Englisch /

alle Textsorten im Überblick- Englisch

alle Textsorten im Überblick- Englisch

 ●
●
●
●
●
How to write a characterisation:
Types of characters:
Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw
●
Protagonist/hero/ heroine

alle Textsorten im Überblick- Englisch

user profile picture

Mayline Isaakson

17 Followers

Teilen

Speichern

107

 

11/12/10

Lernzettel

Hier findest du alle wichtigen Textsorten für dein Englisch-Abitur im Überblick.

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

● ● ● ● ● How to write a characterisation: Types of characters: Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw ● Protagonist/hero/ heroine = main character Antagonist another important character who is in conflict with the protagonist Flat character does not change, has no depth Round character = changes, is presented in detail Step 1: Preparation = Collect any relevant information given in the text about the character O Personal data (name, age, gender, appearance, etc.) What the character says/ does/ thinks O Main traits, behavior, mood, views, language, etc. What others say (or narrator) says about him/her Step 2: Writing → What do these findings reveal about the character and his attitude towards others? Do his/her characteristics or the readers view of him/her change in the story? Draw conclusions and use evidence from the text (quotes and lines) Body O Introduction o o Briefly present the character (basic personal data and outward appearance) Say what his/ her function/ role in the story is and how he/ she relates to the other characters Useful phrases: The protagonist is young/ middle-aged/ elderly/ single/ married person/ child of/ widow/ ... origin. He/she is described as being tall/small/good-looking/handsome/ugly/obese/stocky/slim/healthy/sickly. He/she has a bony/ square/wrinkled/ round face, bright/dull eyes, long/pointed nose, straight/ curly hair He/she seems to be: amiable/cheerful/openminded/ honest/ trustworthy/ optimistic/ self-confident/ sympathetic/ considerate/ sensitive/ reasonable/ ambitious/ determined/ brave/ courageous He/she seems cheeky/ showy/ rude/ violent/ gloomy/ spiteful/ deceitful/ stingy/ ruthless/ unreliable/ anxious/...

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

App herunterladen

Alternativer Bildtext:

pessimistic/ shy/ lazy/ insecure The body language/ this action reveals that... X appears to be.../ X is portrayed as... ● This can be seen when he/she speaks about... To build up/ continue/ break off a relationship ● Their relationship is characterized by deep affection/ hostility/ suspicion/ feelings of... The difficult/ poor/ close/ casual relationship changes in the course of the story/ remains unchanged until the end Describe the characters traits, behavior and development, providing details from your notes Don't forget to use examples and quotes to support your statements O Conclusion: O Sum up the most important traits ● He/she has many positive/ negative traits of character/ characteristics/ qualities One of X's striking characteristics is.../ ... stands in clear contrast to ... His/her behavior is marked by... He/she is presented as... ● ● How to write a summary: ● You have to briefly restate the authors main ideas or retell a story in your own words. It should be much shorter than the original text (about a quarter to a third) Introductory sentence (answers the w-questions and author, title, type of text, topic) No questions or direct speech ● Present tense ● ● ● Step 1: Preparation ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw ● Useful phrases: Chronological order Closes with a sentence that sums up the main message No own opinions or ideas Step 2: Writing In the first sentence: author, title, text type, main idea/ theme of the text Write short paragraphs summing up the major arguments (non-fictional) or how events are connected (fiction) Read the text carefully, underline the main characters Divide the text into sections. Underline keywords, main points and the turning point O Use your own words as often as possible O Use the present tense O Leave out non-essential information (e.g. examples, direct quotes, etc.) Do not include your own ideas/opinions O Step 3: Editing and checking ● Check and if necessary revise your summary o Imagine you are a reader who knows nothing about this text or topic According to the author, ... The author says/ writes/ claims/ states that... In addition, / conclusion, the author argues that... The author also believes that... The author concludes by pointing out.../ asking.../ using.../ telling... The authors main point is that... The writer illustrates that... How to write a diary entry: ● Characteristics: memories, feelings, fantasies, thoughts, emotions, recollections, daydreams, ideas that are connected with experienced events ● They are not normally meant to be read by anyone but the writer Follow the original style of the text and characters as much as possible ● ● ● ● How to write an Argumentative essay: ● It presents a controversial topic from opposing points of view in a clear and logical way Step 1: Preparation Collect ideas and information about the topic (note arguments for and against it) Make an outline of what you want to write and in which order O Alternate between arguments and counter-arguments for each aspect Useful phrases: Step 2: Writing ● ● ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw O Arrange them from weakest to strongest O You can also list them in the chronological order from the text (seems more neutral) Introduction: O O O O Present the issue and attract the reader's attention (by using background information and explain its relevance today or name a suitable quotation) Body: O Present each point in a separate paragraph (based on your outline) o Support your points with evidence (examples, statistics, etc.) Conclusion: Give a short summary of what you have written (no new ideas) You may give an outlook on further consequences State your own opinion, give a recommendation or appeal to the readers (to reach their own conclusion) . should also be considered/ mentioned is relevant/ not really really relevant to ... There are various reasons why ... Some researchers say .../ studies show ... can/ will/should lead to/ cause/ result in . The main/ short-term/ long-term consequences are ... could have serious/ far-reaching consequences for ... Therefore, / Consequently, / as a result, people should/ might/ must ... In other words, ... And here is what really matters/ happens/ is at stake: ... For this reason, / that explains why... On the one hand/ on the other hand... For the reasons mentioned above... In the finale analysis... ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Useful phrases: ● How to write a Comment: ● It is type of essay in which you give your own opinion on a topic It usually deals with a controversial issue or statement, which can be based on a text Step 1: Preparation ● ● ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw Step 2: Writing ● Form your own opinion on the topic Collect all the material + arguments + examples) you can use to support your opinion Think of possible counterarguments (refuting them can be good to convince the reader) Make an outline to structure your material. Start with the strongest counterarguments and end with the weakest. Then start with the weakest argument and end with the strongest for your own opinion. To make your text convincing, plan stylistic devices, e.g. rhetorical questions etc. Introduction: ● Third part: O Present the issue and attract the reader's attention. When commenting on a given text, briefly summarize the point the author makes Second part: O State your opinion and outline reasons for your view O Present your arguments in one paragraph each Conclusion: O Summarize your opinion and give an outlook on further developments or possible solutions Don't introduce any new ideas! 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. Cons (from strongest to weakest) Pros (from weakest to strongest) It might be argued that.../ we have to bear in mind, however, that... I believe/suppose ... I am sure/ convinced/ certain that ... As far as I can see ... Looking at ... from this point of view, you have to admit that ... It is quite obvious that.../ there is no doubt that... I agree/ I don't agree at all with.../ I find it hard to believe that... This sounds good, right? However, ... I would like to mention the fact that ... I strongly question/support/ object to... There is something fundamentally wrong with this idea/ point of view. How to write a speech: ● A speech is a mix of three elements. Depending on the purpose, one is dominant: O Informative: telling people what you know about a topic O Explanatory: showing people how something works or why it is effective O Persuasive: trying to win people over and persuade them to take action Step 1: Preparation ● ● Check your purpose. your main intention to inform, explain or persuade? Should the speech be entertaining or serious or both? Think about your audience. Does the topic interest or affect them? What do they know about it already? What do they expect? What are their views? Organize points logically using connectives to link the sections To make your speech convincing, find suitable rhetorical devices Step 2: Writing Introduction: O O Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw O Body: O O O O Greet the audience politely. Thank them for the invitation. State your topic and its importance. support your statements with facts, statistics or examples of personal experience O clearly link the sections of your speech O repeat and emphasize important ideas! Conclusion: Catch your listeners' attention, for example with: I. A new discovery II. A surprising fact or trend |||. An eye-opening experience IV. A provocative statement or question V. An anecdote/joke7 quotation State your aim and outline your speech structure Hold your listeners' attention. Develop your ideas step by step, e.g.: I. in chronological order II. from the least to the most important idea |||. all arguments against and then for your idea IV. alternating pros and cons V. connecting problems with solutions Round off your speech with one of the following / to inspire your listeners): I. A short summary II. A rhetorical question |||. IV. V. VI. VII. A vision of this topic in the future Ask whether anyone has any questions A quotation A promise An appeal A call for action

Englisch /

alle Textsorten im Überblick- Englisch

user profile picture

Mayline Isaakson   

Follow

17 Followers

 ●
●
●
●
●
How to write a characterisation:
Types of characters:
Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw
●
Protagonist/hero/ heroine

App öffnen

Hier findest du alle wichtigen Textsorten für dein Englisch-Abitur im Überblick.

Ähnliche Knows

R

2

How to design your Vocabulary Log

Know How to design your Vocabulary Log thumbnail

0

 

5

user profile picture

Globalization (Oral Exam + describing a cartoon)

Know Globalization (Oral Exam + describing a cartoon) thumbnail

725

 

12

user profile picture

5

Englisch Lernzettel –Describing Film stills/ Camera operatrions / Analysing tables, Graphs, charts

Know Englisch Lernzettel –Describing Film stills/ Camera operatrions / Analysing tables, Graphs, charts  thumbnail

19

 

12

user profile picture

“Every Day” David Levithan

Know “Every Day” David Levithan  thumbnail

45

 

11/10

● ● ● ● ● How to write a characterisation: Types of characters: Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw ● Protagonist/hero/ heroine = main character Antagonist another important character who is in conflict with the protagonist Flat character does not change, has no depth Round character = changes, is presented in detail Step 1: Preparation = Collect any relevant information given in the text about the character O Personal data (name, age, gender, appearance, etc.) What the character says/ does/ thinks O Main traits, behavior, mood, views, language, etc. What others say (or narrator) says about him/her Step 2: Writing → What do these findings reveal about the character and his attitude towards others? Do his/her characteristics or the readers view of him/her change in the story? Draw conclusions and use evidence from the text (quotes and lines) Body O Introduction o o Briefly present the character (basic personal data and outward appearance) Say what his/ her function/ role in the story is and how he/ she relates to the other characters Useful phrases: The protagonist is young/ middle-aged/ elderly/ single/ married person/ child of/ widow/ ... origin. He/she is described as being tall/small/good-looking/handsome/ugly/obese/stocky/slim/healthy/sickly. He/she has a bony/ square/wrinkled/ round face, bright/dull eyes, long/pointed nose, straight/ curly hair He/she seems to be: amiable/cheerful/openminded/ honest/ trustworthy/ optimistic/ self-confident/ sympathetic/ considerate/ sensitive/ reasonable/ ambitious/ determined/ brave/ courageous He/she seems cheeky/ showy/ rude/ violent/ gloomy/ spiteful/ deceitful/ stingy/ ruthless/ unreliable/ anxious/...

Nichts passendes dabei? Erkunde andere Fachbereiche.

Mit uns zu mehr Spaß am Lernen

Hilfe bei den Hausaufgaben

Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

Gemeinsam lernen

Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

App herunterladen

Knowunity

Schule. Endlich einfach.

App öffnen

Alternativer Bildtext:

pessimistic/ shy/ lazy/ insecure The body language/ this action reveals that... X appears to be.../ X is portrayed as... ● This can be seen when he/she speaks about... To build up/ continue/ break off a relationship ● Their relationship is characterized by deep affection/ hostility/ suspicion/ feelings of... The difficult/ poor/ close/ casual relationship changes in the course of the story/ remains unchanged until the end Describe the characters traits, behavior and development, providing details from your notes Don't forget to use examples and quotes to support your statements O Conclusion: O Sum up the most important traits ● He/she has many positive/ negative traits of character/ characteristics/ qualities One of X's striking characteristics is.../ ... stands in clear contrast to ... His/her behavior is marked by... He/she is presented as... ● ● How to write a summary: ● You have to briefly restate the authors main ideas or retell a story in your own words. It should be much shorter than the original text (about a quarter to a third) Introductory sentence (answers the w-questions and author, title, type of text, topic) No questions or direct speech ● Present tense ● ● ● Step 1: Preparation ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw ● Useful phrases: Chronological order Closes with a sentence that sums up the main message No own opinions or ideas Step 2: Writing In the first sentence: author, title, text type, main idea/ theme of the text Write short paragraphs summing up the major arguments (non-fictional) or how events are connected (fiction) Read the text carefully, underline the main characters Divide the text into sections. Underline keywords, main points and the turning point O Use your own words as often as possible O Use the present tense O Leave out non-essential information (e.g. examples, direct quotes, etc.) Do not include your own ideas/opinions O Step 3: Editing and checking ● Check and if necessary revise your summary o Imagine you are a reader who knows nothing about this text or topic According to the author, ... The author says/ writes/ claims/ states that... In addition, / conclusion, the author argues that... The author also believes that... The author concludes by pointing out.../ asking.../ using.../ telling... The authors main point is that... The writer illustrates that... How to write a diary entry: ● Characteristics: memories, feelings, fantasies, thoughts, emotions, recollections, daydreams, ideas that are connected with experienced events ● They are not normally meant to be read by anyone but the writer Follow the original style of the text and characters as much as possible ● ● ● ● How to write an Argumentative essay: ● It presents a controversial topic from opposing points of view in a clear and logical way Step 1: Preparation Collect ideas and information about the topic (note arguments for and against it) Make an outline of what you want to write and in which order O Alternate between arguments and counter-arguments for each aspect Useful phrases: Step 2: Writing ● ● ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw O Arrange them from weakest to strongest O You can also list them in the chronological order from the text (seems more neutral) Introduction: O O O O Present the issue and attract the reader's attention (by using background information and explain its relevance today or name a suitable quotation) Body: O Present each point in a separate paragraph (based on your outline) o Support your points with evidence (examples, statistics, etc.) Conclusion: Give a short summary of what you have written (no new ideas) You may give an outlook on further consequences State your own opinion, give a recommendation or appeal to the readers (to reach their own conclusion) . should also be considered/ mentioned is relevant/ not really really relevant to ... There are various reasons why ... Some researchers say .../ studies show ... can/ will/should lead to/ cause/ result in . The main/ short-term/ long-term consequences are ... could have serious/ far-reaching consequences for ... Therefore, / Consequently, / as a result, people should/ might/ must ... In other words, ... And here is what really matters/ happens/ is at stake: ... For this reason, / that explains why... On the one hand/ on the other hand... For the reasons mentioned above... In the finale analysis... ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Useful phrases: ● How to write a Comment: ● It is type of essay in which you give your own opinion on a topic It usually deals with a controversial issue or statement, which can be based on a text Step 1: Preparation ● ● ● Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw Step 2: Writing ● Form your own opinion on the topic Collect all the material + arguments + examples) you can use to support your opinion Think of possible counterarguments (refuting them can be good to convince the reader) Make an outline to structure your material. Start with the strongest counterarguments and end with the weakest. Then start with the weakest argument and end with the strongest for your own opinion. To make your text convincing, plan stylistic devices, e.g. rhetorical questions etc. Introduction: ● Third part: O Present the issue and attract the reader's attention. When commenting on a given text, briefly summarize the point the author makes Second part: O State your opinion and outline reasons for your view O Present your arguments in one paragraph each Conclusion: O Summarize your opinion and give an outlook on further developments or possible solutions Don't introduce any new ideas! 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. Cons (from strongest to weakest) Pros (from weakest to strongest) It might be argued that.../ we have to bear in mind, however, that... I believe/suppose ... I am sure/ convinced/ certain that ... As far as I can see ... Looking at ... from this point of view, you have to admit that ... It is quite obvious that.../ there is no doubt that... I agree/ I don't agree at all with.../ I find it hard to believe that... This sounds good, right? However, ... I would like to mention the fact that ... I strongly question/support/ object to... There is something fundamentally wrong with this idea/ point of view. How to write a speech: ● A speech is a mix of three elements. Depending on the purpose, one is dominant: O Informative: telling people what you know about a topic O Explanatory: showing people how something works or why it is effective O Persuasive: trying to win people over and persuade them to take action Step 1: Preparation ● ● Check your purpose. your main intention to inform, explain or persuade? Should the speech be entertaining or serious or both? Think about your audience. Does the topic interest or affect them? What do they know about it already? What do they expect? What are their views? Organize points logically using connectives to link the sections To make your speech convincing, find suitable rhetorical devices Step 2: Writing Introduction: O O Mayline Isaakson, Q2b, Englisch-Vorabi 2021, Kw O Body: O O O O Greet the audience politely. Thank them for the invitation. State your topic and its importance. support your statements with facts, statistics or examples of personal experience O clearly link the sections of your speech O repeat and emphasize important ideas! Conclusion: Catch your listeners' attention, for example with: I. A new discovery II. A surprising fact or trend |||. An eye-opening experience IV. A provocative statement or question V. An anecdote/joke7 quotation State your aim and outline your speech structure Hold your listeners' attention. Develop your ideas step by step, e.g.: I. in chronological order II. from the least to the most important idea |||. all arguments against and then for your idea IV. alternating pros and cons V. connecting problems with solutions Round off your speech with one of the following / to inspire your listeners): I. A short summary II. A rhetorical question |||. IV. V. VI. VII. A vision of this topic in the future Ask whether anyone has any questions A quotation A promise An appeal A call for action