Englisch /

Englische Grammatik

Englische Grammatik

 1. Tenses
Zeit
Simple present
Present
progressive
Simple past
Past
progressive
Present
perfect
Present.
perfect
progressive
Past
perfect
Si

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Englische Grammatik

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11/12/10

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1. Tenses Zeit Simple present Present progressive Simple past Past progressive Present perfect Present. perfect progressive Past perfect Signal Wörter Everyday, sometimes,. always, often, usually, seldom, never, first...then • now. at the moment • look! • listen! ● Last.. ....ago in 1990 yesterday While • Just • yet • never. • ever so far GRAMMAR • up to now • since • for • recently all day the whole day how long since for Already just. never already Verwendung Regelmäßig wiederholte oder gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung. • Allgemeingültige Feststellungen • Handlungsfolgen Handlung geschieht im Moment (jetzt) Handlung in der Vergangenheit (abgeschlossen) Ablauf einer Tätigkeit in einem bestimmten Zeitraum . - Erfahrungen - Veränderungen - unvollendete Handlung/ anhaltende - Handlungen bis heute - gleichzeitige Handlungen in unterschiedlichen Zeiten - anhaltende Handlungen bis beendete Handlung, die die Gegenwart beeinflusst beendete Handlung in der Vergangenheit Bildung - Schwerpunktlegung auf den Fakt (nicht die Dauer der Handlung) Infinitive he, sie, it +s Have/has + been + heute - Handlung, die kürzlich endete infinitive +ing oder noch anhält to be(am,are,is) + infinitive +ing regular: . Infinitive + -ed irregular: 2nd column of table of irregular verbs Was/were + infinitive + ing have/has + past participle Had + past participle Beispiele • She never does her homework in time • He works, he doesn't work, does he work?. He's working He isn't working Is he working?. • She drunk a soft drink. • we watched movies on television • I worked . I didn't work • did I work? He was going. He wasn't going Was he going? I have worked. He has worked He hasn't worked Have I worked? I have been working all day. He has been working. Have I been working? I had worked He had worked I had gone Zeit Past perfect progressive will-future going to future taste Signal Wörter verb used with an adjective look look good (= appearance) feel. feel good (= state of health/mind) smell smell good (= odour) Type.I how long since for Typell In a year Next.... Tomorrow 2. adjectives and adverbs • Adjectives are used to modify...

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nouns: The dog is loud. . .. Adverbs are used to modify verbs, adjectives or other. adverbs: The dog barks loudly. taste good (= preference) Type III GRAMMAR Simple past • Regelmäßig wiederholte oder. gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung • Allgemeingültige Feststellungen • Handlungsfolgen Verwendung would kann im Typ II und III ersetzt werden durch: could oder might. Es sind auch should, may oder must möglich. used with an adverb look well (= healthy) feel well (= have a good sense of touch) smell well (= have a good sense of smell) would + infinitive. • taste well (= have a good sense of taste) Past perfect would+have+past participle Bildung had+been+in finitive +ing will+infinitive r Simple present will-future + infinitive 1.ex.: . if I study, I will pass the exam. or: I will pass the exam if. I study. ·2.ex: if I study, I will not fail the exam 1. ex: if I studied, I would pass the exam or: 1 would pass the exam if I studied 2.ex: if I didn't study, I would fail the exam. 1.ex: if I had studied, I would have passed the exam. to be (are,am,is) +going to +infinitive AUSNAHMEN Swimming, riding or: I would have passed the exam, if I had Studied. 2.ex: if I had studied, I wouldn't have failed. the exam. Beispiele • I had been working He had been working. He had been partying all night, so he fell asleep in class He'll go He won't go Will he go? Gerund Infinitive + ing →Beispiel: see → seeing Signalwörter, nach denen das gerund angewendet werden muss enjoy, risk, finish, miss, Keep (on), feel like, how about, there is no, rere frecrecere. • I'm going to work. He is going to work • He's not going to work • Am I working ? : I love visiting my friends. I love to visit my friends. gleiche Bedeutung if CLAU: SES Satzart Aktivsatz: simple present Passivsatz: Satzart Aktivsatz: simple past Passivsatz: Subjekt Peter Direkte Rede A house Subjekt Peter A house Verb builds I, you, we, you my, your, our, your me, us this, these is built Verb built was built GRAMMAR Passive Objekt a house. by Peter. Objekt a house. by Peter. he, she, they his, her, their Satzart Aktivsatz: Peter Present perfect Passivsatz: A house Satzart him, her, them that, those Aktivsatz: Subjekt will-future Indirekte Rede Passiysatz; Relative clauses Who verwendet man als Subjekt oder Objekt für Personen. Bsp: This is the man who saw Lisa yesterday. Whom verwendet man als Objekt für Personen. Bsp: This is the man whom I saw yesterday Whose verwendet man, um eine Zugehörigkeit a. einen Besitz anzuzeigen. Bsp: Rita is a girl whose father is a pilot. That Kann man Which verwendet man für Tiere und Dinge. für alle, außerd. Bsp: This is the book which fascinates me. Zugehörigkeit veru. Subjekt Peter A house Beispiele: Tim: "The twins are doing their homework." (direkte Rede im Present Progressive) Tim told me that the twins were doing their homework. (indirekte Rede im Past Progressive, da das redeeinleitende Verb told im Simple Past steht) "1 Melissa: "Some people can come with us.' (direkte Rede im Simple Present) Melissa said that some people could come with them. (indirekte Rede im Simple Past, da das redeeinleitende Verb said im Simple Past steht) Verb has built has been built Verb will build will be built Objekt a house. by Peter. Objekt a house. .by Peter. can shall may must Direkte Rede Satzart Simple Past Past Progressive Ak- tivsatz: will-Futur (will) Simple Present Present Progressive Modal verben Sub- jekt Pas- A sivsatz: house® Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Progr. Peter Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Demonstrative pronouns this these Wenn sich jemand oder etwas in der Nähe (örtlich, zeitlich) befindet, verwendet man this im Singular und these im Plural that those Wenn sich jmd oder etwas in d. Ferne befindet, Verwendet man that im Singular u. those Plural. Reported speech Verb can build. can be built Indirekte Rede Objekt Simple Past Past Progressive a house. by Pe- ter. could should might had to Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Conditional Simple (would) - Die Präposition. Since wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung. seit einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt betrachtet wird. Bsp: Since go'clock, Since Monday, since I was a kid, since 2011, Since October He has called three times Since our meeting yesterday. Melissa and Sebastian had been exercising since 3pm. Die Präposition for wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung seit einem bestimmten Zeitraum im Gange ist. Bsp. for two days, for half an hour, for weeks, for ages, for decades. . We had been trying to reach her for two hours She has loved him for the past 25 years. Affirmative Long forms can. could may might ought to need The prepositions since and for shall should will would Contracted forms 1 } 1 ! A A = GRAMMAR '|| 'd 'll 'd modal auxiliaries Negative Long forms cannot could not may not might not ought not to need not shall not should not will not would not Contracted forms can't couldn't oughtn't to needn't shan't shouldn't won't wouldn't · DEFINITE and INDEFINITE ARTICLES There are two types of articles Definite article: the Indefinite article: a, a. General rules. e.g., the purple house the black cat a white dog an open book < Correct the house purple or a dog white < Incorrect e.g., my house her book that house this book Correct the my house or the this book < Incorrect False German False Friend das Gift [gift] der Gang [gaŋ] dick [dik] dezent [de'tsent] also ['alzo] bald [balt] der Brand [bant][brant] Friends der Igel ['i:gǝl] die Fabrik [fa'bri:k] [fa'bri:k] der Flur [flue] die Fahrt [fa:et] der Herd [he:et] der Hut [hu:t] der Mist [mist] English Translation the poison the corridor / aisle thick / fat subtle/discreet So / Well,... soon the fire the hedgehog the factory the hall the corridor the ride the stove the hat the dung / the muck

Englisch /

Englische Grammatik

Englische Grammatik

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NANCY

50 Followers
 

Englisch

 

11/12/10

Lernzettel

Englische Grammatik

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 1. Tenses
Zeit
Simple present
Present
progressive
Simple past
Past
progressive
Present
perfect
Present.
perfect
progressive
Past
perfect
Si

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Kommentare (2)

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Cool, mit dem Lernzettel konnte ich mich richtig gut auf meine Klassenarbeit vorbereiten. Danke 👍👍

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1. Tenses Zeit Simple present Present progressive Simple past Past progressive Present perfect Present. perfect progressive Past perfect Signal Wörter Everyday, sometimes,. always, often, usually, seldom, never, first...then • now. at the moment • look! • listen! ● Last.. ....ago in 1990 yesterday While • Just • yet • never. • ever so far GRAMMAR • up to now • since • for • recently all day the whole day how long since for Already just. never already Verwendung Regelmäßig wiederholte oder gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung. • Allgemeingültige Feststellungen • Handlungsfolgen Handlung geschieht im Moment (jetzt) Handlung in der Vergangenheit (abgeschlossen) Ablauf einer Tätigkeit in einem bestimmten Zeitraum . - Erfahrungen - Veränderungen - unvollendete Handlung/ anhaltende - Handlungen bis heute - gleichzeitige Handlungen in unterschiedlichen Zeiten - anhaltende Handlungen bis beendete Handlung, die die Gegenwart beeinflusst beendete Handlung in der Vergangenheit Bildung - Schwerpunktlegung auf den Fakt (nicht die Dauer der Handlung) Infinitive he, sie, it +s Have/has + been + heute - Handlung, die kürzlich endete infinitive +ing oder noch anhält to be(am,are,is) + infinitive +ing regular: . Infinitive + -ed irregular: 2nd column of table of irregular verbs Was/were + infinitive + ing have/has + past participle Had + past participle Beispiele • She never does her homework in time • He works, he doesn't work, does he work?. He's working He isn't working Is he working?. • She drunk a soft drink. • we watched movies on television • I worked . I didn't work • did I work? He was going. He wasn't going Was he going? I have worked. He has worked He hasn't worked Have I worked? I have been working all day. He has been working. Have I been working? I had worked He had worked I had gone Zeit Past perfect progressive will-future going to future taste Signal Wörter verb used with an adjective look look good (= appearance) feel. feel good (= state of health/mind) smell smell good (= odour) Type.I how long since for Typell In a year Next.... Tomorrow 2. adjectives and adverbs • Adjectives are used to modify...

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nouns: The dog is loud. . .. Adverbs are used to modify verbs, adjectives or other. adverbs: The dog barks loudly. taste good (= preference) Type III GRAMMAR Simple past • Regelmäßig wiederholte oder. gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung • Allgemeingültige Feststellungen • Handlungsfolgen Verwendung would kann im Typ II und III ersetzt werden durch: could oder might. Es sind auch should, may oder must möglich. used with an adverb look well (= healthy) feel well (= have a good sense of touch) smell well (= have a good sense of smell) would + infinitive. • taste well (= have a good sense of taste) Past perfect would+have+past participle Bildung had+been+in finitive +ing will+infinitive r Simple present will-future + infinitive 1.ex.: . if I study, I will pass the exam. or: I will pass the exam if. I study. ·2.ex: if I study, I will not fail the exam 1. ex: if I studied, I would pass the exam or: 1 would pass the exam if I studied 2.ex: if I didn't study, I would fail the exam. 1.ex: if I had studied, I would have passed the exam. to be (are,am,is) +going to +infinitive AUSNAHMEN Swimming, riding or: I would have passed the exam, if I had Studied. 2.ex: if I had studied, I wouldn't have failed. the exam. Beispiele • I had been working He had been working. He had been partying all night, so he fell asleep in class He'll go He won't go Will he go? Gerund Infinitive + ing →Beispiel: see → seeing Signalwörter, nach denen das gerund angewendet werden muss enjoy, risk, finish, miss, Keep (on), feel like, how about, there is no, rere frecrecere. • I'm going to work. He is going to work • He's not going to work • Am I working ? : I love visiting my friends. I love to visit my friends. gleiche Bedeutung if CLAU: SES Satzart Aktivsatz: simple present Passivsatz: Satzart Aktivsatz: simple past Passivsatz: Subjekt Peter Direkte Rede A house Subjekt Peter A house Verb builds I, you, we, you my, your, our, your me, us this, these is built Verb built was built GRAMMAR Passive Objekt a house. by Peter. Objekt a house. by Peter. he, she, they his, her, their Satzart Aktivsatz: Peter Present perfect Passivsatz: A house Satzart him, her, them that, those Aktivsatz: Subjekt will-future Indirekte Rede Passiysatz; Relative clauses Who verwendet man als Subjekt oder Objekt für Personen. Bsp: This is the man who saw Lisa yesterday. Whom verwendet man als Objekt für Personen. Bsp: This is the man whom I saw yesterday Whose verwendet man, um eine Zugehörigkeit a. einen Besitz anzuzeigen. Bsp: Rita is a girl whose father is a pilot. That Kann man Which verwendet man für Tiere und Dinge. für alle, außerd. Bsp: This is the book which fascinates me. Zugehörigkeit veru. Subjekt Peter A house Beispiele: Tim: "The twins are doing their homework." (direkte Rede im Present Progressive) Tim told me that the twins were doing their homework. (indirekte Rede im Past Progressive, da das redeeinleitende Verb told im Simple Past steht) "1 Melissa: "Some people can come with us.' (direkte Rede im Simple Present) Melissa said that some people could come with them. (indirekte Rede im Simple Past, da das redeeinleitende Verb said im Simple Past steht) Verb has built has been built Verb will build will be built Objekt a house. by Peter. Objekt a house. .by Peter. can shall may must Direkte Rede Satzart Simple Past Past Progressive Ak- tivsatz: will-Futur (will) Simple Present Present Progressive Modal verben Sub- jekt Pas- A sivsatz: house® Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Progr. Peter Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Demonstrative pronouns this these Wenn sich jemand oder etwas in der Nähe (örtlich, zeitlich) befindet, verwendet man this im Singular und these im Plural that those Wenn sich jmd oder etwas in d. Ferne befindet, Verwendet man that im Singular u. those Plural. Reported speech Verb can build. can be built Indirekte Rede Objekt Simple Past Past Progressive a house. by Pe- ter. could should might had to Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Progr. Conditional Simple (would) - Die Präposition. Since wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung. seit einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt betrachtet wird. Bsp: Since go'clock, Since Monday, since I was a kid, since 2011, Since October He has called three times Since our meeting yesterday. Melissa and Sebastian had been exercising since 3pm. Die Präposition for wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung seit einem bestimmten Zeitraum im Gange ist. Bsp. for two days, for half an hour, for weeks, for ages, for decades. . We had been trying to reach her for two hours She has loved him for the past 25 years. Affirmative Long forms can. could may might ought to need The prepositions since and for shall should will would Contracted forms 1 } 1 ! A A = GRAMMAR '|| 'd 'll 'd modal auxiliaries Negative Long forms cannot could not may not might not ought not to need not shall not should not will not would not Contracted forms can't couldn't oughtn't to needn't shan't shouldn't won't wouldn't · DEFINITE and INDEFINITE ARTICLES There are two types of articles Definite article: the Indefinite article: a, a. General rules. e.g., the purple house the black cat a white dog an open book < Correct the house purple or a dog white < Incorrect e.g., my house her book that house this book Correct the my house or the this book < Incorrect False German False Friend das Gift [gift] der Gang [gaŋ] dick [dik] dezent [de'tsent] also ['alzo] bald [balt] der Brand [bant][brant] Friends der Igel ['i:gǝl] die Fabrik [fa'bri:k] [fa'bri:k] der Flur [flue] die Fahrt [fa:et] der Herd [he:et] der Hut [hu:t] der Mist [mist] English Translation the poison the corridor / aisle thick / fat subtle/discreet So / Well,... soon the fire the hedgehog the factory the hall the corridor the ride the stove the hat the dung / the muck