Englisch Lk Abitur 2022

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Noleen

30 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/10

Lernzettel

Englisch Lk Abitur 2022

 Introduction
The short story/novel/article/poem/..
"[title]"
The extract from the short story/novel/..
●
●
Summary
"[title]" by [author]..

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Alles fürs Abi. summary rhetorical devices language analysis; choice of words, rhetorical strategies, stylistic devices narrative technique / perspective speech analysis comment personal letters / e-mail formal letter letter to the editor connectives

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Introduction The short story/novel/article/poem/.. "[title]" The extract from the short story/novel/.. ● ● Summary "[title]" by [author].. • written by [author] in [year].. written by [author] and published in [source] in [year].. deals with/is about/shows/illustrates.. ● Main part • According to the author... •The author believes/claims/emphasizes/ states/points out.. • From the author's point of view... ● • The author is of the opinion that.. Rhetorical devices references to quotations & proverbs to lend weight to the speaker's own words unsubstantiated claims which do not leave any room for doubts/questions drastic/vivid description to appeal to listeners' emotions, to their reason & conscience superlatives to highlight certain aspects repetitions of key words as a means of emphasis & to draw the listeners' attention to certain aspects use of key symbols, slogans, stereotypes to emphasize & illustrate the speaker's message use of oppositions (e.g. good/bad) to highlight contrasts & create polarity & tension use of rhetorical questions to arouse interest & emphasize facts use of patterns of identification & solidarity (e.g. "We" & "they", personal appeals to audience, praise of certain role models & heroes) to create illusion of a group identity & of a mutual common goal Language analysis Choice of Words using comparatives and superlatives -> to exaggerate points or draw attention to extremes using strong/emotive words (e.g. heartbroken, bloodbath, to worship) -> to appeal to the readers' emotions, to make them think positively/critically of something using personal pronouns, e.g. we, you, etc. -> feeling of being...

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addressed, someone talking to you Rhetorical strategies quoting experts & authorities, e.g. scientists, politicians -> to back up one's statements & make them & the author seem more reliable & credible including personal statements of people affected by the issue at hand -> to add a personal touch, to make it easier for the reader to identify with a story making claims instead of evidence-based arguments, e.g. by introducing statements with : "No one can deny that..", "Without a doubt..", "it is no surprise that.." -> to present opinions as facts / as points that are beyond criticism using humor and irony, e.g. by making fun of a situation, commenting humorously on something -> to ridicule unacceptable/strange/.. behavior, to make an article more light- hearted & entertaining Stylistic devices alliteration (words starting with the same letter/sound) -> to make a certain point more memorable, to create a sense of sharpness repetitions (of words or phrases) -> to emphasize a message, to draw attention to a key word personification (giving things human-like qualities, e.g. My gap year opened the door to a new life for me -> to create a strong impression on the reader of what something is capable of hyperbole (exaggeration) -> to create a vivid image to illustrate the dimension of a problem metaphor (an image, a comparison without words like "like" & "as", e.g. My gap year I was a long, beautiful dream) -> to capture what is crucial about a character & a situation with a powerful image, to bring out the specific nature of a character/situation enumeration (a list) -> to draw attention to the scale of a development & to give an overview of a variety of arguments Narrative technique/narrative perspective point of view the perspective from which the characters/events are presented unlimited point of view/omniscient narrator a narrator who seems to know everything, presents the action & characters' thoughts, etc. Witness/observer narrator a narrator who is a character in the story (e.g. protagonist/minor character); usually has a limited perspective Limited point of view e.g. a first-person/third-person narrator who only has Limited insight & presents the actions & the characters' thoughts subjective/unreliable or objective/reliable narrator a narrator who the reader can (not) trust, e.g. because the narrator is a very dubious & strange person stream of consciousness the presentation of experiences & thoughts through the mind (-> thoughts) of one character in a text; a special technique here is the interior monologue (= a special kind of scenic presentation which is often not in chronological order) mode of presentation a) panoramic : -> the author tells the story.. b) scenic -> the author shows an event in detail using dialogue & describing a scene, etc. Analyse how the speaker connects with his audience common strategies A The frequent use of 'I' & 'You' establishes a personal relationship even with a huge audience. 'We' establishes a feeling of togetherness, a group feeling B Starting with a humorous remark breaks the ice. Alternatively, a very solemn remark makes the audience aware of the importance of the speech C Certain groups of people in the audience (i.e. fathers, children) are addressed and references made to their experiences (i.e. people feeling unsafe and insecure). The audience thus feels understood by the speaker. D Emotive Language is a powerful tool to establish a good speaker- audience relationship, ie words that trigger off emotions ('child' or 'mum') as compared to abstract terms which leave a person indifferent (descendant' or 'citizen). E 'Fishing for compliments' - The speaker talks about himself in inferior terms to evoke the opposite response (e.g. "I am not a terribly good speaker." /"I am not really an expert in this field."). F Appearing truthful and authentic. A vague or evasive speaker will not succeed in convincing or moving an audience. Talking openly about unpleasant and embarrassing truths can engage the listeners very effectively. G Ther are speakers who for various reasons (i,e. deliberate deception or sensitivity) leave some things unsaid, gloss over unpleasant truths or even twist the truth using euphemisms, i.e pleasant words for unpleasant facts.

Englisch Lk Abitur 2022

user profile picture

Noleen

30 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/10

Lernzettel

Englisch Lk Abitur 2022

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Introduction
The short story/novel/article/poem/..
"[title]"
The extract from the short story/novel/..
●
●
Summary
"[title]" by [author]..

App öffnen

Teilen

Speichern

132

Kommentare (2)

L

Cool, mit dem Lernzettel konnte ich mich richtig gut auf meine Klassenarbeit vorbereiten. Danke 👍👍

Alles fürs Abi. summary rhetorical devices language analysis; choice of words, rhetorical strategies, stylistic devices narrative technique / perspective speech analysis comment personal letters / e-mail formal letter letter to the editor connectives

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Introduction The short story/novel/article/poem/.. "[title]" The extract from the short story/novel/.. ● ● Summary "[title]" by [author].. • written by [author] in [year].. written by [author] and published in [source] in [year].. deals with/is about/shows/illustrates.. ● Main part • According to the author... •The author believes/claims/emphasizes/ states/points out.. • From the author's point of view... ● • The author is of the opinion that.. Rhetorical devices references to quotations & proverbs to lend weight to the speaker's own words unsubstantiated claims which do not leave any room for doubts/questions drastic/vivid description to appeal to listeners' emotions, to their reason & conscience superlatives to highlight certain aspects repetitions of key words as a means of emphasis & to draw the listeners' attention to certain aspects use of key symbols, slogans, stereotypes to emphasize & illustrate the speaker's message use of oppositions (e.g. good/bad) to highlight contrasts & create polarity & tension use of rhetorical questions to arouse interest & emphasize facts use of patterns of identification & solidarity (e.g. "We" & "they", personal appeals to audience, praise of certain role models & heroes) to create illusion of a group identity & of a mutual common goal Language analysis Choice of Words using comparatives and superlatives -> to exaggerate points or draw attention to extremes using strong/emotive words (e.g. heartbroken, bloodbath, to worship) -> to appeal to the readers' emotions, to make them think positively/critically of something using personal pronouns, e.g. we, you, etc. -> feeling of being...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

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Alternativer Bildtext:

addressed, someone talking to you Rhetorical strategies quoting experts & authorities, e.g. scientists, politicians -> to back up one's statements & make them & the author seem more reliable & credible including personal statements of people affected by the issue at hand -> to add a personal touch, to make it easier for the reader to identify with a story making claims instead of evidence-based arguments, e.g. by introducing statements with : "No one can deny that..", "Without a doubt..", "it is no surprise that.." -> to present opinions as facts / as points that are beyond criticism using humor and irony, e.g. by making fun of a situation, commenting humorously on something -> to ridicule unacceptable/strange/.. behavior, to make an article more light- hearted & entertaining Stylistic devices alliteration (words starting with the same letter/sound) -> to make a certain point more memorable, to create a sense of sharpness repetitions (of words or phrases) -> to emphasize a message, to draw attention to a key word personification (giving things human-like qualities, e.g. My gap year opened the door to a new life for me -> to create a strong impression on the reader of what something is capable of hyperbole (exaggeration) -> to create a vivid image to illustrate the dimension of a problem metaphor (an image, a comparison without words like "like" & "as", e.g. My gap year I was a long, beautiful dream) -> to capture what is crucial about a character & a situation with a powerful image, to bring out the specific nature of a character/situation enumeration (a list) -> to draw attention to the scale of a development & to give an overview of a variety of arguments Narrative technique/narrative perspective point of view the perspective from which the characters/events are presented unlimited point of view/omniscient narrator a narrator who seems to know everything, presents the action & characters' thoughts, etc. Witness/observer narrator a narrator who is a character in the story (e.g. protagonist/minor character); usually has a limited perspective Limited point of view e.g. a first-person/third-person narrator who only has Limited insight & presents the actions & the characters' thoughts subjective/unreliable or objective/reliable narrator a narrator who the reader can (not) trust, e.g. because the narrator is a very dubious & strange person stream of consciousness the presentation of experiences & thoughts through the mind (-> thoughts) of one character in a text; a special technique here is the interior monologue (= a special kind of scenic presentation which is often not in chronological order) mode of presentation a) panoramic : -> the author tells the story.. b) scenic -> the author shows an event in detail using dialogue & describing a scene, etc. Analyse how the speaker connects with his audience common strategies A The frequent use of 'I' & 'You' establishes a personal relationship even with a huge audience. 'We' establishes a feeling of togetherness, a group feeling B Starting with a humorous remark breaks the ice. Alternatively, a very solemn remark makes the audience aware of the importance of the speech C Certain groups of people in the audience (i.e. fathers, children) are addressed and references made to their experiences (i.e. people feeling unsafe and insecure). The audience thus feels understood by the speaker. D Emotive Language is a powerful tool to establish a good speaker- audience relationship, ie words that trigger off emotions ('child' or 'mum') as compared to abstract terms which leave a person indifferent (descendant' or 'citizen). E 'Fishing for compliments' - The speaker talks about himself in inferior terms to evoke the opposite response (e.g. "I am not a terribly good speaker." /"I am not really an expert in this field."). F Appearing truthful and authentic. A vague or evasive speaker will not succeed in convincing or moving an audience. Talking openly about unpleasant and embarrassing truths can engage the listeners very effectively. G Ther are speakers who for various reasons (i,e. deliberate deception or sensitivity) leave some things unsaid, gloss over unpleasant truths or even twist the truth using euphemisms, i.e pleasant words for unpleasant facts.