Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten
Utopias and Dystopias Utopia ● ● O ● ● ● Place one can only dream about, paradise (perfect society) Characteristics of science fiction and fantasy Usually set in a future in which technology is used to create perfect living conditions Socialist ideas Abolition of money, happiness etc No problems such as war, disease etc. Peaceful government, equality, education, healthcare, employment Can have different aims, are not compatible with each other and therefore they can possibly imply something completely unrelated A perfect society can lead to dangerous consequences (death camps etc.) The future should be better with utopianism rebuild Dystopia O ● Antithesis of the utopian society Societies which claim to be O perfect, but aren't. Authors share their concerns about society and humanity → how things can go bad totalitarian/ authoritarian form of government familiar to the reader→ echoes of one's experiences war, revolution, rebellion, overpopulation, natural disaster ruling class: lives in luxury reader confronted with a protagonist's view who questions the society propaganda: controlling peoples minds the role of technology (attitude towards) independent thought is banned, manipulation, dictatorship absolute control over citizens O think they cannot criticize the system achieve fear by violence & education (brainwashing) warning
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