseases Cloning: lack of variation → no resilience in genepol clone army no individualism overpopulation experiments on animals or embryo's question of law killing lives to save others? 5. Genetically modified food foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA, using methods of genetic engineering also plants or animals that have been modified through genetic engineering → animals eating modified crops Pros improve robustness or yield of crops increase food production growing world population and growing famine less starving making crops insect and disease resistant → reduction of chemicals and pesticides → less environmental pollution and less energy investment → less climate change "Pharma Crops" producing much needed medicine → f.e. genes for human proteins (insulin) could be transferred to animals, which then produce animals in their milk Food can be tolerant for heat/ cold/ drought can be designed to have a higher level of nutritions more food = cheaper land can be used more efficiently → no need for deforestation anymore Cons transgenic plants or animals (containing one or more foreign genes) may be unhealthy or dangerous (new diseases) Unknown impact on our bodys (long term) Farmers may lose their job especially in developing countries Destroying original plant life, playing God negative effects on humans (f.e. immunity against antibiotics) plants can mutate in ways that are dangerous only a few multinational companies producing these crops→ gaining control over the world food production → Dependence 6. Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions, and can perform tasks with human intellect machines or softwares which are able to make logical decisions, solve problems, set their own goal and learn through experience and decision-making receive information from the outside. do physical things robots will become more important in healthcare self-driving cars Manufacturing: in factories, especially automobile industry fully automatic manufacturing process Robots monitor and control the entire production are able to communicate and cooperate with each other little or no human input needed Job interviews Candidates are filmed while answering job questions Softwares analyse language, tone and facial expressions efficiency in finding workers Al in Medicine Is able to workout various informations→ age, blood-pressure, if somebody smokes can be used to predict if a person runs a risk of suffering a heart attack can be used in operations to reduce the surgeons movement electronic sensors can be attached or integrated in textiles ↳ can provide valuable information about a person's health status Patients can be monitored from home → normal life, reduce hospital administration Al in exploration: explore places that humans can't reach (space) polluted environment (radioactive) defusing Bombs, minesweepers for military

Englisch /

Abithemen

Abithemen

V

Valerie

29 Followers
 

Englisch

 

12

Lernzettel

Abithemen

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Utopia and Dystopia
Utopia:
a place, state or society that is ideally perfect (not existing yet)
from the Greek words (good place/ no place

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264

Kommentare (5)

V

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

Alle Themen aus Englisch für ABi 2022

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Mehr

Utopia and Dystopia Utopia: a place, state or society that is ideally perfect (not existing yet) from the Greek words (good place/ no place) coined by Sir Thomas More Characteristics: peaceful government Safe environment Paradise like classless society forces the reader to compare the real world with the imagined ideal world (criticism by contrast) Dystopia (anti-utopia): - equality - no global issues (wars, climate change..) - Promotion of freedom and independency an imagined state or society in which everything is unpleasant or evil warning about undesirable developments express fears for the future of mankind f.e. nuclear holocaust, manipulation,totalitariangovernments suppression of individuality criticism about a current trend, social norm or political system Characteristics: propaganda is used to control the citizens independent thoughts, information and freedom are restricted natural world is banished and distrusted Dystopian Protagonist: often feels trapped and is struggling to escape questions the social and political system helps the audience to recognize the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his/her perspective Common types of dystopian control: corporate control, one or more corporations control the society through products, advertising, propaganda or media (mostly totalitarian governments bureaucratic control, society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through relentless regulations and incompetent government officials technological control, society is controlled by technology, computer, robots or scientific means philosophical/religious control, society is controlled by an philosophical or religious ideology (often enforced through a dictatorship) Themes of dystopian literature loss of individualism separation into classes consumption of drugs restrictions of...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Knowunity

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Alternativer Bildtext:

thoughts→ propaganda surveillance psychological manipulation, dehumanisation Science fiction dealing with imaginary content as futuristic science or technology imaginary elements have overcome laws of nature (time travel) characters including aliens/robots Utopia/Dystopia more about future society elements of extrapolation demonstrating what certain trends may lead to/what point society has already reached Science fiction futuristic science and technology imaginary elements have overcome laws of nature (time travel) Utopia dreamworld / idealistic environmental friendly freedom, perfect world no conflicts imaginary → impossible to achieve desirable equality of mankind fictional message of hope happiness for everyone total welfare and property classless society technological progressed Dystopia dirty and destroyed world environmental damaged bad infrastructure humanless no freedom and inequality world of wars and horrors Dystopian elements: dictatorship totalitarian state nightmare portrays an image of the future mirroring failures of today oppression poverty and violence suppression of human rights war, revolutions, nuclear catastrophes controlled world Brave new world (Aldous Huxley, 1932): set in distant future ( 26th century) anticipates developments in reproductive technology, sleep learning, psychological manipulation and operant conditioning to create a perfect society government uses propaganda to keep the world state stable hypnopaedia → makes children believe what they want them to believe (sleep-teaching) conditioning → people are continued to believe that they are happy independent thoughts and freedom are restricted the natural world is seen as wild and disgusting Bernhard Max (the typical protagonist) struggles to escape, questions the existing social and political system religious control and fordism (mass production, homogeneity and predictability) Nineteen Eighty Four (George Orwell, 1949): totalitarian dictatorship Plot: tyranny of the privileged inner party is ensured by propaganda and total surveillance ↳ Big brother is watching you, posters of the party leaders dominate the city telescreen monitors control the public and private live manipulating history by adapting the present conditions Government is divided into four parts: the Ministry of love, responsible for brainwashing the Ministry of truth controls propaganda the Ministry of Peace oversees the perpetual war the Ministry of Plenty administers the shortage of rationing outer Party member Smith fells in love with Julia their secret rebelion is betrayed so that he is sent to Room 102, where every prisoner is confronted with his worst fear and broken by torture (suppression of human rights Never let me go (Kanzu Ishiguro, 2005) dystopian version of late 1990s England Hailsham state-sanctioned programm, where human clones lives the clones grow up in a special institution away from the outside world the guardians "shield" them from a full understanding of their future As young adults they have to donate their vital organs "complete" as an euphemism for death after 3 or 4 donations Cares → Clones who have not yet begun their donation progress and take care for the ones who already did 1. students at Hailsham. 2. At the Cottages 3. Life as a carer 4. Donations Kathy is the novel's protagonist and narrator deferrals → extending lifetime / delaying the progress of donation Dystopian elements lack of individualism / lack of choice (to donate and "complete") extreme class society - the ones who create clones for themselves and the clones → clones have the only purpose to harvest their organs sub human species what is humanity how do we define humans clones are living in a controlled world and are getting abused → Visions of the Future Technology and Media 1. Genetic Engineering the process of using recombinant DNA technology to alter the genetic makeup of an organism Genomes are manipulated indirectly by controlling breeding and selecting offspring with desired traits (perfect childs) 2. Cloning permitted creation of cloned human or human tissues for surgical transplant and the cure of serious genetic diseases stem cells develop to tissues or whole organs needed in the progress embryos are getting destroyed for organ cloning to save lives but killing to save others is ethically questionable 3. Gene testing Gene tests (also called DNA-based tests), the most sophisticated of the techniques used to test for genetic disorders, involve direct examination of the DNA molecule itself 4. Saviour Siblings a child who is born through IVF (in vitro fertilization.) in order to ensure that they have organs or cells that can be used to treat an older brother or sister with a serious medical condition Pros cure human diseases / increase life span preselect an embryo, that is free from genetic disorders cure ill people preselect an embryo, that is a perfect tissue match for ill people Facilitate for Families with an ill child smarter and stronger humans →>>> survival Genetically inherited illness can be eliminated change to prepare oneself to the hardship of having an ill child safe animals from extinction design Babies with an higher IQ Cons designer Babies products moral / ethical problems selected children owe their life to their capacity to be of a therapeutic use → abuse would not have "been chosen" otherwise manipulating the natural product/ selection manipulating God's creature (playing God) contraposes healthy and disabled people →a sick child is not worth living? babies become expensive second class citizens → loving children for their therapeutic use, not for their personality → psychological burden/ emotional damage potential mistakes could lead to dangers or new diseases Cloning: lack of variation → no resilience in genepol clone army no individualism overpopulation experiments on animals or embryo's question of law killing lives to save others? 5. Genetically modified food foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA, using methods of genetic engineering also plants or animals that have been modified through genetic engineering → animals eating modified crops Pros improve robustness or yield of crops increase food production growing world population and growing famine less starving making crops insect and disease resistant → reduction of chemicals and pesticides → less environmental pollution and less energy investment → less climate change "Pharma Crops" producing much needed medicine → f.e. genes for human proteins (insulin) could be transferred to animals, which then produce animals in their milk Food can be tolerant for heat/ cold/ drought can be designed to have a higher level of nutritions more food = cheaper land can be used more efficiently → no need for deforestation anymore Cons transgenic plants or animals (containing one or more foreign genes) may be unhealthy or dangerous (new diseases) Unknown impact on our bodys (long term) Farmers may lose their job especially in developing countries Destroying original plant life, playing God negative effects on humans (f.e. immunity against antibiotics) plants can mutate in ways that are dangerous only a few multinational companies producing these crops→ gaining control over the world food production → Dependence 6. Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions, and can perform tasks with human intellect machines or softwares which are able to make logical decisions, solve problems, set their own goal and learn through experience and decision-making receive information from the outside. do physical things robots will become more important in healthcare self-driving cars Manufacturing: in factories, especially automobile industry fully automatic manufacturing process Robots monitor and control the entire production are able to communicate and cooperate with each other little or no human input needed Job interviews Candidates are filmed while answering job questions Softwares analyse language, tone and facial expressions efficiency in finding workers Al in Medicine Is able to workout various informations→ age, blood-pressure, if somebody smokes can be used to predict if a person runs a risk of suffering a heart attack can be used in operations to reduce the surgeons movement electronic sensors can be attached or integrated in textiles ↳ can provide valuable information about a person's health status Patients can be monitored from home → normal life, reduce hospital administration Al in exploration: explore places that humans can't reach (space) polluted environment (radioactive) defusing Bombs, minesweepers for military