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The United Kindom

The United Kindom

 topics
1. British Empire
2. Commonwealth
oral exam UK
3. European Union (EU)
4. British monarchy
5. British government & political system
6
 topics
1. British Empire
2. Commonwealth
oral exam UK
3. European Union (EU)
4. British monarchy
5. British government & political system
6

The United Kindom

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lotta

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11/12/13

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Zusammenfassung zum Themenbereich UK, den wir in der Q1.1 behandelt haben : )

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topics 1. British Empire 2. Commonwealth oral exam UK 3. European Union (EU) 4. British monarchy 5. British government & political system 6. change in politics & Brexit 7. British Covid-19-policy 8. multiculturalism in Britain skills 9. cartoon analysis British Empire building of the Empire started by overpowering the Spanish Armada in 1588 became the world's number one sea power & got more & more colonies • settlements & colonies under British rule covered Ŝ of the globe -first empire • navigators colonised new terretories in the 17th & 18th centuries • merchants formed trading companies in London (e.g. "East India Company" est. 1600 & "Virginia company" est. 1606, "Hudson's Bay Company" est. 1670) → great influence on Asian & American colonies • reasons for expansions: . ·commercial & military interests • colonies. = source of raw materials & markets control of trading (e.g. English ships) • founded ports, which were used for trade & slave trade between Africa & America · protest against the monopoly of the "East India Company" → lead to Boston Tea Party in 1773 · demonstrations encouradged independence movement & resulted in Declaration of Ihokependence & American War of independence (1775-1783) ⇒ seperation of American colonies from British crown ·second Empire ·began end 18th century when James Cook sailed to New Zealand (1769) & Austra- Lia (1770) convicts were shipped there als a punishment • tried to compensate loss of American colonies...

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by acquisition of terretories on the eastern half "East India Company" extended its activities to Asia & got more colonias 1858 British crown took over "East India Company"'s rule/reign → India ruled by British Crown until 1947 • reasons for expansions wanted to exert their political influence & administration ."Colonial Office" was created: British civil servants were sent to terretories to im- pase British institutions & methods of government Britain's new imperial policy • British Empire at the height of its wealth & power Queen Victoria (1819-1901) = symbol of Britain's success = → became empress (Kaiserin) of India in 1877 begining of WWI : Britain was richest nation, covered of the world & comprised 1 of the world's population ∙end of 19th century: desire for independence Canada showed unrested → got dominion status (decide about interior affairs them- selves) 1910 Australia, New Zealand & South Africa followed all gained full independience after WWI (kept close political links) of commonwealth • Empire ended when India gained independence 1947 = "Birth" pro & contra andwa auA to SADads and To sualnos Gyrow of ssouBord [email protected] 2906 24A -porosifor oupar & anos vances became available English became a worldwide spoken abonBuror built schools, hospitals & roads improved infrastructure & education, for administration & education medical Did A to stoodsto anay va alam shoobay Sam USAND + ensures /-ables communication all over the world forced pash si abronbrar roppo DA SO usnout. subal prat & sans furow pañansara auf ! Janaq bu & Fowards panoAHUN. superiority of the British nation & white • exploitation of the colonies Britain has to deal with conflicts abroad, diversity in its society & racial tensions Commonwealth from Empire to Commonwealth in response to movements for independence • adopted a policy of self-government & eventually independence in the colonies • many countries gained independence in the 20th century • almost all of them decided to keep a close tie with Britain → transformation to Commonwealth = Loose voluntary association of sovereign & independent states /"group of self-gover- ning communities composed by Great Britain & bominions" · Britain was after India's exit (1947, after WWI) no longer a superpower · India chose Commonwealth & was an example, which was followed • former colonies chose Commonwealth, bc they had a influential European popu- Lation or commercial considerations or they were a small country • Commonwealth how 53 member countries more than 4 of world's population members maintain ties of friendship, co-operation & acknowledge of the British monarch + Queen is Head of state in the UK & 15 other countries timeline 1957 beginning of European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty of Rome wants to abolish tariffs & quotas 1973 GB joined EEC together with Ireland & Denmark 1975 • refendum about staying in the EEC . turning point of British politics & national identity 1995 European Union inaugurated the Eurotunnel 1999 (January 1) didn't take part in the single currency (€) 2004 • EU was enlarged & kept borders open + resultet in mass immigration 2008/09 • financial crisis 2010-12 crisis of the Euro currency conflict Britain & Europe 2016 (July 23) • referendum on the EU membership • July 13 David Cameron resigns as a Prime Minister - 2017 Parliament approved Brexit plans start of Brexit negonations · 2019 (July 24) •Theresa May stepped down after not succeding Brexit deal • July 23 Boris Johnson wins the Coversative Leadership election 2019 • Johnson renegotiated new Brexit deal with the EU (tried to avoid parliament) • December 12 general election (shap election) - Conservatives win with 365 seats Elections • members of the House of Commons are elected by majority in constituties • election every 5 years · Prime Minister can decide when a new election takes place • parties make house to house calls & meetings in their district • you can only vote at polling stations everyone gets a stamped ballot • right to vote since 1832 only for men over 21, since 1969 every citizen over 18 • Candidate needs one more vote to win · direct representation • party comes to power, which has won a majority of votes political parties the Conservative Party centre-right conservatism • British Unionism Cagainst Scottish & Welsh independence) · opposition to the Euro, strong defense of Pound Sterling •Eurosceptic position -free market policy . criticism of Labour's state multiculturalism • represented by the colour blue "Tories" · the Labour Party · Left to centre-left democratic socialist party .supports government intervention in the economy . •for redistribution of wealth • advocates increased rights for workers • favours an extended welfare state • support of multiculturalism • represented by the colour red . "Whigs" euroscepticism entered ELL in times of transcient economic anxiety • never wanted to be a member in the first place ·motivated by a narrow economic expectations (access to benefits of the European free trade) • felt like they have ended up in a power hungry, supra-governmental & ec nomically guaranteed to fail arrangement • Britain was a het constributor in the first 30 years felt exploited & used . ongoing troubles in the euro zone • eurosceptic because of their history: island nation (like isolation) · reluctant to see them as a European country • memories of the British Empire • driving influence of Tory party's (conservative) ideological right .dream of an alternative to the EU (more like an anglophone or commonwealth trade block) timeline June 2016: July 2016: Jan. 2017: Brexit April 2017: June 2017: Referendum: 52% votes for Brexit the remain side was weak among others because many people, who wan- ted to stay, didn't vote out of folishness • the more educated the more "remain" - votes • the younger the more "remain" -votes • Cameron announces resignation May becomes new Prime Minister - May sets out plan for Brexit at Lancaster House - UK white paper on Brexit - May announces snap election - May loses majority - first round of UK- EU exit negotiations begin bec. 2017: - joint report proposes solutions for Irish borders Nov. 2018: - May & EU publish Withdrawal Agreement 1 Dec. 2018. - May announces date for vote on Brexit deal Feb. 2019. - May loses meaningful vote Mar. 2019: April 2019: May 2019: July 2019: Oct. 2019: Jan. 2020 Oct. 2020 bec. 2020: 29th Mar. Brexit bay I • May loses 2nd meaningful vote . - no majority for any proposals - May asks for extension to 30th June 2020 - at EU summit Brexit extension agreed until 31st October 2019 - May announces resignation . - Johnson lecomes new Prime Minister outcome x ² -Johnson proposes alternative to backstop - Parliament votes for more time to scrutinise agreement - EU agrees extensions to 31st January 2020 - 31st Oct. Brexit day II -Johnson gets his Brexit deal through the Commons - 31st Jan. Uk departed the EU x¹ EU-Uk Withdrawal Agreement: 1 • protects the rights of uk nationals & their family member who live EU coun- tries - EU launched its threatend legal case against the UK - Johnson said the UK should be prepared for a no-deal Brexit x² the Brexit backstop • an insurance policy ensure there will be no hard border between Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland (even if no formal deal can be reached) - an agreement on the Northern Ireland protocol* -preparations for no-deal Brexit -24th bec. a deal was agreed: free trade agreement based on zero tariffs & quotas 3 x³ no-deal Brexit • a Brexit without a deal would have had drastic consequences on the way the Britons Live & Work x4 the Northern Ireland protocol · replaces the backstop Northern Ireland remains in the EU single market for goods & will apply EU customs rules at its ports • new customs border between Northern Ireland & Britain in the transition period (31/01-31/12) the UK has stayed in the EU single markets • now uk-EU trade is governed by World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules •for a long time the options have been a hard Brexit (a complete split with no prior trade arrangements continuing) or a soft Brexit (close, favorable conditions of the former arrangements) Brexit Trade & Cooperation Agreement: trade: - no longer part of the customs union & single market - trade agreements allow zero tariffs & quotas -free movement between EU & UK has ended cooperation: ULK will cooperate with the EU on Law enforcement & criminal justice consequences matters governance established a Joint Partnership Council to assure the agreement is properly applied & interpreted growth -jobs • damage to economic growth British pound Lost worth increases prices of imports • hurt Britain's younger workers • Germany: Labor shortage of 3million workers by 2030 · employers have harder times finding applicants • • EU-boom workers left the uk - trade must negotiate new trade agreements Ireland . · Northern Ireland remains with Uk Republic of Ireland stays part of the EU → agreements avoids custom border - London -depressed growth in the UK's financial centre -deminished business investments international companies are less likely to chose London for their business Scotland voted against Brexit wanted a second referendum pro & contra positive aspects of the Brexit claim that UK will have access to EU markets without being bound to their rules claim they could follow Norway's negative aspects of the Brexit companies won't face trade barriers when trading with EU Europe is Britain's main trading partner financial advantages outweigh the example (not in EU, most of its trade with them) • could free themselfes from Eu re- strictions become more economically successful believe London will retain its independence as a financial centre membership fees • believe Britain will lose its influence & suffer economically & politically financial markets might suffer international banks will / want to leave London because of uncertaincy hundreds of workers from EU in Uk won't have healthcare British farmers might lose out on subsidies believe they'll prevent immigration & terrorism by not having free movement smaller companies won't be affected, loc. jobs in international companies might be they don't trade with the Eu moved continue to cultivate relationship to us • EU rules hurt British interest claim powers & values will further in- crease by independence → unemployment • Britain will lose influence & be an out- sider in Europe little chance of rejoining • isolatism isn't possible risks to our families & the further ge- nerations

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The United Kindom

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lotta   

Follow

2870 Followers

 topics
1. British Empire
2. Commonwealth
oral exam UK
3. European Union (EU)
4. British monarchy
5. British government & political system
6

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Zusammenfassung zum Themenbereich UK, den wir in der Q1.1 behandelt haben : )

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topics 1. British Empire 2. Commonwealth oral exam UK 3. European Union (EU) 4. British monarchy 5. British government & political system 6. change in politics & Brexit 7. British Covid-19-policy 8. multiculturalism in Britain skills 9. cartoon analysis British Empire building of the Empire started by overpowering the Spanish Armada in 1588 became the world's number one sea power & got more & more colonies • settlements & colonies under British rule covered Ŝ of the globe -first empire • navigators colonised new terretories in the 17th & 18th centuries • merchants formed trading companies in London (e.g. "East India Company" est. 1600 & "Virginia company" est. 1606, "Hudson's Bay Company" est. 1670) → great influence on Asian & American colonies • reasons for expansions: . ·commercial & military interests • colonies. = source of raw materials & markets control of trading (e.g. English ships) • founded ports, which were used for trade & slave trade between Africa & America · protest against the monopoly of the "East India Company" → lead to Boston Tea Party in 1773 · demonstrations encouradged independence movement & resulted in Declaration of Ihokependence & American War of independence (1775-1783) ⇒ seperation of American colonies from British crown ·second Empire ·began end 18th century when James Cook sailed to New Zealand (1769) & Austra- Lia (1770) convicts were shipped there als a punishment • tried to compensate loss of American colonies...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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by acquisition of terretories on the eastern half "East India Company" extended its activities to Asia & got more colonias 1858 British crown took over "East India Company"'s rule/reign → India ruled by British Crown until 1947 • reasons for expansions wanted to exert their political influence & administration ."Colonial Office" was created: British civil servants were sent to terretories to im- pase British institutions & methods of government Britain's new imperial policy • British Empire at the height of its wealth & power Queen Victoria (1819-1901) = symbol of Britain's success = → became empress (Kaiserin) of India in 1877 begining of WWI : Britain was richest nation, covered of the world & comprised 1 of the world's population ∙end of 19th century: desire for independence Canada showed unrested → got dominion status (decide about interior affairs them- selves) 1910 Australia, New Zealand & South Africa followed all gained full independience after WWI (kept close political links) of commonwealth • Empire ended when India gained independence 1947 = "Birth" pro & contra andwa auA to SADads and To sualnos Gyrow of ssouBord [email protected] 2906 24A -porosifor oupar & anos vances became available English became a worldwide spoken abonBuror built schools, hospitals & roads improved infrastructure & education, for administration & education medical Did A to stoodsto anay va alam shoobay Sam USAND + ensures /-ables communication all over the world forced pash si abronbrar roppo DA SO usnout. subal prat & sans furow pañansara auf ! Janaq bu & Fowards panoAHUN. superiority of the British nation & white • exploitation of the colonies Britain has to deal with conflicts abroad, diversity in its society & racial tensions Commonwealth from Empire to Commonwealth in response to movements for independence • adopted a policy of self-government & eventually independence in the colonies • many countries gained independence in the 20th century • almost all of them decided to keep a close tie with Britain → transformation to Commonwealth = Loose voluntary association of sovereign & independent states /"group of self-gover- ning communities composed by Great Britain & bominions" · Britain was after India's exit (1947, after WWI) no longer a superpower · India chose Commonwealth & was an example, which was followed • former colonies chose Commonwealth, bc they had a influential European popu- Lation or commercial considerations or they were a small country • Commonwealth how 53 member countries more than 4 of world's population members maintain ties of friendship, co-operation & acknowledge of the British monarch + Queen is Head of state in the UK & 15 other countries timeline 1957 beginning of European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty of Rome wants to abolish tariffs & quotas 1973 GB joined EEC together with Ireland & Denmark 1975 • refendum about staying in the EEC . turning point of British politics & national identity 1995 European Union inaugurated the Eurotunnel 1999 (January 1) didn't take part in the single currency (€) 2004 • EU was enlarged & kept borders open + resultet in mass immigration 2008/09 • financial crisis 2010-12 crisis of the Euro currency conflict Britain & Europe 2016 (July 23) • referendum on the EU membership • July 13 David Cameron resigns as a Prime Minister - 2017 Parliament approved Brexit plans start of Brexit negonations · 2019 (July 24) •Theresa May stepped down after not succeding Brexit deal • July 23 Boris Johnson wins the Coversative Leadership election 2019 • Johnson renegotiated new Brexit deal with the EU (tried to avoid parliament) • December 12 general election (shap election) - Conservatives win with 365 seats Elections • members of the House of Commons are elected by majority in constituties • election every 5 years · Prime Minister can decide when a new election takes place • parties make house to house calls & meetings in their district • you can only vote at polling stations everyone gets a stamped ballot • right to vote since 1832 only for men over 21, since 1969 every citizen over 18 • Candidate needs one more vote to win · direct representation • party comes to power, which has won a majority of votes political parties the Conservative Party centre-right conservatism • British Unionism Cagainst Scottish & Welsh independence) · opposition to the Euro, strong defense of Pound Sterling •Eurosceptic position -free market policy . criticism of Labour's state multiculturalism • represented by the colour blue "Tories" · the Labour Party · Left to centre-left democratic socialist party .supports government intervention in the economy . •for redistribution of wealth • advocates increased rights for workers • favours an extended welfare state • support of multiculturalism • represented by the colour red . "Whigs" euroscepticism entered ELL in times of transcient economic anxiety • never wanted to be a member in the first place ·motivated by a narrow economic expectations (access to benefits of the European free trade) • felt like they have ended up in a power hungry, supra-governmental & ec nomically guaranteed to fail arrangement • Britain was a het constributor in the first 30 years felt exploited & used . ongoing troubles in the euro zone • eurosceptic because of their history: island nation (like isolation) · reluctant to see them as a European country • memories of the British Empire • driving influence of Tory party's (conservative) ideological right .dream of an alternative to the EU (more like an anglophone or commonwealth trade block) timeline June 2016: July 2016: Jan. 2017: Brexit April 2017: June 2017: Referendum: 52% votes for Brexit the remain side was weak among others because many people, who wan- ted to stay, didn't vote out of folishness • the more educated the more "remain" - votes • the younger the more "remain" -votes • Cameron announces resignation May becomes new Prime Minister - May sets out plan for Brexit at Lancaster House - UK white paper on Brexit - May announces snap election - May loses majority - first round of UK- EU exit negotiations begin bec. 2017: - joint report proposes solutions for Irish borders Nov. 2018: - May & EU publish Withdrawal Agreement 1 Dec. 2018. - May announces date for vote on Brexit deal Feb. 2019. - May loses meaningful vote Mar. 2019: April 2019: May 2019: July 2019: Oct. 2019: Jan. 2020 Oct. 2020 bec. 2020: 29th Mar. Brexit bay I • May loses 2nd meaningful vote . - no majority for any proposals - May asks for extension to 30th June 2020 - at EU summit Brexit extension agreed until 31st October 2019 - May announces resignation . - Johnson lecomes new Prime Minister outcome x ² -Johnson proposes alternative to backstop - Parliament votes for more time to scrutinise agreement - EU agrees extensions to 31st January 2020 - 31st Oct. Brexit day II -Johnson gets his Brexit deal through the Commons - 31st Jan. Uk departed the EU x¹ EU-Uk Withdrawal Agreement: 1 • protects the rights of uk nationals & their family member who live EU coun- tries - EU launched its threatend legal case against the UK - Johnson said the UK should be prepared for a no-deal Brexit x² the Brexit backstop • an insurance policy ensure there will be no hard border between Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland (even if no formal deal can be reached) - an agreement on the Northern Ireland protocol* -preparations for no-deal Brexit -24th bec. a deal was agreed: free trade agreement based on zero tariffs & quotas 3 x³ no-deal Brexit • a Brexit without a deal would have had drastic consequences on the way the Britons Live & Work x4 the Northern Ireland protocol · replaces the backstop Northern Ireland remains in the EU single market for goods & will apply EU customs rules at its ports • new customs border between Northern Ireland & Britain in the transition period (31/01-31/12) the UK has stayed in the EU single markets • now uk-EU trade is governed by World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules •for a long time the options have been a hard Brexit (a complete split with no prior trade arrangements continuing) or a soft Brexit (close, favorable conditions of the former arrangements) Brexit Trade & Cooperation Agreement: trade: - no longer part of the customs union & single market - trade agreements allow zero tariffs & quotas -free movement between EU & UK has ended cooperation: ULK will cooperate with the EU on Law enforcement & criminal justice consequences matters governance established a Joint Partnership Council to assure the agreement is properly applied & interpreted growth -jobs • damage to economic growth British pound Lost worth increases prices of imports • hurt Britain's younger workers • Germany: Labor shortage of 3million workers by 2030 · employers have harder times finding applicants • • EU-boom workers left the uk - trade must negotiate new trade agreements Ireland . · Northern Ireland remains with Uk Republic of Ireland stays part of the EU → agreements avoids custom border - London -depressed growth in the UK's financial centre -deminished business investments international companies are less likely to chose London for their business Scotland voted against Brexit wanted a second referendum pro & contra positive aspects of the Brexit claim that UK will have access to EU markets without being bound to their rules claim they could follow Norway's negative aspects of the Brexit companies won't face trade barriers when trading with EU Europe is Britain's main trading partner financial advantages outweigh the example (not in EU, most of its trade with them) • could free themselfes from Eu re- strictions become more economically successful believe London will retain its independence as a financial centre membership fees • believe Britain will lose its influence & suffer economically & politically financial markets might suffer international banks will / want to leave London because of uncertaincy hundreds of workers from EU in Uk won't have healthcare British farmers might lose out on subsidies believe they'll prevent immigration & terrorism by not having free movement smaller companies won't be affected, loc. jobs in international companies might be they don't trade with the Eu moved continue to cultivate relationship to us • EU rules hurt British interest claim powers & values will further in- crease by independence → unemployment • Britain will lose influence & be an out- sider in Europe little chance of rejoining • isolatism isn't possible risks to our families & the further ge- nerations